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(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Political Science (Politics in India Since Independence)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Political Science (Politics in India Since Independence)

Contents

  • Foreword iii
  • Preface v

Chapter 1

  • Challenges of Nation Building 2

Chapter 2

  • Era of One-party Dominance 26

Chapter 3

  • Politics of Planned Development 46

Chapter 4

  • India’s External Relations 64

Chapter 5

  • Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System 82

Chapter 6

  • The Crisis of Democratic Order 102

Chapter 7

  • Rise of Popular Movements 128

Chapter 8

  • Regional Aspirations 148

Chapter 9

  • Recent Developments in Indian Politics 172

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Political Science (Contemporary World Politics)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Political Science (Contemporary World Politics)

Contents

  • Foreword iii
  • Preface v

Chapter 1

  • The Cold War Era 1

Chapter 2

  • The End of Bipolarity 17

Chapter 3

  • US Hegemony in World Politics 31

Chapter 4

  • Alternative Centres of Power 51

Chapter 5

  • Contemporary South Asia 65

Chapter 6

  • International Organisations 81

Chapter 7

  • Security in the Contemporary World 99

Chapter 8

  • Environment and Natural Resources 117

Chapter 9

  • Globalisation 135

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Physics Part 2

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Physics Part 2

Contents

  • Foreword V
  • Preface VII

CHAPTER NINE

RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

  • 9.1 Introduction 309
  • 9.2 Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors 310
  • 9.3 Refraction 316
  • 9.4 Total Internal Reflection 319
  • 9.5 Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses 323
  • 9.6 Refraction through a Prism 330
  • 9.7 Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight 332
  • 9.8 Optical Instruments 335

CHAPTER TEN

WAVE OPTICS

  • 10.1 Introduction 351
  • 10.2 Huygens Principle 353
  • 10.3 Refraction and Reflection of Plane Waves using Huygens Principle 355
  • 10.4 Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves 360
  • 10.5 Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment 362
  • 10.6 Diffraction 367
  • 10.7 Polarisation 376

CHAPTER ELEVEN

DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER

  • 11.1 Introduction 386
  • 11.2 Electron Emission 387
  • 11.3 Photoelectric Effect 388
  • 11.4 Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect 389
  • 11.5 Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light 393
  • 11.6 Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation 393
  • 11.7 Particle Nature of Light: The Photon 395
  • 11.8 Wave Nature of Matter 398
  • 11.9 Davisson and Germer Experiment 403

CHAPTER TWELVE

ATOMS

  • 12.1 Introduction 414
  • 12.2 Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom 415
  • 12.3 Atomic Spectra 420
  • 12.4 Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom 422
  • 12.5 The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom 428
  • 12.6 DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation 430

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

NUCLEI

  • 13.1 Introduction 438
  • 13.2 Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus 438
  • 13.3 Size of the Nucleus 441
  • 13.4 Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy 442
  • 13.5 Nuclear Force 445
  • 13.6 Radioactivity 446
  • 13.7 Nuclear Energy 451

CHAPTER FOURTEEN

SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS

  • 14.1 Introduction 467
  • 14.2 Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors 468
  • 14.3 Intrinsic Semiconductor 472
  • 14.4 Extrinsic Semiconductor 474
  • 14.5 p-n Junction 478
  • 14.6 Semiconductor Diode 479
  • 14.7 Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier 483
  • 14.8 Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes 485
  • 14.9 Digital Electronics and Logic Gates 490

APPENDICES 500

ANSWERS 502

BIBLIOGRAPHY 518

INDEX 520

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Physics Part 1

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Physics Part 1

Contents

  • Foreword V
  • Preface XI

CHAPTER ONE

ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS

  • 1.1 Introduction 1
  • 1.2 Electric Charge 1
  • 1.3 Conductors and Insulators 5
  • 1.4 Charging by Induction 6
  • 1.5 Basic Properties of Electric Charge 8
  • 1.6 Coulomb’s Law 10
  • 1.7 Forces between Multiple Charges 15
  • 1.8 Electric Field 18
  • 1.9 Electric Field Lines 23
  • 1.10 Electric Flux 25
  • 1.11 Electric Dipole 27
  • 1.12 Dipole in a Uniform External Field 31
  • 1.13 Continuous Charge Distribution 32
  • 1.14 Gauss’s Law 33
  • 1.15 Applications of Gauss’s Law 37

