(Physical Education) CBSE Sample Paper 2009 -Physical Education (Set - 4)

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Paper : CBSE Sample Paper 2009 -Physical Education (Set - 4)
Sample Question Paper (Code No.048)

  • M.M. 70

  • Class XII

  • Time 3 Hrs


 All questions are compulsory.
Question paper carries two parts namely Part A & B.


Part A 

Q.1. How socialization takes place through sports and games at national and international level?                                                                                     




Socialization through Sports and Games at National and International Level:-

Sports and games play a significance role in socialization.  At any national level sports and games competition players from different states and regions assemble at the venue to participate and perform.  They have different cultures and languages.  They have different eating habits.  Some of them have different dressing sense and dress code.  Players learn so many thing of practical life from each other.  They also share training methods, tactics and strategies of their game with other players.  At venue they meet with highly qualified coaches and trainers and also sports celebrities.  Players get motivated by sharing their experiences.  In free time they visit different places around the venue, learn culture of that place, have food of that region.


Lets talk about Olympic Games.  In Olympic Games players from different countries gather at the venue to participate, perform and win.  They learn so many things from each other.  They make new friends and some of them meet with old friends from different countries.  They exchange thoughts, feelings and gifts with each other.  The experience they go through lasts forever.  They taste food of different countries during the event.  They learn different cultures of different countries.  They experience modern facilities and latest equipment with latest technology.  For example – In 2008 Bejing Olympics, the world has seen the presentation put-up by China.  Players from different corners met, played, performed, lost and won.  They learned to adjust, co-operate, compete, care and share from each others.  Hence we can say that by participating in any national and international level competitions, players learn many things that improve their behaviour which prepares them live socially adjusted life and makes them a good citizen for their country.  




“Games and Sports as cultural heritage” Justify.




“Games and sports as Cultural Heritage”

Culture consists of the behaviour that individuals develop as a result of living in a particular group.  It is a way of life and a product of our social in heritance.  Our culture consists of our ways of living, eating habits, thoughts, customs, traditions, morals, art, literature, religion, games and sports and many other aspects of life.  Our modern culture is not a product of sudden change or development, but has been evolved over centuries  of the past.  It is therefore a sort of reflection of our past.  Therefore, games and sports of modern times are also indicators of the primitive times.  Such activities have been passed on to us by our ancestors and are therefore our cultural heritage. 

History of physical activities of man is as old as civilization itself.  Most of the activities of primitive men were of physical nature and were aimed to secure means of existence.  Activities included running, jumping, fighting, fishing and wrestling etc.


Such activities were essential for fighting enemies and procuring food.  However, with the passage of time and formation of groups and institutions, some games and dances were added for the purpose of enjoyment and recreation.  Games and sports activities of modern times are modified forms of the past activities of our ancestors and have been passed on to us as part of our cultural heritage.  Some of the items of modern sports competitions, such as boxing etc. originated in the past.


Our modern culture is a mixture of many cultures of the ancient world.  Many countries of the world have contributed in its evolution through their thoughts and practices.  In this respect, contributions of early Egyptians, Greeks, and countries of the west cannot be forgotten.  Most of the games and activities of today are the outcome of the contributions of these countries.


Gymnastic activities of modern times are the contribution of Germans.  Germany gave us heavy gymnastics apparatus like horizontal bar, vaulting horse and parallel bars etc..  The British are considered to be the originators of ball games.  They introduced games of football, hockey and cricket.  The British helped in spreading these games around the world.


America introduced games of volleyball, basketball and baseball.  There emphasis on physical fitness is worth admiring.


There are references of activities like archery, wrestling and games like “Shatranj” in Indian history from the times of Mahabharata.  There are also references of games like “Kabaddi” and “Kho-Kho” having been played in the past.  All such activities of the past are part of our physical activities today.


Thus, we can say that games, sports and other physical activities of modern times are not a creation of modern thought and practice, but are a legacy of our ancient culture.  We have simply modified these games and activities to refine them and suit our convenience.  In fact the cultural heritage of the past show us the methods of surviving in this changing world.


Q.2. Describe the following:


          (i) General fitness

          (ii) Specific fitness

          (iii) Recreational fitness

          (iv) Calisthenics and fitness

          (v) Jogging and fitness





(i) General  Fitness :- General fitness can be defined as workout for basic fitness to develop the components of strength, endurance & flexibility.  It can be done with or without equipment. It is suggested that fitness should be done under the supervision of an expert coach/physical education teacher.  Also it is advised that proper clothing and good sports shoes be worn during the training.


