Syllabus Political Science
Class XI 2008
XI POLITICAL SCIENCE
Paper Time 3hrs. Marks 100
Part A: Indian Constitution at
1. Making of the Constitution
2. Fundamental Rights
3. System of representational
4. Executive in a parliamentary
5. Legislature at the Central and
8. Local Government
9. Constitution as a living document.
10. Political Philosophy underlying
Part B: Political Theory
11. Introduction to Political Theory
12. Freedom &
13. Equality &
14. Social Justice
A: Indian Constitution at work
Making of the constitution:
we need a constitution? What does a constitution do? Who made our constitution?
How did the country’s partition affect the working of the Constituent
Assembly? What were the sources of the constitution?
we need bill of rights in a constitution? What are the fundamental rights
provided by the constitution? Why was the right to property removed from
fundamental rights? How have the interpretations by the courts influenced
fundamental rights? How has provision of fundamental rights provided the basis
for civil liberties movement in India? What are the fundamental duties? What are
Directive principles of state policy? To what extent they have been implemented?
System of representational democracy:
the different methods of representations? How do these methods affect parties
and politics? Why was the first past the post system chosen in India? What have
been the effects of this system? Why is there a system of reserved seats? What
are the provisions to ensure free and fair elections? What does the Election
Executive in a parliamentary system:
executive? Why was the parliamentary system chosen over other forms of
government? Why does the parliamentary system need a constitutional head? How
are the prime minister and the chief ministers elected? What are the powers of
the President of India? What are the powers of the Prime Minister, the Chief
Minister and the Council of Ministers? What are the powers of the governor?
Legislature at the central and state level:
the need of parliament? Why does the parliament of India have two Houses? How
are the parliament and the state assemblies constituted? What are the powers of
the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha? How are the laws passed? How is the executive
made accountable? What are the constitutional means to prevent defection?
Rule of law? Why do we need an independent judiciary? What are the provisions
that ensure the independence of judiciary in India? How are judges appointed?
What are the powers of the Supreme and the High courts? How do they use their
jurisdiction for public interest.
federalism? How does federalism ensure accommodation of diversities? In which
ways is the Indian constitution federal? In which ways does the constitution
strengthen the centre? Why are there special provisions for some states and
we need decentralisation of power? What has been the status of local government
in the constitution? What are the basic features of rural and urban local
governments? What has been the effect of giving constitutional status to local
Constitution as a living document
the constitution changed since its inception? What is the Amendment Procedure of
the constitution? What further changes are being debated? How has the working of
democracy affected the constitution?
Political philosophy underlying the constitution:
the core provisions of the constitution? What is the vision underlying these
core provisions? How is this vision shaped by modern Indian political thought?
B: POLITICAL THEORY
Introduction to Political Theory
politics? Do we find politics in seemingly non-political domains? Can political
arguments be resolved through reasoning? Why do we need political theory?
freedom? What are reasonable constraints on individual liberty? How are the
differences involve inequality? Does equality imply sameness? What are the major
forms of inequality? How can equality be realized?
justice all about fairness? What is the relationship between justice and
equality? What are the different forms of injustice? In which ways can justice
How is a
right different from any claim? What are the major kinds of right claims? How do
we resolve a conflict between individual and community rights? How does the
state enable and obstruct rights?
Who is a
citizen? What are relevant grounds for inclusion and exclusion? How are new
claims to citizenship negotiated? Can we have a global citizenship?
the boundaries of a nation defined? Must every nation have a state? What demands
can a nation make on its citizens? What is the basis of the right to
secularism? Which domains of life does it relate to? What is a secular state?
Why do we need secular state in modern times? Is secularism suitable for India?
peace? Does peace always require non-violence? Under what conditions is war
justified? Can armament promote global peace?
development? Is there a universally accepted model of development? How to
balance the claims of present generation with claims of future generations?
Courtesy : CBSE.NIC.IN