Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane
only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical
mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene),
geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation:
chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen
halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation,
mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne),
physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions:
acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens,
hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature;
Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of
electrophilic substitution- Nitration sulphonation, halogenation,
Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of functional
group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic
configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical
properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of
nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of
phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3,
PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic
configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical
properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of
oxides; ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur:
preparation, preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide;
sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and
uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic
configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and
chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties
and uses of chlorine andhydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds
oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic
configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.
General introduction, electronic configuration,
characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the
first row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy,
oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic
properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and
properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states,
chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and
comparison with lanthanoids.
Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses),
monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides
(sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen):
Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond,
polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary
structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of
Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
Vitamins- Classification and function.
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA