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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (National Cadet Corps)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (National Cadet Corps)

Rationale :

The National Cadet Corps (NCC) came into existence on 16 July 1948 under an act of Parliament. Its motto “Unity and Discipline” has guided the NCC in its long standing effort to mould young volunteers into disciplined and responsible young citizens of India.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Legal Studies)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Legal Studies)

Rationale :

The Latin maxim ignorantia juris neminem excusat, in plain, which reads as ‘ignorance of law is not an excuse’. This is one of the age old principles followed under the Roman Law and even in our own Common Law.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Knowledge traditions and practices of India)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Knowledge traditions and practices of India)

Rationale :

The "Knowledge Traditions and Practices of India" has been introduced as an elective subject at the Senior Secondary level w.e.f. 2012-2013 in class XI as a pilot and introduced in all schools w.e.f. 2013 in classes XI and XII.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physical Education)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physical Education)

Theory Max. Marks 70

Unit I Changing Trends & Career In Physical Education

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Sociology)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Sociology)

Rationale :

Sociology is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Psychology)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Psychology)

Rationale :

Psychology is introduced as an elective subject at the higher secondary stage of school education. As a discipline, psychology specializes in the study of experiences, behaviours, and mental processes of human beings within a socio-cultural historical context.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Geography)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Geography)

Rationale :

Geography is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. After ten years of general education, students branch out at the beginning of this stage and are exposed to the rigors of the discipline for the first time.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Political Science)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Political Science)

Rationale :

At the senior secondary level students who opt Political Science are given an opportunity to get introduced to the diverse concerns of a Political Scientist.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (History)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (History)

Rationale :

Through a focus on a series of critical historical issues and debates (class XI) or on a range of important historical sources (class XII), the students would be introduced to a set of important historical events and processes.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Entrepreneurship)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Entrepreneurship)

Rationale :

Development of school curriculum is a dynamic process responsive to the society and reflecting the needs and aspiration of its learners.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Accountancy)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Accountancy)

Rationale :

The course in accountancy is introduced at plus two stage of senior second of school education, as the formal commerce education is provided after ten years of schooling.

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Business Studies)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Business Studies)

Rationale :

The courses in Business Studies and Accountancy are introduced at + 2 stage of Senior Secondary Education as formal commerce education is provided after first ten years of schooling. Therefore, it becomes necessary that instructions in these subjects are given in such a manner that students have a good understanding of the principles and practices bearing in business (trade and industry) as well as their relationship with the society.

Business is a dynamic process that brings together technology, natural resources and human initiative in a constantly changing global environment. To understand the framework in which a business operates, a detailed study of the organisation and management of business processes and its interaction with the environment is required. Globalisation has changed the way organizations transact their business.

Information Technology is becoming a part of business operations in more and more organisations. Computerised systems are fast replacing other systems. E-business and other related concepts are picking up fast which need to be emphasized in the curriculum.

The course in Business Studies prepares students to analyse, manage, evaluate and respond to changes which affect business. It provides a way of looking at and interacting with the business environment. It recognizes the fact that business influences and is influenced by social, political, legal and economic forces.

It allows students to appreciate that business is an integral component of society and develops an understanding of many social and ethical issues.

Therefore, to acquire basic knowledge of the business world, a course in Business Studies would be useful. It also informs students of a range of study and work options and bridges the gap between school and work.

Objectives:

To develop students with an understanding of the processes of business and its environment;

  • To acquaint students with the dynamic nature and inter-dependent aspects of business;
  • To develop an interest in the theory and practice of business, trade and industry;
  • To familiarize students with theoretical foundations of the process of organizing and managing the operations of a business firm;
  • To help students appreciate the economic and social significance of business activity and the social cost and benefits arising there from;
  • To acquaint students with the practice of managing the operations and resources of business;
  • To enable students to act more effectively and responsibly as consumers, employers, employees and citizens;
  • To develop a business attitude and skills in students.
  • To inculcate appropriate attitude and develop skills among students to pursue higher education, world of work including self employment.

