Paper Class - X (ENGLISH) 2008
Paper – 2008
Class – X
Subject – English
1. Read the following poem carefully
By Rudyard Kipling
If you can keep your head
when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too:
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or being hated don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise;
If you can dream---and not make dreams your master;
If you can think---and not make thoughts your aim,
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same:.
If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
And stoop and build'em up with worn-out tools;
If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings,
And never breathe a word about your loss:
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!"
If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with Kings---nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much:
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds' worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it,
And---which is more---you'll be a Man, my son!
summary of the poem is given below. Complete it by writing the missing
(1/2 X 6=3 marks)
poem 'If' is inspirational, motivational, and a set of rules for 'grown-up'
living. Kipling's 'If' contains mottos and maxims for life, and is also a
blueprint for (a)………integrity, behaviour and self-development. 'If' is
perhaps even more relevant today than when Kipling wrote it, as an ethos and a
gives us a (b)…….. to choose between two opposites as one leads us to a
(c)…… and successful path and another makes us weak and hopeless.Rudyard has
beautifully expressed how to live a fullfilling and fruitful
in a very(d)……manner.As he says in the opening of poem that no matter if
everyone is doubting us,we must remain calm and try to calm others logically and
not by (e)……. our temper and giving them way to doubt us.It requires a great
deal of patience but eventually it will make others (f)………….how strong
we are and they would definitely be ashamed of their behaviour.
Explain the following expressions
(a) fill the unforgiving minute
(b)nor lose the common touch
(c) yours is the earth
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that
– AN ELECTRIFING THOUGHT
to a study by the Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI), pollution in India
could arise to alarming levels by the middle of the century unless urgent action
is taken. The group estimates that under current conditions, the suspended
particulate matter load in the air would rise to 52 million tons by 2047, up
from 17 million in 1997. Methane realized from landfills would increase from 7
million to 39 million tons during the same period. The study cites industrial
production, motor vehicles and fossil fuels as the biggest potential
contributors. All this would contribute to global warming and acute respiratory
problems. One solution to the problem is the increased used of EVs, short for
electrically powered vehicles. An EV is an environment friendly vehicle which
runs on an electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery. It is nearly
noiseless and emits no harmful exhaust.
An average car in India emits 4 g/km of CO and 2 g/km of Nitrogen Oxides
If there were even 40,000 electric vehicles on the road with an annual driving
distance of 12,000 km/vehicles, we would reduce 3,000 tons of pollutants.
In effect Electrical Vehicles (EVs) could serve as a stimulant in
bringing down pollution. EVs would also help free the Indian government of some
of its debts and deficits. 50 per cent of all our oil requirement for
transportation is imported, which in numbers accounts for a whopping savings in
the foreign exchange of over $24 million on petrol alone. The Petroleum Ministry
has estimated that every one-dollar increase in international oil prices
translates into a Rs.3, 000 crore (Rs. 30 billion) increase in our oil import
EV’s would have an effect on the following: Air
and Noise pollution; infrastructure availability; safety; vehicle up gradation;
economic resource sustainability. EV’s are easier to service and maintain, and
are ideal for “stop-start” city driving conditions. The absence of gears and
clutch make them extremely reliable and easy to drive and manoeuvre on congested
roads. Research has revealed that regular commuters don’t travel distances
more than 30-40 kms a day. With heavy traffic congestion and narrow roads, the
average speeds maintained in the city is below 40 km/h. Hence Ev’s with a top
speed of 50-75 km/h and a range of 70-100 km meet over 90 per cent of city
government needs to push EV sales by providing separate meters for charging EVs
and by implementing concessional rates of 50 % tariff for night charging.
Reserved and free parking areas for EVs with charging facility and making
charging points for EVs mandatory in parking lots of all multi-storey buildings,
commercial complexes is a must. Some state governments have been proactively
pushing the cause
by exempting EVs from road and sales taxes. In addition, the Central government
is providing a subsidy of Rs. 75,000 on EVs purchased by its organizations.
On the basis of your of the above passage, complete the following statements.
(a)According to TERI studies
pollution in India could arise alarmingly because of four factors
(1/2 * 4 =
(b)Two definite advantages an EV
has for India over a conventional car are:
(c) List four other
advantages of EV that make them ideal for city driving conditions:
(1/2 * 4 = 2 marks)
(d) Four steps the government can
take to increase the sales of EVs are :
( 1/2 * 4 = 2 marks)
Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following from the
extremely big (Para 3)
regular travellers between home and work (Para 4)
to move into desired position (Para 4)
tending to take initiative (Para 5)
WRITING 30 Marks
Counselling Cell of your school is
organizing an orientation programme (Stream Options) for the parents of ClassXI
in the school auditorium.Construct a notice giving information about the same to
the parents.(word limit 50 words) You are Ashwin/Asha,Manager Human Potential
Department (5 marks)
are Shiv, son of Shri Shyam Sunder, are in Delhi to receive the Bravery Award
for the year 2008. The rehearsal for the function that is to take place on the
21 January is over. Write a postcard to your parents who are living in Shimla
telling them about the rehearsal in not more than 50 words. (5
frequently encounter Exam Bonanza.Most of the schools conduct endless tests,
revision test, retests and preboard examinations for classes X and XII. This is
clearly against the CBSE guidelines because such examinations add to the
students’ stress and burden and leave no time for self-study and preparation
for the board examination. Write a letter to the chairman of C.B.S.E, Preet
Vihar, Vikas Marg, New Delhi, highlighting the menace and suggesting ways to
combat it. (10 marks)
B.4 “Instant food, sedentary life, pressure-cooker
like work environment, turbulent traffic, cut throat competition, sadistic
attitude and materialism……”is the order of the day.Taking ideas from the Unit-Health; Comment
on “Modern lifestyle make us disease prone”.
