Paper : CBSE Sample Paper 2009 -Physical
Education (Set - 3)
Sample Question Paper
Time 3 Hrs
Question paper carries two parts namely Part A & B.
Q.1. How an individual is
benefited with fitness and wellness. Explain the principles of fitness.
It is known that fitness and
wellness makes an individual physically fit, mentally stable and helps becoming
a good citizen. Fitness helps
individual achieve satisfactory level of strength, endurance and flexibility.
It further improves the confidence and energy level. One feels more
energetic and fresh for the whole day. It
also leads to sound sleep followed by more relaxed body which leading to mental
satisfaction and social stability. Body
becomes more resistant to general ailments.
Fitness improves efficiency of heart and lungs by improving
cardio-respiratory fitness. It
helps in maintaining normal blood pressure of the body.
In nutshell, we can say – fitness and wellness helps to achieve the aim
of physical education i.e. – “All round development of personality of the
Principles of fitness:-
taking any fitness programme one go for medical check-up.
can take-up the fitness program at any age.
program must be scientifically chalked out depending on age, sex and
must be simple to complex.
eating or drinking during a fitness session.
must be given priority during the programme.
should be proper gap between the meal and training session.
uncomfortable clothing during the exercise.
overstress and workout according to your need and capacity.
most important principle of developing physical fitness is the principle of
Q.2. Circuit training consists of exercises performed
with or without apparatus. Draw a diagram of circuit training along with
stations. What are the main characteristics of circuit training?
"Circuit – Training
of circuit – training:-
Do the correct movements. Wrong and incorrect movements may be harmful.
Follow the principle – “Simple to complex.” i.e. – First do the
simple exercise and move towards the complex one.
Do the exercise with your 80-100% efficiency.
Number of repetitions may vary according to need and efficiency.
The aim should be development of strength endurance and flexibility.
Do the exercise in a manner so that all body parts can be exercised.
Increase the intensity and volume of exercises gradually.
Don’t repeat the same circuit, change exercise at the stations as per
requirement of your game.
To make the sessions interesting do it in small group of players.
Avoid injury oriented equipments and exercises.
Q.3. Specify the role of
sociology in sports. How physical education programme leads to leadership and
Role of Sociology in
Sociology is derived out of
Latin word “societus” meaning society and Greek word “logus” meaning
study of science. It means
sociology is the science of society.
Definition of Sociology:
- Sociology is the study of relationship of men with his environment.
Sports-Sociology:- Sports Sociology is the study of origin, development,
organization and role of sports in human society.
Role of Sociology in
As Aristotle said “Man is a
social animal.” A child born,
live in the family and home, go to the school, learn to adjust and develop
himself socially. Sports activities are mostly group activities offering many
opportunities for socialization and development of social qualities in
individuals, the child plays with his peers, get acquainted with the behaviour
of other children. He learns language and various modes of movements like
running, jumping, chasing, shouting, struggling etc.
Exchange of toys and words, feeling of giving and receiving.
In this way group play leads to socialization.
Through sociology athletes learns and develop qualities of co-operation
and healthy competition.
Sociology leads to character
development also. Through sociology
individual learns independence, confidence, solving problems with peers.
He also develops the qualities of friendship, popularity, mutual
understanding and leadership. In
competitions the athletes learns to face odds, to be couraged, to be obedient,
to be self confident etc. One
realizes through sociology that both competition and co-operation are important
for all round development of an individual.
It helps physical education teachers to develop traits of social
behaviour among players. It helps
in development of moral character of athletes.
Leadership and value
It is true that Physical
Education programmes leads to leadership and value education, while playing
every player try to prove his identity, whether it is an individual sport or
team event. Every player tries to show excellence to prove – The Best.
Best means the Leader. Every
player wants to perform so as to become leader of the team and in individual
sport the player wants to win – to prove supremacy.
Or we can say winner is the leader.
There are some other activities like NCC, Scouts and Guides, Camping etc.
that helps individual to learn new thing to survive and to spend the life with
Through Physical Education and
sports the individual become not only physically fit and mentally sound but also
he develops essential values for life like – strong moral character,
co-operation, forgiveness, self-respect, support, care belongingness, respect
for seniors and teachers etc. In present scenario it is observed that the students lack in
values but with participation in games and sports they are likely to develop
these values that help them become a good person and a responsible citizen.
