1. (d) as is given in the last line of the 1st paragraph. This being the crux of the passage.
2. (d) The reason for man’s not reaching egalitarianism has been given in the middle of the 1st para, which is materials being perpetuated.
3. (c) as given in the end of the 1st paragraph.
4. (a) and (b) both are wrong.
5. (c) as is given in the 3rd line of the last paragraph.
6. (d) The author explains this in the 2nd paragraph onwards where anything based on coercion is like a gas cylinder and will burst.
7. (b) as is given in the beginning of the 3rd paragraph.
8. (d) is not true as the opposite of it is true, not possession of material goods but those of spiritual values.
9. (b) as is given in the 1st paragraph.
10. (b) as is given in the last 3 lines of the last paragraph.
11. (d) laxity is a synonym of lethargy.
12. (c) emaciated means very weak.
13. (a) latent means hidden or concealed
14. (c) occasional is a synonym of sporadic
15. (a) compendium is a summary.
16. (d) pertinent to.
17. (b) reverberated from.
18. (c) commensurate with.
19. (a) index of the state of affairs.
20. (a) smacks of recklessness.
21. (d) gropes for.
22. (d) genius at.
23. (c) averse to.
24. (d) delve into politics.
25. (c) have any bearing on.
26. (a) burn your fingers means get yourself into trouble.
27. (d) feathering one’s nest means making money unfairly.
28. (c) in the blues means depressed.
29. (d) fish out of water means uncomfortable.
30. (b) ride a high horse means appear arrogant.
31. (d) IV and V come after I as they explain the reason of the pride, followed by II which shows the opposite.
32. (b) “On the basis” is followed by II as experts have based their conclusion and then by joining the conjunction “that” to the next clause, we get V followed by the clauses written with commas and another conjunction and which comes in the end.
33. (c) II and IV form a pair, where it stands for the atomic bomb. I and III are a pair where the scientists greatest first achievement is described.
34. (a) Other pairs may be confusing but IV and VI form an inevitable pair where VI
describes what happens without food.
35. (d) I and III and V and VI are a pair.
36. (b) malafide means bad intention.
37. (a) Tabula rasa is a clean slate.
38. (b) Carte Blanche is complete freedom or discretion.
39. (c) De jure means regarding laws.
40. (b) Raison d’etre means reason for existence.
91. (a) P × (11/10) × (112/100) = 246.40
Solving, P = Rs 200.
92. (d) For 17 the expression will not give a prime number as 17 can be taken common i.e.
the factors would be 17 and 19.
93. (c) Time taken = 500/25 = 20 seconds.
94. (c) 0.06% of x = 84 i.e. 1% of x = 1400 i.e. 30% of x = 42000.
95. (b) R = 2P ; P = 2Q i.e. R = 2P = 4Q Difference of R and Q = 4Q – Q = 3675
i.e. Q = 1225
or, sum = P + Q + R = 7Q = 1225×7 = Rs 8575.
96. (a) Ratio of area = 25 : 36
Ratio of side = 5 : 6
Ratio of perimeter = 5 : 6
97. (d) Let fractions be x/(x+11) Now, x +8/(x+11)+8 = ¾
i.e. 4x + 32 = 3x + 57 => x = 25
The fraction is : 25/36.
Alternatively, only option (d) has denominator 11 more than numerator.
98. (c) x= 2 +√3 or 1/x = 1/ 2 +√3
On rationalizing, 1/x =2 – √3 or, 1/x2 = 7 – 4√3
Similarly, 1/y2 = 7 + 4√3
Thus, 1/x2 + 1/y2 = 14.
99. (b) (4/3πr3)/4πr2 = 27 or, r = 81 cms.
100. (b) (1/3) of (1/4) of x = 12 i.e. x = 144.
101. (c) 10 = 4 x 2 + 2 ; 23 = 10 x 2 + 3; 50 = 23 x 2 + 4.
Similarly, next number should be 50 x 2 + 5 = 105 i.e. 104 is wrong.
102. (a) 2 T + 4 S = 1600 => T + 2S = 800
Also, 1 T + 6 S = 1600
Comparing both, 4S = Rs 800, thus 12S = Rs 2400.
103. (a) x = i.e. x = i.e. x = Or, x-2 = or,
104. (a) Let markup be M. Then, M × (19/20) = 380 × (5/4)
i.e. M = Rs 500.
105. (b) 48400 = 40000(1+ r/100)2
Or, (1 +r/100)2 = (1.1)2 i.e. r = 10%.
106. (d) Squaring both sides: + 2 = 9
Or, = 7.