CHAPTER TWO

ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE

  • 2.1 Introduction 51
  • 2.2 Electrostatic Potential 53
  • 2.3 Potential due to a Point Charge 54
  • 2.4 Potential due to an Electric Dipole 55
  • 2.5 Potential due to a System of Charges 57
  • 2.6 Equipotential Surfaces 60
  • 2.7 Potential Energy of a System of Charges 61
  • 2.8 Potential Energy in an External Field 64
  • 2.9 Electrostatics of Conductors 67
  • 2.10 Dielectrics and Polarisation 71
  • 2.11 Capacitors and Capacitance 73
  • 2.12 The Parallel Plate Capacitor 74
  • 2.13 Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance 75
  • 2.14 Combination of Capacitors 78
  • 2.15 Energy Stored in a Capacitor 80

CHAPTER THREE

CURRENT ELECTRICITY

  • 3.1 Introduction 93
  • 3.2 Electric Current 93
  • 3.3 Electric Currents in Conductors 94
  • 3.4 Ohm’s law 95
  • 3.5 Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity 97
  • 3.6 Limitations of Ohm’s Law 101
  • 3.7 Resistivity of Various Materials 101
  • 3.8 Temperature Dependence of Resistivity 103
  • 3.9 Electrical Energy, Power 105
  • 3.10 Combination of Resistors — Series and Parallel 107
  • 3.11 Cells, emf, Internal Resistance 110
  • 3.12 Cells in Series and in Parallel 113
  • 3.13 Kirchhoff’s Rules 115
  • 3.14 Wheatstone Bridge 118
  • 3.15 Meter Bridge 120
  • 3.16 Potentiometer 122

CHAPTER FOUR

MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM

  • 4.1 Introduction 132
  • 4.2 Magnetic Force 133
  • 4.3 Motion in a Magnetic Field 137
  • 4.4 Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields 140
  • 4.5 Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law 143
  • 4.6 Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop 145
  • 4.7 Ampere’s Circuital Law 147
  • 4.8 The Solenoid and the Toroid 150
  • 4.9 Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere 154
  • 4.10 Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole 157
  • 4.11 The Moving Coil Galvanometer 163

CHAPTER FIVE

MAGNETISM AND MATTER

  • 5.1 Introduction 173
  • 5.2 The Bar Magnet 174
  • 5.3 Magnetism and Gauss’s Law 181
  • 5.4 The Earth’s Magnetism 185
  • 5.5 Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity 189
  • 5.6 Magnetic Properties of Materials 191
  • 5.7 Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets 195

CHAPTER SIX

ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

  • 6.1 Introduction 204
  • 6.2 The Experiments of Faraday and Henry 205
  • 6.3 Magnetic Flux 206
  • 6.4 Faraday’s Law of Induction 207
  • 6.5 Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy 210
  • 6.6 Motional Electromotive Force 212
  • 6.7 Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study 215
  • 6.8 Eddy Currents 218
  • 6.9 Inductance 219
  • 6.10 AC Generator 224

CHAPTER SEVEN

ALTERNATING CURRENT

  • 7.1 Introduction 233
  • 7.2 AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor 234
  • 7.3 Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors — Phasors 237
  • 7.4 AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor 237
  • 7.5 AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor 241
  • 7.6 AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit 244
  • 7.7 Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor 252
  • 7.8 LC Oscillations 255
  • 7.9 Transformers 259

CHAPTER EIGHT

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

  • 8.1 Introduction 269
  • 8.2 Displacement Current 270
  • 8.3 Electromagnetic Waves 274
  • 8.4 Electromagnetic Spectrum 280

ANSWERS 288

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Mathematics Part 2

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Mathematics Part 2

Contents

  • Foreword iii
  • Preface v

7. Integrals 287

  • 7.1 Introduction 288
  • 7.2 Integration as an Inverse Process of Differentiation 288
  • 7.3 Methods of Integration 300
  • 7.4 Integrals of some Particular Functions 307
  • 7.5 Integration by Partial Fractions 316
  • 7.6 Integration by Parts 323
  • 7.7 Definite Integral 331
  • 7.8 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus 334
  • 7.9 Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Substitution 338
  • 7.10 Some Properties of Definite Integrals 341

8. Application of Integrals 359

  • 8.1 Introduction 359
  • 8.2 Area under Simple Curves 359
  • 8.3 Area between Two Curves 366

