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(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Fine Arts (An Introduction to Indian Art)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Fine Arts (An Introduction to Indian Art)

Contents

Foreword iii

Preface v

1. The Manuscript Painting Tradition 1

2. The Rajasthani Schools of Painting 10

3. The Mughal School of Miniature Painting 35

4. The Deccani Schools of Painting 55

5. The Pahari Schools of Painting 67

6. The Bengal School and Cultural Nationalism 85

7. The Modern Indian Art 99

8. The Living Art Traditions of India 127

Glossary 144

Bibliography 149

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Vistas)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Vistas)

Contents

Foreword iii

About the Book v

1. The Third Level Jack Finney 1

2. The Tiger King Kalki 8

3. Journey to the end of the Earth Tishani Doshi 18

4. The Enemy Pearl S. Buck 24

5. Should Wizard hit Mommy John Updike 48

6. On the face of It Susan Hill 56

7. Evans Tries an O-level Colin Dexter 70

8. Memories of Childhood 93

  •  The Cutting of My Long Hair Zitkala-Sa
  •  We Too are Human Beings Bama

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Flamingo)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Flamingo)

Contents

PROSE 1-88

1. THE LAST LESSON Alphonse Daudet 2

2. LOST SPRING Anees Jung 13

3. DEEP WATER William Douglas 23

4. THE RATTRAP Selma Lagerlof 32

5. INDIGO Louis Fischer 46

6. POETS AND PANCAKES Asokamitran 57

7. THE INTERVIEW

PART I Christopher Silvester

PART II An Interview with Umberto Eco 68

8. GOING PLACES A. R. Barton 77

POETRY 89-104

1. MY MOTHER AT SIXTY-SIX Kamala Das 90

2. AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CLASSROOM IN A SLUM Stephen Spender 92

3. KEEPING QUIET Pablo Neruda 95

4. A THING OF BEAUTY John Keats 98

5. A ROADSIDE STAND Robert Frost 100

6. AUNT JENNIFER’S TIGERS Adrienne Rich 103

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Kaleidoscope)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : English (Kaleidoscope)

CONTENTS

Foreword iii

A Note for the Teacher v

SHORT STORIES – INTRODUCTION 1-89

1. I Sell my Dreams GABRIEL GARCIA MARQUEZ 2

2. Eveline JAMES JOYCE 12

3. A Wedding in Brownsville ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER 21

4. Tomorrow JOSEPH CONRAD 39

5. One Centimetre BI SHU-MIN 71

POETRY – INTRODUCTION 90-117

1. A Lecture Upon the Shadow JOHN DONNE 91

2. Poems by Milton JOHN MILTON 94

3. Poems by Blake WILLIAM BLAKE 97

4. Kubla Khan S.T.COLERIDGE 103

5. Trees EMILY DICKINSON 107

6. The Wild Swans of Coole W.B.YEATS 109

7. Time and Time Again A.K.RAMANUJAN 111

8. Blood KAMALA DAS 113

NON-FICTION – INTRODUCTION 118-202

1. Freedom G.B.SHAW 119

2. The Mark on the Wall VIRGINIA WOOLF 136

3. Film-making INGMAR BERGMAN 149

4. Why the Novel Matters D.H. LAWRENCE 165

5. The Argumentative Indian AMARTYA SEN 176

6. On Science Fiction ISAAC ASIMOV 191

 DRAMA - INTRODUCTION 203-238

1. Chandalika RABINDRANATH TAGORE 204

2. Broken Images GIRISH KARNAD 224

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Economics (Introductory Microeconomics)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Economics (Introductory Microeconomics)

