AILET Exam Paper with Ans Keys: Section I-ENGLISH



AILET-DIAGNOSTIC-PAPER-FOR-LAW-ENTRANCE-TO-NLU

Diagnostic Mock Test on AILET Pattern



SECTION I:  ENGLISH

Directions (1–5):  Identify the correct foreign language word for the given phrase:

1.   Change for the better

(a) Ikebana             (b) Haiku

(c) Tycoon             (d) Kaizen

2.    know-it-all

(a) maven              (b) kosher

(c) mensch             (d) schmooze

3.     Body of religious law

(a) corpus juris civilis

(b) corpus juris canonici

(c) corpus vile

(d) corpus delicti

4.     with faithfulness

(a) de bonis asportatis

(b) de die in diem

(c) de fideli

(d) de futuro

5.     On first impression

(a) primum mobile

(b) primus inter pares

(c) prima facie

(d) prima impressionis

Directions (6–10): Identify the part that has an error. If there is no error, then mark (d) as your answer.

6.     (a) Saarc leaders agree on electricity sharing/(b) through a common grid,/(c) but fails on two other economic pacts.

7.     (a) Hughes  undergoes  emergency  surgery/(b)  and  was  put  in  an  induced coma/(c) but never regained consciousness.

8.     (a) Pakistan  is  known  to  be  advising  China/(b)  into  enlarge  it’s  profile  in Afghanistan/(c) as a replacement to the United States.

9.     (a) Germans are celebrating the fall of the Berlin Wall,/(b) but new walls have been erected around Europe/(c) to keep away immigrants and           refugees.

10.     (a) The iconic romance drama “Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge”/(b) that redefined love stories on the silver screen/(c) will complete 1000 weeks on December 12.

Directions (11–15): Fill in the blanks with the correct sets of words.

11.     Once it ................ the merger will push the ................bank to the fourth slot in the private banks category.

(a) enjoins, incoming

(b) fructifies, resultant

(c) evolves, last

(d) resonates, first

12.      In  an  important  ................,  scientists  have  found  a………….     treatment of diabetes.

(a) revelation, natal

(b) statement, possible

(c) research, slow

(d) breakthrough, potential drug  target  for

13.     Let us work together to ................the pledge we have taken to ................terrorism and transnational crimes.

(a) fulfil, combat

(b) end, stop

(c) push through, put away

(d) erase, build

14.     Afghans ................a strong culture and tradition of neutrality which their country enjoyed between 1929 and 1978 and which ................the     period of World War II.

(a) shows, lost

(b) built, grew

(c) espouse, includes

(d) despise, died

15.     Chetan Bhagat’s latest book “Half Girlfriend” has irked the ................royal family of Dumraon, which alleged that the book portrayed them in a bad light and threatened to ................ a defamation suit against the author and the publisher.

(a) insane, alight     (b) now dead, revive

(c) old, withdraw     (d) erstwhile, slap

Directions (16–20): Identify the correct meaning of the given words:

16. Revelations

(a) expose             (b) deliberate

(c) secret               (d) innuendo

17. Incriminating

(a) exculpating       (b) anointing

(c) assuaging         (d) impeaching

18. anachronistic

(a) tyro                  (b) refulgent

(c) antediluvian       (d) novitiate

19. Commencement

(a) anticlimax         (b) instigation

(c) culmination       (d) ending

20. Flourished

(a) matured            (b) thrived

(c) started              (d) ended

Directions (21–23): Identify the correct analogy

21. Salmon: Fish :: Scrabble:_................

(a) Game           (b) Monopoly

(c) Tile                   (d) Dice

22. Robin: Bird :: Water boatman : ................

(a) Insect (b) Spider

(c) Boatman           (d) Angler

23.  Penalty: Reward :: Tough: ...............

(a) Cocky               (b) Lazy

(c) Sagacity           (d) Vulnerable

Directions (24–28): Arrange the following statements to form a coherent paragraph:

24.     I. These people may start out as industrious, but they soon get addicted to affluence, spending, credit and pleasure.

II. In 1976, Daniel Bell published a book called “The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism.”

III. And stop being the sort of hard workers capitalism requires.

IV. Bell argued that capitalism undermines itself because it nurtures a population of ever more self-gratifying consumers.

(a) II-IV-I-III

(b) IV-I-II-III

(c) III-I-II-IV

(d) I-II-III-IV

25.     I. It hurt the reputation of the country, and particularly that of the House and the Republican Party.

II. That deeply irresponsible act — a futile tantrum aimed at the health reform law — harmed hundreds of thousands of government employees, along with countless citizens who depend on important programs.

