Agriculture has been the prime enterprise for the National Economy of this country for centuries and that is
why India is called Agrarian country. This sector also provides maximum employment to the people of this
country. Agriculture is the production of food and fiber, ever since its advent. It has undergone several
paradigm changes. The major landmark in Agriculture happened during 1960s when the country witnessed
Green Revolution. which boosted the crop production. Use of short duration crop varieties, fertilizers,
pesticides and agricultural tools and expansion of area under irrigation were important interventions brought
in Agriculture. Livestock is an integral part of Agriculture in India. Their by-products are used to build and
maintain soil fertility along with plant protection. The animal products such as meat, milk and eggs are the
source of nutrients in human diet as well.
Several emerging dimensions of contemporary Agriculture such as organic agriculture and animal husbandry
practices are now getting attention. Food processing, value addition and preservation have been the focus of
policies formation in recent times which are helpful in minimizing the wastage in Agriculture. This is helping
in better income realizing through marketin of value added products. The income from Agriculture can also
be increased by associating in subsidiary enterprises such as mushroom production, bio-pesticides, beekeeping,
The board objectives of teaching Agriculture at Senior Secondary level are:
To help the students to comprehended the facts and importance of Agriculture.
To expose the students to crop production, animal husbandry, horticulture etc.
To familiarize the students with waste management and physical environment in Agriculture.
To expose the students to find better income and avenue generating avenues of agriculture and its
CLASS XI (2017-18)
One Theory Paper 70 Marks
Unit wise Weightage Time: 3 Hours