CONTENTS

Foreword iii

1. INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 A Simple Economy 1

1.2 Central Problems of an Economy 2

1.3 Organisation of Economic Activities 4

1.3.1 The Centrally Planned Economy 4

1.3.2 The Market Economy 5

1.4 Positive and Normative Economics 6

1.5 Microeconomics and Macroeconomics 6

1.6 Plan of the Book 6

2. THEORY OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR 8

2.1 Utility 8

2.1.1 Cardinal Utility Analysis 9

2.1.2 Ordinal Utility Analysis 11

2.2 The Consumer’s Budget 15

2.2.1 Budget Set and Budget Line 15

2.2.2 Changes in the Budget Set 17

2.3 Optimal Choice of the Consumer 19

2.4 Demand 21

2.4.1 Demand Curve and the Law of Demand 21

2.4.2 Deriving a Demand Curve from Indifference Curves and Budget Constraints 23

2.4.3 Normal and Inferior Goods 24

2.4.4 Substitutes and Complements 25

2.4.5 Shifts in the Demand Curve 25

2.4.6 Movements along the Demand Curve and Shifts in the Demand Curve 26

2.5 Market Demand 26

2.6 Elasticity of Demand 27

2.6.1 Elasticity along a Linear Demand Curve 29

2.6.2 Factors Determining Price Elasticity of Demand for a Good 31

2.6.3 Elasticity and Expenditure 31

3. PRODUCTION AND COSTS 36

3.1 Production Function 36

3.2 The Short Run and the Long Run 38

3.3 Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product 39

3.3.1 Total Product 39

3.3.2 Average Product 39

3.3.3 Marginal Product 39

3.4 The Law of Diminishing Marginal Product and the Law of Variable Proportions 40

3.5 Shapes of Total Product, Marginal Product and Average Product Curves 41

3.6 Returns to Scale 42

3.7 Costs 43

3.7.1 Short Run Costs 43

3.7.2 Long Run Costs 48

4. THE THEORY OF THE FIRM UNDER PERFECT COMPETITION 53

4.1 Perfect Competition: Defining Features 53

4.2 Revenue 54

4.3 Profit Maximisation 56

4.3.1 Condition 1 56

4.3.2 Condition 2 56

4.3.3 Condition 3 57

4.3.4 The Profit Maximisation Problem: Graphical Representation 58

4.4 Supply Curve of a Firm 59

4.4.1 Short Run Supply Curve of a Firm 59

4.4.2 Long Run Supply Curve of a Firm 60

4.4.3 The Shut Down Point 61

4.4.4 The Normal Profit and Break-even Point 61

4.5 Determinants of a Firm’s Supply Curve 62

4.5.1 Technological Progress 62

4.5.2 Input Prices 62

4.6 Market Supply Curve 63

4.7 Price Elasticity of Supply 65

5. MARKET EQUILIBRIUM 71

5.1 Equilibrium, Excess Demand, Excess Supply 71

5.1.1 Market Equilibrium: Fixed Number of Firms 72

5.1.2 Market Equilibrium: Free Entry and Exit 80

5.2 Applications 84

5.2.1 Price Ceiling 84

5.2.2 Price Floor 85

6. NON-COMPETITIVE MARKETS 88

6.1 Simple Monopoly in the Commodity Market 88

6.1.1 Market Demand Curve is the Average Revenue Curve 89

6.1.2 Total, Average and Marginal Revenues 92

6.1.3 Marginal Revenue and Price Elasticity of Demand 93

6.1.4 Short Run Equilibrium of the Monopoly Firm 93

6.2 Other Non-perfectly Competitive Markets 98

6.2.1 Monopolistic Competition 98

6.2.2 How do Firms behave in Oligopoly? 99

Glossary 102

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Economics (Introductory Macroeconomics)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Economics (Introductory Macroeconomics)

