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Telangana State Board CLASS-12 Syllabus - Botany

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(Download) Telangana Board Exam CLASS-12 Syllabus


Exam Name :  Telangana Board Exam CLASS-12 Syllabus

Subject : Botany

Year : 2013-14

UNIT-I Plant Physiology PERIODS

Chapter 1: Transport in Plants
Means of Transport- Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion,
Passive symports and antiports, Active Transport,
Comparison of Different Transport Processes, Plant-Water
Relations- Water Potential, Osmosis, Plasmolysis,
Imbibition, Long Distance Transport of Water- Water
Movement up a Plant, Root Pressure, Transpiration pull,
Transpiration- Opening and Closing of Stomata,
Transpiration and Photosynthesis, Uptake and Transport
of Mineral Nutrients- Uptake of Mineral Ions, Translocation
of Mineral Ions, Phloem Transport: Flow from Source to
Sink-The Pressure Flow or Mass Flow Hypothesis
Chapter 2: Mineral Nutrition
Methods to Study the Mineral Requirements of Plants,
Essential Mineral Elements-Criteria for Essentiality,
Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Role of Macro- and Micronutrients,
Deficiency Symptoms of Essential Elements,
Toxicity of Micronutrients, Mechanism of Absorption of
Elements, Translocation of Solutes, Soil as Reservoir of
Essential Elements, Metabolism of Nitrogen-Nitrogen
Cycle, Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Symbiotic nitrogen
fixation, Nodule Formation
Chapter 3: Enzymes
Chemical Reactions, Enzymatic Conversions, Nature of
Enzyme Action, Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity,
Temperature and pH, Concentration of Substrate,
Classification and Nomenclature of Enzymes, Co-factors
Chapter 4: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
Early Experiments, Site of Photosynthesis, Pigments
Involved in Photosynthesis, Light Reaction, The
Electron Transport-Splitting of Water, Cyclic and Noncyclic
Photo-phosphorylation, Chemiosmotic Hypothesis,
Biosynthetic phase- The Primary Acceptor of CO2, The
Calvin Cycle, The C4 Pathway, Photorespiration, Factors

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Courtesy: Telangana Board

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