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(E-book) : Principals Handbook

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(E-book) : Principals Handbook



Contents :

CHAPTER 1 : HOW IT ALL STARTED?............................................................................13

1.1.The Beginning ...........................................................................................14
1.2.Various Roles of a Principal.........................................................................15

CHAPTER 2 : CAPACITY ENHANCEMENT .....................................................................20

2.1.CBSE Training Policy ...................................................................................22
2.2.Stipulations for in-service Training in CBSE Affiliation Bye-Laws .....................22
2.3. CBSE Centres of Excellence (CBSE COEs) ....................................................24
2.4. Capacity Building Programmes by CBSE......................................................24
2.5. Yearly Training Theme ................................................................................26
2.6. Inspection for Affiliation/Upgradation/Extension to Include
Inspection of Mandatory Trainings Completed..............................................26
2.7. Online Application for Participation in the Board’s Training Programmes .......27
2.8. Shiksha Vani-The All New CBSE Podcast App ...............................................28
2.9. DIKSHA .....................................................................................................28
2.10.     Vidya-Daan ...............................................................................................30

CHAPTER 3 : TO BE AND TO DO LIST ..........................................................................32

3.1.Leadership Competencies ...........................................................................33
3.1.1. Are you a Leader or a Boss? .............................................................33
3.1.2. Suggestive Leadership Competencies ................................................35
3.1.3. Self-Evaluation Framework for Principal-Staff Relationship ..................40
3.2. Administrative Leadership Aspect ................................................................40
3.2.1. List of Possible Works to be Done ......................................................40
3.2.1.1. Learn about Right to Education ...................................................41
3.2.1.2. Learn about Right to Information ................................................41
3.2.1.3. Learn about Code of Conduct for teaching and non-teaching
Staff ........................................................................................41
3.2.1.4. Learn about Code of Conduct for Students ..................................41
3.2.1.5. Learn about Supreme Court Guidelines for School Transport........41
3.2.1.6. Learn about School Management Committee ..............................41
3.2.1.7. Learn about Provident Fund/ ESI .................................................41
3.2.1.8. Learn about Audits & Surveillance...............................................41
3.2.1.9. Learn about Evacuation Procedures.............................................41
3.2.1.10. Learn about Students Dossiers ..................................................42
3.2.1.11. Learn about Staff Files..............................................................42
3.2.1.12. Learn about Documents pertaining to Infrastructure ...................42
3.2.1.13. Learn about Safety & Security ...................................................42
3.2.1.14. Learn about School Finances & Accounting ...............................42
3.2.1.15. Learn about Procurement Procedures ........................................43
3.2.1.16. Learn about Condemnation Guidelines.....................................43
3.2.1.17. Learn about Interacting with CBSE, Local Officials
for official purposes.................................................................43
3.2.1.18. Learn about Teacher’s qualifications .........................................43
3.2.1.19. Learn about use of Technology for educational planning,
governance and teaching and learning ....................................43
3.2.1.20. Learn about Textbooks Management As Per CBSE
Affiliation Byelaws ...................................................................43
3.2.1.21. Learn about Promotion of Environmental Conservation
And Awareness .......................................................................43

CHAPTER 4 : TRANSFORMING THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT ...................................45

4.1. Recent Qualitative Initiatives by CBSE ..........................................................46
4.2. Making Schools Joyful Places ......................................................................49
4.2.1. Making Schools Anger-Free/ No-Anger Zones ...................................50
4.2.2. Experiential Learning........................................................................51
4.2.2.1. Meaning ...................................................................................51
4.2.2.2. Experiential Learning: Key Components ......................................52
4.2.2.3. Experiential Learning Cycle.........................................................52
4.2.2.4. Stages of Experiential Learning ...................................................53
4.3.Art- Integrated Learning..............................................................................53
4.3.1. Necessity of Art-Integrated Learning ..................................................54
4.4. Joyful Classrooms ......................................................................................55
4.5. Integrating Life Skills...................................................................................56
4.5.1. Key Growth and Human Development Periods ...................................57
4.5.2. Life Skills for Early Childhood............................................................57
4.5.3. The Most Important Life Skills for Children to Learn............................58
4.5.4. Life Skills for Adolescence .................................................................58
4.6. The 21st Century Skills................................................................................59
4.6.1. Critical Thinking...............................................................................60
4.6.2. Problem Solving ...............................................................................60
4.6.3. Creativity and Innovation..................................................................60
4.6.4. Communication and Collaboration ...................................................60
4.6.5. Career and Life-skills........................................................................60
4.6.6. Digital and Media Literacy ................................................................61
4.6.7. Leadership and Responsibility ...........................................................61