III. Did Mr Boehner learn nothing from the 16-day shutdown the House imposed on the country in October 2013?

IV. In the House, Speaker John Boehner has refused to rule out the possibility of threatening either a narrow or a full-scale shutdown to get Mr Obama to back off his plans.

(a) II-IV-I-III

(b) I-II-III-IV

(c) I-IV-III-II

(d) IV-III-II-I

26.     I. Pregnant women were murdered and scalped, genitalia were paraded as trophies, and scores of wanton acts of violence characterise the accounts of the few Army officers who dared to report them.

II. In terms of sheer horror, few events matched Sand Creek.

III. Soule  publicly exposed  Chivington’s  actions  and,  in  retribution,  was  later murdered in Denver.

IV. Among them was Capt. Silas Soule, who had been with Black Kettle and Cheyenne  leaders  at  the  September  peace  negotiations  with  Gov.  John Evans of Colorado, the region’s superintendent of Indians affairs (as well as a founder of both the University of Denver and Northwestern University).

(a) IV-I-II-III              (b) III-IV-I-II

(c) II-I-IV-III              (d) I-IV-III-II

27.     I. Reassured by my wife that this was ridiculous, I loaded it up, and took it out on the road.

II. I could only assume that they were thinking, “I’ve never seen an aging hipster Mormon before.”

III. In airports, I quickly noticed that people would look at my briefcase, and then look up at me.

IV. I needed a new briefcase, but the logo gave me pause because it felt a little like false advertising for a non-Mormon to carry it.

V. One  particularly  nice  gift  was  a  briefcase,  with  the  university’s  name emblazoned across the front.

(a) V-IV-I-III-II     

(b) I-II-IV-III-V

(c) V-III-I-II-IV                 

(d) I-IV-V-II-III

28.    I. For one, it groups all gay men into one excluded category.

II. Another group under a lifetime ban is people who have accepted money or drugs in exchange for sex since 1977, which suggests that the agency thinks gay sex carries the same health risks as prostitution.

III. Why should a married gay man who always uses condoms be treated the same as a single gay man who never uses them?

IV. The FDA’s policy is illogical on several counts.

V. Meanwhile,  a  man  or  woman  who  has  had  heterosexual  sex  with  an intravenous drug user, or with someone who has tested positive for HIV, is deferred for only a year.

(a) I-II-IV-V-III          (b) IV-I-III-II-V

(c) III-I-V-IV-II      (d) II-I-V-IV-III

Directions (29–35): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow1

Samuel Bourne of Bourne and Shepherd, among the world’s oldest photography studios, was one of the first commercial photographers to capture the lithe slopes and sparse settlements of Shimla, during the early days of British rule. But when he arrived to set up his studio there, in 1863, a year before the town became the summer capital of India, he was not impressed. “I must confess to disappointment on my first view of Simla”, Bourne wrote in The British Journal of Photography. “A mass of apparently tumble-down native dwellings on the top of a ridge, with bungalows scattered here and there on the sides of a mountain covered partially with fir trees, without a single yard of

1      . This excerpt has been taken from Manik Sharma, “A Passage to Shimla”,  Caravan Magazine, Delhi  Press,  1-5-2015,  paras.  1–7  <http://www.caravanmagazine.in/arts/passage-shimla>  last accessed 10-10-2015.

level cultivated land — such was the appearance of Simla at five miles’ distance, and I naturally began to wonder where I would find the series of views for which I had undertaken this long journey.”

Bourne’s impressions subsequently improved. “A further acquaintance with Simla”, he wrote, “has not altogether banished the disappointment it first gave me, yet it is not to be condemned. It has afforded me a considerable number of pictures of a certain class, while as regards the climate, nothing could be finer.” Yet the tension that Bourne gestured at — between the pretty depictions of Shimla as a pleasant getaway location that one might capture on camera; and its challenging reality as an overgrown settlement  clinging to a steep  incline — dogged  the  town’s subsequent history on moving film, and has only increased with time.

As a child growing up in Shimla in the late 1990s, seeing its tilted alleys and streets appear on a screen in a darkened theatre was always a moment of joyful recognition. In 2001, when the Bollywood partition drama Gadar was released across India, in Shimla we watched it as much for iconic scenes like Sunny Deol’s uprooting of a Pakistani  hand-pump  as  for  the  fact  that  our  own  town — in  my  case,  my  own school — provided part of the film’s backdrop. The shooting occurred over our winter break, and when Deol appeared in the film singing “Udja kale kawan” to Amisha Patel, the attention of every student of Bishop Cotton School was proudly attuned to our games courts and our War Memorial behind him.