CONTENTS

FOREWORD iii

1. INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Emergence of Macroeconomics 5

1.2 Context of the Present Book of Macroeconomics 6

2. NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING 9

2.1 Some Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics 9

2.2 Circular Flow of Income and Methods of Calculating National Income 14

2.2.1 The Product or Value Added Method 17

2.2.2 Expenditure Method 21

2.2.3 Income Method 22

2.2.4 Factor Cost, Basic Prices and Market Prices 24

2.3 Some Macroeconomic Identities 25

2.4 Nominal and Real GDP 29

2.5 GDP and Welfare 30

3. MONEY AND BANKING 36

3.1 Functions of Money 36

3.2 Demand for Money and Supply of Money 37

3.2.1 Demand for Money 37

3.2.2 Supply of Money 38

3.3 Money Creation by Banking System 39

3.3.1 Balance Sheet of a Fictional Bank 40

3.3.2 Limits to Credit Creation and Money Multiplier 40

3.4 Policy Tools to Control Money Supply 42

4. DETERMINATION OF INCOME AND EMPLOYMENT 53

4.1 Aggregate Demand and its Components 53

4.1.1 Consumption 54

4.1.2 Investment 56

4.2 Determination of Income in Two-sector Model 56

4.3 Determination of Equilibrium Income in the Short Run 57

4.3.1 Macroeconomic equilibrium with price level fixed 57

4.3.2 Effect of an autonomous change in aggregate demand on income and output 60

4.3.3 The Multiplier Mechanism 61

4.4 Some More Concepts 64

5. GOVERNMENT BUDGET AND THE ECONOMY 66

5.1 Government Budget – Meaning and its Components 66

5.1.1 Objectives of Government Budget 67

5.1.2 Classification of Receipts 68

5.1.3 Classification of Expenditure 69

5.2 Balanced, Surplus and Deficit Budget 70

5.2.1 Measures of Government Deficit 71

6. OPEN ECONOMY MACROECONOMICS 85

6.1 The Balance of Payments 86

6.1.1 Current Account 86

6.1.2 Capital Account 88

6.1.3 Balance of Payments Surplus and Deficit 88

6.2 The Foreign Exchange Market 91

6.2.1 Foreign Exchange Rate 91

6.2.2 Determination of the Exchange Rate 92

6.2.3 Merits and Demerits of Flexible and Fixed Exchange Rate Systems 95

6.2.4 Managed Floating 95

GLOSSARY 105

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Computer Science

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Computer Science

CONTENTS

Foreword iii

Preface v

Chapter 1 Exception Handling in Python 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Syntax Errors 1

