West Bengal Board Higher Secondary Syllabus (Commerce) Class-XII

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West Bengal Board Higher Secondary Syllabus (Commerce) Class-XII

West Bengal Board Higher Secondary Syllabus (Commerce) Class-XII


Full Marks 100

Unit-1: Nature and Significance of Management (5 marks)

  • Management – concept, objectives, importance.
  • Management as Science, Arts, Profession.
  • Levels of Management.
  • Management Functions – Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing, Controlling.
  • Coordination – Characteristics and Importance

Unit-2: Principles of Management (5 marks)

  • Principles of Management – Concept, Nature and Significance.
  • Fayol’s Principles of Modern Management.
  • Taylor’s scientific Management – Principles and Techniques.

Unit-3: Business Environment (5 marks)

  • Business Environment – Concept, Importance.
  • Dimensions of Business Environment – Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal.
  • Concept of Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation.
  • Impact of Government Policy changes on Business and Industry with special reference to liberalisation, privatization and globalization.

Unit-4: Planning (6 marks)

  • Concept, Importance, Limitations.
  • Planning process.
  • Types of plans – Objective, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget, Programme.

Unit-5: Organising (6 marks)

  • Concept and Importance.
  • Steps in the process of organising.
  • Structure of Organisation – Functional and Divisional.
  • Formal and Informal Organisation.
  • Delegation: Concept, Elements and Importance.
  • Decentralization: Concept and Importance.

Unit-6: Staffing (6 marks)

  • Concept and Importance of staffing
  • Staffing as a part of human resource Management
  • Staffing process –
  1. Recruitment – Meaning and Sources
  2. Selection – Process
  • Training and Development – Concept and Importance.

Unit-7: Directing (6 marks)

  • Concept and Importance
  • Elements of Directing
  1. Supervision – concept, functions of a supervisor.
  2. Motivation – concept, Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.
  3. Financial and Non Financial Incentives.
  4. Leadership – concept, qualities of a good leader.
  5. Communication – concept, formal and informal communication, barriers to effective communication, How to overcome the barriers.

Unit-8: Controlling (6 marks)

  • Concept and Importance.
  • Relationship between Planning and Controlling.
  • Steps in the process of Control.

Unit-9 : Financial Management (10marks)

  • Concept, Objective of Financial Management
  • Decisions relating to Investment, Financing and Dividend.
  • Financial Planning: Concept and Importance.
  • Financial Structure: Concept and Factors affecting Structure.
  •  Fixed and Working Capital: Concept and Factors affecting its Requirements.

Click Here to Download Full commerce Syllabus Class-XII

Courtesy: West Bengal Board

Disclaimer: This website is not at associated with CBSE, For official website of CBSE visit - www.cbse.nic.in

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