Cource Structure :

Units

 

Periods

Marks

Part A

Foundations of Business

 

 

1

Nature and Purpose of Business

22

20

2

Forms of Business Organisations

26

3

Public, Private and Global Enterprises

22

18

4

Business Services

22

5

Emerging Modes of Business

12

12

6

Social Responsibility of Business and Business Ethics

16

 

Total

120

50

Part B

Finance and Trade

 

 

7

Sources of Business Finance

30

20

8

Small Business

16

9

Internal Trade

30

20

10

International Business

14

11

Project Work

30

10

 

Total

120

50

Part A: Foundation of Business 
Concept includes meaning and features
Unit 1: Evolution and Fundamentals of Business 

History of Commerce in India: Indigenous Banking System, Rise of Intermediaries, Transport, Trading Communities: Merchant Corporations, Major Trade Centres, Major Imports and Exports, Position of Indian Sub-Continent in the World Economy.

After going through this unit, the student/ learner would be able to:

  • Know the History of Commerce in India

 

Business -Concept

  • Concept includes meaning and features

After going through this unit, the student/ learner would be able to:

  • Understand the concept of business with special reference to economic and non-economic activities.
  • Discuss the characteristics of business.

Business, profession and employment- Concept

  • Understand the concept of business, profession and employment.
  • Differentiate between business, profession and employment.

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Economics)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Economics)

Rationale :

Economics is one of the social sciences, which has great influence on every human being. As economic life and the economy go through changes, the need to ground education in children’s own experience becomes essential. While doing so, it is imperative to provide them opportunities to acquire analytical skills to observe and understand the economic realities.
At senior secondary stage, the learners are in a position to understand abstract ideas, exercise the power of thinking and to develop their own perception. It is at this stage, the learners are exposed to the rigour of the discipline of economics in a systematic way. 
The economics courses are introduced in such a way that in the initial stage, the learners are introduced to the economic realities that the nation is facing today along with some basic statistical tools to understand these broader economic realities. In the later stage, the learners are introduced to economics as a theory of abstraction.
The economics courses also contain many projects and activities. These will provide opportunities for the learners to explore various economic issues both from their day-to-day life and also from issues, which are broader and invisible in nature. The academic skills that they learn in these courses would help to develop the projects and activities. The syllabus is also expected to provide opportunities to use information and communication technologies to facilitate their learning process.

Objectives:

  • Understanding of some basic economic concepts and development of economic reasoning which the learners can apply in their day-to-day life as citizens, workers and consumers.
  • Realisation of learners’ role in nation building and sensitivity to the economic issues that the nation is facing today.
  • Equipment with basic tools of economics and statistics to analyse economic issues. This is pertinent for even those who may not pursue this course beyond senior secondary stage.
  • Development of understanding that there can be more than one view on any economic issue and necessary skills to argue logically with reasoning.

Cource Structure :

 

Units

 

Marks

Periods

Part A

Introductory Microeconomics

 

 

 

Introduction

4

8

 

Consumer's Equilibrium and Demand

13

32

 

Producer Behaviour and Supply

13

32

 

Forms of Market and Price Determination under perfect competition with simple applications

10

28

 

Total

40

100

Part B

Statistics for Economics

 

 

 

1. Introduction

13

07

 

2. Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data

27

 

3. Statistical Tools and Interpretation

27

66

 

Total

40

100

Part C

Project Work

20

20

Part A: Introductory Microeconomics

Unit 1: Introduction 

Meaning of microeconomics and macroeconomics; positive and normative economics
What is an economy? Central problems of an economy: what, how and for whom to produce; concepts of production possibility frontier and opportunity cost.

Unit 2: Consumer's Equilibrium and Demand 

Consumer's equilibrium - meaning of utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, conditions of consumer's equilibrium using marginal utility analysis.
Indifference curve analysis of consumer's equilibrium-the consumer's budget (budget set and budget line), preferences of the consumer (indifference curve, indifference map) and conditions of consumer's equilibrium.
Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, movement along and shifts in the demand curve; price elasticity of demand - factors affecting price elasticity of demand; measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage-change method. 

Unit 3: Producer Behaviour and Supply 

Meaning of Production Function – Short-Run and Long-Run
Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product. Returns to a Factor
Cost: Short run costs - total cost, total fixed cost, total variable cost; Average cost; Average fixed cost, average variable cost and marginal cost-meaning and their relationships.
Revenue - total, average and marginal revenue - meaning and their relationship.Producer's equilibrium-meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue-marginal cost. Supply, market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, movements along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply; measurement of price elasticity of supply - percentage-change method.

Unit 4: Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition with simple applications. 

