Syllabus CBSE Class 10th
UNIT VII : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY : (18) Periods
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided).
Cumulative frequency graph.
II. ALGEBRA (Contd.) 23
III. GEOMETRY (Contd.) 17
IV. TRIGONOMETRY (Contd.) 08
V. PROBABILITY 08
VI. COORDINATE GEOMETRY 11
VII. MENSU RATION 23
Total Marks : 90
UNIT II : ALGEBRA (Contd.)
3. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS (15) Periods
Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solution of the
quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square
and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of
roots. Problems related to day to day activities to be incorporated.
4. ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS (8) Periods
Motivation for studying AP. Derivation of standard results of finding the
nth term and sum of first n terms and their application in solving daily life
UNIT III : GEOMETRY (Contd.)
2. CIRCLES (8) Periods
Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and
closer to the point.
1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius
through the point of contact.
2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are
3. CONSTRUCTIONS (8) Periods
1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally)
2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.
3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.
UNIT IV : TRIGONOMETRY
3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES (8) Periods
Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not
involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should
be only 30o, 45o, 60o.
UNIT V : STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
2. PROBABILITY (10) Periods
Classical definition of probability. Connection with probability as given in
Class IX. Simple problems on single events, not using set notation.
UNIT VI : COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1. LINES (In two-dimensions) (14) Periods
Review the concepts of coordinate geometry done earlier including graphs of
linear equations. Awareness of geometrical representation of quadratic
polynomials. Distance between two points and section formula (internal). Area of
UNIT VII : MENSURATION
1. AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES (12) Periods
Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle.
Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane
figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be
restricted to central angle of 60o, 90o & 120o only. Plane figures involving
triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.)
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES (12) Periods
(i) Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two
of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular
cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and
other mixed problems. (Problems with combination of not more than two different
solids be taken.)
1. Mathematics - Textbook for class IX - NCERT Publication
2. Mathematics - Textbook for class X - NCERT Publication
3. Guidelines for Mathematics laboratory in schools, class IX - CBSE Publication
4. Guidelines for Mathematics laboratory in schools, class X - CBSE Publication
5. A hand book for designing mathematics laboratory in schools - NCERT
6. Laboratory manual - Mathematics, secondary stage - NCERT Publication.