CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Agriculture)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Agriculture)

Syllabus :

Agriculture has been the prime enterprise for the National Economy of this country for centuries and that is why India is called Agrarian country. This sector also provides maximum employment to the people of this country. Agriculture is the production of food and fiber, ever since its advent. It has undergone several paradigm changes. The major landmark in Agriculture happened during 1960s when the country witnessed Green Revolution. Which boosted the crop production. Use of short duration crop varieties, fertilizers, pesticides and agricultural tools and expansion of area under irrigation were important interventions brought in Agriculture. Livestock is an integral part of Agriculture in India. Their by-products are used to build and maintain soil fertility along with plant protection. The animal products such as meat, milk and eggs are the source of nutrients in human diet as well.
Several emerging dimensions of contemporary Agriculture such as organic agriculture and animal husbandry practices are now getting attention. Food processing, value addition and preservation have been the focus of policies formation in recent times which are helpful in minimizing the wastage in Agriculture. This is helping in better income realizing through marketin of value added products. The income from Agriculture can also be increased by associating in subsidiary enterprises such as mushroom production, bio-pesticides, bee-keeping, vermi-culture etc.

Objectives:
The board objectives of teaching Agriculture at Senior Secondary level are:

  • To help the students to comprehended the facts and importance of Agriculture.
  • To expose the students to crop production, animal husbandry, horticulture etc.
  • To familiarize the students with waste management and physical environment in Agriculture
  • To expose the students to find better income and avenue generating avenues of agriculture and its associated activities.

AGRICULTURE (Code No. 068)
CLASS XII (THEORY) 2018-19

One Theory Paper ;  70+30=100 Marks
Unit Wise Weightage ; Time: 3 hours

SECTION

  Periods

Marks

I

Advanced Crop Production and Organic Farming

Unit - I Advanced Crop Production
Unit - II Organic Farming

42
24

25

II

Post-Harvest Management , Food Processing and Value Addition
Unit III: Post-Harvest Management
Unit IV: Food Processing and Value Addition
12
52

25

III

Subsidairy Enterprises of Agriculture
Unit V: Subsidiary Enterprises in Agriculture
40

20

  Practical 50

30

    220

100

SECTION – I

Total periods – 66

Unit- I: Advance Crop Production 42 Periods

  • Food production including horticultural crops and its importance in the economy and nutritional security.
  • Soil fertility, productivity and concept of essential plant nutrients. Classification of essential plant nutrients.
  • Roles and functions of essential plant nutrients, their important deficiency symptoms.
  • Soil samplings and its processing. Introduction to soil pH and Organic Carbon.
  • Introduction to manure, fertilizers, Bio-fertilizers, their methods of application. Concept of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM).
  • Concept of soil moisture availability various irrigation methods. Concept of precision and pressure irrigation - Drip and sprinkler irrigation.
  • Methods of insect pest and disease management - Chemical, Biological and Mechanical.

Concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

Unit - II: Organic Farming ; 24 Periods

  • Concept, history and importance of Organic farming.
  • Present status and contribution in the National economy.
  • Important food products grown organically. Important Government Schemes for the promotion of organic farming in our country. Kitchen gardening.


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Courtesy: CBSE

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