CHAPTER 5 : FOCUSSING UPON THE COMPETENCIES................................................62

5.1. Meaning of Competency ............................................................................63
5.2. Competency-Based Learning (CBL)..............................................................63
5.3. Components of Competency-Based Learning...............................................64
5.3.1. Concepts Adjoining CBL ...................................................................65
5.4. CBL: Features and Processes.......................................................................65
5.5.Competency and its Elements .....................................................................66
5.5.1. Students advance upon Demonstrated Mastery ..................................66
5.5.1.1. Personalised Learning Pathways for Developing Students’
Competency ..............................................................................66
5.5.1.1.1. What are Personalised Learning Pathways (PLPs)?..................66
5.5.1.1.2. Features of Personalised Learning Pathways ..........................67
5.5.1.1.3. PLP as a Feedback Mechanism.............................................67
5.5.1.1.4. PLP Cycle ............................................................................68
5.5.2. Competencies include explicit, measurable, transferable
learning objectives that empower students .........................................68
5.5.3. Assessment is meaningful and a positive
 learning experience for Students ........................................................69
5.5.4. Students develop and apply a broad set of skills and Dispositions .......69
5.5.5. Learning outcomes emphasize competencies of application and
creation of knowledge, along with other necessary skills and
behaviours.......................................................................................69
5.5.6. Holistic Approach.............................................................................69
5.5.7. Sustainable Learning ........................................................................70
5.6. Competency-based Education and Learning Outcomes ................................70
5.6.1. Difference between a Competency and a Learning Objective..............70
5.7.Implementation of CBE...............................................................................71
5.7.1. Some Points to Remember ................................................................72
5.8.Suggestive actions for Principals to ensure implementation of CBE in schools.75
5.9.CBSE and CBE ...........................................................................................76

CHAPTER 6 : PEDAGOGICAL PLANNING.....................................................................78

6.1. NCF on How Children Learn.......................................................................79
6.2. NCF on Effective Learning Environment .......................................................79
6.3.Designing Learning Experiences ..................................................................81
6.4.Pedagogical Plans ......................................................................................81
6.5. Planning a Pedagogical Plan.......................................................................82

CHAPTER 7 : MAKING SCHOOLS INCLUSIVE...............................................................89

7.1. Integration in vision and mission of the school .............................................91
7.2. Orientation, Interaction & liaising with all Stakeholders ................................91
7.3. Empowering Teachers.................................................................................92
7.3.1. Some strategies and techniques for Principals for Inclusion are ...........92
7.3.2. Suggestive Checklist for Inclusive Schools ..........................................92
7.4. Modification in Curriculum Planning, Teaching Methodology & Assessment ...94
7.4.1. Curriculum Planning.........................................................................94
7.4.1.1. Indicators...............................................................................94
7.4.2. Teaching Methodology......................................................................95
7.4.2.1. Classroom Practices & Instructional Practices............................95
7.4.3. Behaviour Modification.....................................................................96
7.4.3.1. Managing Commonly observed behaviour Problems ................96
7.5. Different ways of Assessment ......................................................................98
7.6. High Five Learning Strategy ........................................................................98
7.6.1. Sports and Children with Special Needs ............................................99
7.6.1.1. Benefits of Sports....................................................................99
7.6.2. Role of Visual Art..............................................................................99
7.6.3. Story telling using puppets will be more interesting and Interactive ....100
7.6.4. Role of Music .................................................................................100
7.6.5. Role of Dramatics...........................................................................100
7.7. Accommodation in classroom, playground, Subject Enrichment Program ....101
7.7.1. Room Accommodations..................................................................102
7.7.2. Teacher Accommodations ...............................................................102
7.8. A Shadow Teacher : fortifying lives from behind .........................................102
7.8.1. The student benefits from the shadow teacher because ....................102
7.9. Parent as Partner: helps students to emerge as Confident Individuals...........103