9. Differential Equations 379

  • 9.1 Introduction 379
  • 9.2 Basic Concepts 379
  • 9.3 General and Particular Solutions of a Differential Equation 383
  • 9.4 Formation of a Differential Equation whose General Solution is given 385
  • 9.5 Methods of Solving First order, First Degree Differential Equations 391

10. Vector Algebra 424

  • 10.1 Introduction 424
  • 10.2 Some Basic Concepts 424
  • 10.3 Types of Vectors 427
  • 10.4 Addition of Vectors 429
  • 10.5 Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar 432
  • 10.6 Product of Two Vectors 441

11. Three Dimensional Geometry 463

  • 11.1 Introduction 463
  • 11.2 Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line 463
  • 11.3 Equation of a Line in Space 468
  • 11.4 Angle between Two Lines 471
  • 11.5 Shortest Distance between Two Lines 473
  • 11.6 Plane 479
  • 11.7 Coplanarity of Two Lines 487
  • 11.8 Angle between Two Planes 488
  • 11.9 Distance of a Point from a Plane 490
  • 11.10 Angle between a Line and a Plane 492

12. Linear Programming 504

  • 12.1 Introduction 504
  • 12.2 Linear Programming Problem and its Mathematical Formulation 505
  • 12.3 Different Types of Linear Programming Problems 514

13. Probability 531

  • 13.1 Introduction 531
  • 13.2 Conditional Probability 531
  • 13.3 Multiplication Theorem on Probability 540
  • 13.4 Independent Events 542
  • 13.5 Bayes' Theorem 548
  • 13.6 Random Variables and its Probability Distributions 557
  • 13.7 Bernoulli Trials and Binomial Distribution 572

Answers 588

Supplementary Material 613

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Mathematics Part 1

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Mathematics Part 1

Contents

  • Foreword v
  • Preface vii

1. Relations and Functions 1

  • 1.1 Introduction 1
  • 1.2 Types of Relations 2
  • 1.3 Types of Functions 7
  • 1.4 Composition of Functions and Invertible Function 12
  • 1.5 Binary Operations 19

2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions 33

  • 2.1 Introduction 33
  • 2.2 Basic Concepts 33
  • 2.3 Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions 42

3. Matrices 56

  • 3.1 Introduction 56
  • 3.2 Matrix 56
  • 3.3 Types of Matrices 61
  • 3.4 Operations on Matrices 65
  • 3.5 Transpose of a Matrix 83
  • 3.6 Symmetric and Skew Symmetric Matrices 85
  • 3.7 Elementary Operation (Transformation) of a Matrix 90
  • 3.8 Invertible Matrices 91

4. Determinants 103

  • 4.1 Introduction 103
  • 4.2 Determinant 103
  • 4.3 Properties of Determinants 109
  • 4.4 Area of a Triangle 121
  • 4.5 Minors and Cofactors 123
  • 4.6 Adjoint and Inverse of a Matrix 126
  • 4.7 Applications of Determinants and Matrices 133

5. Continuity and Differentiability 147

  • 5.1 Introduction 147
  • 5.2 Continuity 147
  • 5.3 Differentiability 161
  • 5.4 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions 170
  • 5.5 Logarithmic Differentiation 174
  • 5.6 Derivatives of Functions in Parametric Forms 179
  • 5.7 Second Order Derivative 181
  • 5.8 Mean Value Theorem 184

6. Application of Derivatives 194

  • 6.1 Introduction 194
  • 6.2 Rate of Change of Quantities 194
  • 6.3 Increasing and Decreasing Functions 199
  • 6.4 Tangents and Normals 206
  • 6.5 Approximations 213
  • 6.6 Maxima and Minima 216

Appendix 1: Proofs in Mathematics 247

  • A.1.1 Introduction 247
  • A.1.2 What is a Proof? 247

Appendix 2: Mathematical Modelling 256

  • A.2.1 Introduction 256
  • A.2.2 Why Mathematical Modelling? 256
  • A.2.3 Principles of Mathematical Modelling 257

Answers 268

Supplementary Material 286

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Informatics Practices

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Informatics Practices

Contents

Foreword iii

Chapter 1 Querying and SQL Functions 1

  • 1.1 Introduction 1
  • 1.2 Functions in SQL 4
  • 1.3 GROUP BY in SQL 14
  • 1.4 Operations on Relations 16
  • 1.5 Using Two Relations in a Query 19