1.3 Exceptions 3

1.4 Built-in Exceptions 3

1.5 Raising Exceptions 4

1.6 Handling Exceptions 7

1.7 Finally Clause 13

Chapter 2 File Handling in Python 19

2.1 Introduction to Files 19

2.2.Types of Files 20

2.3 Opening and Closing a Text File 21

2.4 Writing to a Text File 23

2.5 Reading from a Text File 25

2.6 Setting Offsets in a File 28

2.7 Creating and Traversing a Text File 29

2.8 The Pickle Module 32

Chapter 3 Stack 39

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Stack 40

3.3 Operations on Stack 42

3.4 Implementation of Stack in Python 43

3.5 Notations for Arithmetic Expressions 46

3.6 Conversion from Infix to Postfix Notation 47

3.7 Evaluation of Postfix Expression 49

Chapter 4 Queue 53

4.1 Introduction to Queue 53

4.2 Operations on Queue 55

4.3 Implementation of Queue using Python 56

4.4 Introduction to Deque 59

4.5 Implementation of Deque Using Python 61

Chapter 5 Sorting 67

5.1 Introduction 67

5.2 Bubble Sort 68

5.3 Selection Sort 71

5.4 Insertion Sort 74

5.5 Time Complexity of Algorithms 77

Chapter 6 Searching 81

6.1 Introduction 81

6.2 Linear Search 82

6.3 Binary Search 85

6.4 Search by Hashing 90

Chapter 7 Understanding Data 97

7.1 Introduction to Data 97

7.2 Data Collection 101

7.3 Data Storage 102

7.4 Data Processing 102

7.5 Statistical Techniques for Data Processing 103

Chapter 8 Database Concepts 111

8.1 Introduction 111

8.2 File System 112

8.3 Database Management System 115

8.4 Relational Data Model 120

8.5 Keys in a Relational Database 123

Chapter 9 Structured Query Language (SQL) 131

9.1 Introduction 131

9.2 Structured Query Language (SQL) 131

9.3 Data Types and Constraints in MySQL 133

9.4 SQL for Data Definition 134

9.5 SQL for Data Manipulation 141

9.6 SQL for Data Query 144

9.7 Data Updation and Deletion 154

9.8 Functions in SQL 156

9.9 GROUP BY Clause in SQL 167

9.10 Operations on Relations 169

9.11 Using Two Relations in a Query 172

Chapter 10 Computer Networks 181

10.1 Introduction to Computer Networks 181

10.2 Evolution of Networking 183

10.3 Types of Networks 184

10.4 Network Devices 187

10.5 Networking Topologies 191

10.6 Identifying Nodes in a Networked Communication 194

10.7 Internet, Web and the Internet of Things 195

10.8 Domain Name System 197

Chapter 11 Data Communication 203

11.1 Concept of Communication 203

11.2 Components of data Communication 204

11.3 Measuring Capacity of Communication Media 205

11.4 Types of Data Communication 206

11.5 Switching Techniques 208

11.6 Transmission Media 209

11.7 Mobile Telecommunication Technologies 215

11.8 Protocol 216

Chapter 12 Security Aspects 223

12.1 Threats and Prevention 223

12.2 Malware 224

12.3 Antivirus 230

12.4 Spam 231

12.5 HTTP vs HTTPS 231

12.6 Firewall 232

12.7 Cookies 233

12.8 Hackers and Crackers 234

12.9 Network Security Threats 235

Chapter 13 Project Based Learning 241

13.1 Introduction 241

13.2 Approaches for Solving Projects 242

13.3 Teamwork 243

13.4 Project Descriptions 245

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Chemistry Part 2

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Chemistry Part 2

CONTENTS

FOREWORD iii

PREFACE V

Unit 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 289

10.1 Classification 290

10.2 Nomenclature 291

10.3 Nature of C–X Bond 293

10.4 Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes 294

10.5 Preparation of Haloarenes 296

10.6 Physical Properties 297

10.7 Chemical Reactions 299

10.8 Polyhalogen Compounds 317

Unit 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 323

11.1 Classification 324

11.2 Nomenclature 325

11.3 Structures of Functional Groups 328

11.4 Alcohols and Phenols 329

11.5 Some Commercially Important Alcohols 344

11.6 Ethers 345

Unit 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 357

12.1 Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group 358

12.2 Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones 361

12.3 Physical Properties 365

12.4 Chemical Reactions 366

12.5 Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones 373

12.6 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group 374

12.7 Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids 375

12.8 Physical Properties 379

12.9 Chemical Reactions 379

12.10 Uses of Carboxylic Acids 384

Unit 13 Amines 389

13.1 Structure of Amines 389

13.2 Classification 390

13.3 Nomenclature 390

13.4 Preparation of Amines 392

13.5 Physical Properties 395

13.6 Chemical Reactions 396

13.7 Method of Preparation of Diazonium Salts 404

13.8 Physical Properties 405

13.9 Chemical Reactions 405

13.10 Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds 406

Unit 14 Biomolecules 411

14.1 Carbohydrates 411

14.2 Proteins 420

14.3 Enzymes 425

14.4 Vitamins 425

14.5 Nucleic Acids 427

14.6 Hormones 430

Unit 15 Polymers 433

15.1 Classification of Polymers 433

15.2 Types of Polymerisation Reactions 434

15.3 Molecular Mass of Polymers 442

15.4 Biodegradable Polymers 442

15.5 Polymers of Commercial Importance 443