Perfect competition - Features; Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply.
Other Market Forms - monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly - their meaning and features.
Simple Applications of Demand and Supply: Price ceiling, price floor.

Part B: Statistics for Economics

In this course, the learners are expected to acquire skills in collection, organisation and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyse, and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, the learners are also expected to understand the behaviour of various economic data.

Unit 1: Introduction 

What is Economics?
Meaning, scope, functions and importance of statistics in Economics

Unit 2: Collection, Organisation and Presentation of data

Collection of data - sources of data - primary and secondary; how basic data is collected, with concepts of Sampling; Sampling and Non-Sampling errors; methods of collecting data; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation.
Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.
Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).

Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation 

(For all the numerical problems and solutions, the appropriate economic interpretation may be attempted. This means, the students need to solve the problems and provide interpretation for the results derived.)

Measures of Central Tendency- mean (simple and weighted), median and mode 
Measures of Dispersion - absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation); relative dispersion (co-efficient of range, co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation); Lorenz Curve: Meaning, construction and its application.
Correlation – meaning and properties, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation - Karl Pearson's method (two variables ungrouped data) Spearman's rank correlation. 

Introduction to Index Numbers - meaning, types - wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers

 

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Informatics Practices)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Informatics Practices)

1. Prerequisites

Since a lot of students join CBSE schools from schools run by a state board, we are not assuming ny pre-requisites for this course other than basic mathematical skills. However, it will be helpful if the student has a basic knowledge of Computer Applications 1 and 2.

2. Learning Outcomes

1. Basic computational thinking. Learn how to reason with variables, state transitions,conditionals, and iteration.
2. Notion of data types, and higher order data structures such as lists, and dictionaries.
3. Concepts of data handling: creating, managing and working with Data Frames using Python Pandas.
4. Structure of simple SQL queries.
5. Cyber safety.

Cource Structure :

SR.No Unit Marks
1.

Programming and Computational Thinking

30
2.

Data Handling

20
3.

Data Management

10
4. Society, Law and Ethics 10
5. Practical 30
  Total 100

4.1 Unit 1: Programming and Computational Thinking (PCT-1) (70 Theory + 60 Practical)

  • Basic computer organisation: describe a computer system and mobile system, CPU, memory,hard disk, I/O, battery, power, transition from a calculator to a computer
  • Familiarization with the basics of Python programming: a simple “hello world" program, process of writing a program, running it, and print statements; simple data-types: integer, float, string
  • Introduce the notion of a variable, and methods to manipulate it (concept of L-value and Rvalue even if not taught explicitly)
  • Knowledge of data types and operators: accepting input from the console, assignment statement, expressions, operators and their precedence.
  • Conditional statements: if, if-else, if-elif-else; simple programs: e.g.: absolute value, sort 3 numbers, divisibility.
  • Notion of iterative computation and control flow: for, while, flowcharts, decision trees and pseudo code; write a lot of programs: interest calculation, EMI, tax calculation (examples from GST), standard deviation, correlation
  • Lists and dictionary: finding the maximum, minimum, mean; linear search on a list of numbers, and counting the frequency of elements in a list using a dictionary.
  • Text handling: compare, concat, and substring operations.
  • Introduction to Python modules: creating and importing.

4.2 Unit 2: Data Handling (DH-1) (30 Theory + 20 Practical)

4.2.1. Introduction to Python Pandas

  • Introduction to data structures in Pandas: Series, and Data Frame
  • Operations on a Series: head, tail, vector operations
  • Data Frame operations: create, display, iteration, select column, add column, delete column
  • Binary operations in a Data Frame: add, sub, mul, div, radd, rsub
  • Matching and broadcasting operations
  • Missing data and filling values.
  • Comparisons, Boolean reductions, comparing Series, and combining Data Frames.

4.2.2. Transfer data between CSV files/SQL databases, and Data Frame objects.

4.3. Unit 3: Data Management (DM-1) (30 Theory + 20 Practical)

  • Relational databases: idea of a database and the need for it, relations, keys, primary key,foreign key;
  • Use SQL commands to create a table, keys, and foreign keys; insert/delete an entry, delete a table.
  • Basic SQL: select, project, and join; indexes, and a lot of in-class practice.