Shimla has long been a picture-perfect Bollywood backdrop, a sort of visual shorthand  signalling  fresh  air,  free  time  and  the  relaxation  of  social  rules.  And Shimla-wallahs take personal responsibility for these brief eulogies of our hometown, from the tear-jerking song sequence of “Aaoge jab tum” in Imtiaz Ali’s Jab We Met, to the gothic, snowy setting for Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s Black (the snow was fake, as the weather did not oblige the crew). The Shimla-based critic Usha Bande notes, in an essay in the anthology Whispering Deodars: Writings from Shimla Hills, that “so prominent and profound is the presence of Shimla in the celluloid world that when the town flits past on the screen, it’s always ‘Look Shimla... Shimla!’ from all who stay here and also from those who have visited it maybe only once”.

Yet in Bollywood’s imagination, the town has always been limited to landmarks such as the Town Hall, Christ Church, Mall Road and the Woodville Palace; a ride on a toy train; a quick romp in the snow, or under the deodars of the surrounding hills. For those who live here, this postcard version of Shimla is gratifying, but we have also been waiting for someone to write the long, clear-eyed, love letter. Shimla is yet to bag a starring role that celebrates it while acknowledging its flaws, or that mines its particular history.

In  February,  the  United  Kingdom’s  Channel  4  promised  to  put  the  town front-and-centre in its historical drama series Indian Summers, set in Shimla in the 1930s, during the twilight years of the Raj. The series recently concluded its pilot season, and has been renewed for a second, 10-episode run next year. It aspires to follow, until Indian independence, the story of Ralph Whelan, personal secretary to the Viceroy, and his sister; the Parsi Dalal family, whose son is a clerk in the colonial bureaucracy; the Raworths, a British couple with a looming marital crisis; the bustling proprietor of the “British Club”, played by Julie Walters; and the naive idealist Ian McLeod. Yet while the show promised to illuminate, through hour-long episodes, something of the town’s history as it unravelled a fictional murder mystery, it was shot not in Shimla, but in Penang, Malaysia.

The series’ producers wanted to shoot in Shimla, but after visiting to scout for locations they gave up on the idea. Paul Rutman, the show’s creator, consulted Raaja Bhasin, Shimla’s unofficial historian-in-residence, who became a historical consultant for the project alongside the Downton Abbey consultant Alistair Bruce (a descendant of two viceroys of India). I interviewed Bhasin at his home, where he told me that the reasons for shooting in Malaysia were manifold. “The rabid over-construction and overloading of the slopes of the town with concrete buildings has left little room for the heritage to bask in its full glory”, he said. “In Penang, the heritage has remained untouched. Secondly, it was deemed nearly impossible for such a long shoot to have been carried out in a town rampant with tourist influx.” Bhasin also pointed to “the myriad             problems   with    acquiring    permissions   to   shoot   in    various    heritage buildings — most of which are utilised as government offices” since Shimla is the State capital of Himachal Pradesh. For Bhasin, and perhaps many of us living here, this was a missed opportunity.

29. When did Shimla became the summer capital of India?

(a) 1862

(b) 1863

(c) 1864

(d) none of the above

30. Who was disappointment on his first view of Shimla?

(a) Samuel Bourne

(b) Samuel Shepherd

(c) Bourne Shepherd

(d) Photographers of Bourne and Shepherd Co.

31. Which tree was seen by the author in Shimla?

(a) Oak

(b) Pine

(c) Fir

(d) Eucalyptus

32. What has been referred to as “nothing could be finer” by the author?

(a) Bollywood movie

(b) Climate

(c) Aesthetic beauty

(d) All of the above

33. Which of the following films have been shot in Shimla?

(a) Jab We Met

(b) Gadar

(c) Black

(d) All of the above

34. Which of the following place has not caught Bollywood’s imagination?

(a) Christ Church

(b) Bishop Cottage

(c) Mall Road

(d) Town Hall

35. Whose story is depicted in historical drama series Indian Summers?

(a) Julie Walters

(b) Ian McLeod

(c) Ralph Whelan

(d) All of the above

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

1. (d)                           2. (a)

3. (b)                           4. (c)

5. (d)                           6. (c)

7. (a)                           8. (b)

9. (d)                         10. (a)

11. (b)                         12. (d)

13. (a)                         14. (c)

15. (d)                         16. (a)

17. (d)                         18. (c)

19. (b)                         20. (b)

