(Syllabus) Detailed Syllabus Informatics Practice Class XI 2008

Detailed Syllabus Informatics Practice Class XI 2008





Duration: 3 hours Total Marks: 70


Unit No. Unit Name                                                                           Marks


2. INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING                                     30


   TOTAL                                                                                            70



Evolution of computers; Basics of computer and its operation: Functional Components and their inter-connections, concept of Booting;

Hardware concepts:

Diagram illustrating main parts of computers;

Central Processing Unit (CPU): Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), Control Unit, Memory Unit (RAM - Random Access Memory & ROM - Read Only Memory) Role of Input, Processing and Output Devices in a computer system

Input devices: Keyboard, Mouse, Light pen, Touch Screens, Graphics Tablets, Joystick, Mic, MICR, OCR, Scanner, Smart Card reader, Barcode reader, Biometric sensor, web camera, digital camera;

Output Devices: Monitor/Visual Display Unit (VDU), Printer (Dot Matrix Printer, Desk jet/ Ink

jet/ Bubble jet Printer, Laser Printer), Plotter, Speaker, Secondary Storage Devices: Floppy Disk, Hard Disk, Compact Disk, Magnetic Tape, Digital Video Disk (DVD), Zip Drive; Units of Memory: Bit (Binary Digit), Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte.

Software Concepts:

Types of Software: System Software, Utility Software and Application Software.

System Software: Operating System, Language Compilers, Interpreters and Assembler;

Operating System: Need of operating systems, Functions of Operating System Types of operating system.

Utility Software: Compression tools, Anti Virus, File Management tools and Disk Management tools;

Application Software as a tool: Word Processor, Presentation Tool, Spreadsheet Package, Database Management System; Business software (for example: Inventory Management System,

Payroll System, Financial Accounting, Hotel Management, and Reservation System);

Development of programming languages - Machine Language, Assembly Language, High Level

Language (BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN, PASCAL, C++); GUI based languages - Visual Basic,

Visual C++; C#, Java, vb.net.


GUI Operating System

Important: Students/Teachers can also perform similar operation on any operating system. It

is advised that the teacher while using any one operating system, give a demonstration of

equivalent features for the other operating system.



General features, Elements of Desktop - Taskbar, Icon, Start button, Shortcuts, Folder, Recycle Bin, My Computer; Start Menu: Program, Documents, Settings, Find/Search, Help, Run, Shut Down/Logoff; Customization of Taskbar, start menu, Display properties (Wallpaper, Font Settings, Color Settings, Screen Savers);

Program Menu: Accessories - Calculator, Notepad, Paint, Word pad, Entertainments (CD Player,

Sound Recorder, Media Player, Volume Controller); Internet Browsers – Mozila Firefox, Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator.

Control Panel: Add new hardware; Add new Software, Printer Installation, Date/Time, Mouse,

and Regional Settings;



Purpose of using word processing software, opening a new/existing document, closing a document, typing in a document, saving a document, print preview, printing a document, setting

up of page as per the specifications, selecting a portion of document, copying selected text, cutting selected text, pasting selected text; changing font, size, style, color of text; Inserting symbol; Formatting: Alignment – Left, Right, Center; Justification;

Industries and Business Computing: Types of Industries (Production, Shipping, Travel, Hotel, Insurance, Construction, Automobile), Applications of Business Computing in Industries.



Programming Methodology:

General Concepts; Modular approach; Stylistic Guidelines: Clarity and Simplicity of Expressions, Names, Comments, Indentation; Documentation and Program Maintenance; Running and Debugging programs, Syntax Errors, Run-Time Errors, Logical Errors;

Problem Solving Methodology and Techniques: Understanding of the problem, Identifying minimum number of inputs required for output, Step by step solution for the problem, breaking down solution into simple steps, Identification of arithmetic and logical operations required for solution, Using Control Structure: Conditional control and looping (finite and infinite);


Programming Tool: Visual Basic

Introduction to Programming – Modular Programming, Object Oriented Programming, Event

Driven Programming; About Visual Basic (Object Based Programming Language), Rapid Application Development using Visual Basic; Concept of Project in Visual Basic, VB Project Options - Standard EXE, ActiveX DLL, ActiveX EXE, ActiveX Control, ActiveX Document DLL, ActiveX Document EXE, Addin, VB Application Wizard, IIS Application, DHTML Application;

