Diagnostic Mock Test on CLAT Pattern
SECTION I: ENGLISH
Directions (1–10): Replace the underlined part of the sentence with the correct choice. If the underlined part is correct, mark (d) as your answer.
1. City-based Zoho Corp’s email and chat services is one of the handful of services, which the US National Security Agency (NSA) has found it difficult to crack under its mass surveillance programme.
(a) City-based Zoho Corp’s email and chat services are becoming one of the handful of services
(b) City-based Zoho Corp’s email and chat services are one of the handful of services
(c) City-based Zoho Corp’s email and chat services was one of the handful of services
2. According to a report by German newsmagazine Der Spiegel, NSA has classified the encryption and security-breaking problems they encountered on a scale of 1 to 5, from “trivial” to “catastrophic”.
(a) these encountered on a scale of 1 to 5, from “trivial” to “catastrophic”
(b) there encountered on a scale of 1 to 5, from “trivial” to “catastrophic”
(c) it encountered on a scale of 1 to 5, from “trivial” to “catastrophic”
3. The report was based on the documents obtained from former NSA contractor and whistleblower Edward Snowden.
(a) the documents obtained in from former NSA contractor and whistleblower
(b) the documents obtained into former NSA contractor and whistleblower
(c) the documents obtained for former NSA contractor and whistleblower Edward
4. The NSA had major problem at the fourth level with Zoho, an encrypted email service, a report said.
(a) with Zoho, a encrypted email service, a report said
(b) with Zoho, a encrypted email service, a report said
(c) with Zoho, an encrypted email service, the report said
5. Encryption — the use of mathematics to protect communications from spying — is used for electronic transactions of all types, by governments, firms and by private users alike.
(a) electronic transactions of all types, governments, firms and by private users alike
(b) electronic transactions of all types, by governments, by firms and private users alike
(c) electronic transactions of all types, by governments, firms and private users alike
6. This comes as a strong testimonial for Zoho, that competes with Microsoft and Google in the mail and office suite space.
(a) which competes with Microsoft and Google in the mail and office suite space
(b) that competes to Microsoft and Google in the mail and office suite space
(c) which competes to Microsoft and Google in the mail and office suite space
7. The firm has over 10 million users, and mainly focused on small and medium enterprises in the US and other global markets.
(a) The firm had over 10 million users, and mainly focuses on small and medium enterprises
(b) The firm has over 10 million users, and mainly focuses on small and medium enterprises
(c) The firm had over 10 million users, and mainly focusing on small and medium enterprises
8. In an August 2013 blog post, his company remained the only major email service provider that never displayed any ads was noted by Zoho’s founder Sridhar Vembu.
(a) it was noted by Zoho’s founder Sridhar Vembu noted that his company remained the only major email service provider that never displayed any ads.
(b) Zoho’s founder Sridhar Vembu noted that his company remained the only
major email service provider that never displayed any ads.
(c) the only major email service provider that never displayed any ads was Zoho.
9. Despite Google has gone on record to say you can’t expect privacy from Google itself, we can assure you that we guarantee your privacy, at least from Zoho itself, if not from the government.
(a) However Google has gone on record to say you can’t expect privacy from Google itself,
(b) But Google has gone on record to say you can’t expect privacy from Google itself,
(c) While Google has gone on record to say you can’t expect privacy from Google itself,
10. Although the documents are around two years’ old, experts consider it unlikely the agency’s digital spies had made much progress in cracking these technologies, the report adds.
(a) Although the documents is around two years’ old, experts consider these unlikely the agency’s digital spies had made much progress in cracking these technologies, the report adds.
(b) Although the documents are around two years’ old, experts consider them unlikely the agency’s digital spies had made much progress in cracking these technologies, the report adds.
(c) Although the documents is around two years’ old, experts consider it unlikely the agency’s digital spies had made much progress in cracking these technologies, the report adds.
Directions (11–15): Fill in the blanks with the correct choices.
