NCERT Social Science Question Paper (Class - 10)
(Political Science) : Chapter 1 Power Sharing
Question 1: What are the different forms of power sharing in modern
democracies? Give an example of each of these.
Question 2: State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power
sharing with an example from the Indian context.
Question 3: After reading this chapter, three students
drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your
reasons in about 50 words.
Question 4: The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near
Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s
schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in
this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit
of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Question 5: Read the following passage and pick out any
one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
"We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the
dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution.
Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place
where power belongs in a democracy − in the hands of the people. Given power to
panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative
efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of
developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these
schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will
strengthen the foundations of our democracy."
Question 6: Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and
against power sharing.Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and
select the answer using thecodes given below? Power sharing:
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays decision making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country
Question 7: Consider the following statements about power
sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
Α. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to
impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance
of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to
protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and
D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one
prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
Question 8: Match list I (forms of power
sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using
the codes given below in the lists:
Question 9: Consider the following two statements on power
sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:
A. Power sharing is good for democracy.
B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false?
(Political Science) : Chapter 2 Federalism
Question 1: Locate the following States on a blank
outline political map of India:Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa
Question 2: Identify and shade three federal
countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.
Question 3: Point out one feature in the practice of
federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from
that of Belgium.
Question 4: What is the main difference between a
federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.
Question 5: State any two differences between the
local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.
Question 6: Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a ____________________ type of
federation, all the
constituent States have equal powers and States are _______________ vis-a -vis
federal government. But India is a _________________ type of federation and some
States have more power than others. In India, the ___________________ government
has more powers.
Question 7: Here are three reactions to the language
policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. Arman:
Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their
language. Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of
English over all other languages.
Question 8: The distinguishing feature of a federal
(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.
Question 9: A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian
Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent
Lists as provided in the table below.
Question 10: Examine the following pairs that
give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that
level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the
following pairs is not correctly matched?
Question 11: Match List I with List II and select the
correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
Question 12: Consider the following statements.
A. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial
governments are clearly demarcated.
B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments
are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their
C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been
devolved to the local government bodies. Which of the statements given above are
(Political Science) : Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity
Question 1: Discuss three factors that determine the
outcomes of politics of social divisions.
Question 2: When does a social difference become a
Question 3: How do social divisions affect politics?
Give two examples.
Question 4: ________________ social differences create
possibilities of deep social divisions andtensions.
________________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.
Question 5: In dealing with social divisions which one of
the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?
(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social
divisions get reflected in politics.
(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a
(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.
(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social
Question 6: onsider the following three statements.
Α. Social divisions take place when social differences
Β. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.
C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.
Which of the statements is/are correct?
Question 7:Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select
the right answers by using the code given below.
Α. But all political expression of social divisions need not
be always dangerous.
B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.
C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.
D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.
Question 8: Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to
political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?
Question 9: Read the following passage from a famous
speech by Martin Luther king Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking
about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between
this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?
"I have a dream that my four little children will one day
live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but
by the content of their character. Let freedom ring − when we let it ring from
every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able
to speed up that day when all of God’s children − back men and white men, Jews
and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics − will be able to join hands and sing in
the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last! Free at last! Thank God
Almighty, we are free at last!' I have a dream that one day this nation will
rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'we hold these truths to be
self-evident: that all men are created equal'."
(Political Science) : Chapter 4 Gender Religion and Caste
Question 1: Mention different aspects of life in which
women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.
Question 2: State different forms of communal politics
with one example each.
Question 3: State how caste inequalities are still
continuing in India.
Question 4: State two reasons to say that caste alone
cannot determine election results in India.
Question 5: What is the status of women’s
representation in India’s legislative bodies?
Question 6: Mention any two constitutional provisions
that make India a secular state.
Question 7: When we speak of gender divisions, we usually
(a) Biological difference between men and women
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
(c) Unequal child sex ratio
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies
Question 8: In India seats are reserved for women in
(a) Lok Sabha
(b) State Legislative Assemblies
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies
Question 9: Consider the following statements on the
meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:
Α. One religion is superior to that of others.
Β. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group
Question 10: Which among the following statements about
India’s Constitution is wrong? It
(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion
(b) gives official status to one religion
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion
(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities
Question 11: Social divisions based on ______________
are peculiar to India.
Question 12: Match List I with List II and select the
correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
(Political Science) : Chapter 5 popular Struggles And
Question 1: In what ways do pressure groups and
movements exert influence on politics?
Question 2: Describe the forms of relationship between
pressure groups and political parties?
Question 3: Explain how the activities of
pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.
Question 4: What is a pressure group? Give a few
Question 5: What is the difference between a pressure
group and a political party?
Question 6: Organisations that undertake activities to
promote the interests of specific socialsections such as workers, employees,
teachers, and lawyers are called_____________ groups.
Question 7: Which among the following is the special
feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?
(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do
not bother about political issues.
(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve larger
number of people.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilise people, while parties do.