4.4. Unit 4: Society, Law and Ethics (SLE-1) - Cyber safety (10 Theory)

  • Cyber safety: safely browsing the web, identity protection, confidentiality, social networks, cyber trolls and bullying
  • Appropriate usage of social networks: spread of rumours, and common social networking sites (Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook) and specific usage rules.
  • Safely accessing web sites: adware, malware, viruses, Trojans
  • Safely communicating data: secure connections, eavesdropping, and phishing and identity verification.

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus (Informatics Practices New)

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus (Informatics Practices Old)

Courtesy: CBSE

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Computer Science)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Computer Science)

1. Prerequisites

No major prerequisites are required for this course other than basic Mathematical skills. However, it
will be helpful if the student has a basic knowledge of Computer Applications.

2. Learning Outcomes

1. Develop basic computational thinking. Learn how to reason with variables, state transitions,conditionals, and iteration.
2. Understand the notion of data types, and higher order data structures such as lists, tuples,and dictionaries.
3. Appreciate the notion of an algorithm, and understand its structure, including how algorithms handle corner cases.
4. Develop a basic understanding of computer systems - architecture, OS, mobile and cloud computing.
5. Learn basic SQL programming.
6. Learn all about cyber safety.

Cource Structure :

SR.No Unit Marks
1.

Programming and Computational Thinking

35
2.

Computer Systems and Organisation

10
3.

Data Management

15
4. Society, Law and Ethics 10
5. Practical 30
  Total 100

4.1 Unit 1: Programming and Computational Thinking (PCT-1) (80 Theory + 70 Practical)

  • Familiarization with the basics of Python programming: a simple “hello world" program, process of writing a program, running it, and print statements; simple data-types: integer, float, string
  • Introduce the notion of a variable, and methods to manipulate it (concept of L-value and Rvalue even if not taught explicitly)
  • Knowledge of data types and operators: accepting input from the console, assignment statement, expressions, operators and their precedence.
  • Conditional statements: if, if-else, if-elif-else; simple programs: e.g.: absolute value, sort 3 numbers, and divisibility.
  • Notion of iterative computation and control flow: for, while, flowcharts, decision trees and pseudo code; write a lot of programs: interest calculation, primarily testing, and factorials.
  • Idea of debugging: errors and exceptions; debugging: pdb, break points.
  • Lists, tuples and dictionary: finding the maximum, minimum, mean; linear search on list/tuple of numbers, and counting the frequency of elements in a list using a dictionary. Introduce the notion of accessing elements in a collection using numbers and names.
  • Sorting algorithm: bubble and insertion sort; count the number of operations while sorting.
  • Strings: compare, concat, substring; notion of states and transitions using state transition diagrams.

4.2. Unit 2: Computer Systems and Organisation (CSO) (20 Theory + 6 Practical)

  • Basic computer organisation: description of a computer system and mobile system, CPU,
  • memory, hard disk, I/O, battery, power.
  • Types of software: application, OS, utility, libraries.
  • Language of Bits: bit, byte, MB, GB, TB, and PB.
  • Boolean logic: OR, AND, NAND, NOR, XOR, NOT, truth tables, De Morgan’s laws
  • Information representation: numbers in base 2, 8, 16, unsigned integers, binary addition
  • Strings: ASCII, UTF8, UTF32, ISCII (Indian script code)
  • Execution of a program: basic flow of compilation – program  binary  execution
  • Interpreters (process one line at a time), difference between a compiler and an interpreter
  • Running a program: Notion of an operating system, how an operating system runs a program,
  • idea of loading, operating system as a resource manager.
  • Concept of cloud computers, cloud storage (public/private), and brief introduction to parallel computing.

4.3. Unit 3: Data Management (DM-1) (30 Theory+ 24 Practical)

  • Relational databases: idea of a database and the need for it, relations, keys, primary key,oreign key; use SQL commands to create a table, keys, foreign keys; insert/delete an entry, delete a table.
  • SQL commands: select, project, and join; indexes, and a lot of in-class practice.
  • Basics of NoSQL databases - Mongo DB.

4.4. Unit 4: Society, Law and Ethics (SLE-1) - Cyber safety (10 Theory)

  • Cyber safety: safely browsing the web, identity protection, confidentiality, social networks,cyber trolls and bullying
  • Appropriate usage of social networks: spread of rumours, and common social networking sites (Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook) and specific usage rules.
  • Safely accessing web sites: adware, malware, viruses, Trojans
  • Safely communicating data: secure connections, eavesdropping, phishing and identity verification.