Chapter 2 Data Handling using Pandas - I 27

  • 2.1 Introduction to Python Libraries 27
  • 2.2 Series 29
  • 2.3 DataFrame 40
  • 2.4 Importing and Exporting Data between CSV Files and DataFrames 55
  • 2.5 Pandas Series Vs NumPy ndarray 57

Chapter 3 Data Handling using Pandas - II 63

  • 3.1 Introduction 63
  • 3.2 Descriptive Statistics 65
  • 3.3 Data Aggregations 75
  • 3.4 Sorting a DataFrame 77
  • 3.5 Group by Functions 79
  • 3.6 Altering the Index 82
  • 3.7 Other DataFrame Operations 84
  • 3.8 Handling Missing Values 89
  • 3.9 Import and Export of Data between Pandas and MySQL 98

Chapter 4 Plotting Data using Matplotlib 105

  • 4.1 Introduction 105
  • 4.2 Plotting using Matplotlib 106
  • 4.3 Customisation of Plots 108
  • 4.4 The Pandas Plot Function (Pandas Visualisation) 112

Chapter 5 Internet and Web 137

  • 5.1 Introduction to Computer Networks 137
  • 5.2 Types of Networks 139
  • 5.3 Network Devices 142
  • 5.4 Networking Topologies 146
  • 5.5 The Internet 148
  • 5.6 Applications of Internet 149
  • 5.7 Website 153
  • 5.8 Web Page 154
  • 5.9 Web Server 156
  • 5.10 Hosting of a Website 157
  • 5.11 Browser 158

Chapter 6 Societal Impacts 167

  • 6.1 Introduction 167
  • 6.2 Digital Footprints 168
  • 6.3 Digital Society and Netizen 169
  • 6.4 Data Protection 174
  • 6.5 Creative Commons 178
  • 6.6 Cyber Crime 179
  • 6.7 Indian Information Technology Act (IT Act) 182
  • 6.8 E-waste: Hazards and Management 183
  • 6.9 Impact on Health 186

Chapter 7 Project Based Learning 195

  • 7.1 Introduction 195
  • 7.2 Approaches for Solving Projects 196
  • 7.3 Teamwork 197
  • 7.4 Project Descriptions 199

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Home Science (Human Ecology and Family Science Part 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Home Science (Human Ecology and Family Science Part 2)

Contents

Foreword iii

Preface v

A Note to the Teachers vii

Unit IV Fabric and Apparel 211

  • Chapter 11 Design for Fabric and Apparel 215
  • Chapter 12 Fashion Design and Merchandising 234
  • Chapter 13 Production and Quality Control in the
  • Garment Industry 248
  • Chapter 14 Textile Conservation in Museums 267
  • Chapter 15 Care and Maintenance of Fabrics in Institutions 279

Unit V Resource Management 295

  • Chapter 16 Human Resource Management 298
  • Chapter 17 Hospitality Management 313
  • Chapter 18 Ergonomics and Designing of Interior and Exterior Spaces 328
  • Chapter 19 Event Management 343
  • Chapter 20 Consumer Education and Protection 361

Unit VI Communication and Extension 379

  • Chapter 21 Development Communication and Journalism 382
  • Chapter 22 Advocacy 394
  • Chapter 23 Media Management, Design and Production 402
  • Chapter 24 Corporate Communication and Public Relations 419
  • Chapter 25 Management of Development Programme 433

Appendix Projects 443-458

Feedback Questionnaire 459

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Home Science (Human Ecology and Family Science Part 1)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Home Science (Human Ecology and Family Science Part 1)

Contents

Foreword iii

Preface v

A Note to the Teachers vii

Unit I Work, Livelihood and Career 1

  • Chapter 1 Work, Livelihood and Career 2

Unit II Nutrition, Food Science and Technology 53

  • Chapter 2 Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics 56
  • Chapter 3 Public Nutrition and Health 70
  • Chapter 4 Catering and Food Service Management 85
  • Chapter 5 Food Processing and Technology 101
  • Chapter 6 Food Quality and Food Safety 115

Unit III Human Development and Family Studies 139

  • Chapter 7 Early Childhood Care and Education 142
  • Chapter 8 Guidance and Counselling 156
  • Chapter 9 Special Education and Support Services 166
  • Chapter 10 Management of Support Services, Institutions and Programmes for Children, Youth and Elderly 175

References for Further Reading 193

Appendix Syllabus 194

Feedback Questionnaire 209

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 3)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 3)

