(Syllabus) Rajasthan Board : Class XII - English
- General Instructions
- All the questions are compulsory.
1. Explain with reference to context any four of the following
passages (out of six) Each question 2 marks.
(i) Sharda Devi felt faint. Her mind went back to the days of hectic
political movement. She heard shouts of Vande Mataram. Suddenly the police
(ii) Here he was not enunciating any new proposition. He was merely declaring
some fundamental truths which have come down to us from the environment which
(iii) “We are not armed and there is no necessity for arms either. We have a
strong weapon, a political weapon, in boycott. The whole of the administration,
which is conducted by a handful of Englishmen, is carried on with our
(iv) Always have something to say. The man who has something to say and who is
known never to speak unless he has, is sure to be listened to especially
in a deliberative assembly or wherever there is business to be done, while no
one pays attention to the man of mere words.
(v) “Do not tell a lie to another, say what you know to be true.” This is a
principle. Its usefulness becomes apparent at every step in life. We appreciate
truthful person. If we tell a lie, we ourselves feel unhappy, life cannot go on
; there will be great confusion.
(vi) For men to come near to one another and yet to continue to ignore the
claims of humanity is a sure process of suicide. We are waiting for the time
when the Spirit of the age will be incarnated in a complete human truth and the
meeting of men will be translated into the Unity of men. 4×2=8
Question 2. Answer any two of the following questions (out of three)
in not more than 10 to 15 words. (Prose) Each question carries 1 mark
(i) Where was Arun sent for education when he was thirteen year old ?
(ii) Why did Curzon resign as Governor General of India ?
(iii) What is more important than materialistic progress ?
Question 3. Answer any three of the following questions (out of five)
in not more than 10 to 15 words. (Fiction) Each question carries 1 mark
(i) What is the profession of Jagan ?
(ii) What are the basic principles on which Jagan’s business is based ?
(iii) Why does Jagan plies the Charka everyday even when he is past sixty ?
(iv) Name the book written by Jagan which is in the Press and is taking a long
time to come.
(v) Where does Jagan go in the end ? 3×1=3
Question 4. Answer any four of the following questions (out of six)
in not more than 20 to 30 words. (Prose) Each question carries 3 marks
(i) What incident was Sharda Devi reminded of when Arun told her about Dick ?
(ii) What were the several ways in which Mahatma Gandhi worked for the country
and the world ?
(iii) Why is it necessary for you to put your ideas in some sort of order ?
(iv) In the lesson “Mathematics in Ancient India” what is the main aim of the
author Jawaharlal Nehru ?
(v) How can we solve the present problems ?
(vi) How did Mrs. Clifford earn her living ? 4×3=12
Question 5. Answer any five of the following questions (out of seven)
in 20 to 30 words. (Fiction) Each question carries 2 marks
(i) What remedy does Jagan Suggest for the problem of Vagrants ?
(ii) What does Jagan say about Kalidas ?
(iii) What steps did Jagan take after he got inspired from Gandhiji ?
(iv) Why did Jagan feel that he needed an escape ?
(v) What is the technique used by the novelist in this novel ?
(vi) Why is Jagan disturbed when he comes to know the truth about Grace ?
(vii) What shock does Jagan get when the Mali returns from America ?
Question 6. Answer any two of the following questions (out of four)
in not more than 60 to 80 words. (Prose) Each question carries 5 marks
(i) Describe how the people were highly appreciative of Arun’s heroic deed.
(ii) What was bad about the educational policy of the Government of India and
what did Tilak do to oppose it ?
(iii) In what terms has Dantzig established the superiority of Indian the
Mathematical genius over that of Europe ?
(iv) What is Tagore’s message to the world in his essay ‘The Voice of
Question 7. Answer any two of the following questions (out of four)
in not more than 60 to 80 words. Each question carries 5 marks
(i) Do you think that Jagan is a typical Indian ? Explain.
(ii) ‘Mali is a spoiled child of westernization’ Discuss.
(iii) Jagan is a true patriot. Give instances to prove this.
(iv) Do you think that the novelist has conveyed a deep message through his
‘Vendor of Sweets’ Throw a light on the message and critically appreciate it.
Question 8.Write a critical appreciation of the following passage :
Ernest Hemingway is one of America’s most beloved twentieth century authors.
