CBSE Class-10 Question Papers for IOP/Comptt Examination 2017 :
NSQF Scheme, English (Communicative)
CBSE Class-10 Question Papers for IOP/Cmptt Examination : English (Communicative)
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT – II
Time allowed : 3 hours
Maximum Marks : 70
Section – A
1. Read the passage given below :
THE TOOLS OF PERSUATION
1. Persuasion is the art of convincing someone to agree with your point of view. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, there are three basic tools of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos.
2. Ethos is a speaker’s way of convincing the audience that she is a credible source. An audience will consider a speaker credible if she seems trustworthy, reliable, and sincere. This can be done in many ways. For example, a speaker can develop
ethos by explaining how much experience or education she has in the field. After all, you would be more likely to listen to advice about how to take care of your teeth from a dentist than a firefighter. A speaker can also create ethos by
convincing the audience that she is a good person who has their best interests at heart. If an audience cannot trust you, you will not be able to persuade them.
3. Pathos is a speaker’s way of connecting with an audience’s emotions. For example, a speaker who is trying to convince an audience to vote for him might say that he alone can save the country from a terrible war. These words are intended to fill the audience with fear, thus making them want to vote for him. Similarly, a charity organization that helps animals might show an audience pictures of injured dogs and cats. These images are intended to fill the viewers with pity. If the audience feels bad for the animals, they will be more likely to donate money.
4. Logos is the use of facts, information, statistics, or other evidence to make your argument more convincing. An audience will be more likely to believe you if you have data to back up your claims. For example, a commercial for soap might
tell you that laboratory tests have shown that their soap kills all 7,000,000 of the bacteria living on your hands right now. This piece of information might make you more likely to buy their brand of soap. Presenting this evidence is much
more convincing than simply saying, “Our soap is the best!” Use of logos can also increase a speaker’s ethos; the more facts a speaker includes in his argument, the more likely you are to think that he is educated and trustworthy.
Although ethos, pathos, and logos all have their strengths, they are often most effective when they are used together, Indeed, most speakers use a combination of ethos, pathos, and logos to persuade their audiences.
1.1 On the basis of your reading of the above passage, complete the following
(a) Basic tools of persuasion are _______.
(b) A speaker can develop ethos by _______.
(c) If the audience don’t trust a speaker, the speaker cannot _______ them.
(d) Through _______ a speaker appeals to the audience’s emotions.
(e) The audience are filled with _______ when they see an injured animal.
(f) When we use facts and information, we are making use of _______.
(g) Audience believe a speaker when she uses _______ to support her claim.
(h) Which word in para 2 means the same as ‘something which can be believed’ ?
2. Read the passage given below : 12
Is money the key to happiness ?
Money is of course very important for human beings to lead a decent and satisfying life, unlike animals and plants. Money defines the existence of human society as we cannot live without it. Money is an important exchange for food, shelter and clothing.
Many people believe that money is the root of all evil. But contrary to that, I believe and agree that money is the key to human happiness. It became indispensable in our lives when humans began using money for exchange of goods and services instead of the barter trade which was popular hundreds of years ago. Humans work to earn an income that would enable them to bring food to the table, clothe themselves as well as indulge in pleasures that can be obtained only through money.
When we are able to afford goods and services, it inevitably grants us a lot of happiness, satisfaction and stability in our lives. In many poor countries such as Africa, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and others, millions live in misery due to extreme poverty.
They are deprived of happiness, dignity and a sense of direction in their lives as they live from hand to mouth and their future is at best uncertain. Thus, it would be foolish to think that money causes distress, and is the root cause of immorality and evil
behaviour. On the contrary, most of us earn an income through legal means which allows us to maintain a good standard of living. It enable us to travel for holidays and have access to good food, medical facilities, and a lifestyle that grants us much
happiness and satiety. Many parents admit that they slog at work so that they could provide comfort and stability to their offspring. Money especially comes in handy when a family member is stricken with a disease and cash is needed for treatment.
Unhappiness results when we are denied the above. Many families struggle to make ends meet and the lack of money almost inevitably sows seeds of unhappiness. They are exposed to continuous bickering, quarrels and ultimately, misery.
There are of course those, due to greed for more material wealth, resort to illegal means to become rich quickly. They commit robberies, murders and cheat to get ahead in lives. However, this does not grant them the happiness or the peace of mind. In the case of robbers and murders, the constant threat by the law enforcement authorities closing in on them, creates jitters and a life full of uncertainties and fear. Hence, money would always be looked at as the most or at least one of the most
important keys to happiness. It has become a part of what defines us as human beings as it allows us to live a life of dignity, happiness and contentment.
2.1 Answer the questions given below briefly : 2 x 4 = 8
(a) What is the importance of money for human beings ?
(b) When did money become indispensable ?
(c) What does a good standard of living enable us to do ?
(d) Why can’t the robbers enjoy money they have stolen ?
2.2 Choose the most appropriate meaning of the words from the options given below : 1 x 4 = 4
(i) something that is not acceptable
(ii) a situation that makes you feel embarrassed
(iii) essential, too important to be without
(iv) showing no interest
(i) to exchange goods, services for other goods or services
(ii) a dog with short legs
(iii) to hit hard many times
(iv) a tool used for beating things
(c) Hand to mouth
(i) a handball strategy
(ii) a disease
(iii) a way of providing first aid
(iv) money you have is only for food and nothing else
(i) to exchange goods
(ii) to exchange words
(iii) to argue on small matters
(iv) having an argumentative nature
SECTION – B
WRITING & GRAMMAR 25 MARKS
3. You are in a college far away from your home. There are many students who hail from different parts of India. This is a picture of unity in diversity. Write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper expressing your gratitude to the local people and local students who have accepted as their own the students from various parts of the country. You are Sandip/Sulekha. B.Tech., I Year, XYZ College, Bengaluru. (100-120 words). 5
You are a member of the Environmental Club of your school. You and your fellow members are watching the Prime Minister’s initiative – ‘Make in India’ and ‘Innovate in India’ taking shape, giving rise to foreign investments in a number of industries.
You are concerned that the setting up of so many industries may affect the environment. Write an article in 100-120 words expressing your fears and outlining some guidelines which all industries should follow to keep the ecological balance. Use
your own ideas and from MCB unit on Environment.
4. Write a story in 150-200 words using the clues provided below : 10
I had read about the person who jumped into a lion’s cage to take a selfie with it, the man who wanted to take a selfie with the charging bull and other razor’s edge situations. I too dreamed of taking a selfie in a similarly hair raising situation….and
now the opportunity was there…… right before me ! ……
I was running …… running fast for dear life …… but every moment the witch doctor and his worshippers were drawing closer and closer. Just when I thought I could see a glimmer of hope …… I feel and ……
5. Complete the paragraph given below by choosing the correct alternatives given below : 1 x 3 = 3
Children admitted (a) ________ the government BC Roy Memorial Hospital were exposed to deafening sounds (b) ________ crackers on Diwali night. The residents of nearby multistorey buildings, burst crackers. The decibel (dB) level of crackers
exceeded 90 dB. It was the (c) ________ Diwali in Kolkata’s recent memory.
(a) (i) in (ii) on (iii) to (iv) at
(b) (i) when (ii) of (iii) from (iv) during
(c) (i) noisy (ii) noisier (iii) noisiest (iv) noise