1. (b) Refer to line 12 which mentions the “Divine Right”.
2. (b) Refer to 9th line.
3. (d) Refer to line 7.
4. (b) Refer to 4th and 5th line.
5. (c) Infallible means someone who does not make a mistake.
6. (a) ‘Sweat of his brow’ is idiomatic usage which means his hard work.
7. (d) Laissez Faire means decontrol over law and order by the rulers.
8. (a) Phrases such as ‘handmaid of ruling class’, ‘landlords lived in luxury’ etc show the
concern of the writer. So concerned is the correct description of the writer.
9. (b) Gospel is a religious teaching.
10. (c) Vogue means in fashion or prevailing style.
11. (a) Paraphernalia.
12. (b) Entrepreneur.
13. (c) Onomatopoeia.
14. (c) Haemorrhage.
15. (b) Dyslexia.
16. (c) Use ‘leaves + will not say’. The first conditional uses simple present+simple future.
17. (c) Use the subjunctive form of ‘were + would’.
18. (a) Use ‘have heard’ the present perfect form, since the time that the action has happened is already over.
19. (c) Use ‘confidently’.
20. (d) Question tag ‘is he’ will be used, as the verb in the sentence is ‘is not’.
21. (c) We should never + our.
22. (d) No preposition is required.
23. (c) ‘good sense of humour’ is idiomatic usage which means a witty person.
24. (c) Facts use the simple tense so ‘revolved’.
25. (c) When two actions occur one after the other, we use the past perfect for the first action
and simple past for the second action. So use ‘had finished + arrived’.
26. (c) D is the opening statement. AC is a mandatory pair as C mentions ‘both the backgrounds’ which has already been mentioned in A.
27. (b) A is the opening statement. BC forms a contrast as they talk about how some companies have been funded and yet others not getting any funds.
28. (d) B is the opening statement. AC which forms a mandatory pair is the last statement.
29. (d) BA is the mandatory pair as they talk of how people die during earthquakes.
30. (d) A is the opener and CD is the mandatory pair as they talk about why floppy makes an ideal secondary storage.
31. (a) An imaginary place.
32. (a) Amount of damage suffered.
33. (d) Evidence which forms an offence.
34. (c) Face to face.
35. (a) Complete authority.
36. (c) To do something new or start work in a movement.
37. (a) A secret enemy.
38. (a) Doing too many things at the same time.
39. (b) Friend who is with you only in good times.
40. (d) A cure-all.
41. (b) It is an irrational number.
42. (d) Greatest such number is HCF (926 – 2, 2313 – 3) = HCF (924, 2310) = 462
Since 462 is not in option, we check for its factors. 462 = 154 x 3. This, means 154 will be the highest among options.
43. (d) 15% + 5% discount = 15 + 5 – (15×5/100) = 19.25% single discount. (Note: Correct option was not available)
44. (c) CP = 2345 x (100/81) = Rs 2895. Closest option is Rs 3000.
45. (a) Area of rhombus = ( ½) product of diagonals = (1/2) x 1x1.5 = 0.75 sq m.
46. (a) Angle in semicircle is 180 degrees = π radians.
47. (d) Total food available= 250 × 33 × 125g
Now, food consumed per day if 80 more students join in = 330 × 125g
Total days = 250 x33 x 125/330 x125 = 25 days.
48. (a) 500 = n(only tamil) + n(only hindi) + n(both)
i.e. 500 = x + 200 + 102 i.e. x = 198.
49. (c) Equations are kx + 3y = k – 3 and 12x + ky = k For infinite solution: [k/12] = [3/k] = [(k–3)/k] Solving, k = 6.
50. (c) Rs 100 – 150 150 – 200 200 – 250 250 – 300 300 – 350
Mid value: 125 175 225 275 325
Frequency: 4 5 12 2
Total = 125 x 4 + 175 x 5+ 225 x 12+275 x 2 + 325 x 2 = 500 + 875 + 2700 + 550 + 650 =
Mean daily expenditure = 5275/25 = Rs 211.
