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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2019-20 (Sociology)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2019-20 (Sociology)

Rationale :

Sociology is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. The syllabus is designed to help learners to reflect on what they hear and see in the course of everyday life and develop a constructive attitude towards society in change; to equip a learner with concepts and theoretical skills for the purpose. The curriculum of Sociology at this stage should enable the learner to understand dynamics of human behaviour in all its complexities and manifestations. The learners of today need answers and explanations to satisfy the questions that arise in their minds while trying to understand social world. Therefore, there is a need to develop an analytical approach towards the social structure so that they can meaningfully participate in the process of social change. There is scope in the syllabus not only for interactive learning, based on exercises and project work but also for teachers and students to jointly innovate new ways of learning.

  • Sociology studies society. The child’s familiarity with the society in which she /he lives in makes the study of Sociology a double edged experience. At one level Sociology studies institutions such as family and kinship, class, caste and tribe religion and region- contexts with which children are familiar of, even if differentially. For India is a society which is varied both horizontally and vertically. The effort in the books will be to grapple overtly with this both as a source of strength and as a site for interrogation.
  • Significantly the intellectual legacy of Sociology equips the discipline with a plural perspective that overtly engages with the need for defamiliarization, to unlearn and question the given. This interrogative and critical character of Sociology also makes it possible to understand both other cultures as well as relearn about one’s own culture.
  • This plural perspective makes for an inbuilt richness and openness that not too many other disciplines in practice share. From its very inception Sociology has had mutually enriching and contesting traditions of an interpretative method that openly takes into account ‘subjectivity’ and causal explanations that pay due importance to establishing causal correspondences with considerable sophistication. Not surprisingly its field work tradition also entails large scale survey methods as well as a rich ethnographic tradition. Indeed Indian sociology, in particular has bridged this distinction between what has often been seen as distinct approaches of Sociology and social anthropology. The syllabus provides ample opportunity to make the child familiar with the excitement of field work as well as its theoretical significance for the very discipline of Sociology.
  • The plural legacy of Sociology also enables a bird’s eye view and a worm’s eye view of the society the child lives in. This is particularly true today when the local is inextricably defined and shaped by macro global processes.
  • The syllabus proceeds with the assumption that gender as an organizing principle of society cannot be treated as an add on topic but is fundamental to the manner that all chapters shall be dealt with.
  • The chapters shall seek for a child centric approach that makes it possible to connect the lived reality of children with social structures and social processes that Sociology studies.
  • A conscious effort will be made to build into the chapters a scope for exploration of society that makes learning a process of discovery. A way towards this is to deal with sociological concepts not as givens but a product of societal actions humanly constructed and therefore open to questioning.


  • To enable learners to relate classroom teaching to their outside environment.
  • To introduce them to the basic concepts of Sociology that would enable them to observe and interpret social life.
  • To be aware of the complexity of social processes.
  • To appreciate diversity in Indian society and the world at large.
  • To build the capacity of students to understand and analyze the changes in contemporary Indian society.

Cource Structure :






Introducing Sociology




1.   Sociology, Society and its relationship with other Social Sciences




2.   Basic Concepts & their use in Sociology




3.   Understanding Social Institutions




4.   Culture and Socialization




5.   Doing Sociology: Research Methods








Understanding Society




6.   Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Society




7.   Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society




8.   Environment and Society




9.   Introducing Western Sociologists




10. Indian Sociologists












Practical Examination :

Max. Marks 20                                                                                                      Time allotted : 3hrs

Unitwise Weightage



Project (undertaken during the academic year at school level)

i.  Statement of the purpose ii.   Methodology / Technique iii.  Conclusion

10 marks


Viva - based on the project work

02 marks


Research design Steps of research (e.g. observation, interview, content analysis) to be explained to student and questions accordingly raised.

i.    Overall format

ii    Research Question/Hypothesis iii.  Choice of technique

iv.  Detailed procedure for implementation of technique v.   Limitations of the above technique

1 mark

1 mark

2 marks

2 marks

2 marks



20 Marks

    Unit 1: Sociology, Society and its Relationship with other Social Sciences    20 Periods

  • Introducing Society: Individuals and collectivities. Plural Perspectives
  • Introducing Sociology: Emergence. Nature and Scope. Relationship to other disciplines

Unit 2: Basic Concepts and their use in Sociology    20 Periods

  • Social Groups & Society
  • Status and Role
  • Social Stratification
  • Society & Social Control

Unit 3: Understanding Social Institutions    22 Periods

  • Family, Marriage and Kinship
  • Work & Economic Life
  • Political Institutions
  • Religion as a Social Institution
  • Education as a Social Institution

Unit 4: Culture and Socialization    18 Periods

  • Culture, Values and Norms
  • Dimensions of Culture
  • Socialization: Conformity, Conflict and the Shaping of Personality

Unit 5: Doing Sociology: Research Methods    20 Periods

  • Objectivity and Subjectivity
  • Methods: Participant Observation, Survey
  • Tools and Techniques: Observation, Interview, Questionnaire
  • The Significance of Field Work in Anthropology and Sociology


Unit 6: Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes in Society    22 Periods

  • Social Structure
  • Social Stratification: Class, Caste, Gender
  • Social Processes: Cooperation, Competition, Conflict

Unit 7: Social Change and Social Order in Rural and Urban Society    22 Periods

  • Social Change: Types; Causes and Consequences
  • Social Order: Domination, Authority and Law; Contestation, Crime and Violence
  • Village, Town and City: Changes in Rural and Urban Society

Unit 8: Environment and Society    16 Periods

  • Ecology and Society
  • Environmental Crises and Social Responses
  • Sustainable Development

Unit 9: Introducing Western Sociologists    20 Periods

  • Karl Marx on Class Conflict
  • Emile Durkheim: Division of Labour
  • Max Weber: Interpretive Sociology, Ideal Type and Bureaucracy

Unit 10: Indian Sociologists    20 Periods

  • G.S. Ghurye on Caste and Race
  • D.P. Mukherjee on Tradition and Change
  • A.R. Desai on the State
  • M.N. Srinivas on the Village

 Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

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