Careers in Nursing
Careers in NursingNursing, a profession that recalls the name
of Florence Nightingale is indeed one of the noblest professions in the world.
It is the art of caring for sick people with the science of health care. It is a
vital component of any form of medical care.
The largest group of workers in the health sector are those in the nursing
occupations as nurses and nursing assistants. In a hospital from the general
ward to the operating theater, nursing forms an integral part. This is one of
the few domains of work that is almost totally dominated by women.
Nursing duties are manifold and cover a wide range of functions and
responsibilities, that depends with the level of qualification and the working
environment. At the initial level, nurses are required for the bedside care of
patients, while at senior level they are required to manage special group of
people like psychiatric, pediatric, intensive care patients etc which require
specialised skills. They are also involved in dispensing medication, keeping
records of the patients progress, setting up and operating medical equipment,
administration and several other routine chores.
This field is both mentally and physically demanding and nurses are often
exposed to health risks from infectious diseases. As such this profession
demands long hours of work and duties which incorporate both skill and
understanding of patients needs. Those who come forward to take up this as a
career has to be patient, courageous, have a service mentality and at the same
time be ready to work for extra hours even night shifts.
Educational: A large number
of institutes in India offer diploma, graduate and postgraduate courses in
nursing as well as midwifery courses.
Eligibility: 10+2 with Biology, Physics and
Duration: 3 to 4 years
B.Sc nursing course provide basic knowledge
about nursing, first-aid and midwifery. They are trained in all the theoretical
as well as practical aspects of nursing.
Eligibility: B.Sc Nursing
Duration: 2 years
General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM)
Eligibility: 10+2 with Biology, Physics and
Duration: 3 1/2 years
GNM programme is to prepare general nurses
who function as members of the health team, to hold first-level positions in
both the hospitals and other such places.
Auxiliary Nurse Midwife/ Health
Duration: 18 months
ANM course provide training as to how to
take care of health related needs of the people living in rural areas especially
children, mothers and old persons.
Personal attributes: The
nursing profession calls for tremendous patience, responsibility and dedication.
The job requires alertness of mind, team spirit, tact, compassion etc. One
should also be physically fit, in peak health for the job involves a lot of hard
work. They should have the instinct to help and serve the patient without
getting sentimentally attached. Apart from all these one must have a pleasant
smiling face whatever be the situation.
They can find employment in
Clinics and Heath Departments
Orphanages and old age homes
Industrial houses and factories
Railways and public sector medical departments
Training Institutes as educators
Hospital Nursing: Hospital
nurses form the largest group of nurses. Hospital nurses are usually assigned to
any special area of work such as surgery, maternity, intensive care, pediatrics,
obstetric, rehabilitative etc.
Public Health Nursing/ Community
Health Nursing: Public health nurses / Health worker work in government
and private clinics and health departments in urban and rural areas to provide
basic medical services to the local population. They instruct individuals,
families and other groups in health education, disease prevention, nutrition and
child care. They arrange for immunizations, blood pressure testing and other
Military Nursing: Provide
health care services in armed forces.
Educators: This field
combines nursing with the teaching of students of nursing and administration of
Industrial Nursing/ Occupational
Health Nursing: They work under the direction of the industrial
physicians and assist in taking preventive safety measures. They provide
emergency care at the time of accidents taking place inside the industrial
Psychiatric Nursing: This
nursing involves working with patients suffering from emotional and
psychological distress. Nursing these patients requires devotion and patience.
They generally work in coordination with the psychiatrists, doctors and other
Pediatric Nursing: is
concerned with the care of sick babies and children.
requires a knowledge of physiotherapy and rehabilitation.
Remuneration of nurses depends on the level
of seniority reached. Nurses employed by government hospitals receive a monthly
salary of Rs 6,500 to Rs 10,000. Those working for private hospitals or the
military receive a slightly higher remuneration. Private nurses have a fixed
daily fee. Midwives receive above 4,000 per month approximately, plus a fixed
amount per birth registered. Health workers receives between Rs. 1,000 to Rs.
2,000 per month.