51. (d) If probability of green is ⅔, it means probability of blue will be ⅓, i.e. ⅓rd of marbles of 24 = 8 are blue.
52. (d) Final population after 2 years = 250 × 1.02 × 1.02 = 260.1 thousands
Increase = 260.1 – 250 = 10.1×1000 = 10100.
53. (a) Point (x, y) is equidistant from (–1, 1) and (4, 3) i.e. (x + 1)2 + (y-1)2 = (x–4)2 + (y–3)2
i.e. 2x + 1 – 2y + 1 = –8x + 16 – 6y + 9
i.e. 10x + 4y = 23.
54. (a) 8(1 + 2 + 3 +……..+ 14 + 15) = 8 x (15 x 16)/2 = 960.
55. (b) Volume of rod = Volume of wire
i.e. π x 12 x 30 = π x r2 x 300
i.e. r = 1/√10
i.e. diameter = 2 / √10
56. (b) Here, two structures are formed ADE = triangle and BCDE = rectangle
Area of triangle = ½ x1 x b Using pythagoras theorem AD = AE + DE
5 = X +4 x= 3
Therefore area of triangle is ½ x4 x 3 =6 m Now, area of rectangle = 1x B = 10 x 4 = 40m Area of complete formation = 40 + 6 = 46cm
57. (c) Part filled in one hour by both (1/10) + (1/12) = 11/60
So, part filled in 3 hours = 33/60
Part left = 27/60 … this has to done by B. B, can fill, in an hour 1/12 of total
So, time taken to fill the remaining = (27/60)/(1/12) = 5 h 24 mins.
58. (b) Total area of path = 100 x 5 + 80 x 4 – 5 x 4 = 800 sq mt
Total cost = 800 x 10 = Rs 8000.
59. (d) SP of 10 = CP of 11
i.e. SP/CP = 11/10, i.e. 10% profit.
60. (d) 3x : 4x : : 5x : 8x = 360
20x = 360 x = 18.
C Silver (tallest)
(Taller than C, shorter than D and B)
111. (d) D, the golden coloured pole is diagonal to the the bronze colored pole C.
112. (d) We have no information about the second tallest pole, nor can the same be determined in light of the given facts.
113. (b) E, the tallest pole is silver coloured.
114. (b) The problem with (a) is that R wants either Foreign or Human Resources or no portfolio. However he is given agriculture in (a). In the same way, in (c) both U and S are given portfolios whereas it is clearly mentioned that U does not want any portfolio if S gets one of 5. In (d), R is given rural development whereas it is clearly mentioned that R either wants Foreign or Human Resources or no portfolio.
115. (d) Only (d) is not a valid assignment as it is mentioned “Q says that if S gets Industry and Commerce or Rural Development, then she should get the other one”. In (d), S is given Rural Development but Q is given Agriculture.
116. (b) Action leads to reaction, Assail leads to defend.
117. (c) Sorrow brings misery, Happiness brings joy.
118. (b) A drama is watched by audience, A game by spectators.
119. (a) Nuts-bolts are used in the same way as nitty-gritty.
120. (c) A book is composed by an author. A symphony is composed by composer.
121. (b) myself ---------- my wife----- my wife’s brother----- wife----- sheela----daughter--- Moni
122. (a) Ababi-------brother-------My mother-----My self----- daughter----- pari
Annu. So, Pari must call Annu her maternal aunt.
123. (b) Z------ Y-------X-----Brother----- Markandey
Abhi’s father Rajiv’s mother
Abhi (nephew) Rajiv
124. (b) Deepak’s father------Wife----------X
So, the boy is brother of Deepak
Week days Fruit
Saturday No fruit day
131. (d) Both the statements are at best only possible reasons and not possible courses of actions. So neither I nor II follows.