Q3. “Games and sports as
cultural heritage” Justify.
and sports as Cultural Heritage”
consists of the behaviour that individuals develop as a result of living in a
particular group. It is a way of life and a product of our social in heritance.
Our culture consists of our ways of living, eating habits, thoughts,
customs, traditions, morals, art, literature, religion, games and sports and
many other aspects of life. Our
modern culture is not a product of sudden change or development, but has been
evolved over centuries of the past. It is therefore a sort of reflection of our past.
Therefore, games and sports of modern times are also indicators of the
primitive times. Such activities
have been passed on to us by our ancestors and are therefore our cultural
of physical activities of man is as old as civilization itself.
Most of the activities of primitive men were of physical nature and were
aimed to secure means of existence. Activities
included running, jumping, fighting, fishing and wrestling etc.
activities were essential for fighting enemies and procuring food.
However, with the passage of time and formation of groups and
institutions, some games and dances were added for the purpose of enjoyment and
recreation. Games and sports
activities of modern times are modified forms of the past activities of our
ancestors and have been passed on to us as part of our cultural heritage.
Some of the items of modern sports competitions, such as boxing etc.
originated in the past.
modern culture is a mixture of many cultures of the ancient world.
Many countries of the world have contributed in its evolution through
their thoughts and practices. In
this respect, contributions of early Egyptians, Greeks, and countries of the
west cannot be forgotten. Most of
the games and activities of today are the outcome of the contributions of these
activities of modern times are the contribution of Germans.
Germany gave us heavy gymnastics apparatus like horizontal bar, vaulting
horse and parallel bars etc.. The
British are considered to be the originators of ball games.
They introduced games of football, hockey and cricket.
The British helped in spreading these games around the world.
introduced games of volleyball, basketball and baseball.
There emphasis on physical fitness is worth admiring.
are references of activities like archery, wrestling and games like
“Shatranj” in Indian history from the times of Mahabharata.
There are also references of games like “Kabaddi” and “Kho-Kho”
having been played in the past. All
such activities of the past are part of our physical activities today.
we can say that games, sports and other physical activities of modern times are
not a creation of modern thought and practice, but are a legacy of our ancient
culture. We have simply modified these games and activities to refine
them and suit our convenience. In
fact the cultural heritage of the past show us the methods of surviving in this
Q.4. Describe the following:
(i) Sports environment
(ii) Essential elements of sports environment
(iii) Role of individual in improving sports environment
(iv) Prevention of sports related accidents
(v) Physical education as a medium to improve sports environment
Sports Environment:- Sports environment means availability of
proper infrastructure, equipments and
conducive ambience for sports. For
example if a player is provided with proper ground, equipments, trainer/ Coach
and experienced or senior players to practice or complete with he would learn
and perform better and will give his best in sports.
Essential elements of sports environment:-
In a school essential element of sports environment can be as follows:-
Ground for outdoor sports.
Necessary safe Equipments.
Qualified Physical Education teachers and specialized coaches.
Inter School Competitions.
Role of individual in improving sports environment:-
can be a player, the captain of the team or sports captain of the school.
They can motivate other students to play and participate in the games and
sports by telling them the benefits of sports. Because motivation by peer group can be real source of energy
for improving sports environment.
Prevention of Sports related accidents:-
In this the
Physical Education Teachers and Trainers/ Coaches play very important role. They
shall see that there is no obstacle in the ground.
The ground is neat, clean and leveled.
The equipment must be safe. The training should be done in organized
manner. Extra attention should be
given to injury oriented sports like Cricket, Hockey, Football, Archery, Javelin
Throw, Discus Throw, Shot-put etc. The most important is not to leave students
unattended. The Physical Education
Teacher should be there to provide help at the time of injury or accident that
may happen during the game.
Physical Education as a medium to improve sports environment:-
Education is one of the important ways to improve sports environment. The
Physical Education professional can play the main and important role improving
sports environment. They should
provide theoretical and practical knowledge of Physical Education and Sports so
that children learn more and interest for sports and games be created. This will increase participation and will help in improving
sports environment in the school.
