Paper : CBSE Sample Paper 2009 -Physical
Education (Set - 4)
Sample Question Paper
Time 3 Hrs
Question paper carries two parts namely Part A & B.
Q.1. How socialization takes place through
sports and games at national and international level?
Socialization through Sports and Games at National and International
Sports and games play a significance role in
socialization. At any national
level sports and games competition players from different states and regions
assemble at the venue to participate and perform.
They have different cultures and languages.
They have different eating habits. Some
of them have different dressing sense and dress code. Players learn so many thing of practical life from each
other. They also share training
methods, tactics and strategies of their game with other players.
At venue they meet with highly qualified coaches and trainers and also
sports celebrities. Players get motivated by sharing their experiences.
In free time they visit different places around the venue, learn culture
of that place, have food of that region.
Lets talk about Olympic Games.
In Olympic Games players from different countries gather at the venue to
participate, perform and win. They
learn so many things from each other. They
make new friends and some of them meet with old friends from different
countries. They exchange thoughts,
feelings and gifts with each other. The
experience they go through lasts forever. They
taste food of different countries during the event.
They learn different cultures of different countries.
They experience modern facilities and latest equipment with latest
technology. For example – In 2008
Bejing Olympics, the world has seen the presentation put-up by China.
Players from different corners met, played, performed, lost and won.
They learned to adjust, co-operate, compete, care and share from each
others. Hence we can say that by
participating in any national and international level competitions, players
learn many things that improve their behaviour which prepares them live socially
adjusted life and makes them a good citizen for their country.
“Games and Sports as cultural heritage” Justify.
“Games and sports as Cultural Heritage”
Culture consists of the behaviour that individuals
develop as a result of living in a particular group. It is a way of life and a product of our social in heritance.
Our culture consists of our ways of living, eating habits, thoughts,
customs, traditions, morals, art, literature, religion, games and sports and
many other aspects of life. Our
modern culture is not a product of sudden change or development, but has been
evolved over centuries of the past. It is therefore a sort of reflection of our past.
Therefore, games and sports of modern times are also indicators of the
primitive times. Such activities
have been passed on to us by our ancestors and are therefore our cultural
History of physical activities of man is as old as
civilization itself. Most of the
activities of primitive men were of physical nature and were aimed to secure
means of existence. Activities
included running, jumping, fighting, fishing and wrestling etc.
Such activities were essential for fighting
enemies and procuring food. However,
with the passage of time and formation of groups and institutions, some games
and dances were added for the purpose of enjoyment and recreation.
Games and sports activities of modern times are modified forms of the
past activities of our ancestors and have been passed on to us as part of our
cultural heritage. Some of the
items of modern sports competitions, such as boxing etc. originated in the past.
Our modern culture is a mixture of many cultures
of the ancient world. Many
countries of the world have contributed in its evolution through their thoughts
and practices. In this respect,
contributions of early Egyptians, Greeks, and countries of the west cannot be
forgotten. Most of the games and
activities of today are the outcome of the contributions of these countries.
Gymnastic activities of modern times are the
contribution of Germans. Germany
gave us heavy gymnastics apparatus like horizontal bar, vaulting horse and
parallel bars etc.. The British are
considered to be the originators of ball games.
They introduced games of football, hockey and cricket.
The British helped in spreading these games around the world.
America introduced games of volleyball, basketball
and baseball. There emphasis on
physical fitness is worth admiring.
There are references of activities like archery,
wrestling and games like “Shatranj” in Indian history from the times of
Mahabharata. There are also
references of games like “Kabaddi” and “Kho-Kho” having been played in
the past. All such activities of
the past are part of our physical activities today.
Thus, we can say that games, sports and other
physical activities of modern times are not a creation of modern thought and
practice, but are a legacy of our ancient culture. We have simply modified these games and activities to refine
them and suit our convenience. In
fact the cultural heritage of the past show us the methods of surviving in this
Q.2. Describe the following:
(i) General fitness
(ii) Specific fitness
(iii) Recreational fitness
(iv) Calisthenics and fitness
(v) Jogging and fitness
Fitness :- General fitness can be defined as workout for basic
fitness to develop the components of strength, endurance & flexibility.
It can be done with or without equipment. It is suggested that fitness
should be done under the supervision of an expert coach/physical education
teacher. Also it is advised that
proper clothing and good sports shoes be worn during the training.