107. (d) 16x4+12x3-10x2+8x+20 =
108. (a) 6.5%x = 8.5%y => x : y = 13 : 17
x = (13/30)× 2490 = 1079 and y = 2490 – 1079 = 1411.
109. (b) If one person eats one food per day = 120 × 200 × 1
Food eaten by 120 men in 5 days = 120 × 5× 1
Food left for (120 – 30) i.e. 90 persons = 120 × 195 × 1
Thus, number of days = (120 × 195)/90 = 260.
110. (c) (100–20)% of (100–70)% of income = 1800
i.e. (8/10) × (3/10) × x = 1800
i.e. x = Rs 7500.
111. (a) I is strong as uniform pay scale would affect healthy competition and lower down the quality of work. II is a weak argument as dedication to work and loyalty cannot be brought by importing pay scale and conditions of government employees to private employees.
112. (a) I is strong as Ombudsman will bring transparency and accountability. II is factually unconnected to statement.
113. (c) In this both I and II are strong. Possibility of favouritism cannot be ruled out in internal assessments. However on the other side, keeping some amount of control keeps a check on student’s activities.
114. (d) Making military training compulsory can be counter-productive hence I is extreme. II is strong as same level of military training cannot be given to physically fit and unfit students alike.
115. (a) I is weak argument, though unions may distract students from academics, it may have a positive impact on career development. II is also trivial.
116. (d) I is a weak argument. Just because it is difficult to change something does not mean it should not be changed.
117. (c) I and III are A-type statements. A + A = A. Thus the final answer will be X and Y (subject of first statement) quarrel often (predicate of 2nd statement) which is V.
118. (b) I and IV are both A type statements. A + A= A. Therefore, answer will be All
Mangoes are sweet which is V.
119. (a) I and III are both A type statements. A + A= A. Therefore, answer will be ‘All
Frogs’ ‘are cold-blooded’ which is VI.
120. (c) Keep IV ahead of II. If “S is S-H” and “S-H men are intelligent” A+A =A. Therefore,
answer is Sudhir is intelligent which is V.
121. (d) All the rest are opposites. This pair is synonymous.
122. (c) All the rest are a part of the whole. This pair is unrelated.
123. (b) The rest are pairs of hostile animals.
124. (d) If all girls are students and all doctors are students then some students will be girls and some doctors. There is no necessary overlap between girls and doctors.
125. (b) Same logic as above if all researchers are sociologists, then some sociologists will be
researchers and some researchers will be professors and vice-versa.
126. (b) Both 1V and II are right but there is no such option. If no dictatorship is a monarch, then some democracy will definitely not be a monarchy.
127. (d) Cheese is bad for people with high cholesterol but it is not necessary they do not eat it. They may still eat it and Sumeet’s not eating could be anything from not liking it to having cholesterol.
128. (b) Option B states an exception to the main statement.
129. (a) The two right answers are: there is cloud there is rain and there is no rain, hence no cloud. There may be rain without cloud but the false statement would be that there is cloud but no rain, that is opposing it straightaway or negating the necessary clause.
For Questions 130–132: The students are good in the subjects given alongside in blue and poor in the ones in red.
Hindi: W and X (English) Science: W and Y (Mathematics) English: Y and Z (Social Studies) Mathematics & Science: Z and X
133. (a) the other three options are affirmative so they can be eliminated.
134. (a) If a person has done creative work he can become a critic but it is not necessary or stated that only persons with creative work can be critics, hence Z can be a critic.
135. (a) any person who has squared a circle, is not a mathematician. Therefore, no one who has squared a circle is mathematician.
136. (a) I is the correction reason as PILs are generally filed by social activists on behalf of the poor who don't have the resources to approach the court. II is irrelevant.
137. (c) The other options cannot be inferred from anywhere. (a) not the credited response. The point of contention is not the comparison of popularity between Yoga and high energy workouts but mere data on Yoga. (b) a distractor. Concept of fitness may or may not be changing, the point of contention is only choosing yoga depending upon the requirement/personal choice. (c) the credited response, point of contention addressed. (d) a distractor. May or may not be. Irrelevant.
138. (d) options a,b and c are unsubstantiated generalizations. (a) not the credited response. Can’t say that, nowhere has the comparison between words and numbers has been made. (b) a distractor. Relevance of statistics and the drawbacks have been explained, however, no mention of studying that discipline or any other discipline can’t be made. Irrelevant. (c) a distractor. Irrelevant. (d) the credited response. The point of contention how even though the numbers maybe important yet maybe misleading can be best brought out in this option.
139. (c) credited response, for all obvious reasons.