Q.5. While describing the
terms yoga and asanas, explain the role of yoga for improving performance in
Yoga means "union of soul with the God." The word ‘Yog’ is derived
from Sanskrit word "Yuj", which means to join or union or to bind.
In other words "union of soul with God".
The correct meaning of yoga is to perform a task with excellence is
Asana is the third step of Yoga. In Astanga Yoga, after achieving Yama and
Viyayama, the Yogi starts asana or Yogic postures. Asanas are very helpful in
maintaining good health. We can
divide asana (poses) in following parts.
of Yoga for improving performance in
Balance and rhythm
Asana means holding the body in a particular posture to bring stability to the
body and poise to mind. The
practice of asana bring firmness to the body and vitality to the body and the
of yoga for improving performance in competitive sports:-
doing yoga regularly along with other fitness methods,
it is very helpful in developing certain aspects of fitness that can
improve performance in competitive sports.
Improvement in flexibility - Regular practice of yoga helps in improving
joint range of motion that improves overall flexibility.
Flexibility is a motor component without which a player is not complete
for desired standards.
Strength and Endurance:- Regular practice of yoga helps in improving
general strength and endurance. Asanas
provide strength to certain muscles and breathing processes like Pranayama helps
in improving breathing capacity and lungs become more efficient resulting in
Balance and Rhythm - Regular
practice of asanas helps in improving balance and rhythm of the body.
Meditation:- Meditation helps in improving concentration of the players
towards their goal. The player
become psychologically strong by meditating for high achievement.
Relaxation:- After each training session and practice, a player need to
relax. Yoga and asanas are the best way to relax.
At the time of injury and in off Season:- At the time when a player is
injured, he can maintain his fitness through certain asana.
During off season, a player can maintain his fitness and strengthen his
muscles through yoga without getting stressed.
Q.1. What do you understand
by first aid of sports injuries? Explain sprain, strain, abrasion and fracture.
aid of sports – injuries:-
the spot help / assistance / treatment provided to the injured player in the
ground / arena at the place of injury is called first aid of sport injury.
except in the case of fracture, the initial treatment for an injury for 24-48
hours is through PRICES (Prevention, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and
Sprain - Injury to ligament is called
– Injury to muscles and tendons is
of sprain and strain
Ist Degree – Fibour destruction is nil.
IInd Degree – Fibour destruction is moderate.
IIIrd Degree – Total destruction of fibour.
of strain and sprain
3. Loss of movement
acute injury – usually pain is more.
chronic injury – Pain is less, swelling is more.
Ist and IInd Degree
PRICE – Prevention, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation, Support
IIIrd Degree – Surgery
muscles – Catgut surgery.
ligaments – Silk or metallic wire is used for surgery.
– Abrasion is a superficial injury of skin due to rubbing or scraping.
– The main reason of abrasion is falling on hard or rough surface.
may be because of constant irritation of skin by ill fitted shoes, rough fabric,
seams in clothing or other parts of sports equipment such as helmets and pads.
– Fractures is defined as discontinuity in bone.
may be :-
of treatment in plaster:-
To reduce Odessa.
To relieve pain.
Maintenance of circulation.
To teach the patient to use special appliances
Q.2. Write the following
about the game/sport of your choice (any five):
(i) List of fundamental skills
(ii) Two specific warming up exercises
(iii) Two terminologies of the game/sport
(iv) Name of two sports awards conferred by Govt. of India in the game
(v) Two important tournaments and venues for last two years
(vi) Name of two personalities with brief out line of their achievements
(vii) Latest changes in the rules of game/sport
List of fundamental skills
Two specific warming up exercises
Shuttle – run
Footwork / Shadow – practice
Two terminologies of the game/sport
Name of two sports awards conferred by Govt. of
India in the game
Two important tournaments and venues for last two years
All England Championship
Thomas and Uber Cup
Name of two personalities with brief out line of their achievements
Prakash Padukone (National and all England Champion)
P Gopichand (National and All England Champion)
Latest changes in the rules of game/sport
Earlier the game was played with 15 – points game.
Now the game is of 21- points.
if server did the fault the serve was changed.
Now every fault is scored.