Syllabus Social Science
Class IX 2008
Time : 3 Hrs. Marks : 80
(Theory) + 20 (Internal Assessment)
Unit 1 : India and the Contemporary World - I
Unit 2 : India -Land and the People 20
Unit 3 : Democratic Politics I
Unit 4 : Understanding Economics
Unit 5 : Disaster Management
1. Tests (Formative and Summative)
2. Assignments (School & Home)
3. Project Work
Unit 1 : India and the Contemporary World - I (40 Periods)
Any two themes from the first two sub-units and one from the
third could be studied.
Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes.
In this unit the focus is on three events and processes that have in
major ways shaped the identity of the modern world. Each represents a different
form of politics, and a specific combination of forces. One event is linked to
the growth of liberalism and democracy, one with socialism, and one with a
negation of both democracy and socialism.
1. French revolution :
(a) The Ancient Regime and its crises. (b) The social forces that led
to the revolution. (c) The different revolutionary groups and ideas of the time.
(d) The legacy.
2. Russian Revolution.
(a) The crises of Tzarism. (b) The nature of social movements between 1905 and
1917. (c) The First World War and foundation of Soviet state. (d) The legacy.
3. Rise of Nazism.
(a) The growth of social democracy (b) The crises in Germany. (b) The basis of
Hitler's rise to power. (c) The ideology of Nazism. (d) The impact of Nazism.
Sub-unit 1.2 : Economies and Livelihoods
The themes in this section will focus on how different social groups grapple
with the changes in the contemporary world and how these changes affect their
4. Pastoralists in the modern world.
(a) Pastoralism as a way of life. (b) Different forms of pastoralism.
(c) What happens to pastoralism under colonialism and modern states?
Case studies : focus on two pastoral groups, one from Africa and one from India.
5. Forest society and colonialism :
(a) Relationship between forests and livelihoods. (b) Changes in forest
societies under colonialism.
Case studies : focus on two forest movements one in colonial India (Bastar) and
one in Indonesia.
6. Farmers and peasants :
(a) Histories of the emergence of different forms of farming and peasant
societies. (b) Changes within rural economies in the modern world.
Case studies : focus on contrasting forms of rural change and different forms of
rural societies (expansion of large-scale wheat and cotton farming in USA, rural
economy and the Agricultural Revolution in England, and small peasant production
in colonial India)
Sub-unit 1.3 : Culture, Identity and Society
The themes in this unit will consider how issues of culture are linked up to the
making of contemporary world.
7. Sports and politics :
The story of cricket (a) The emergence of cricket as an English sport. (b)
Cricket and colonialism. (c) Cricket nationalism and de-colonialization.
8. Clothes and cultures.
(a) A short history of changes in clothing. (b) Debates over
clothing in colonial India. (c) Swadeshi and the movement
Sub-unit 1.4 : Map Work. (2 Marks).
Unit 2 : India - Land and the People (45 Periods)
1. India : location, relief, structure, major physiographic
2. Climate : factors influencing the climate; monsoon- its
characteristics, rainfall and temperature distribution; seasons; climate and
3. Drainage : major rivers and tributaries, lakes and seas,
role of rivers in the economy, pollution of rivers, measures to control river
4. Natural Vegetation : vegetation types, distribution as well
as altitudinal variation, need for conservation and various measures.
5. Wildlife : major species, their distribution, need for
conservation and various measures.
6. Population : size, distribution, age-sex composition,
population change-migration as a determinant of population change, literacy,
health, occupational structure and national population policy : adolescents as
under-served population group with special needs.
7. Map Work (4 marks).
Unit - 3 : Democratic Politics I (40 Periods)
1. What is democracy? Why democracy? What are the different
ways of defining democracy? Why has democracy become the most prevalent form of
government in our times? What are the alternatives to democracy? Is democracy
superior to its available alternatives? Must every democracy have the same
institutions and values?
2. Designing of Democracy in India How and why did India become
a democracy? How was the Indian constitution framed? What are the salient
features of the Constitution? How is democracy being constantly designed and
redesigned in India?
3. Electoral politics in democracy
Why and how do we elect representatives? Why do we have a system of competition
among political parties? How has the citizens’ participation in electoral
politics changed? What are the ways to ensure free and fair elections?
4. Institutions of parliamentary democracy How is the country
governed? What does Parliament do in our democracy? What is the role of the
President of India, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers? How do
these relate to one another?
5. Citizens’ rights in democracy Why do we need rights in a
constitution? What are the Fundamental Rights enjoyed by the citizen under the
Indian constitution? How does the judiciary protect the Fundamental Rights of
the citizen? How is the independence of the judiciary ensured?
Unit - 4 : Understanding Economics - I (40 Periods)
1. The economic story of Palampore: Economic transactions of
Palampore and its interaction with the rest of the world through which the
concept of production (including three factors of production (land, labour and
capital) can be introduced.
2. People as Resource : Introduction of how people become
resource / asset; economic activities done by men and women; unpaid work done by
women; quality of human resource ; role of health and education; unemployment as
a form of nonutilisation of human resource; sociopolitical implication in simple
3. Poverty as a challenge facing India : Who is poor (through
two case studies one rural one urban); indicators; absolute poverty (not as a
concept but through a few simple examples) - why people are poor ; unequal
distribution of resources; comparison between countries; steps taken by
government for poverty alleviation
4. Food Security : Source of foodgrains- variety across the
nation - famines in the past - the need for self sufficiency - role of
government in food security - procurement of foodgrains - overflowing of
granaries and people without food
- public distribution system - role of cooperatives in food security (foodgrains,
milk and vegetables ration shops, cooperative shops, two-three examples as case
Unit - 5 : Disaster Management (25 Periods)
1. Man made disasters - Nuclear, Biological and Chemical.
2. Common Hazards - Prevention and Mitigation
3. Community Based Disaster Management.
Courtesy : CBSE.NIC.IN