Getting Familiar with Visual Basic User Interface - Pull-Down menus, Toolbar, Toolbox, Project

Explorer, Properties Window, Form Layout window, Form, Immediate window; Opening and Closing windows, Resizing and moving windows, Docking windows; Quitting Visual Basic; Visual Basic Tool Box (Standard Window Controls) - Pointer, Picture Box, Label, Text Box, Frame, Command Button, Check Box, Option Button, Combo Box, List Box, Horizontal Scrollbar, Vertical Scrollbar, Timer, Drive List box, Directory List box, File List box, Shape, Line, Image, Data, OLE; Object Naming Conventions, Event Procedures;


Programming Fundamentals

Data Types: Integer, Long, Single, Double, Currency, String, Byte, Boolean, Date, Object, Variant; Variables: Need to use variable, Declaring Variables, Variable Naming Convention, Assigning value to Variables, Data Types of variable, Scope and lifetime of Variables (Public and Private);

Control Structures:

Decision Structure – IF, IF-THEN-ELSE, Select Case;

Looping Structure- Do While…Loop, Do…Loop While, For…Next, For Each…Next;

Menu Editor: Concept of Menus, Shortcut menus and Popup menus Designing Menu System, Menu Editor Dialog Box Options (Name, Index, Shortcut, HelpContextID, NegotiatePosition, Checked, Enabled, Visible, WindowList, Right Arrow, Left Arrow, Up Arrow, Down Arrow, Menu List, Next, Insert, Delete, OK, Cancel), To Create Menu Controls in the Menu Editor, Menu Naming Conventions, Setting the Name Property, Creating a Menu Control Array, Creating Sub Menus, Separating Menu Controls, Assigning Access Keys and Shortcut Keys, Controlling

Menus at Runtime-Enabling and Disabling Menu Commands, Displaying a Checkmark on a Menu Control, Making a Menu Control Invisible, Adding Menu Control at Runtime, Displaying

Pop-Up Menu;

General Controls (Advance): Image List, Common Dialog Box, ADO DC, DB Combo, Media Player Control, DB Grid;

Adding a Toolbar: Creating an Image List, Adding Images to the Toolbar, To Add Code for the

Toolbar Buttons;

Adding Status Bar: Adding Status Bar panels, Adding Time on the panel.

Dialog Boxes: Pre-defined dialog box, Custom dialog box;



Database Management System

Introduction to database concepts: relation/Table, attribute, Tuple / Rows, field, Data, Concept


of String, Number and Date values, Data type and Data Integrity (Domain and Referential Integrity). Candidate key, Alternate key, Primary Key, Foreign Keys; Data Normalization-first,


second, third, BCNF normal form; Examples of Commercially available Database Management System’s (Back-End) – Oracle, MS-SQL Server, DB2, MySQL, Sybase, INGRES. Examples of Front End Software’s: Oracle Developer, Visual Basic, Visual C++, Power Builder, Delphi;

RDBMS Tool :


