Social Science is a compulsory subject upto secondary stage of school education. It is an
integral component of general education because it helps the learners in understanding
the environment in its totality and developing a broader perspective and an empirical,
reasonable and humane outlook. This is of crucial importance because it helps them
grow into well-informed and responsible citizens with necessary attributes and skills for
being able to participate and contribute effectively in the process of development and
The Social Science curriculum draws its content mainly from Geography, History, Political
Science and Economics. Some elements of Sociology and Commerce are also included.
Together they provide a comprehensive view of society-over space and time, and in
relation to each other. Each subject’s distinct methods of enquiry help the learners to
understand society from different angles and form a holistic view.
The main objectives of this syllabus are:
• to develop an understanding of the processes of change and development-both in
terms of time and space, through which human societies have evolved.
• to make learners realise that the process of change is continuous and any event
or phenomenon or issue cannot be viewed in isolation but in a wider context of
time and space.
• to develop an understanding of contemporary India with its historical perspective,
of the basic framework of the goals and policies of national development in
independent India, and of the process of change with appropriate connections to
• to deepen knowledge about and understanding of India’s freedom struggle and of
the values and ideals that it represented, and to develop an appreciation of the
contributions made by people of all sections and regions of the country.
• to help learners understand and cherish the values enshrined in the Indian
Constitution and to prepare them for their roles and responsibilities as effective
citizens of a democratic society.
• to deepen the knowledge and understanding of India’s environment in its totality,
their interactive processes and effects on the future quality of people’s lives.
• to facilitate the learners to understand and appreciate the diversity in the land
and people of the country with its underlying unity.
• to develop an appreciation of the richness and variety of India’s heritage-both
natural and cultural and the need for its preservation