(Syllabus) CBSE: National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The Medical Council of India (MCI) recommended the following
syllabus for National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS/BDS
courses across the country (NEET-UG) after review of various State syllabi as
well as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT and COBSE. This is to establish a
uniformity across the country keeping in view the relevance of different areas
in Medical Education.
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement
- Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics,
technology and society.
- Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units,
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant
- Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its
UNIT II: Kinematics
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line;
Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion,
average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion,
velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration
for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and
displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation,
equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition
and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.
Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a
Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane.
Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion.
Uniform circular motion.
UNIT III: Laws of Motion
- Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion;
momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of
motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of
friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
- Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of
circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).
UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power
- Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy,
work-energy theorem, power.
- Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative
forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies);
non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic
collisions in one and two dimensions.
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
- Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and
centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of
- Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular
momentum with some examples.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of
rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of
inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects
(no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and
UNIT VI: Gravitation
- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
- Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape
velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter
- Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s
modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic
- Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline
and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its
- Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of
pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and
- Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids,
liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-
calorimetry; change of state – latent heat.
- Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and
radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement
law, and Green House effect.
- Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics
- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of
Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of
thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.
- Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes.
Heat engines and refrigerators.
UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
- Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic
energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy
(statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases;
concept of mean free path.
UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a
function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its
equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force
constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple
pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and
damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
- Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion.
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of
waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes,
fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.
CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS
UNIT I: Electrostatics
- Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two
point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and
continuous charge distribution.
- Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field
lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole
in a uniform electric field.
- Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find
field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane
sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
Electric potential, potential difference, electric
potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges:
equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point
charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a
conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and
capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium
between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.
UNIT II: Current Electricity
- Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor,
drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s
law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear),
electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
- Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel
combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
- Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell,
combination of cells in series and in parallel.
- Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre
- Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential
difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal
resistance of a cell.
UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
- Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its
application to current carrying circular loop.
- Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire,
straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform
magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force
between two parallel current-carrying conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque
experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil
galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and
- Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due
to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its
axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field;
bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic
field and magnetic elements.
- Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.
- Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent
UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
- Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current;
Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.
- Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/
voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment
only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
- AC generator and transformer.
UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves
- Need for displacement current.
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas
only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible,
ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their
UNIT VI: Optics
- Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of
light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres,
refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s
formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in
contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of
light through a prism.
- Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of
the sun at sunrise and sunset.
- Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation,
correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
- Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and
their magnifying powers.
- Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction
of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
- Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle.
- Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe
width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
- Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.
- Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation,
plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and
UNIT VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s
photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.
- Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation.
Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only
conclusion should be explained).
UNIT VIII: Atoms and Nuclei
- Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr
model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus,
atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.
- Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their
properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per
nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
UNIT IX: Electronic Devices
Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors,
insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in
forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED,
photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor;
transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic
gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.