11. The ratio of India’s international financial assets.................global liabilities stood at
58 per cent in September 2014 as against 58.6 per cent in June 2014. (a) for (b) into
(c) out of (d) to
12. Further, an increase of $0.9 billion in portfolio investment also helped............... boost the foreign-owned assets in India.
(d) no word required
13. Net claims of non-residents on India (as reflected by the net IIP) increased.....................$6.8 billion over the previous quarter to $353.7 billion as at end-September 2014.
(a) by (b) besides
(c) on to (d) for
14. Reserve assets continued to have the dominant share (64.2 per cent) in India’s international financial assets in September 2014, followed ..................direct investment abroad (26.5 per cent).
(a) in (b) by
(c) from (d) up
15. This drop is mainly due ............a decrease of $2.3 billion in reserve assets.
(a) the (b) on
(c) at (d) to
Directions (16–20): Identify the correct idiom for the given explanation.
16. With arms linked
(a) with open arms (b) up in arms
(c) arm in arm (d) men-at-arms
17. Forced to perform an unpleasant or difficult task
(a) bite the bullet (b) bite the dust
(c) bite your tongue(d) bite a man
18. To end a relationship
(a) break new ground
(b) make the break
(c) break one’s word
(d) break the ice
19. Without delay
(a) out of order (b) in order to
(c) in short order (d) in order that
20. To maintain law and order
(a) hold one’s peace
(b) keep the peace
(c) make one’s peace
(d) rest in peace
Directions (21–25): Identify the foreign words from the clues given below.
21. This phrase literally means “art for the sake of art” and is the motto for the
American media company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
(a) ars gratia artis
(b) advocatus diaboli
(c) ad litem
(d) ambigendi locus
22. This phrase is essentially the nocturnal equivalent of “carpe diem” and so literally means “seize the night”.
(a) caveat emptor (b) carpe noctem
(c) ceteris paribus (d) compos mentis
23. Literally meaning “who benefits?”, this phrase is used to imply that whoever
appears to have the most to gain from a crime is probably the culprit.
(a) credo (b) cui prodest
(c) cui malo (d) cui bono
24. Footballers, please note that...............is a motto of Arsenal FC.
(a) In Scientia Opportunitas
(c) Carpe Diem
(d) Victoria Concordia Crescit
25. The Olympic motto is made up of three Latin words :.................and they stand for
“Faster - Higher - Stronger”.
(a) Veni - Vedi -Veci
(b) Dictum - Meum - Pactum
(c) Citius - Altius - Fortius
(d) Hostis - Humani - Generis
Directions (26–30): Identify the correct spellings of the following words.
26. (a) assidous (b) assiduous
(c) acciduous (d) asiduous
27. (a) deletirious (b) deleteruous (c) deleterius (d) deleterious
28. (a) effrontery (b) effrentery
(c) affrontery (d) effrontary
29. (a) fallecious (b) fellacious
(c) falacious (d) fallacious
30. (a) ignominiuous (b) ignominous
(c) ignominious (d) igniminious
Directions (31–40): Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.1
In October 2013, 17-year-old Sabir Ali left his home in Chhagelia village in Kishan Ganj district, Bihar, to look for work in Punjab. Ali and his friend Mohammed Jamal were 2 of 20 men who were, like many before them, looking for jobs as agricultural labourers. A thriving agricultural economy, Punjab has been host to a large number of migrant workers from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar for several decades now. The two young men soon found employment with Harkishan Singh, a local landowner, near Chhokran village, in the Shahid Bhagat Singh (SBS) Nagar district. They were also allowed to stay inside the tube wells, or “motors” located around Singh’s fields — a common practice for migrant labourers in Punjab.
On the morning of 22 December 2013, at around 10:30 am, Ali and Jamal left on their cycles for the market at Rahon, about four kilometres away. As Ali emerged from the fields through a mud path that met a link road, he collided with a white Skoda Octavia. He suffered a head injury. Ravinder Singh — a 28-year-old, and at the time of the accident, the sole occupant of the car — drove Ali and Jamal to Raja hospital in Nawanshahr, another village about eight kilometres from the spot. Ali died on the way.
