(Geography) ICSE Class X Important Questions : Geography (2002)

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Paper : ICSE Class X Important Questions : Geography (2002)

Attempt all questions from this Section.

Question 1
Study the extract of the Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45 D/ 7 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the six-figure grid reference of:

  1. A 225

  2. A lined well near Ganguwada. [2]

(b) Name the most important perennial source of irrigation shown on the map extract. [1]

(c) (i) What does 6r in the grid square 8495 means?

(ii) What do you mean by 20r in the grid square 8994? [2]

(d) Give two points in evidence to show that the region in the map extract has seasonal rainfall. [1]

(e) (i) What does the blue line in the Varka N indicate?

(ii) What is the general direction of the Varka N? [1]

(f) (i) What is the meaning of 1 : 50,000 printed below the map extract?

(ii) Calculate the distance in km along the cart track between Jegal in the grid square 8590 and Odhava in the grid square 8892. [2]

(g) Which part of the map is more developed in agricultural occupation? Give a reason for your answer. [2]

(h) Give the four figure grid reference of confluence of Sipu river and Varka N. [1]

  1. Name two types of vegetation in the given map extract. [2]

  2. What is the pattern of drainage in the grid square 8599? [1]

(k) (i) How many types of tracks are shown in the map extract? Name them.

(ii) What is the common mode of transportation in the southern part of this map? [2]

(l) What is the general pattern of settlement? Why? [2]

Answer any two question from this Section.

Question 2
On the outline map of Asia, provided:

(a) Mark with a bold line and name the Urals. [1]

(b) Label the river Mekong. [1]

(c) Shade and name the Plateau of Mangolia. [1]

(d) Shade and name the Sea of Japan. [1]

(e) Shade and Name the Deccan Plateau. [1]

(f) Mark and name the Equator. [1]

(g) Label the river Yenisey. [1]

(h) Mark with a bold line and name the Caucasus. [1]

(i) Shade and name Bhutan. [1]

(j) Mark with a thick line and name the Yablonoi mountains. [1]

(k) Mark with an arrow and name Thailand. [1]

(1) Shade and name Northern Lowlands. [1]

Question 3
On the outline map of the Indian Sub-continent, provided:

(a) Mark with a bold line the mountain range 'Satpura.' [1]

(b) Label the river Mahanadi. [1]

(c) Shade and name the Rann of Kutchh. [1]

(d) Mark and name the River Jhelum. [1]

(e) Mark with a dot and name the city of Lahore in the appropriate place. [1]

(f) Print 'TRF' in one area that has Tropical Rain Forests. [1]

(g) Mark with a dot and name Dacca. [1]

(h) Print 'COTTON’ over one area, where it is cultivated South of the Tropic of Cancer in India. [1]

(i) Print ‘I.O.’ over one area, where iron ore is mined in India. [1]

(j) Mark with a dot and name Allahabad. [1]

(k) Shade and write 'DP' over one area of Dense Population in North of the Tropic of Cancer. [1]

(l) Mark with a dot and name the biggest city on the West Coast. [1]

Question 4

(a) Why are there great variations in the climate of the Indian sub-continent? [2]

(b) Name any two local winds which blow in India and write briefly about each. [2]

(c) (i) Under what rainfall conditions are the Tropical Rain forests found?

(ii) What are the two main characteristics of the trees found in Tropical Evergreen Forests? [2]

(d) Which regions of India have Desert Vegetation? How are they adapted to climate? [1]

(e) Explain the origin of the black soil. Name two States in India, which have black soil. [2]

Attempt any three questions from this Section.

Question 5

  1. Name one area in India where jute is cultivated widely. [1]

  2. Mention, why there is a concentration of this crop in the area mentioned by you? [1]


  1. Mention a leading beverage crop of India. [1]

  2. What are its requirement in terms of soil and rainfall? [1]


  1. Which State is the largest producer of sugarcane in India? [1]

  2. Mention the climatic conditions needed for the cultivation of this crop. [1]

(d) Name four important medicinal plants grown in India. [2]

(e) What are the two methods of cultivation of rice? Which one is known for its better yields? [2]

(f`) Explain briefly what is meant by the following terms: (i) Topping, (ii) Retting. [2]

Question 6
(a) With reference to Tata Iron and Steel Company, answer the following:

  1. When and where was it set-up? [1]

  2. From where does it get its supply of Iron-Ore, Coal, Limestone and Manganese? [4]

(b) Name the four centres of iron and steel in the public sector which are located in a single geographical region. With whose collaboration was each one of them set-up? [2]

(c) Why has Mumbai a large number of cotton textile units? [2]

(d) Give two reasons to show why the sugar industry has flourished in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. [2]

(e) Give two reasons for the following:
The silk Handloom industry is important in Mysore. [1]

Question 7
(a) With reference to Jute Industry, answer the following:

  1. Name two centres of this industry in West Bengal. [1]

  2. Name two major jute products. [1]

  3. Mention two problems faced by this industry. [2]

(b) Name two industrial units engaged in the production of pharmaceuticals. [2]

(c) Why is fertilizer industry important for India? [2]


  1. Give two reasons to explain why cottage industries are important for India's economy. [2]

  2. Name the cottage industries associated with Ludhiana and Hyderabad. [2]

Question 8

(a) Name two districts of Rajasthan irrigated by the Indira Gandhi Canal. From which river its water is drawn? [2]


  1. In which part of the country, wells are the most important means of irrigations? [1]

  2. What are the disadvantages of well irrigation? [2]

(c) Name the four important dams in the Damodar Valley Project. [1]

(d) Where is the Rajasthan Nuclear Power Station situated? [1]

(e) What are the two main advantages of Bio-Gas? [2]

(f) Name two atomic minerals. [2]

Question 9

(a) State one advantage and one disadvantage of large dams. [2]

(b) State two ways in which canal irrigation systems can be improved in India. [2]

(c) Name two important Hydel power projects in India. [2]

(d) What is the D.V.C.? Name two of its special objectives. [2]

(e) Why have the Western Ghats great potential for hydro-electric power generation? [2]

(f) On which river is the Rihand Project located? Name an industry located near it. [2]

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