21. (a)                         22. (a)

23. (d)                         24. (a)

25. (d)                         26. (c)

27. (a)                         28. (b)

29. (c)                         30. (a)

31. (c)                         32. (b)

33. (d)                         34. (b)

35. (c)                         36. (c)

37. (a)                         38. (a)

39. (d)                         40. (a)

41. (b)                         42. (d)

43. (c)                         44. (a)

45. (a)                         46. (d)

47. (b)                         48. (d)

49. (a)                         50. (b)

51. (b)                         52. (d)

53. (d)                         54. (a)

55. (c)                         56. (a)

57. (a)                         58. (c)

59. (b)                         60. (d)

61. (c)                         62. (b)

63. (c)                         64. (a)

65. (b)                         66. (c)

67. (d)                         68. (a)

69. (d)                         70. (c)

71. (b)                         72. (c)

73. (b)                         74. (b)

75. (a)                         76. (c)

77. (a)                         78. (b)

79. (b)                         80. (c)

81. (a)                         82. (b)

83. (b)                         84. (b)

85. (b)                         86. (a)

87. (a)                         88. (a)

89. (c)                         90. (b)

91. (c)                         92. (a)

93. (d)                         94. (a)

95. (b)                         96. (c)

97. (c)                         98. (d)

99. (a)                        100. (c)

101. (d)                       102. (b)

103. (a)                        104. (a)

105. (b)                       106. (d)

107. (a)                        108. (b)

109. (c)                        110. (a)

111. (b)                       112. (a)

113. (d)                       114. (b)

115. (b)                       116. (b)

117. (a)                        118. (a)

119. (d)                       120. (a)

121. (b)                       122. (d)

123. (d)                       124. (b)

125. (d)                       126. (b)

127. (c)                        128. (a)

129. (b)                       130. (d)

131. (a)                        132. (c)

133. (c)                        134. (b)

135. (d)                       136. (c)

137. (a)                        138. (d)

139. (d)                       140. (d)

141. (b)                       142. (d)

143. (b)                       144. (a)

145. (d)                       146. (a)

147. (b)                       148. (c)

149. (d)                       150. (d)

 

SECTION I:  ENGLISH

1. (d)  Kaizen

2. (a)  maven

3. (b)  corpus juris canonici

4. (c)  de fideli

5. (d)  prima impressionis

6. (c)  “but fail” is the correct answer; the subject is leaders and so the verb should be plural.

7. (a)  undergoes  is  incorrect  as  the  entire  sentence  is  in  the  past  tense  so

undergoes should be replaced by “underwent”.

8. (b)  There are 2 errors. 1) “into enlarge” should be replaced by “to enlarge”. 2) “It’s” is the contraction of “it is” and here we require the possessive form “its”.

9. (d)  no error.

10. (a)  “iconic romance drama” is incorrect; drama is the subject so “iconic” and “romance”  should  be  in  the  adjectival  form  so  “romantic”  is  the  correct answer.

11. (b)  fructifies, resultant

12. (d)  breakthrough, potential

13. (a)  fulfil, combat

14. (c)  espouse, includes

15. (d)  erstwhile, slap

16. (a)  expose

17. (d)  impeaching

18. (c)  antediluvian

19. (b)  instigation

20. (b)  thrived

21. (a)  game; Salmon is a fish, similarly scrabble is a game.

22. (a)  insect; water boatman is a type of insect.

23. (d)  Antonymous relationship; vulnerable

24. (a)  II-IV-I-III is the correct answer. I-III form a mandatory pair as they are part of

the same sentence as can be seen from the “and” in III.

25. (d)  IV-III-II-I. II-I is a mandatory pair as the “it” in I refers to the “That deeply irresponsible act” in II. Also IV has to be the starting statement.

26. (c)  II-I-IV-III. II has to start the passage as it mentions one of the most horrific events. I showcases the horrific events stated in II. The 'army officers' mentioned in I are detailed in IV-III.

  27. (a)  V-IV-I-III-II. The passage starts with V which mentions the briefcase gift. Then goes to IV. III-II form a mandatory pair as they mention people looking at the briefcase and the writer and thinking about him.

  28. (b)  IV-I-III-II-V. The passage starts with IV. Then goes to I which starts with the first reason why said policy is illogical. I carries into III.

29. (c)  1st para, 4th line

30. (a)  1st para, 1st line

31. (c)  1st para, 8th line

32. (b)  2nd para, 4th line

33. (d)   3rd and 4th para

34. (b)  5th para

35. (c)  6th para, 4th line