Ali’s case was brought to my attention in August this year by Mayank Aggarwal, a Delhi-based lawyer, who had taken this case up pro bono in February 2014. Aggarwal provided me with copies of the police records. These included two written statements, dated 22 December 2013 — the day of the accident — one signed by Jamal, and another by a second eyewitness, Gurcharan Singh, a local landowner who happened to be at his fields along the road at the time of the accident. In his statement, Jamal had identified himself to the police as Ali’s cousin. Both statements stated that the accident was entirely Ali’s fault since he “moved on to the road without looking left and right side”. This account detailed in the statement was repeated throughout the police records, including the investigation and death reports.
A joint statement signed by several witnesses, also dated 22 December 2013, concluded: “Car driver Ravinder Singh has no mistake and we have neither any doubt in the death of Sabir Ali, nor we wish to initiate action in this regard.” The statement contained 11 signatures, one of which was Jamal’s, and one thumb impression. The other signatures belonged to Harkishan Singh — Jamal and Ali’s employer — Gurcharan Singh, two other migrant workers employed by Harkishan Singh and seven other locals. Three of these locals were from the same village as Ravinder Singh. No first information report was filed for Ali’s death.
1 . This excerpt has been taken from Ishan Marvel, “What A Bihari Migrant's Death During a Road Accident in Punjab Reveals About the State”, Caravan Magazine, Delhi Press, paras.1–7<http://www.caravanmagazine.in/vantage/bihari-migrant-death-punjab-reveals-about-sta te> last accessed 10-10-2015.
“The police did a basic enquiry and made a report of unnatural sudden death under Section 174 CrPC [Code of Criminal Procedure], since according to them there was no negligence attributable to the driver”, Aggarwal explained to me. Section 174 CrPC states that should the police find that a person “has committed suicide, or has been killed by another or by an animal or by machinery or by an accident, or has died under circumstances raising a reasonable suspicion that some other person has committed an offence”, the police officer must inform a Magistrate. The officer can then conduct a special inquest in the presence of two witnesses, during which he or she must examine the body and file a report noting the apparent cause of death, wounds, marks on the body, and so on. However, Aggarwal claims that the police did not follow the standard operating procedure for an accident case before concluding that Ali’s death was an “unnatural sudden death”. “Section 174 is attracted when the preliminary enquiry conducted by the police does not even reveal allegations of a cognizable crime under IPC”, he told me. “There is no MLC (medico-legal case) report and blood-alcohol test of the driver, and we have no details regarding his licence or insurance. The police did not even impound the car for mechanical inspection which is mandatory for all road accident cases.”
The police records also included an undated “compromise statement” — a settlement agreement between Surjit Singh — Ravinder’s father who is the owner of the car — and Mohammed Jamal. This settlement notes that a compensation of Rs
60,000 was given by “the first party [Surjit] to the second party [Jamal]”. The document also states that the driver of the car was not Ravinder Singh, but Surjit. The compromise statement was signed by nine witnesses including Harkishan and Kuldeep, the sarpanch of Chhokran village. It concludes, “Both the parties are mutually settled ... there is no dispute left.”
On 7 September, at Aggarwal’s office in Adarsh Nagar, Delhi, I met Abul Latif, Ali’s maternal uncle who is a contractor based in Delhi, and Ali’s father, Anamul Haq, a farmer, who had just arrived from Bihar. It was Latif who, on visiting the village after Ali’s death, had suggested that Ali’s family pursue the case further. “I was at home one night and a village boy came and informed us about [the death of] Sabir [Ali]. My wife fainted — she is still traumatised.” Haq recounted. “He was the youngest of our five children, and had never left home for work before.” I told Haq that Jamal had identified himself to the police as Ali’s cousin. “No, he is not related”, Haq said, “But he is from Chhagelia too.” He then told me that he had received only around Rs 20,000 out of the Rs 60,000 mentioned in the raazinama — the compromise. “Jamal said rest was spent on getting the body to our village, which arrived three or four days after the accident.” On hearing that only a third of the compensation had made its way to Haq, Latif and other villagers decided to pursue the matter further. Haq and Latif visited the police station in Punjab and collected the case documents. Soon after, Latif contacted Aggarwal, who agreed to take on the case.