He was born in 1899. During world war-I he served as a volunteer ambulance
driver in Italy, and he later served in the Italian infantry. Hemingway was
badly wounded in 1918. Hemingway’s wartime experiences had a considerable
influence on his writing. In fact, most of his novels focus on the need for
physical and psychological strength to cope with difficulty and often violence.
He was quite disillusioned by the war and became a leader of a group of young
writers living in Europe who were known as the ‘lost generation’. Hemingway was
fascinated by the sport of bullfighting and described it in many of his novels
and short stories. He described his experiences as a hunter in
a non-fiction book entitled ‘The Green Hills of Africa’.
10 x 1=10
Reference and context
Question 1. A, B, C, D, E, F Credit Points
(i) Identification of correct reference with appropriate context
(ii) Clarity of ideas
Question 2.(i) Arun was sent to a boarding school at St.
(ii) Curzon had to resign from the post because of the growing unrest and
discontent followed by a tussle with the commander in chief.
(iii) Spiritual values are more important than materialistic progress.
Question 3. (i) Jagan is the ‘Vendor of Sweets’.
(ii) The basic principles on which Jagan’s business is based are the teachings
of Gandhiji and Bhagvad-Gita.
(iii) Jagan plies the Charka everyday even when he is past sixty because of the
vow he made to Gandhiji.
(iv) His book ‘Nature Cure and Nature Diet’ was in the press and it was taking a
long time to come out.
(v) Jagan goes into the ‘Vanaprastha Ashram’ in the end.
Question 4.(i) When Arun told Sharada Devi about Dick, her
mind went back to the days of hectic political movement. She remembered shouts
of Vande Mataram, police firing and an old woman of seventy hit by bullet and a
young boy picked her up and the flag.
(ii) Mahatma Gandhi believed in universal values of truth (Satya) and
non-violence (Ahimsa) and put in herculean efforts to make the principles
universally acceptable and adoptable.
(iii) It is necessary for us to put our ideas in some sort of order so that the
thought can be brought to a point and irrelevant ideas can be rejected.
(iv) In the lesson, “Mathematics in Ancient India” the main aim of Pd.
Jawaharlal Nehru is to bring out the superior and fundamental contribution of
India towards the progress of mathematics in the world.
(v) Present problems can be solved by encouraging tolerance and brotherhood to
make the world free from destruction.
(vi) Mrs. Clifford was a very busy and hard working woman. She used to make
delicious cakes and sold them. She also used to make toffees and sold them.
Question 5.(i) The problem of the vagrants requires a remedy
according to Jagan. The remedy would be for our nation to change its habits, for
people to eat off plates and not use leaves for the purpose ; the plates could
be washed and kept – unlike the leaves, which are thrown out ofter dinner for
vagrants to pick. If everyone gave up dining leaves, those engaged in the leaf
trade would be thrown out of their profession and an alternative engagement
would have to be found for them.”
(ii) Jagan regarded Kalidas as a village idiot, a shepherd until goddess
Saraswathi made a scratch on his tongue and then he burst into that song.
Syamala-dandakam and wrote his Shakuntala. Further Jagan said that Kalidas could
not go to the college or study in colleges because there were no colleges three
thousand years ago.
(iii) After Jagan got inspired from Gandhiji, he joined the movement for freeing
India from foreign rule, gave up his studies, home and normal life and violated
the British laws of the time. Neither the beatings from the police nor the
successive periods of prisonterms ever touched him when he remembered that he
was performing a “Service”.
(iv) Jagan felt that he need ed an escape because of his wife’s death, his son’s
growth and strange later development and how his ancient home behind the
Lawley Statue was beginning to resemble hell on earth. He was full of
dissapointment and despair. So he needed an escape. 5
(v) The novelist has depicted the gravity of the Situation by using the
flashback technique Jagan is reminded of his own world and thinks how different
his world was! He felt that the world to which he belonged was just the opposite
of what it is in the present day.
(vi) When Mali returns with a half Korean, half American wife Grace, Jagan gets
disturbed. For a righteous Hindu such as Jagan is, the situation becomes worse
when he is told that Grace is actually not even his son’s wife and that both of
them have been living in sin. The idea of pollution gives utmost pain to Jagan
He closes up every window. So that the house in which he lives may not be
(vii) He is shocked to find that his son, amongst other things, also drinks.