The following pssage has not been edited.There is an error in each line.Write
the incorrect word and the correction.
Moon’s quarter in Aquarius
Work and pleasure can be both equally
intense now. You strives for greater accord
in your relationships and made clever adjustments
financially. Once again there was anxiety regarding
older relatives, but you handles it well
patiently and tenderly. The job scene registered
sharp progress and create avenues without more
responsibilities. Ganesha understand this. h)………...
.2 Rearrange the
following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences:
and amuses / soul / laughter / the depressed Laughter relieves and amuses the
is / to stress/ and pain / an antidote
toning / a good exercise/ up / it is / facial muscles
stabilised / is improved / body functions/ and blood circulation
one / of friends / feel good / in making / a lot / laughter / and helps
/ it / longevity
laughter / at others /the only / is laughing
.3 Given below is a
conversation.Complete the dialogue in any suitable way.
Teacher : Where (a)………………..the recess?
Yash : I was playing with my friends .
Teacher : (b)……..my
permission/ if you had ,I would have gladly given it
Yash: Do (c)
……….even during recess?
Teacher : yes
you have to .see ,if you want to stay here you (d) ……………… rules of
school. Do you understand ?
Yash : Yes sir I am
sorry. It (e)………………future again.
The following instructions about Shoe-Polishing will help chase the blues
away.Describe the process.
Spread an old newspaper on the floor.
Remove the dirt from the shoes using a cloth.
Apply shoe polish evenly with a shoe brush. Let the shoes remain in the
sun for a while.
Work up the shine by brushing vigorously.
Finally ,close the polish container and place it in the rack.
shoes can be fun. It can make one quite methodical and disciplined in life. Here
is a simple process for a shiny
pair of leather shoes. First of all an
old newspaper is spread on
the floor to prevent it from being spoiled with dirt and polish spills. Next, a
cotton cloth(a)…………..the dirt from the shoes. Then
(b)………………….. with a shoe brush and the pair(cf)…………………
in the sun for a while. A vigorous brushing(d)………………….to work up
the shine. You have a sparkling pair of shoes. Once the process is over, the
polish container(e)……………..in the rack.
.5 Look at the newspaper
items given below.Then use the information in the headlines to complete the
paragraphs.Write the answers in your answer sheet against the correct blank
number.Do not copy the whole sentence.
buying of gold by investers has____________________________ the precious metal
to a record____________________________ at $495.90 an ounce.
Stressing the importance
of education in bridging the rural-urban gap,the Prime Minister has called upon
all state governments and parents____________________of children for progress of
At the annual meeting of
Uttar Pradesh Pensioners Association held in Lucknow yesterday the pensioners
expressed__________at____________of their long outstanding demands by the
three employees of IOC_______________to death in a fire following a blast in the
IOC refinery near Panipat late last night.
Read the extract and answer the questions given below:
watched the flame
Feeding on my mother,
I watched the holy man perform his
To tame the poison with an
After 24 hour
It lost its sting.
Why was the flame feeding on the mother? (2)
Explain ‘the incantation’.(1)
What do these lines tell us about the attitude of the peasants? (1)
Read the extract and answer the questions given below:
about in reel and rout
death fires danced at night,
The water, like witch’s oil,
green and blue and white.
What were the death fires in the above stanza? (2)
That water in the ocean had three colours why? How does this colours
scheme affect the poem? (2)
How has the West Wind been described by the poet. Write about some
poetic devices used in the poem ‘An Ode to the West Wind’. (75-100words)
Mention the shadows shown by the first ghost in the play, ‘The Christmas
Carol’ Write the answer in 75-100 words. (5
In the play ‘Julius Caesar’, Calpurnia says: “When beggars die,
there are no comets seen; The heaven themselves blaze forth the death of
princes.” How do heavens predict the death of Caesar that night before
assassination? (100 words)
Briefly describe the partition scene in the lesson ‘The
you are Ch-tsal’s mother. Your son who has gone on a voyage to the planet Quta-pi
has not returned. You are worried. All efforts to communicate with your son has
failed. Quiet frustrated and grieved you pour feelings in your diary.
Write the diary entry expressing your fears,
despair and hope that he will return.
“All working class people,
says Dhumaketu, have the habit of taking periodic rests by engaging in
discussion for a few minutes. The post office employees in the story were no
How did post office employee make the best of such
periodic rests? (150 words) (