31. To which of the following State did Harkishan Singh belong to?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(d) None of the above
32. Among the following who died in a car accident?
(a) Harkishan Singh
(b) Sabir Ali
(c) Mohammed Jamal
(d) Mayank Aggarwal
33. What is stated in both the statements of the witnesses?
(a) The accident was caused because of the fault of the car driver.
(b) The accident was caused because of the fault of the deceased.
(c) The witnesses were not able to identify whose fault it was.
(d) The statements were given under coercion.
34. The signatures of how many locals were present in the statement?
(a) 11 (b) 10
(c) 9 (d) 8
35. Which of the following things were not present according to Aggarwal?
(a) MLC report
(b) Blood-alcohol test of the driver
(c) Licence or insurance of driver
(d) All of the above
36. What was the name of the driver of the car?
(a) Surjit (b) Sukhjeet
(c) Ravinder (d) Jamal
37. How many siblings did Sabir have?
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) 6
38. What part of the compensation was relieved by Sabir’s uncle?
39. Which of the following has been used in the passage?
(a) Sarcasm (b) Narration
(c) Imagination (d) Soliloquy
40. What is the objective which the author intends to portray?
(a) Condition of migrant workers
(b) Improper justice system
(c) Improper functioning of police
(d) All of the above
ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS
1. (b) 2. (c)
3. (d) 4. (c)
5. (c) 6. (a)
7. (b) 8. (b)
9. (c) 10. (d)
11. (d) 12. (b)
13. (a) 14. (b)
15. (d) 16. (c)
17. (a) 18. (b)
19. (c) 20. (b)
21. (a) 22. (b)
23. (d) 24. (d)
25. (c) 26. (b)
27. (d) 28. (a)
29. (d) 30. (c)
31. (c) 32. (b)
33. (b) 34. (d)
35. (d) 36. (a)
37. (b) 38. (b)
39. (b) 40. (c)
41. (c) 42. (b)
43. (b) 44. (d)
45. (a) 46. (d)
47. (a) 48. (c)
49. (d) 50. (c)
51. (a) 52. (a)
53. (c) 54. (b)
55. (b) 56. (c)
57. (a) 58. (a)
59. (c) 60. (a)
61. (a) 62. (d)
63. (b) 64. (c)
65. (c) 66. (a)
67. (a) 68. (c)
69. (b) 70. (a)
71. (c) 72. (d)
73. (d) 74. (c)
75. (d) 76. (b)
77. (d) 78. (d)
79. (b) 80. (c)
81. (a) 82. (a)
83. (d) 84. (b)
85. (c) 86. (a)
87. (d) 88. (b)
89. (c) 90. (b)
91. (c) 92. (d)
93. (a) 94. (c)
95. (d) 96. (a)
97. (d) 98. (b)
99. (a) 100. (d)
101. (a) 102. (c)
103. (c) 104. (b)
105. (b) 106. (c)
107. (d) 108. (a)
109. (d) 110. (b)
111. (c) 112. (c)
113. (c) 114. (c)
115. (b) 116. (c)
117. (a) 118. (b)
119. (d) 120. (d)
121. (c) 122. (c)
123. (a) 124. (b)
125. (a) 126. (c)
127. (d) 128. (a)
129. (b) 130. (a)
131. (b) 132. (a)
133. (b) 134. (c)
135. (b) 136. (c)
137. (c) 138. (a)
139. (b) 140. (d)
141. (b) 142. (c)
143. (c) 144. (a)
145. (c) 146. (b)
147. (b) 148. (c)
149. (c) 150. (a)
151. (a) 152. (c)
153. (b) 154. (c)
155. (c) 156. (b)
157. (a) 158. (d)
159. (b) 160. (d)
161. (c) 162. (a)
163. (d) 164. (a)
165. (c) 166. (b)
167. (d) 168. (a)
169. (b) 170. (c)
171. (a) 172. (c)
173. (d) 174. (c)
175. (d) 176. (d)
177. (a) 178. (c)
179. (d) 180. (a)
181. (b) 182. (b)
183. (c) 184. (d)
185. (d) 186. (b)
187. (d) 188. (d)
189. (a) 190. (b)
191. (c) 192. (a)
193. (a) 194. (b)
195. (b) 196. (c)
197. (d) 198. (b)
199. (a) 200. (b)
SECTION I: ENGLISH
1. (b) Subject-verb agreement is tested here. “Email and chat services” are plural and so will take the verb “are” and not “is”, “was”. “Was becoming” is incorrect as the tense need not be continuous.