(ii) Specific fitness :- It means fitness
for a specific purpose or specific sport. For
example a tennis player will do something different from a wrestler.
Different types of exercise for different sports should be given.
We can take another example of a specific physical fitness test.
To qualify the test –the individual has to prepare himself for the
specific test & exercise. It is advised to do proper warning up & cooling down
before performing a specific session and after the session.
(iii) Recreation Fitness:- Recreation
fitness means fitness gained or achieved through recreational activities and fun
games. As someone said “Play for
children”, “competition for youth” and “recreation for middle-aged and
old”. By playing games as
recreation an individual can achieve a good and acceptable level of fitness
without going to gym and without indulging in any specific fitness schedule.
The benefits are more or less same.
(iv) Calisthenics and fitness:- Free hand
exercises or gymnastics exercises can be termed as calisthenics.
The exercise to achieve strength, rhythm and balance can be termed as
calisthenics. Like mass Physical
Training and a few physical fitness drills.
Calisthenics exercises also leads to achieve high standards of fitness.
(v) Jogging and Fitness:- Running with low
intensity is called jogging. Jogging
is better than walking. Continuous
jogging increases blood circulation. If
a person does jogging daily for 15-20 minutes for 2-3months and he is likely to
achieve certain level of fitness. It
is suggested to do some stretching exercise through yoga and cooling down after
a jogging session.
Q.3. How physical education helps in creating
positive environment? How it helps in improving performance and prevents sports
Physical education helps in creating positive
environment in many ways. Through
physical education and sports activities energy of children and youth can be
channelized. By creating awareness
towards sports and games their time can be utilized in constructive manner thus
helping them achieve sound health. Children
keep themselves busy in sports and they don’t get time to indulge in
antisocial activities. By playing games they get tired, their appetite increases
and they take good diet. The blood
circulation increases and helps them concentrate better in studies.
They feel more energetic and refreshed for whole day.
Participation in games leads to sound sleep.
They also develop qualities like courage, character building, support,
care, competition, co-operation, adjustment and leadership. In this way we can say physical education helps in creating
Physical Education also helps in improving sports
performance. By learning methods of
training and conditioning, principles of load and recovery, fundamental skills
of games and sports, tactics and strategies of the game a player can improve his
performance very rapidly. Though
physical education he also learns principles of diet and nutrition, rest and
recovery, prevention and treatment of injuries. These things are essentials for a player to perform better.
Physical education teachers and coaches teach
players about the importance of warming – up and cooling down.
They also brief them about the safety measures and safety equipment used
in sports. By following those
guidelines, principles, and precautions the players can reduce chances of sports
related injuries and accidents.
Q.4. Write short notes on any five:
(i) Origin of yoga
(ii) Effect of yoga on individual
(iii) Role of yoga in sports
(i) Origin of Yoga:-
No one knows the exact about the origin of yoga.
There are certain proofs of yoga in Upnishads and Purans.
In Bhagvad Geeta also there are so may things regarding yoga. In Ayurveda also there is literature related to yoga and its
therapeutic effect. Now it is
worldwide accepted that yoga from India is one of the best system of exercise.
(ii) Effect of yoga on individual:-
There are eight steps of yoga – Yama, Viyama,
Asana, Pranayama, Prathyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and samadhi.
If a person follows the principles of ashtang yoga, he can disciplined
life and achieve optimum level of physical fitness and mental stability.
Yoga also helps in increasing resistance of body from general ailments.
Yogic asanas, bandh, kriyas and pranyama helps in the treatment of
certain diseases also.
(iii) Role of yoga in sports:-
Regular Yoga regularly alongwith other fitness
exercises is helpful in developing certain aspects of fitness like –
flexibility, strength, endurance, balance and rhythm.
By doing meditation players can improve their
concentration. The players become physically fit and psychologically strong by
doing regular practice of yoga. Yoga
also helps in relaxation after doing strenuous of training.
(iv) Meditation –
It is also called Dhayana.
It is the 7th step of ashtanga yoga.
It is a very useful tool to improve concentration and mental relaxation.
It also helps in the treatment of depression.
(v) Pranayama –
Prana and Ayama – It means “Prana ka Ayam”
or “Expansion of life”. It is
basically a set of breathing processes that improves respiratory fitness.
Types of pranayama are:-
Bhastrika Pranyama etc.