CHAPTER 8 : COLLABORATION COUNTS: HUBS OF LEARNING ................................105

8.1.What are Hubs of Learning? .....................................................................106
8.2. Mission of Hubs .......................................................................................106
8.3. What is the need for collaboration through Hubs?......................................106
8.4. Need for Hubs of Learning .......................................................................107
8.5. Objectives of Hubs ...................................................................................108
8.6. Hubs of Learning viz-a-viz Sahodayas .......................................................108
8.7. If you are a Lead Collaborator..................................................................109
8.8. As a Hub Member, you will .......................................................................109
8.9. How to know your Hub ? ..........................................................................110
8.10.     How to inject energy for this initiative in your school? .................................111
8.10.1. At your Schools ............................................................................111
8.10.2. At the Hub Level...........................................................................111

CHAPTER 9 : WHAT CBSE EXPECTS FROM US ............................................................114

9.1. Academic expectations .............................................................................115
9.1.1. Subjects at Secondary Level.............................................................115
9.1.2. Subjects at Senior Secondary Level ..................................................117
9.1.3. Books ............................................................................................121
9.1.4. Expectations of CBSE ......................................................................122
9.2. Examinations ...........................................................................................124
9.2.1. Sample Papers ...............................................................................124
9.2.1.1. Marking Scheme ..................................................................124
9.2.2. Conduct of Board Examination .......................................................124
9.2.3. Expectations of CBSE ......................................................................125
9.3. Skill Education .........................................................................................127
9.4. CBSE Competitions ..................................................................................128
9.5. Capacity Building Programmes .................................................................129
9.6. Environment Conservation........................................................................132
9.7. Affiliation.................................................................................................132
9.8. School Website.........................................................................................133

CHAPTER 10 : IF YOU FAIL TO PREPARE, BE PREPARED TO FAIL ..................................136

10.1.     Creating a “School Disaster Management Plan”?......................................137
10.1.1. School should have the following ..................................................137
10.2.     School Disaster Management Teams/Committees ......................................138
10.2.1. Members .....................................................................................139
10.2.2. Before and During the Disaster .....................................................139
10.2.2.1. After Disaster .....................................................................139
10.3.     Creating a Disaster Response Group.........................................................139
10.3.1. Evacuation Team members ...........................................................139
10.3.1.1. Before a Disaster................................................................139
10.3.1.2. During a Disaster ...............................................................139
10.3.1.3. After a Disaster ..................................................................139
10.4.     Search and Rescue Team ..........................................................................140
10.4.1. Members .....................................................................................140
10.4.2. Before a Disaster..........................................................................140
10.4.3. During a Disaster.........................................................................140
10.4.4. After a Disaster ............................................................................140
10.5.     First Aid Team ..........................................................................................140
10.5.1. Members .....................................................................................140
10.5.2. Before a Disaster..........................................................................140
10.5.3. During a Disaster.........................................................................140
10.5.4. After a Disaster ............................................................................141
10.6.     Fire Safety Team.......................................................................................141
10.6.1. Members .....................................................................................141
10.6.2. Before a Disaster..........................................................................141
10.6.3. During a Disaster.........................................................................141
10.6.4. After a Disaster ............................................................................141
10.7.     Site Security Team.....................................................................................141
10.7.1. Members .....................................................................................141
10.7.2. Before a Disaster..........................................................................141
10.7.3. During a Disaster.........................................................................142
10.7.4. After a Disaster ............................................................................142
10.8.     Bus Safety Team (FOR EACH BUS)............................................................142
10.8.1. Members .....................................................................................142
10.8.2. Before a Disaster..........................................................................142
10.8.3. During a Disaster.........................................................................142
10.8.4. After a Disaster ............................................................................142
10.9. Honbl’e Supreme Court Guidelines ..........................................................142
10.10.    Directions of the Supreme Court for School Bus.........................................143

CHAPTER 11 : IT INITIATIVES BY CBSE........................................................................145

CHAPTER 12 : CBSE SCHOOL QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND ASSURANCE (SQAA) .......152

12.1. Introduction.............................................................................................153
12.2. Vision of SQAA........................................................................................153
12.3. Benefits of SQAA .....................................................................................153
12.4. Eligibility for SQAA Process.......................................................................153
12.5. Framework of SQAA................................................................................153
12.6.Process of School Quality Assessment and Assurance.................................154
12.7. Self-assessment .......................................................................................155
12.8. Domains and Sub Domains of SQAA........................................................155
12.9.Action to be Taken by Schools ..................................................................158

CHAPTER 13 : SELF EVALUATION FRAMEWORK .........................................................159

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NEW!  CBSE Papers PDF: Class-X, Class-XII