132. (c) Child labour laws are wake up call for the government that they should not make laws which cannot be enforced. Thus I follows and II attacks the root of the problem. Here both answers follow and so either I or II follows has to be the answer.
133. (d) Only the signing of protocol cannot be said to have the effect of bringing down air, water and soil pollution. II is not a course of action. So neither I nor II follows.
134. (a) If we wish to stop school children from dropping out, parents need to be educated so that they stop pulling children out of school. So I follows. II is irrelevant here.
135. (d) I talks about how smoking is difficult to get rid of, which is a restatement of the question. II is irrelevant as the question talks about smoking. So neither I nor II follows.
136. (a) 0+1=1
So, the end term will be 13+21 =34
137. (c) A............+4............ E............+4............ I............+4............M............+4............P
138. (d) Series is *2+2, *2+2,……
So, the next term is = 150 * 2 + 2= 302
139. (c) This is an alternate series with +2. So, the next term will be 5+2=7
140. (b) The series is a square of consecutive terms i.e. (1)^2= 1; (2)^2=4 and so on.
141. (a) All lunch has vegetable + All vegetable have gravy =>All lunch has gravy.
142. (b) If Karan Johar is a good director + All directors are intelligent => Karan is intelligent.
143. (b) Some blue are green + All pink are green => no conclusion. All pink are green => Some pink are green/Some green are pink.
144. (d) All boys are tall+All Punjabis are tall => no conclusion.
145. (a) All girls go to college + Rina does not go to college => rina is not a girl. Ans. 146–150
146. (c) E is not immediate right to A
147. (b) H will not be on immediate right of A.
148. (d) A and F will become neighbor on if H agrees to change her sitting position.
149. (c) A will be directly facing B.
150. (b) H is sitting between A and F.
151. (d) An offer must be accepted in the currency of the offer. When the original offer was made the condition of payment by Shyam, it amounted to a counter offer not an acceptance. Since the original offer was replaced by a counter offer, it came to an end and Shyam cannot insist on the acceptance of an offer which has come to an end.
152. (b) An agreement for 10,000 is less than the offer, but it is a validly entered agreement and is binding upon the parties.
153. (c) The principle says “under all circumstances”.
154. (c) There seems to be an error in printing, and the “not” in the fourth option should be missing. If it were so then (d) would be the correct option However, given the options we have to choose as to what is the strongest reason as to why Komal should not be given the watch, the best answer seems to (c).
155. (d) The notice is not an embargo to carry on the business. It only calls upon the dyers and printers to carry out business in a manner which respects the environment.
156. (d) In this case the contract for sale of the car is an independent contract from the original debt. The principle requires the same contract should confer a benefit upon Suresh. Between (c) and (d), (d) is closer to the principle.
157. (d) The principle states the English postal rule. The contract was complete on the day of posting the letter and the place of posting the letter.
158. (c) It was S’s workers who went on strike. P cannot be blamed for the fault of S’s
Note: In law there is usually a force majeure clause, which states that a contracting party is not responsible for things outside the control of the contracting party. But since no such clause is mentioned in the facts/principle, (c) will be the correct answer.
159. (c) As per the principle the contract can be made void even subsequently when it becomes known to the parties. Here the end object of the contract was converted to running a child labour operation from the premises, hence he could request that the contract be made void.
160. (c) The principle imposes strict liability on Hari.
161. (c) The gift when made properly to R transfers the property completely in the hands of R. Since R is now the owner he can choose to give or not give his property to S.
162. (c) Clear application of the principle. (The court does not uphold filmi contracts.)
163. (a) The principle requires the agreement must be compulsorily in writing.
164. (a) Clear application of the principle. The facts themselves state that he was of unsound mind when he entered the contract. Option (b) is also correct but the principle does not speak of burden of proof.
