CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2017-18
Subject: Knowledge traditions and practices of India
The "Knowledge Traditions and Practices of India" has been introduced as an elective subject at the Senior
Secondary level w.e.f. 2012-2013 in class XI as a pilot and introduced in all schools w.e.f. 2013 in classes XI
and XII. After ten years of general education, students branch out at the beginning of this stage and are
exposed to the rigours of the various disciplines for the first time. This is the stage when they are made to
start reflecting over their future life and decide a career. At this point, they also become aware of certain
knowledge traditions and practices of India that are being followed in their families and society around them
but few students get an opportunity to lay hands on the vast treasure of knowledge that lies hidden in the
form of literature or books.
This course aims at providing a broad overview of Indian thought in a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary
mode. It would not seek to impart masses of data, but would highlight concepts and major achievements
while engaging the student with a sense of exploration and discovery. It would be an introductory course so
that students who take this course are prepared for a related field in higher studies in the universities. The
course will cultivate critical appreciation of the thought content and provide insights relevant for promoting
cognitive ability, health and well-being, good governance, aesthetic appreciation, right values and
appropriate worldview. The course will therefore comprehensively deal with all-round personality
development of the students and increase their knowledge about their country.
Concept of the Course
The knowledge traditions of India are continuous and cumulative. They are textual and exegetical traditions
in different areas of thought and experience: philosophy, medicine, grammar, architecture, geography,
literary theory, polity and political economy, logic, astronomy and mathematics, military science,
metallurgy, agriculture, mining and gemmology, and shipbuilding, among others. Concepts and technical
vocabularies of these traditions are still a part of the thinking and the languages of modern India.
The tradition is also non-egocentric. The 5th-century philosopher of language, Bhartrihari, states in his
Vakyapadiya, a cardinal principle of knowledge constitution: "The intellect acquires critical acumen by
familiarity with different traditions. How much does one really understand by merely following one's own
reasoning only?" (Bhartrihari, Vakyapadiya, II.484). The traditions are therefore, intrinsically polycentric;
Indian thinkers have constantly engaged in internal debate and dialogue and have also interacted with
traditions outside India.
Aims and Objectives of the course:
Students will be able to:
get familiar with Indian thought in different disciplines.
get familiar with major Indian thinkers in different disciplines.
get familiar with the primary texts of Indian thought through an organized study of short extracts in
translation of those texts.
develop a better appreciation and understanding of not only the Knowledge Traditions and Practices of
India but also of many contemporary questions an