2. (c) Pronoun antecedent is being tested here. Since subject is NSA so the correct
pronoun would be “it” and not “they” or “these” or “there”.
3. (d) The given statement is correct so does not require corrections.
4. (c) This question checks the usage of articles; “an” encrypted mail and “the”
report are the correct articles to be used here.
5. (c) Parallelism is being tested here. We either use only one preposition with a list or use prepositions with each item in the list.
6. (a) Two concepts are tested here: 1) The use of that vs. which: we know that is used only in restrictive clauses and this clause is non-restrictive so which was correct. 2) Prepositions: competes takes “with” after it and not “by”.
7. (b) Concept being tested here is verb-tenses. All the verbs needed to be in the
same tense. So “has” and “focuses” are correct.
8. (b) The concept being tested here was dangling modifiers. The phrase “In an August 2013 blog post” needed a subject and the appropriate subject was “Zoho’s founder Sridhar Vembu”.
9. (c) Concept being tested here is conjunctions. The correct conjunction to be used here is the subordinating conjunction “while” and not the contrasting conjunctions “despite, but or however”.
10. (d) Given statement is correct.
11. (d) to
12. (b) to
13. (a) by
14. (b) by
15. (d) to
16. (c) arm in arm
17. (a) bite the bullet
18. (b) make the break
19. (c) in short order
20. (b) keep the peace
21. (a) ars gratia artis — art for the sake of art
22. (b) carpe noctem — sieze the night
23. (d) cui bono
24. (d) Victoria Concordia Crescit — Victory grows through harmony
25. (c) Citius - Altius - Fortius
26. (b) assiduous
27. (d) deleterious
28. (a) effrontery
29. (d) fallacious
30. (c) ignominious
31. (c) 1st para, 6th line
32. (b) 2nd para, 6th line
33. (b) 3rd para, 7th line
34. (d) 7 locals of the village and Harkishan Singh
35. (d) 5th para
36. (a) 7th para
37. (b) 7th para
38. (b) 20,000 out of 60,000
40. (c) 5th para
ANALYSE YOUR PERFORMANCE
1. Sentence substitution: The section was of a medium difficulty with some tricky ones in the fray upping the ante a bit. There are some errors in the questions which need to be rectified such as same options and others. The continuity of sentences made it slightly easier as it held the attention. Average score of 8 while 10 is not a huge task.
2. FITB: Simple section. Perfect 5 is achievable with a minimal English preparation.
3. Idioms: Again a simple section. A score of 4–5 is expected from all students with a basic knowledge of English.
4. Foreign phrases: The addition of an element of GK made this slightly tricky, however, scoring 2 is easy enough, average score of 4 would be expected.
5. Spelling: Did not hold any strangely similar looking words so the section became easier, however the words were uncommon, so score should average round 3. Chances of not knowing even one of the words also exist.
6. Passage: Equal parts inference and information questions make the passage question a slightly challenging question; however, the inference are not too tricky to make, and the inclusion of vocabulary-based questions makes a 6+ score a must in this passage.