(ii) Specific fitness :- It means fitness for a specific purpose or specific sport.  For example a tennis player will do something different from a wrestler.  Different types of exercise for different sports should be given.  We can take another example of a specific physical fitness test.  To qualify the test –the individual has to prepare himself for the specific test & exercise.  It is advised to do proper warning up & cooling down before performing a specific session and after the session.


(iii) Recreation Fitness:- Recreation fitness means fitness gained or achieved through recreational activities and fun games.  As someone said “Play for children”, “competition for youth” and “recreation for middle-aged and old”.  By playing games as recreation an individual can achieve a good and acceptable level of fitness without going to gym and without indulging in any specific fitness schedule.  The benefits are more or less same.


(iv) Calisthenics and fitness:- Free hand exercises or gymnastics exercises can be termed as calisthenics.  The exercise to achieve strength, rhythm and balance can be termed as calisthenics.  Like mass Physical Training and a few physical fitness drills.  Calisthenics exercises also leads to achieve high standards of fitness.


(v) Jogging and Fitness:- Running with low intensity is called jogging.  Jogging is better than walking.  Continuous jogging increases blood circulation.  If a person does jogging daily for 15-20 minutes for 2-3months and he is likely to achieve certain level of fitness.  It is suggested to do some stretching exercise through yoga and cooling down after a jogging session.



Q.3. How physical education helps in creating positive environment? How it helps in improving performance and prevents sports related injuries?



Physical education helps in creating positive environment in many ways.  Through physical education and sports activities energy of children and youth can be channelized.  By creating awareness towards sports and games their time can be utilized in constructive manner thus helping them achieve sound health.  Children keep themselves busy in sports and they don’t get time to indulge in antisocial activities. By playing games they get tired, their appetite increases and they take good diet.  The blood circulation increases and helps them concentrate better in studies.  They feel more energetic and refreshed for whole day.  Participation in games leads to sound sleep.  They also develop qualities like courage, character building, support, care, competition, co-operation, adjustment and leadership.  In this way we can say physical education helps in creating positive environment.


Physical Education also helps in improving sports performance.  By learning methods of training and conditioning, principles of load and recovery, fundamental skills of games and sports, tactics and strategies of the game a player can improve his performance very rapidly.  Though physical education he also learns principles of diet and nutrition, rest and recovery, prevention and treatment of injuries.  These things are essentials for a player to perform better.


Physical education teachers and coaches teach players about the importance of warming – up and cooling down.  They also brief them about the safety measures and safety equipment used in sports.  By following those guidelines, principles, and precautions the players can reduce chances of sports related injuries and accidents.


Q.4. Write short notes on any five:


          (i) Origin of yoga

          (ii) Effect of yoga on individual

          (iii) Role of yoga in sports

          (iv) Meditation

          (v) Pranayam

          (vi) Asanas




(i) Origin of Yoga:-

No one knows the exact about the origin of yoga.  There are certain proofs of yoga in Upnishads and Purans.  In Bhagvad Geeta also there are so may things regarding yoga.  In Ayurveda also there is literature related to yoga and its therapeutic effect.  Now it is worldwide accepted that yoga from India is one of the best system of exercise.


(ii) Effect of yoga on individual:-

There are eight steps of yoga – Yama, Viyama, Asana, Pranayama, Prathyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and samadhi.  If a person follows the principles of ashtang yoga, he can disciplined life and achieve optimum level of physical fitness and mental stability.  Yoga also helps in increasing resistance of body from general ailments.  Yogic asanas, bandh, kriyas and pranyama helps in the treatment of certain diseases also.


(iii) Role of yoga in sports:-

Regular Yoga regularly alongwith other fitness exercises is helpful in developing certain aspects of fitness like – flexibility, strength, endurance, balance and rhythm.

By doing meditation players can improve their concentration. The players become physically fit and psychologically strong by doing regular practice of yoga.  Yoga also helps in relaxation after doing strenuous of training.


(iv) Meditation

It is also called Dhayana.  It is the 7th step of ashtanga yoga.  It is a very useful tool to improve concentration and mental relaxation.  It also helps in the treatment of depression.


(v) Pranayama –

Prana and Ayama – It means “Prana ka Ayam” or “Expansion of life”.  It is basically a set of breathing processes that improves respiratory fitness.  Types of pranayama are:-

(a)   Shitli Pranyama

(b)  Shitkari Pranyama

(c)   Vijayi Pranyama

(d)  Bhastrika Pranyama etc.


(vi) Asanas:-

Asana is the third step of Ashtanga yoga.  After achieving yama and niyama the yoga starts asana or yogic postures.  Asana means holding the body in a particular posture to bring stability to body and mind.  The practice of asana brings firmness to the body and vitality to the body and the mind.  Regular practice of asanas helps in improving strength and endurance.