Contents

PART III

THEME TEN 257

  • COLONIALISM AND THE COUNTRYSIDE
  • Exploring Official Archives

THEME ELEVEN 288

  • REBELS AND THE RAJ
  • The Revolt of1857 and Its Representations

THEME TWELVE 316

  • COLONIAL CITIES
  • Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture

THEME THIRTEEN 346

  • MAHATMA GANDHI AND THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENT
  • Civil Disobedience and Beyond

THEME FOURTEEN 376

  • UNDERSTANDING PARTITION
  • Politics, Memories, Experiences

THEME FIFTEEN 405

  • FRAMING THE CONSTITUTION
  • The Beginning of a New Era

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 2)

Contents

PART II

THEME FIVE

  • THROUGH THE EYES OF TRAVELLERS 115
  • Perceptions of Society (c. tenth to seventeenth century)

THEME SIX

  • BHAKTI-SUFI TRADITIONS 140
  • Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth century)

THEME SEVEN

  • AN IMPERIAL CAPITAL:VIJAYANAGARA 170
  • (c. fourteenth to sixteenth century)

THEME EIGHT

  • PEASANTS, ZAMINDARS AND THE STATE 196
  • Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)

THEME NINE

  • KINGS AND CHRONICLES 224
  • The Mughal Courts (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 1)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : History (Themes in Indian History Part 1)

Contents

PART I

THEME ONE 1

  • BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES
  • The Harappan Civilisation

THEME TWO 28

  • KINGS, FARMERS AND TOWNS
  • Early States and Economies (c.600 BCE-600 CE)

THEME THREE 53

  • KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS
  • Early Societies (c. 600 BCE-600 CE)

THEME FOUR 82

  • THINKERS, BELIEFS AND BUILDINGS
  • Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE-600 CE)

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Vitan Bhag 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Vitan Bhag 2)

विषय सूची 

आमुख  V

यह पाठ्यपुस्तक Vii.

1. सिल्वर वैडिंग (मनोहर श्याम जोशी) 

2. जूझ (आनंद यादव )

3. अतीत में दबे पाँव (ओम थानवी )

4. डायरी के पन्ने (ऐन फ्रैंक )

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Antra Bhag 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Antra Bhag 2)

विषय सूची 

आमुख  V

पाठ्यपुस्तक के बारे में Vii.

कविता खंड 

आधुनिकता 

जयशंकर प्रसाद

  • देवसेना की गीत
  • कार्नेलिया का गीत 

सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी निराला

  • गीत गाने दो मुझे
  • सरोज स्मृति 

सच्चिदानंद हीरानंद वात्स्यान 'अज्ञेय'

  • यह दीप अकेला
  • मैंने देखा,एक बूंद 

केदारनाथ सिंह

  • बनारस
  • दिशा 

विष्णु खरे

  • एक कम
  • सत्य 

रघुवीर सहाय

  • वसंत आया
  • तोड़ो 

प्राचीन 

तुलसीदास

  • भरत राम का प्रेम
  • पद 

मलिक मोहम्मद जायसी

  • बारहमासा 

विद्यापति

  • पद 

केशवदास

  • रामचंदचंद्रिका 

घनांनद

  • कवित्त/सवैया 

गद्य खंड 

रामचंद शुक्ल

  • प्रेमघन के छाया स्मृति

पंडित चंद्रधर शर्मा गुलेरी

  • सुमिरिनी के मनके 

ब्रजमोहन व्यास

  • कच्चा चिट्ठा 

फणीश्वरनाथ रेणु

  • संवदिया 

भीष्म साहनी

  • गाँधी,नेहरू और यास्सेर अराफ़ात 

असगर वजाहत

  • शेर,पहचान,चार हाथ ,साझा 

निर्मल वर्मा

  • जहाँ कोई वापसी नहीं 

रामविलास शर्मा

  • यथस्मै रोचते विश्वम 

ममता कालिया

  • दूसरा देवदास 

हजारी प्रसाद द्धिवेदी

  • कुटज 

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Aroha Bhag 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Aroha Bhag 2)

विषय सूची 

आमुख  iii

यह पुस्तक v.

