Engineering is one of the largest and fastest growing industries. It covers a
wide range of applications we use daily and which make our life easier and
enjoyable such as Television, Radio, computers, telecommunication etc. They
helps us to see, hear and communicate over vast distances and do things faster.
Electronics has a major role in improving productivity in industries like oil,
energy, agriculture and so many other important sectors of economy. In steel,
petroleum and chemical industries it is the electronic devices that direct,
control and test production processes. Health care industry depend on electronic
instruments to perform chemical tests and to check body functions. The safety in
transportation, factories and mines and in homes rely heavily on electronics.
The uses are endless.
An Electronics engineer must find new
solutions to the practical problems affecting our daily lives. An electronics
engineer will work in team with other specialists to design, fabricate, produce,
test and supervise the manufacture of complex products and systems i.e
electronic equipments and components for a number of industries including
hospitals, computer industry, electronic data processing systems for
communication and in defense etc. They supervise production and manufacturing
processes and oversee installation and maintenance. Electronics engineers work
with devices that use extremely small amounts of power. They work with
microprocessors, fibre optics, and in telecommunication, television, radio etc.
Electronics engineering is a constantly
changing and widening branch of the engineering profession. Electronics industry
being a labour intensive industry provides many job opportunities for the
skilled job seekers. Increased production and demand by government and
businesses for communication equipment, computers and military electronics along
with consumer demand and increased research and development on robots and other
types of automation contributes to the growth of employment opportunities in the
field. Candidates having a creative and inventive mind and also are good at
physics and mathematics will probably find electronics engineering a
and lucrative career.
Educational: To become an
electronics engineer one needs to have a degree in electronics engineering (BE /
B.Tech) or must have passed the AMIE (Associate Membership Examination of the
Institute of Engineers) in electronics or Graduate membership Examination of the
Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers or at least a diploma
in Electronics Engineering. A post graduate degree is required for most research
or teaching posts and management positions. An additional degree in business
administration is desirable for those seeking administrative or management
The basic eligibility criteria for a BE /
B.Tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination, with Physics, Chemistry and
Mathematics. Admission to these courses is highly competitive and only those
with high academic performance in the board of examination i.e the marks secured
in the final exams of 10+2 and in the entrance test can expect admission.
Entrance to the IIT's is through 'JEE' (Joint Entrance Exam) and for other major
institutions through AIEEE (All India Engineering/Pharmacy/Architecture Entrance
Examination) OR their own separate entrance exams and other state level and
national level exams.
The duration is 4 Years for BE / B.Tech
courses. The diploma courses in polytechnics are of 3 years duration.
The focus in the study programme is on
understanding electronic networks and devices, electromagnetic field theory,
computer fundamentals, as also their protection, and communication and control
Personal Attributes: A
creative and inventive mind and an interest in physics and mathematics is
essential to take up this challenging career. They should have good analytical
skills, an eye for detail, sustained attention and the ability to work as part
of a team. They should also have good communication skills.
Job Prospects and Career Options
An electronics engineer can get a job in
Central Government, State Governments and their sponsored corporations in public
enterprises and the private organizations like All India Radio, Indian Telephone
Industries, MTNL, National Physical Laboratories, AIR, Civil Aviation
Department; Post and Telegraph Department; Co-ordination Department, National
Physical Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited, Development Centers in various
States etc. dealing in manufacture, sales and services of electronics consumer
goods and appliances. Electronics engineers are also absorbed into the
entertainment transmission industry, research establishments, and defense. They
can also take up teaching and research in one of the many engineering colleges
in India or abroad.
As an Electronic Engineer, entry for junior
posts in the Government departments is by direct recruitment through
advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is through the
competitive examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission.
UPSC conducts an Engineering Service Examination (Telecommunication and
Electronics Engineering group) annually for vacancies in Central Engineering
Services and various State Public Service commissions conduct their own
competitive Exams for vacancies in State engineering services.
In the Defence Services, young engineers
start as Second Lieutenants. For selection into the Defence Services- Indian
Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, applications are invited through National
dailies and Employment News.
Similarly vacancies in the private and
public sector are advertised through leading daily newspapers of the country and
the Employment News. Mostly the candidates are interviewed after thorough
scrutiny of their basic inputs and the selections are made on merit. Central
Electronics Ltd., Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan
Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Directorate General Posts and
Telegraphs Departments etc are some of the prospective employers in the field.
Electronic Engineers can start their own
business by manufacture electronic parts, goods and components. He can also
start a repair or assembly shop for television receivers, amplifiers, recording
equipment etc. Since electronics is a labour intensive and talent -oriented
field, it gives high returns for a given initial investment. Loan facilities are
offered by banks and Small Scale Industries Development Corporations for
starting a business.
Earnings of an electronic engineer vary with market demand
and among organisations. Working experience, qualifications, ability are
important factors in determining the pay level. In India, a bachelor's degree
candidate in electronics engineering can receive a starting salary of Rs.7500 up
to Rs 15,000 approximately with 1-2 years experience.