(Syllabus) IGNOU-UNESCO Science Olympiad Syllabi For Class IX (Science)


IGNOU-UNESCO Science Olympiad Syllabus 2010
CBSE (INDIA) CLASS IX : (Chemistry, Physics, Biology)

CLASS IX- SCIENCE SYLLABUS

Units:

I. Matter - ITS nature and behaviour
II. Organisation in living world
III. Motion, Force and Work

Unit I: MATTER - NATURE AND BEHAVIOUR

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics - shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (Cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.
Nature of matter : Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogenous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions.
Particle nature, basic units : atoms and molecules. Law of constant proportions. Atomic and molecular masses.
Mole Concept : Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Valency. Chemical formula of common compounds
Structure of atom : Electrons, protons and neutrons; Isotopes and isobars.

Unit II: ORGANIZATION IN THE LIVING WORLD : (45) Periods

Biological Diversity : Diversity of plants and animals - basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thalophyta, Bryo phyta, Pteridophyta, gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Non-chordates upto phyla and chordates upto classes).

Cell- Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, ER, golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes - basic structure, number. Tissues, organs, organ systems, organism. Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (four types in animals; merismatic and permanent tissues in plants).

Health and diseases : Health and its failure. Disease and its causes. Diseases caused by microbes and their prevention - Typhoid, diarrhoea, malaria, hepatitis, rabies, AIDS, TB, polio; pulse polio programme.

Transport of materials in the living systems : Diffusion / exchange of substances between cells and their environment and between the cells themselves in the living system; role in nutrition, water and food transport, excretion, gaseous exchange.

Theme : Moving things, people and ideas  

Unit III: MOTION, FORCE AND WORK : (60) Periods

Motion: displacement, velocity; uniform and non-uniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distance - time and velocity-time graphs for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion, equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and Newton's laws : Force and motion, Newton's laws of motion, inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.

Gravitation: Gravitation; universal law of gravitation, force of gravitation of the earth (gravity), acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall.

Work,Energy and Power : Work done by a force, energy, power; kinetic and potential energy; law of conservation of energy.

Floatation: Thrust and pressure. Archimedes' principle, buoyancy, elementary idea of relative density.

Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR.
Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only).

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