140. (c) because of reduction prices have gone down.
141. (c) because there is less money in the economy; now after RBI has increased interest, inflation has gone down.
142. (d) I cannot be main cause, it can be one of the causes. Main cause of II is to improve quality of bar.
143. (c) because of warming, the ice is melting hence sea levels are rising.
144. (a) Though I is not the main cause of II, it is one of the chief causes.
145. © Both argument and option (c) are structured at specific to general.
146. (a) Argument I is strong as the judiciary keeps a tab on the executive.
147. (a) Argument I is strong as Judiciary is supposed to be free of any other part of the government.
148. (a) E-governance will make the systems transparent and lead to efficiency.
149. (b) I is strong, world government may not eliminate inter state conflicts but will keep a check on the same. II is inevitable consequence of II as it the world government will be dominated by a rich few.
150. (a) Yes in light of the statement where some things are inherent need to be protected though may not be valid or explained by law.
151. (a) As per the principle only Parliament has the prerogative to make the law on its own accord.
152. (b) The response only gave the price of the car, it was not accompanied by willingness to sell.
153. (b) The contract with a minor is absolutely void.
154. (a) Clear application of the principle.
155. (d) Articles 15 and 16 which provide for reservations are not against equality but in furtherance of equality.
156. (a) Protected by the principle of necessity as given in the principle.
157. (c) Rash is defined as acting or done without careful consideration of the possible consequences; impetuous. As such his actions shall constitute both a rash and a negligent act.
158. (a) The cutting of the tree is enough to satisfy the requirement that the object of theft should move.
159. (b) Injuria sine damno. In either case the question is on violation of a legal right not a fundamental right.
160. (c) In this case the baby was thrown not with the intention to kill him Further he jumped himself which clearly indicates there was no intention to kill.
161. (c) It was imperative upon X to become aware of the law before choosing a flight which was to transit in India.
162. (a) Communication of the offer is not complete as knowledge of the offeree is required against the principle.
163. (c) The part of the contract buying the horse would be valid. The remainder part of the contract will be void.
164. (c) Mere silence does not amount to fraud.
165. (a) An incorrect presumption is not the same thing as legal justification. Further removal from possession is sufficient to commit a tort.
166. (b) A void contract need not be void because it is illegal, it can be void on account of various reasons. However an illegal contract will be void.
167. (a) 26 November is celebrated as law day as we gave ourselves to the rule of the
168. (a) Self-explanatory.
169. (b) Both are independent characteristics of fundamental rights.
170. (c) An institution simply because of being a minority institution cannot be denied aid.
171. (a) The right to issue remedied by means of writ is a central feature of the Supreme Court as the guardian of the Constitution.
172. (b) The Lok Sabha is more powerful as all money bills can only be introduced here as members are directly elected by the people. Assertion is factually incorrect.
173. (a) The extent of harm cannot be predicted in torts, therefore, the damages have to be unliquidated.
174. (b) Both are independent reasons for price rise.
175. (a) Under Section 98 a person’s right to self-defence is not affected solely because of the reason that the attacker did not have an intention to commit a crime.
136. (d) Murder is a crime under Sections 300 and 302, not Section 341.
177. (a) Concept of quasi contract.
178. (b) R does not explain A.
179. (a) Imperative means a binding character. Austin had described law to be a command of the sovereign where people have no option but to warrant obedience to it.
180. (a) Where a group works in furtherance of a common intention, the group is also supposed to be held liable if the act is done as a part of a group even out of sudden provocation.
181. (b) The preamble reads as follows.
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do
HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
182. (a) By effect of Article 21-A.
183. (a) Affirmative action means to provide aids to the disadvantaged sections of society.
184. (a) Federalism means there is division of powers between centre and state.
185. (c) The Kailash Mansarovar Yatra is subsidised.
186. (c) The second object inseparable from the first.
187. (b) Communication to Raju should have been made by the Board.
188. (c) Damnum sine injuria. If he had suffered harm on account of a stampede arising out of overcrowding, a suit could have still lain. However, picking the pocket is not a direct consequence of crowding.
189. (c) There was no intention.
190. (a )The best and only option which can be marked.
192. (c) Since one of the partners is insolvent, the liability will be divided between the other two.
193. (a) Quasi contract.
194. (b) They are two separate rights.
195. (b). There was an attempt to move the stone.
196. (c) Criminal misappropriation means dishonest conversion of property for own use which is already in possession of the offender.
197. (a) Article 14 to 18 guarantee equality in some or the other form.
198. (a) The doctors opined that an immediate operation was needed.
200. (d) Check Article 368 of the Constitution.