Unit 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life 447

16.1 Drugs and their Classification 447

16.2 Drug-Target Interaction 448

16.3 Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs 451

16.4 Chemicals in Food 457

16.5 Cleansing Agents 458

Answers to Some Questions in Exercises 464

Index 469

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Chemistry Part 1

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Chemistry Part 1

CONTENTS

FOREWORD v

PREFACE vii

Unit 1 The Solid State 1

1.1 General Characteristics of Solid State 2

1.2 Amorphous and Crystalline Solids 2

1.3 Classification of Crystalline Solids 4

1.4 Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells 7

1.5 Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell 12

1.6 Close Packed Structures 14

1.7 Packing Efficiency 20

1.8 Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions 22

1.9 Imperfections in Solids 24

1.10 Electrical Properties 26

1.11 Magnetic Properties 29

Unit 2 Solutions 35

2.1 Types of Solutions 35

2.2 Expressing Concentration of Solutions 36

2.3 Solubility 39

2.4 Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions 43

2.5 Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions 47

2.6 Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass 49

2.7 Abnormal Molar Masses 57

Unit 3 Electrochemistry 65

3.1 Electrochemical Cells 66

3.2 Galvanic Cells 67

3.3 Nernst Equation 70

3.4 Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions 75

3.5 Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis 85

3.6 Batteries 88

3.7 Fuel Cells 90

3.8 Corrosion 91

Unit 4 Chemical Kinetics 95

4.1 Rate of a Chemical Reaction 96

4.2 Factors Influencing Rate of a Reaction 100

4.3 Integrated Rate Equations 105

4.4 Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction 112

4.5 Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions 116

Unit 5 Surface Chemistry 123

5.1 Adsorption 124

5.2 Catalysis 129

5.3 Colloids 136

5.4 Classification of Colloids 136

5.5 Emulsions 145

5.6 Colloids Around Us 145

Unit 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements 149

6.1 Occurrence of Metals 152

6.2 Concentration of Ores 153

6.3 Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore 155

6.4 Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy 156

6.5 Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy 162

6.6 Oxidation Reduction 163

6.7 Refining 164

6.8 Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron 166

Unit 7 The p-Block Elements 170

7.1 Group 15 Elements 170

7.2 Dinitrogen 174

7.3 Ammonia 175

7.4 Oxides of Nitrogen 177

7.5 Nitric Acid 179

7.6 Phosphorus – Allotropic Forms 180

7.7 Phosphine 181

7.8 Phosphorus Halides 182

7.9 Oxoacids of Phosphorus 184

7.10 Group 16 Elements 185

7.11 Dioxygen 189

7.12 Simple Oxides 190

7.13 Ozone 191

7.14 Sulphur – Allotropic Forms 192

7.15 Sulphur Dioxide 193

7.16 Oxoacids of Sulphur 194

7.17 Sulphuric Acid 195

7.18 Group 17 Elements 197

7.19 Chlorine 202

7.20 Hydrogen Chloride 204

7.21 Oxoacids of Halogens 205

7.22 Interhalogen Compounds 206

7.23 Group 18 Elements 208

Unit 8 The d-and f-Block Elements 215

8.1 Position in the Periodic Table 216

8.2 Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements 216

8.3 General Properties of the Transition Elements (d-Block) 218

8.4 Some Important Compounds of Transition Elements 231

8.5 The Lanthanoids 234

8.6 The Actinoids 237

8.7 Some Applications of d- and f-Block Elements 239

Unit 9 Coordination Compounds 244

9.1 Werner's Theory of Coordination Compounds 244

9.2 Definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds 247

9.3 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds 248

9.4 Isomerism in Coordination Compounds 251

9.5 Bonding in Coordination Compounds 254

9.6 Bonding in Metal Carbonyls 261

9.7 Importance and Applications of Coordination Compounds 262

Appendices 268

Answers to Some Questions in Exercises 281

Index 285

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(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Business Studies Part 2 (Business Finance and Marketing)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Business Studies Part 2 (Business Finance and Marketing) 

CONTENTS

Foreword iii

Chapter 9 Financial Management 225

Chapter 10 Financial Markets 252

Chapter 11 Marketing 276

Chapter 12 Consumer Protection 323

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Business Studies Part 1 (Principles and Functions of Management)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Business Studies Part 1 (Principles and Functions of Management) 

CONTENTS

Foreword iii

Chapter 1 Nature and Significance of Management 1

Chapter 2 Principles of Management 30

Chapter 3 Business Environment 69

Chapter 4 Planning 93

Chapter 5 Organising 111

Chapter 6 Staffing 141

Chapter 7 Directing 171

Chapter 8 Controlling 205

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Biology 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Biology 

