The Medical Council of India (MCI) recommended the following
syllabus for National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to MBBS/BDS
courses across the country (NEET-UG) after review of various State syllabi as
well as those prepared by CBSE, NCERT and COBSE. This is to establish a
uniformity across the country keeping in view the relevance of different areas
in Medical Education.
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure
of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell
envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function;
Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes,
vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; Cytoskeleton,
cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear
membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure
and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids;
Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action.
B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their
Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and
nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active
transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis,
plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast,
symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation;
Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of
mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis;
Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and
micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity;
Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition;
Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic
nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in
Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of
photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic
hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting
Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis,
fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic);
Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways;
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of
Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation,
dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process
in a plant cell; Growth regulatorsauxin,gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene,
ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.
Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive
glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones;
Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins,
carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats;
Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion,
constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals
(recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its
regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of
respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma,
Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood
groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human
circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac
cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac
activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery
disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of
excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory
systemstructure and fuction; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of
kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and
Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia,
Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary,
fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle
contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the
relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and
skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis,
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves;
Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system
and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse;
Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands
and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal,
Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone
action(Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators,
Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g.
Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes,