Further in order to create awareness and a sense of belonging among youth
and inculcate in young minds a feeling for heritage, the CBSE desires to
implement the scheme of ‘Adopt a Heritage’ in schools affiliated to the
Board. Each student studying in Classes up to X can be involved in any of
the following activities as part of the Continuous and Comprehensive
Evaluation Scheme which has been suggested by the Board:
"The history of India and its art has been so bound up with the
geographic nature of this vast continent that something must be said of
these physical characteristics. India has a kind of impregnable geographic
isolation. It is in the shape of a great sealed funnel extending from the
heartland of Asia. This peculiar shape of the peninsula made for an
inevitable retention and absorption of all the racial and cultural elements
that poured into it. The peninsula is bounded on the west by the Indian
ocean; on the east by the Bay of Bengal. Along the northern frontier India
is almost sealed off from the Asiatic mainland by the rocky curtain of the
Himalayas from Baluchistan to Assam. The only openings in this formidable
natural fortification are the various passes of the north-west, such as the
famous Khyber and Bolan passes, which wind through the mountains seperating
India from the Iranian plateau. Through these gaps came all the migrating
tribes and conquerors that made themselves masters of the rich plain of
The cultural divisions of India proper have always been determined and
dominated by the great river systems, the watersheds of the Indus and
Ganges, the Deccan plateau and South India.
Climate, no less than geography has played its part in the development of
the peculiarly indigenous traits of Indian history and art. All the races of
martial character have grown up in the dry and hilly districts of north-west
and centre, whereas the fertile plains of Bengal and South have been
inhabited by peaceful and unwarlike cultivators.
The overpowering nature of India has in a way forced upon the inhabitants an
inability to act, a situation responsible for the Indian races having become
lost in religiosity.
The mystery of Indian myths and Indian art lies partly in the fact that it
suggests rather than states. It could truly be said that Indian symbols of
art voiced the same truth as Indian philosophy and myth.
In India, all art, like all life, is given over to religion. Indian art is
life, as interpreted by religion and philosophy.
Indian art may, in a general way, be described as theological, hieratic, or,
perhaps best of all as traditional. The purpose of Indian art, like all
traditional art, is primarily to instruct men in the great first causes,
which according to the seers, govern the material, spiritual and celestial
worlds. Art is dedicated to communicating these great truths to mankind and,
by the architectural, sculptural and pictorial reconstruction of the powers
that maintain the stars in their courses."
Book: The Art and Architecture of India
By: Benjamin Rowland