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus (Computer Science New)

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus (Computer Science Old)

Courtesy: CBSE

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

Home Science as a discipline aims to empower learners by developing understanding of five different

  • areas namely:
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Human Development, Childhood Studies
  • Resource Management
  • Fabric and Apparel Science
  • Development Communications and Extension
  • The subject helps students to understand changing needs of Indian society, academic principles as well as
  • develop professional skills.This would make them competent to meet challenges of becoming a
  • responsible citizen.

Objectives:

The syllabus at Senior Secondary level develops an understanding in the learners that the knowledge and skills acquired through Home Science facilitates development of self, family and community. It endeavors to –

  • Acquaint learners with the basics of human development with specific reference to self and child.
  • Help to develop skills of judicious management of various resources.
  • Enable learners to become alert and aware consumers.
  • Impart knowledge of nutrition and lifestyles to enable prevention and management of diseases.
  • Inculcate healthy food habits.
  • Help to develop understanding of textiles for selection and care of clothes.
  • Develop skills of communication to assist in advocacy and dissemination of knowledge tocommunity

Cource Structure :

SR.No Unit No.of Period Marks
 

Introduction: Evolution of the discipline and its relevance to the quality of life

05 22
1.

Understanding oneself: Adolescence

55  
2.

Understanding Family, Community and Society

30 15
3.

Childhood 

40 18
4. Adulthood 50 18
  Total 180 70
  Practical 40 30
  Grand Total 220 100

Unit I: Understanding oneself: Adolescence 
 

Chapter-2 Understanding the self

A. „Who am I‟?
B. Development and Characteristics of the self
C. Influences on identity

  • Biological and physical changes
  • Socio-cultural contexts
  • Emotional changes
  • Cognitive changes

Chapter-3 Food, nutrition, health and fitness- Introduction, Balanced Diet, Health and  Fitness, Using basic food groups for planning balanced diets, Vegetarian  food guide, Dietary patterns in adolescence, modifying diet related behavior,  Factors influencing eating behavior, Eating disorders at adolescence.

Chapter-4 Management of resources - time, money, energy and space- Introduction,  Human and Non- Human Resources, Individual and shared resources,  Natural and community resources, Characteristics of Resources, Managing  resources, The management process.

Chapter-5 Fabric around Us- Introduction, Fibre properties, Classification of textile  fibres, Yarns, Fabric production, Textile Finishing.

Chapter-6 Media and communication technology- Communication and communication  technology, What is media? What is communication technology? 

Unit II: Understanding family, community and society 

Chapter-7 Relationships and interactions with „significant others‟: 

  • Family
  • School - peers and educators
  • Community and Society

Chapter-8 Concerns and needs in diverse contexts: Family, school, community and  society Key areas:
a. Health, Nutrition and Hygiene- Introduction, Health and its dimensions, Health care, Indicators of Health, Nutrition and Health, Nutrients, Factors affecting nutritional well- being, Nutritional problems and their consequences, Hygiene and Sanitation.
b. Work, Worker and workplace- Introduction, Work, Worker,Workplace.
c. Resource availability and Management- Time Management, Space Management. 

Unit III: Childhood 

Chapter-9 Survival, Growth and Development- Meaning, areas, stages in development.

Chapter-10 Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing- Introduction, Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing during infancy; Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing of preschool children; Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing of school- age children, Factors
that influence diet intake of pre-school age and school- age children, Healthy habits, Health & nutrition issues of school- age children. 

Chapter-11 Care and Education- Introduction, Infancy & early childhood years, Meaning of care & education, Who provides Early childhood care & education (ECCE)? Care and education during middle childhood years,
difficulties and nature of primary education.

Chapter-12 Our Apparel- Clothing functions and the selection of clothes, Factors affecting selection of clothing in India, Understanding children‟s basic clothing needs, Clothing requirements at different childhood stages,
Clothing for children with special needs

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Engineering Graphics)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Engineering Graphics)

The subject of 'Engineering Graphics' has become an indispensable tool for Engineers, Technocrats, Architects, Draftsmen, Surveyors, Designers and many other professionals in the recent times. Understanding of its fundamental principles and wider applications of the same in the above fields and many other daily life situations form the basis for the syllabus at Senior Secondary Stage.