Q.5. What do you mean by the concept of training? Explain briefly conditioning, general training, specific training and strength training.




Concept of Training

Training – Training is a process of preparation for some task.

Sports training – Sports training is the basic form of preparation of sportsman.

OR – Sports training is a scientific process, aiming at preparing the sportsman for higher performance in sports competitions.


Aims of sports – training

1.     Development of physique.

2.     Conditioning of body for specific sports.

3.     To learn technical skills properly.

4.     To improve physical fitness of the individual.

5.     Psychological development of the individual.


Conditioning – Conditioning is the pre-requisite of training. Through this we condition the body for various factors like temperature, surface load and specific skills of the required sport.  The body takes some time to condition for a specific task.  So it is advised to do the work outs in continuity to condition the body for a specific task.


General Training:- General training can be defined as work out for basic fitness to develop the components of strength, endurance and flexibility.  It can be done with or without equipment.  It is suggested that training should be done under supervision of an expert/ coach /physical education teacher.  Proper clothing and good sports shoes are essential for this purpose.


Specific training:- It means training for a specific purpose or specific sport for example a tennis player will do something different as a wrestler do i.e. different types of exercises for different sports should be given.  We can take another example of a specific physical fitness test.  To qualify the test the individual has to prepare himself specifically for that specific test, specific exercises.  It is advised to do proper warming-up and cooling down while performing a specific session.


Strength Training:- Method adopted to improve strength is called strength training.  Strength is defined as the ability overcome resistance or act against resistance.


Type of strength

1.     Maximum strength

2.     Explosive strength

3.     Strength endurance


Methods of improving strength

1.     Physical exercises

2.     Weight training

3.     Circuit training

4.     Contrast method

5.     Decreasing resistance – Constant repetitions.

6.     Changing resistance – Changing repetitions.



Q.1. Describe the first aid measures and rehabilitation process of injuries related to sports and games.




First aid measures and rehabilitation process of injuries related to sports and games can be described through a formula called PRICES (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and Support).  Except fracture or dislocation almost all the sports injuries can be initially treated with this formula.  For the intial 24-48 hours of injury PRICES is the best way of treating sports injuries.

After the first aid any injury, medical assistance is required.  Treatment and rehabilitation can be done through various physiotherapy treatments and modalities. 


These are:-

Ø      Cryotherapy – It is a therapy in which cold is used as modality i.e. ice packs, ice bags, ice massage and cold water.

Ø      Hydrotherapy – It is a therapy in which water is used as heat exchange medium.

Ø      Wax bath – Treatment by hot wax.

Ø      Infra Red Lamp – Treatment by infra red rays.


Ultra – Sound Machine- Treatment of injury by ultra sonic rays.

Short wave diathermy – Treatment through SWD Machine.

-         IFT- Interferential Therapy – Treatment through electric current through electrodes.

Explanation of PRICE –

P – Protection – Protect the injured part from further injury.  Do not attempt to pressure or massage the injured part.

R – Rest – Give rest to the injured part and restrict the movement.

I – Ice – Apply ice to the injured part for 15-20 minutes and repeat it 3-4 times in a day if required for first 24-48 hours of injury.

C – Compression – Compress the injured part with a crape bandage to restrict the movement.

E – Elevation – Elevate the injured part with the slings if required.

S – Support - Support the injured part to avoid painful movement until medical assistance is provided.


Q.2. Write the following about the game/sport of your choice (any five):


          (i) List of fundamental skills

          (ii) Two specific warming up exercises

          (iii) Two terminologies of the game/sport

          (iv) Name of two sports awards conferred by Govt. of India in the game

          (v) Two important tournaments and venues for last two years

          (vi) Name of two personalities with brief out line of their achievements

          (vii) Latest changes in the rules of game/sport




 (i) List of fundamental skills

(a)   The grip

(b)  Stance

(c)   Drop

(d)  Lob

(e)  Smash

(f)    Drive

(g)   Clear


(ii) Two specific warming up exercises

(a)   Shuttle – run

(b)  Footwork / Shadow – practice


(iii) Two terminologies of the game/sport

(a)   Rally

(b)  Deuce


(iv) Name of two sports awards conferred by Govt. of India in the game

(a)   Arjuna Award

(b)  Padma Shri


(v) Two important tournaments and venues for last two years

(a)   All England Championship

(b)  Thomas and Uber Cup


(vi) Name of two personalities with brief out line of their achievements

(a) Prakash Padukone (National and all England Champion)

(b) P Gopichand (National and All England Champion)


(vii) Latest changes in the rules of game/sport

(a)   Earlier the game was played with 15 – points game.  Now the game is of 21- points.

Earlier if server did the fault the serve was changed.  Now every fault is scored.


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