Mali is caught red handed breaking the prohibition laws. When the cousin
suggests Jagan the ways in which a lawyer can get Mali out by fastening a grudge
against the police officer who caught him and by making a plausible story as to
how the half bottle of whisky got into his car. Jagan is also shocked when he
saw his son has brought Grace without marriage and they were living in sin.
Question 6. (i) When the local boys started bathing with the
Londoner’s in the river, one of them (Dick Jackson) started to drown. None dared
to save him except Arun. It was Arun who liked that boy much and he wanted to
take this brave risk. Arun took the risk and did not care about his own life.
When Arun was successful in saving the life of Dick he was appreciated by all
particularly Mr. Martin. Father Ronaland and Subhir Roy. Later Arun’s mother
overjoyed to hear about this heroic deed and she gave a revolver as a gift to
her son. She was happy that her son had done a brave deed.
(ii) B.G. Tilak was a prominent and dynamic leader of India. He had presented
programmes of national interest. The educational policy of the government was
During that period, imparting of education was on such lines which supported the
interest of the Britishers. For solidarity and awareness of Indian
people, a different kind of education was needed which could help in serving the
welfare of the Indian people and the sought people’s co-operation to support him
and join the ‘boycott’ of government.
(iii) Dantzig established the superiority of Indian Mathematical genius over
that of Europe by saying that the discovery of position by an Indian was a great
world event. It removed the stagnation of thousands of years of Europe. The
numeration was quite inflexible and crude. It had a calculating device, which
was limited in scope. Even the elementry calculations needed the services of an
expert. Dantzig also felt that algebra also originated in India. In this manner
he tries to prove the greatness of the Indians.
(iv) The voice of Humanity is based on an address that Tagore delivered at Milan
in Italy. Tagore’s real purpose of visiting Europe was to give a frank
expression to the voice of humanity or in other words to show that spiritual
growth is much more important than the materialistic progress which will
endanger peace, fraternity and friendship. The people should cultivate a
spiritual attitude towards humanity.
Question 7. (i) Jagan is a typical Indian. He was certain
business priniciples based on the teachings of Gandhiji and the Bhagvad Gita.
Jagan is a patriot. He plies the charka everyday even when he is past sixty
because of the vow he made to Gandhiji. He is a typical Indian as he uses only
non violent foot wear i.e. Chappals made out of animals not killed for the
purpose but those which die a natural death. He believes in the profound wisdom
of our ancestors. He is an ardent believer in Indian culture. When Mali returns
up with a foreign girl whom he calls his wife Jagan is baffled. His typical
Indianness is visible in all the chapters of the fiction.
(ii) ‘Mali is a spoiled child of westernization.’ This is true in every sense.
Mali leaves his studies to go to America to become writer. After a year or two
Mali returns with a half Korean-half American wife and grandiose scheme for
marketing novel writing machine. Mali is a spoiled child of westernization as he
is confronted with the ‘brave new world’ – a world where his cherished notions
of marriage and morals seem to have no existence. Mali does not believe in
Indian culture. Mali drinks and he is caught red handed breaking the
prohibhition laws. So in the end we can say that. Mali is a spoiled child in all
(iii) Jagan is a true patriot. He had his skull cracked trying to pull down the
Union Jack from the flagpost in the collector’s bunglow and in consequence spent
some years in prison. He plies the charka everyday even when he is past sixty
because of the vow he made to Gandhiji. At the end of the novel he decided to
quit his world and move to an Ashram across the river, he takes the charka with
him. He uses non-violent footwear i.e. chappals made out of animals not killed
for the purpose but those which die a natural death. He has great respect for
Gandhiji and the principles of the Bhagwad Gita.
(iv) Yes, the novelist – has conveyed a deep message through his ‘Vendor of
Sweets’ ‘The Vendor of Sweets’ is a story of a sixty year old widower named
Jagan. He is a vendor of sweets. He has certain business principles based on
Gandhian philosophy. He has a son named Mali and he deeply loves him yet there
is a communication gap between the father and the son and Jagan always feels
embarrased in his son’s presence. This novel brings home to the readers so
poignantly the sadness of the generation gap. His son is a spoiled child of
westernization and Jagan is shocked and sad about it. The novelist has conveyed
his message of the changing values. Jagan remains in his own world of values and
thinks how different his world was from today’s world – full of sin, and
degrading moral values and no respect for elders.
Question 8 .Credit Points
(i) Clarity of ideas
(ii) Language accuracy
(iii) Critical Appreciation