Objectives:

  • The studyofthesubjectofEngineeringGraphicsatSeniorSchoolLevelaimsathelpingthe learnerto:
  • develop clear concept and perception of form, proportion andapplication.
  • develop the skill of expressing three-dimensional and two-dimensional objects into professional language and vice versa.
  • acquire the ability to readily draw neat sketches, often needed in "On-job situations".
  • developaclearunderstanding ofplaneandsolidGeometryandmachinedrawing soas toapply the same in relevant practical fields such as technology andindustry.
  • acquire speed and accuracy in use of drawinginstruments.
  • use technology (CAD) in developing isometric and orthographic projections of simple objects.
     

Cource Structure :

SR.No Unit No.of Period Marks
I

PLANE GEOMETRY
1. Lines, angles and rectilinearfigures
2. Circles andtangents
3. Special curves :ellipse,parabola,involute, cycloid,helixandsinecurve

16 38
II

SOLID-GEOMETRY
4. Orthographic-projections of points and line.
5. Orthographic projection of regular plane figures.
6. Orthographic projections of right regular solids.
7. Section of solid-figures

27 86
III

MACHINE DRAWING
8. Orthographic projections of simple machine-blocks
9. Isometric-projection of laminae (plane figures)
10. Development of surfaces

27 50
 

Practicals

30 30
  Total 100 240

Theory

PLANE GEOMETRY 
Printing English alphabets (capital and small) numerals in standard proportions.Unidirectional/aligned system of dimensioning as per SP: 46-2003 (Revised)

Unit 1: Construction of lines, angles and their divisions. Simple questions based on triangles, square, rhombus, trapeziums, regular polygons-pentagon, hexagon and octagon. 

Unit 2: Construction of circles, external and internal tangents of circles, inscribing, circumscribing circles in equilateral triangle, square, rhombus, regular polygons-pentagon, hexagon and octagon. 

Unit3: ConstructionofEngineeringcurves:
(a) Ellipse by concentric circles, intersecting arcs and intersecting lines.
(b) Parabola by intersecting lines and intersecting arcs.
(c) Involuteofacircle,cycloid,helixandsinecurve. 

SOLID GEOMETRY 

Unit 4: Methods of orthographic projections and dimensioning strictly as per SP: 46- 2003 revised conventions. Projectionofpoints,lines. 

Unit 5: Orthographic projections of Regular Plane figures - triangle, square, pentagon, hexagon, circle and semi-circle. 

Unit 6: Orthographic projections of right regular solids such as cubes, prisms and pyramid,(square, triangular, pentagonal and hexagonal), cones, cylinders, spheres, hemispheres and frustum of pyramids and cone when they are kept with their axis (a) perpendicular, to HP/VP (b) parallel to one plane and inclined to the other (c) parallel to HPandVP both. 

Unit 7: Section of solids under the same conditions mentioned above made by the horizontal, vertical and inclinedplanes. 

MACHINE DRAWING 

Unit 6: Orthographic projections of simple machine blocks.

Unit 7: Construction of isometric scale showing main divisions of 10 mm and smaller divisions of 1 mm each. Isometric projection (drawn to isometric scale) of figures such as triangles, squares, pentagons, hexagons, circles and
semi-circles with their surface parallel to HP or VP and its one side or diagonal or diameter should be either parallel or perpendicular to HP/VP. 

Unit 8: Development of the surfaces of following solids: 

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biotechnology)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biotechnology)

An unprecedented growth of human knowledge in the field of Biological Sciences coupled with equally significant developments in the field of technology have brought significant changes into existing social and economic systems. The emerging field of Biotechnology is likely to further enhance the applications of Science and Technology in the service of human welfare. Modern Biotechnology processes encompass a wide range of new products such as antibiotics, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies and many more. Furthermore, developments in recombinant DNA technology have yielded numerous new useful products in the fields of healthcare and agriculture. The present syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Due emphasis has been laid on familiarizing the learners with the fundamental concepts, basic techniques and their applications. It is expected that the knowledge gained through the study of different topics and the skills acquired through the prescribed practical work will make the learners competent to meet the challenges of academic as well as professional courses after studying the subject at senior secondary stage.

Objectives :

  • The broad objectives of teaching Biotechnology at senior secondary level are:
  • To help the learners know and understand basic facts and concepts of the subject at elementary stage.
  • To expose the students to different basic processes and basic techniques used in Biotechnology.
  • To familiarize the learners to understand the relationship of the subject to health, nutrition,environment, agriculture and industry, etc.
  • To develop conceptual competence in the learners so as to cope up with professional courses in future career.
  • To acquaint students with different applications of Biotechnology in everyday life.
  • To develop an interest in students to study biotechnology as a discipline.