165. (c) In the face of all incorrect options (c) seems to be best answer. Though (b) sees to be a tempting option, the principle says the person coercing cannot get the contract enforced. So it is not a question of may, he cannot get the contract enforced at all.
166. (d) The principle does not speak of age but that of father-son relationship. In this case the facts clearly state the father misused his position. Shyam’s will was dominated giving him power to get the contract enforced.
167. (a) Both (a) and (c) are correct options. However the question is whether the act of X amounts to a valid consideration or not. Here X’s act amounts to consideration when he abstained and therefore it is sufficient consideration.
168. (d) More detailed between (c) and (d).
169. (a) Since in the contract there is no intent to the contrary, the government shall be the first owner.
170. (b) Licence grants an “interest” whereas an assignment is of a more larger nature. Here, only a limited right to distribute in a smaller territory is given, therefore, it would be more in the nature of a licence than an assignment.
171. (c) Textbook application of the principle of vicarious liability.
172. (c) In the real legal world such a contract could not be used as a trademark. But the facts clearly say that the description acquired a secondary description.
173. (d) The principle is a little strange. Ordinarily theft would be complete when the tree was severed and the case would be a case of theft. However, in the principle, the tree only “becomes capable of being the subject of theft as soon as it severed from the earth”. Coupled with the fact that the person has to “take away from the land of any person” a good capable of theft, theft is not complete.
174. (c) There seems no alternate explanation as to how the abdominal pack was left. Further, the facts themselves declare the surgeon’s complicity.
175. (a) Just stick to the principle. The principle says that the parent’s consent is necessary.
Since it was not present it would be a case of kidnapping.
176. (c) The principle requires the intercourse should have been with a woman or an animal, but in this case there were two men involved.
178. (d) Clear application of the principle as A was a minor on the date of the killing.
179. (c) B’s consent is of no consequence as he was a minor.
180. (d) The question is on private defence, not on insanity; therefore (b) will not be an answer.
181. (a) Here silence amounts to speech as by remaining silent he conveys the impression that there if nothing wrong with the horse.
182. (b) The action of the Professor was critical of the policies of the government and not the institution of the government. Further, there was no intention to incite hatred.
183. (a) The principle says “that complainant only” signifying only one complainant may be
granted the licence.
184. (b) His power did not extend to arrest but only seizure of goods as per the principle.
185. (c) The only reason he could not take the jewel was because it was not present; moreover the principle says “in such attempt does any act towards commission of the offence”. Here the box was broken with the intent to access the goods of the box.
186. (b) As there was no intention “intending to harm or knowing or having reason to believe
that such imputation will harm”. The missing shoe only implied to a custom.
187. (c) Both A and B were employees of the same owner.
188. (a) Clear application of injuria sine damno. Facts/Principle is unclear as to when nominal damages are due and when ordinary.
189. (c) B was entitled to end the contract as A himself had told him he was not required.
190. (b) Volenti non fit injuria.
191. (a) The contract was impossible to perform as C was already dead.
192. (b) The principle says that subsequent ratification or approval is of no avail.
193. (b) B did not comply with the condition subsequent.
194. (a) Relevant facts are those which can have an impact on the outcome of the case: A permanent resident abroad who never visits india = relevant because = how he would wage war if he was not in India. The charge/accusation against him is obviously valid and lastly his taking part in an armed resurrection being the basis of the accusation is relevant.
195. (a) The onus is on the complainant as per the principle.
196. (c) If there was no opportunity of physical relationship between X and Y then Y is but obviously not carrying X’s child.
197. (b) Based on earlier decided case. The rationale is that there was no illegality in carrying out business in a manner in times of scarcity.
198. (a) Neither of them are minors and there is a threat to loose property if either of them remarries. Such is a restraint against marriage and therefore were invalid.
199. (a) Clear application of principle. The situation was outside his control.
200. (a) Only Parliament has the prerogative to decide to make a law on its own as per the principle. Therefore, the court is incapacitated to direct the enactment of a law.