Interface with Oracle, Login Screen, Entering Name and Password; Classification of SQL Statements: DML (SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE), DDL (CREATE, DROP, ALTER, RENAME, TRUNCATE), DCL (GRANT, REVOKE), TCL (COMMIT, ROLLBACK); SQL SELECT Statement: SQL SELECT statement, Selecting All the Columns, Selecting Specific Column, Column Heading Default, Using Arithmetic Operators, Operator Precedence, Significance of NULL value, NULL values in Arithmetic Expressions, Defining and using Column Alias, Concatenation Operator (||), Duplicate rows and their Elimination (DISTINCT keyword), Role of SQL and SQL*Plus in interacting with RDBMS, Displaying Table Structure (DESC command); SELECT Statement Continued: Limiting Rows during selection (using WHERE clause), Working with Character Strings and Dates, Using Comparison operators, BETWEEN Operator, IN Operator, LIKE Operator, IS NULL Comparison, Logical Operators, Use of Logical Operators AND/OR/NOT Operators), Logical Operator Precedence, ORDER BY Clause, Sorting in Ascending/Descending Order, Sorting By Column Alias Name, Sorting On Multiple Columns; Functions: SQL Functions, Types of SQL Function (Single Row/Multiple Row), Single Row SQL Functions, Character Functions (Case Conversion/Character Manipulation), Case Conversion Functions (lower (), InitCap (), UPPER ()) Character Manipulation Function (CONCAT(), INSTR(), LENGTH(), TRIM(), SUBSTR(), LPAD()), Number Functions (ROUND(), TRUNC(), MOD()), Working with Dates (LAST_DAY(), MONTHS_BETWEEN(), NEXT_DAY(), ADD_MONTHS(), ROUND(), TRUNC()) Arithmetic Operation on Dates, Date Functions and their Usage, Data type Conversion Functions, Implicit and Explicit Conversion, TO_CHAR Function with Dates, TO_CHAR Function For Numbers, TO_NUMBER and TO_DATE Functions, NVL Function and its Usage, DECODE Function and its Usage; Grouping Records: Concept of Grouping Records and Nested Grouping, Nested Grouping of records, Group Functions, Types of group functions (MAX(), MIN(), AVG(), SUM(), COUNT()), Using AVG and SUM Functions, Using MIN and MAX Functions, Using the COUNT Function, using COUNT(*), DISTINCT clause with COUNT, Group Functions and Null Values, Using NVL Function with Group Functions, Grouping Records: Group By Clause, Grouping By More than One Column, Illegal Queries with Group By Clause, Excluding Group Results: Having Clause, Nesting Group Functions,

Sub Queries: Concept of Sub-Query, Sub Query to Solve a Problem, Guidelines for Using Sub


Queries, Types of Sub-Queries (Single Row and Multiple Row) and (Single Column and Multiple Column); Single Row Sub-Query and its Execution;


Displaying Data From Multiple Tables: Concept of Join, Result of Join, Cartesian Product and Generating Cartesian Product example using Mathematical Set), Types Of Joins (EQUI, SELF, NON-EQUI, OUTER (LEFT and RIGHT)), Equi-join: Retrieving Records with Equi-join, Additional Search Conditions using AND operator, Short Naming Convention for Tables (Table Aliases), Non-Equi join and its Implementation, Outer-Join and Its Usage, Self-Join (Joining a table to Itself);


Manipulating Data of A Table/Relation: Concept of DML (Data Manipulation Language), INSERT Statement, Inserting New Rows, Inserting New Rows with Null Values, Inserting Date Values, Use of Substitution Variable to Insert Values, Copying Rows From Another Table, Update Statement to Change Existing Data of a Table, Updating Rows In A Table, Updating Rows Based on Another Table, Delete statement/ Removing Row/Rows from a Table, Deleting Rows Based on condition from another Table; Making Data Manipulation Permanent (COMMIT). Undo Data Manipulation Changes (ROLLBACK)


Database Objects: View, Table, Sequence, index, and Synonyms, DDL (Data Definition Language), Naming Convention, Creating Views, Creating Synonyms, Simple Views and Complex Views, Retrieving Data From a View, Querying a View, Modifying a View, Including Constraints: Constraints, Concept of using Constraints, Constraint Guidelines, Defining Constraints, NOT NULL, UNIQUE KEY, PRIMARY KEY, FOREIGN KEY, FOREIGN KEY Constraint Keywords, CHECK, Adding a Constraint, Dropping a Constraint, Disabling Constraints, Enabling Constraints, Viewing Constraints, Viewing The Columns, Associated with Constraints;


Creation of a Table/Relation: CREATE TABLE Statement, Data types, The DEFAULT option, Creating Tables, Referencing Another User’s Tables, Querying the Database Dictionary to view all tables in the Oracle Database, Creating a Table by Using a Sub-Query;


Managing Existing Tables and other Database Objects: The ALTER TABLE Statement, Adding a New Column in a Table, Modifying Existing Column, Dropping a Column, Renaming an Object, Truncating a Table, Adding Comments to a Table, Dropping Views, Dropping Synonyms, Dropping Tables; giving permission to other users to work on Created Tables and Revoking it (GRANT and REVOKE statement

Courtesy : CBSE.NIC.IN

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