Question 8: Match List I (organisations and struggles)
with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the
Question 9: Match List I with list II and select
the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
Question 10: Consider the following statements about
pressure groups and parties.
Α. Pressure groups are the organised expression of the
interests and views of specific social sections.
Β. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
C. All pressure groups are political parties.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
Question 11: Mewat is one of the most backward areas
in Haryana. It used to be a part of two districts, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The
people of Mewat felt that the area will get better attention if it were to
become a separate district. But political parties were indifferent to this
sentiment. The demand for a separate district was raised by Mewat Educational
and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti in 1996. Later, Mewat Vikas
Sabha was founded in 2000 and carried out a series of public awareness
campaigns. This forced both the major parties, Congress and the Indian National
Lok Dal, to announce their support for the new district before the assembly
elections held in February 2005. The new district came into existence in July
2005. In this example what is the relationship that you observe among movement,
political parties and the government? Can you think of an example that shows a
relationship different from this one?
(Political Science) : Chapter 6 Political Parties
Question 1: State the various functions political
parties perform in a democracy.
Question 2: What are the various challenges faced by
Question 3: Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties
so that they perform their functions well?
Question 4: What is a political party?
Question 5: What are the characteristics of a
Question 6: A group of people who come together to
contest elections and hold power in the government is called a
Question 7: Match List I (organisations and struggles)
with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the
Question 8: Who among the following is the founder
of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
Α. Kanshi Ram
Β. Sahu Maharaj
C. Β.R. Ambedker
D. Jotiba Phule
Question 9: What is the guiding philosophy of the
Bharatiya Janata Party?
Α. Bahujan Samaj
Β. Revolutionary democracy
C. Integral humanism
Question 10: Consider the following statements on parties.
Α. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the
Β. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
Question 11: Read the following passage and answer the
questions given below:
Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist of Bangladesh. He
received several international honours for his efforts to promote economic and
social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank he
started, jointly received the Noble Peace Prize for 2006. In February 2007, he
decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections.
His objective was to foster proper leadership, good governance and build a new
Bangladesh. He felt that only a political party different from the traditional
ones would bring about new political culture. His party would be democratic from
the grassroots level. The launching of the new party, called Nagarik Shakti
(Citizens’ Power), has caused a
stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his
decisions, some did not like it. "Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to
choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government," said
Shahedul Islam, a government official. "That government, we hope, would not only
keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black
money a top priority." But leaders of traditional political parties who
dominated the country’s politics for decades were apprehensive. "There was no
debate (over him) winning the Novel, but politics is different − very
challenging and often controversial," said a senior leader of the Bangladesh
Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was
rushing into politics. "Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside
the country," asked one political observer. Do you think Yunus made a right
decision to float a new political party? Do you agree with the statements and
fears expressed by various people? How do you want this new party organised to
make it different from other parties? If you were the one to begin this
political party how would you defend it?
(Political Science) : Chapter 7 Outcomes Of Democracy
Question 1: How does democracy produce an accountable,
responsive and legitimate government?
Question 2: What are the conditions under which
democracies accommodate social diversities?
Question 3: Give arguments to support or oppose the
following assertions: Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor
to become rich. Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different
citizens. Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction,
health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure. In democracy
all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination
Question 4: Identify the challenges to democracy in
the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to
deepen democracy in the given situations: Following a High Court directive a
temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits allowed
entry for all from the same door. A large number of farmers are committing
suicide in different states of India.
Following allegation of killing of three civilians in
Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been
Question 5: In the context of democracies, which of the
following ideas is correct − democracies have successfully eliminated:
Α. conflicts among people
Β. economic inequalities among people
C. differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated
D. the idea of political inequality
Question 6: In the context of assessing democracy which
among the following is odd one out.
Democracies need to ensure:
Α. free and fair elections
Β. dignity of the individual
C. majority rule
D. equal treatment before law
Question 7: Studies on political and social inequalities
in democracy show that
Α. democracy and development go together
Β. inequalities exist in democracies
C. inequalities do not exist under dictatorship
D. dictatorship is better than democracy
Question 8: Read the passage below:
Nannu is a daily wage earner. He lives in Welcome Mazdoor
Colony, a slum habitation in East Delhi. He lost his ration card and applied for
a duplicate one in January 2004. He made several rounds to the local Food &
Civil Supplies office for the next three months. But the clerks and officials
would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the
status of his application. Ultimately, he filed an application under the Right
to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names
of the officials, who were supposed to act on his application and what action
would be taken against these officials for their inaction. Within a week of
filing application under the Right to Information Act, he was visited by an
inspector from the Food Department, who informed him that the card had been made
and he could collect it from the office. When Nannu went to collect his card
next day, he was given a very warm treatment by the Food & Supply Officer (FSO),
who is the head of a Circle. The FSO offered him tea and requested him to
withdraw his application under the Right to Information, since his work had
already been done. What does Nannu’s example show? What impact did Nannu’s
action have on officials? Ask your parents their experiences when they approach
government officials to attend to their problems.