काव्य खंड 

1. हरिवंश राय बच्चन

आत्मपरिचय एक गीत 

2. आलोक धन्वा

पतंग 

3. कुँवार नारायण

कविता के बहाने बात सीधी थी पर 

4. रघुवीर सहाय

कैमरे में बंद अपाहिज 

5. गजानन माधव

मुक्तिबोध सहर्ष स्वीकार है 

6. शमशेर बहादुर सिंह

उषा 

7. सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी 'निराला'

बादल राग 

8. तुलसीदास

कवितावली (उतर कांड से)

लक्ष्मण मूच्र्छा और राम का विलाप 

9. फ़िराक गोरखपुरी

रुबाईयां

ग़ज़ल 

10. उमाशंकर जोशी

छोटा मेरा खेत

बगुलों के पंख 

गद्य खंड 

11. महादेवी वर्मा

भक्तिन 

12. जैनेन्द्र कुमार

बाजार दर्शन 

13. धर्मवीर भारती

काले मेघा पानी दे 

14. फणीश्वर नाथ रेणु

पहलवान की ढोलक 

15. विष्णु खरे

चार्ली चैप्लिन यानी हम लोग 

16. रज़िया सज्जाद जहीर

नमक 

17. हजारी प्रसाद त्रिवेदी

शिरीष के फूल 

18. बाबा साहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर

श्रम विभाजन और जाति प्रथा

मेरी कल्पना का आदर्श समाज 

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Hindi (Antral Bhag 2)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Antral Bhag 2

विषय सूची 

आमुख  iii

यह पुस्तक vii

1. सूरदास की झोपड़ी प्रेमचंद्र 1

2. आरोहण संजीव 12

3. बिस्कोहर की माटी विश्वनाथ त्रिपाठी 33

4. अपना मालवा खाऊ उजाड़ू सभ्यता में प्रभाष जोशी 42

लिखक परिचय 49

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Heritage Crafts (Craft Traditions of India)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Heritage Crafts (Craft Traditions of India)

Contents

Foreword iii

Introduction v

Unit I: OVERVIEW OF THE PAST 1–39

1. Crafts in the Past 3

2. Colonial Rule and Crafts 15

3. Mahatma Gandhi and Self-sufficiency 31

Unit II: CRAFTS REVIVAL 40–85

4. Handloom and Handicrafts Revival 43

5. The Crafts Community Today 55

6. Production and Marketing 73

Unit III: STRATEGIES FOR THE FUTURE 86–133

7. Crafts Bazaars 89

8. Craft in the Age of Tourism 103

9. Design and Development 119

Annexure: Treasure Troves of Indian Craft 134

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Graphic Design (Towards a New Age Graphic Design)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Graphic Design (Towards a New Age Graphic Design)

Contents

Foreword iii

Preface v

Unit – I Design Practices and Processes 1-30

Chapter-1 Role of Design in Society 2

Chapter-2 Graphic Design Processes 14

Unit – II Principles and Elements of Design 31-88

Chapter-3 Sketching and Drawing 32

Chapter-4 Colour 44

Chapter-5 Fundamentals of Visual Composition 60

Chapter-6 Typography 68

Chapter-7 Principles of Layout Design 80

Unit – III Media and Design 89-153

Chapter-8 Digital Imaging and Printing 90

Chapter-9 Advertising Design 96

Chapter-10 Campaign Design 108

Chapter-11 Integrated Methods of Advertising 122

Chapter-12 Graphic Design for Interactive Media 134

Glossary 154-160

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Geography (Indian People and Economy)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Geography (Indian People and Economy)

Contents

Foreword iii

Unit I

1. Population : Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition 1-14

2. Migration : Types, Causes and Consequences 15-22

3. Human Development 23-31

Unit II

4. Human Settlements 32-39

Unit III

5. Land Resources and Agriculture 40-59

6. Water Resources 60-71

7. Mineral and Energy Resources 72-84

8. Manufacturing Industries 85-103

9. Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context 104-112

Unit IV

10. Transport and Communication 113-123

11. International Trade 124-132

Unit V

12. Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems 133-143

Appendices 144-152

Glossary 153

References 154-155

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Geography (Fundamentals of Human Geography)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Geography (Fundamentals of Human Geography)

Contents

FOREWORD iii

UNIT I 1-7

1. Human Geography Nature and Scope 1

UNIT II 8-30

2. The World Population Distribution, Density and Growth 8

3. Population Composition 17

4. Human Development 22

UNIT III 31-90

5. Primary Activities 31

6. Secondary Activities 45

7. Tertiary and Quaternary Activities 55

8. Transport and Communication 65

9. International Trade 81

UNIT IV 91-102

10. Human Settlements 91

APPENDIX I 103

APPENDIX II 110

GLOSSARY 113

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GENERAL: 

Pages


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