Q. 1.* Give three ways in which India's wealth was
drained to Britain from 1757 to 1857. 2
Q. 2. Mention the significance of our heritage of the
colonial period. 1+1=2
Q. 3. Which are the two major fibre crops of India? Name
the major producing State of each crop.1+1=2
Q. 4. Write km main features of dryland farming.
Q. 5. Name any four national waterways of India.
Q. 6. Why is animal husbandry very important for Indian
farmers? Explain two points in this regard.2x1=2
Q. 7. Why is a dense network of railway transport found
in North Indian Plains? Explain two reasons. 2x1=2
Q. 8. Study the table given below and answer the
questions that follow: 1+1=2
Length (in km)
(8.1) Which is the longest National Highway? What is the
general direction of this National Highway?
(8.2) Name the terminal stations of National Highway No.
5. How far is Kolkata from Delhi by road route?
Q. 9. What is meant by sustainable economic development?
Give its main feature. 2
Q. 10. Explain the main features of a socialist economy.
Q. 11. Mention any two features of developed countries.
Q. 12. "Liberalisation and Globalisation policy has had
negative effects on the Indian economy." Explain briefly with two examples.
Q. 13. "Skill development can reduce pressure of
unemployment on the Indian economy." Justify this statement with examples. 2
Q. 14* Examine Gandhiji's role in India's struggle for
Q. 15. State any two important features each of the
Western Ghats arid Eastern Ghats of India. 4
*Point out any four significant features of the Mughal
Architecture in the reign of Akbar.
Q. 16. Why is the scarcity of water increasing day-by-day
in our country? Give four reasons. 4x1=4
Q. 17. Define 'Brain Drain'. Mention two reasons for the
Brain Drain from India. 4
Q. 18. Examine the main factors responsible for the
exploitation of consumers in India. 4
Q. 19. Differentiate between Revolutionaries and
Q. 20.* Explain the main issues which the Indian social
reformers in the 19th century took up. Mention
any one of them in which they were successful? 6
Q. 21. Describe any six measures adopted to control land
degradation in different areas of our country. 6x1=6
Q. 22. What are non-conventional sources of energy? Why
do the non-conventional sources of energy have a bright future? Give four
What are conventional sources of energy? Why is water, as a
source of energy, more important than coal and petroleum? Explain four points in
Q. 23. How does industrial pollution degrade the
environment? Explain three measures to control environmental degradation. 3+3=6
Q. 24. What is meant by communalism? Mention the causes
for the growth of communalism in India. Suggest two remedies to overcome this
problem in India. 6
Q. 25. What is meant by standardisation of the products?
Explain how the Government protects the interests of the consumers by
standardisation of products. 6
Explain the problems of child abuse. Mention the provisions
provided in the Constitution of India for the protection and development of the
Q. 26. Explain the factors which have contributed towards
gender inequality. State the measures which have been taken to improve the
social and economic status of women in India. 6