Asana is the third step of Ashtanga yoga.
After achieving yama and niyama the yoga starts asana or yogic postures.
Asana means holding the body in a particular posture to bring stability
to body and mind. The practice of
asana brings firmness to the body and vitality to the body and the mind.
Regular practice of asanas helps in improving strength and endurance.
Q.5. What do you mean by the concept of
training? Explain briefly conditioning, general training, specific training and
Concept of Training
Training – Training is a process of preparation
for some task.
Sports training – Sports training is the basic
form of preparation of sportsman.
OR – Sports training is a scientific process,
aiming at preparing the sportsman for higher performance in sports competitions.
Aims of sports – training
Development of physique.
Conditioning of body for specific sports.
To learn technical skills properly.
To improve physical fitness of the individual.
Psychological development of the individual.
Conditioning – Conditioning is the
pre-requisite of training. Through this we condition the body for various
factors like temperature, surface load and specific skills of the required
sport. The body takes some time to
condition for a specific task. So
it is advised to do the work outs in continuity to condition the body for a
General Training:- General training
can be defined as work out for basic fitness to develop the components of
strength, endurance and flexibility. It
can be done with or without equipment. It
is suggested that training should be done under supervision of an expert/ coach
/physical education teacher. Proper
clothing and good sports shoes are essential for this purpose.
Specific training:- It means
training for a specific purpose or specific sport for example a tennis player
will do something different as a wrestler do i.e. different types of exercises
for different sports should be given. We
can take another example of a specific physical fitness test.
To qualify the test the individual has to prepare himself specifically
for that specific test, specific exercises.
It is advised to do proper warming-up and cooling down while performing a
Strength Training:- Method adopted to
improve strength is called strength training.
Strength is defined as the ability overcome resistance or act against
Type of strength
Methods of improving strength
Decreasing resistance – Constant repetitions.
Changing resistance – Changing repetitions.
Q.1. Describe the first aid measures and
rehabilitation process of injuries related to sports and games.
First aid measures and rehabilitation process of
injuries related to sports and games can be described through a formula called
PRICES (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation and Support).
Except fracture or dislocation almost all the sports injuries can be
initially treated with this formula. For
the intial 24-48 hours of injury PRICES is the best way of treating sports
After the first aid any injury, medical assistance
is required. Treatment and
rehabilitation can be done through various physiotherapy treatments and
Cryotherapy – It is a therapy in which cold is used as modality i.e.
ice packs, ice bags, ice massage and cold water.
Hydrotherapy – It is a therapy in which water is used as heat exchange
Wax bath – Treatment by hot wax.
Infra Red Lamp – Treatment by infra red rays.
Ultra – Sound Machine- Treatment of injury by
ultra sonic rays.
Short wave diathermy – Treatment through SWD
IFT- Interferential Therapy – Treatment through electric current
Explanation of PRICE –
P – Protection – Protect the injured part from
further injury. Do not attempt to
pressure or massage the injured part.
R – Rest – Give rest to the injured part and
restrict the movement.
I – Ice – Apply ice to the injured part for
15-20 minutes and repeat it 3-4 times in a day if required for first 24-48 hours
C – Compression – Compress the injured part
with a crape bandage to restrict the movement.
E – Elevation – Elevate the injured part with
the slings if required.
S – Support - Support the injured part to avoid
painful movement until medical assistance is provided.
Q.2. Write the following about the game/sport
of your choice (any five):
(i) List of fundamental skills
(ii) Two specific warming up exercises
(iii) Two terminologies of the game/sport
(iv) Name of two sports awards conferred by Govt. of India in the game
(v) Two important tournaments and venues for last two years
(vi) Name of two personalities with brief out line of their achievements
(vii) Latest changes in the rules of game/sport
of fundamental skills
(ii) Two specific warming up exercises
Shuttle – run
Footwork / Shadow – practice
(iii) Two terminologies of the game/sport
(iv) Name of two sports awards conferred by
Govt. of India in the game
(v) Two important tournaments and venues for
last two years
All England Championship
Thomas and Uber Cup
(vi) Name of two personalities with brief out
line of their achievements
(a) Prakash Padukone (National and all England
(b) P Gopichand (National and All England
(vii) Latest changes in the rules of game/sport
Earlier the game was played with 15 – points game.
Now the game is of 21- points.
if server did the fault the serve was changed.
Now every fault is scored.