COURSE STRUCTURE :

Unit Title No.of Period Marks
I

Biotechnology: An overview

20 05
II

Molecules of Life

50 20
III

Genetics and Molecular Biology

50 20
IV

Cells and Organisms

60 25
 

Practicals

60 30
  Total 240 100

Unit-I Biotechnology: An overview 
Chapter 1: Biotechnology: An Overview

Historical Perspectives, Technology and Applications of Biotechnology, Global market and Biotech Products, Public Perception of Biotechnology, Biotechnology in India and Global Trends

Unit-II Molecules of Life 
Chapter 1: Biomolecules: Building Blocks

Building Blocks of Carbohydrates - Sugars and Their Derivatives, Building Blocks of Proteins - Amino Acids, Building Blocks of Lipids - Simple Fatty Acids, Sphingosine, Glycerol and Cholesterol, Building Blocks of Nucleic Acids - Nucleotides, Biochemical Transformations

Chapter 2: Macromolecules: Structure & Function

Carbohydrates - The Energy Givers, Proteins - The Performers, Enzymes - The Catalysts, Lipids and Biomembranes - The Barriers, Nucleic Acids - The Managers

Unit-III Genetics and Molecular Biology 20 Marks 50 Periods
Chapter 1: Concepts of Genetics

Historical Perspective, Multiple Alleles, Linkage and Crossing Over, Genetic Mapping, Gene Interaction, Sex-Linked Inheritance, Extranuclear Inheritance, Quantitative Inheritance, Genes at the Population Level

Chapter 2: Genes and Genomes: Structure and Function

Discovery of DNA as Genetic Material, DNA Replication, Fine Structure of the Genes, From Gene to Protein, Transcription – The Basic Process, Genetic Code, Translation, Regulation of Gene Expression, Mutations, DNA Repair, Human Genetic Disorders, Genome Organization

Unit IV: Cells and Organisms 
Chapter 1 The Basic Unit of Life

Cell Structure and Components, Tissues and Organs, Stem Cells, Biodiversity, Organization of Life

Chapter 2: Cell Growth and Development

Cell Division, Cell Cycle, Cell Communication, Nutrition, Gaseous Exchange, Internal Transport,Maintaining the Internal Environment, Reproduction, In Vitro Fertilization, Animal and Plant Development, Immune Response in Animals, Programmed Cell Death, Defense Mechanisms in Plants 

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Subjects: 

CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

The present syllabus provides the students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The syllabus also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of Biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of technology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated syllabus also focuses on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework. The prescribed syllabus is expected to:

  • promote understanding of basic principles of Biology;
  • encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society;
  • promote rational/scientific attitude towards issues related to population, environment and development;
  • enhance awareness about environmental issues, problems and their appropriate solutions;
  • create awareness amongst the learners about diversity in the living organisms and developing respect for other living beings;
  • appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are built on essentially simple processes;
  • It is expected that the students would get an exposure to various branches of Biology in the syllabus in a more contextual and friendly manner as they study its various units

COURSE STRUCTURE :

Unit Title No.of Period Marks
I Diversity of Living Organisms 23 07
II Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals 22 12
III Structure and Function 35 15
IV Plant Physiology 40 18
V Human Physiology 40 18
  Total 160 70

Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms 
Chapter-1: The Living World

What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; taxonomy and systematics;concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for study of taxonomymuseums, zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens.

Chapter-2: Biological Classification

Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups: Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.

Chapter-3: Plant Kingdom

Salient features and classification of plants into major groups - Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta,Gymnospermae and Angiospermae (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms - classification upto class, characteristic features and examples.

Chapter-4: Animal Kingdom

Salient features and classification of animals non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (three to five salient features and at least two examples of each category).
(No live animals or specimen should be displayed.)

Unit-II Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants 
Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology and modifications: Internal Morphology of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed (to be dealt along with the relevant experiment of the Practical Syllabus).

Chapter-6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Anatomy and functions of different tissues.

Chapter-7: Structural Organisation in Animals

Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory,respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (a brief account only)

Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function 

Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life

Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles - structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.

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