CONTENTS

FOREWORD iii

PREFACE     V

UNIT VI

REPRODUCTION 1-66

Chapter 1 : Reproduction in Organisms 3
Chapter 2 : Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants 19
Chapter 3 : Human Reproduction 42
Chapter 4 : Reproductive Health 57

UNIT VII

GENETICS AND EVOLUTION 67-142

Chapter 5 : Principles of Inheritance and Variation 69
Chapter 6 : Molecular Basis of Inheritance 95
Chapter 7 : Evolution 126

UNIT VIII

BIOLOGY IN HUMAN WELFARE 143-190

Chapter 8 : Human Health and Disease 145
Chapter 9 : Strategies for Enhancement in 165
 Food Production
Chapter 10 : Microbes in Human Welfare 179

UNIT IX

BIOTECHNOLOGY 191-216

Chapter 11 : Biotechnology : Principles and Processes 193
Chapter 12 : Biotechnology and its Applications 207

UNIT X

ECOLOGY 217-286

Chapter 13 : Organisms and Populations 219
Chapter 14 : Ecosystem 241
Chapter 15 : Biodiversity and Conservation 258
Chapter 16 : Environmental Issues 270

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Accountancy (Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Accountancy (Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements)

CONTENTS

Foreword

Chapter 1 Accounting for Share Capital 1

1.1 Features of a Company 1

1.2 Kinds of Companies 2

1.3 Share Capital of a Company 3

1.4 Nature and Classes of Shares 6

1.5 Issue of Shares 7

1.6 Accounting Treatment 9

1.7 Forfeiture of Shares 37

Chapter 2 Issue and Redemption of Debentures 75

2.1 Meaning of Debentures 75

2.2 Distinction between Shares and Debentures 76

2.3 Types of Debentures 76

2.4 Issue of Debentures 78

2.5 Over Subscription 85

2.6 Issue of Debentures for Consideration other than Cash 86

2.7 Issue of Debentures as a Collateral Security 93

2.8 Terms of Issue of Debentures 97

2.9 Interest on Debentures 104

2.10 Writing off Discount/Loss on Issue of Debentures 106

2.11 Redemption of Debentures 110

2.12 Redemption by Payment in Lump Sum 112

2.13 Redemption by Purchase in Open Market 130

2.14 Redemption by Conversion 133

Chapter 3 Financial Statements of a Company 144

3.1 Meaning of Financial Statements 144

3.2 Nature of Financial Statements 145

3.3 Objectives of Financial Statements 146

3.4 Types of Financial Statements 147

3.5 Uses and Importance of Financial Statements 164

3.6 Limitations of Financial Statements 165

Chapter 4 Analysis of Financial Statements 171

4.1 Meaning of Analysis of Financial Statements 171

4.2 Significance of Analysis of Financial Statements 172

4.3 Objectives of Analysis of Financial Statements 173

4.4 Tools of Analysis of Financial Statements 174

4.5 Comparative Statements 176

4.6 Common Size Statement 182

4.7 Limitations of Financial Analysis 187

Chapter 5 Accounting Ratios 194

5.1 Meaning of Accounting Ratios 194

5.2 Objectives of Ratio Analysis 195

5.3 Advantages of Ratio Analysis 195

5.4 Limitations of Ratio Analysis 197

5.5 Types of Ratios 198

5.6 Liquidity Ratios 200

5.7 Solvency Ratios 204

5.8 Activity (or Turnover) Ratio 213

5.9 Profitability Ratios 223

Chapter 6 Cash Flow Statement 241

6.1 Objectives of Cash Flow Statement 242

6.2 Benefits of Cash Flow Statement 242

6.3 Cash and Cash Equivalents 243

6.4 Cash Flows 243

6.5 Classification of Activities for the Preparation of Cash Flow Statement 243

6.6 Ascertaining Cash Flow from Operating Activities 248

6.7 Ascertainment of Cash Flow from Investing and Financing Activities 258

6.8 Preparation of Cash Flow Statement 261

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GENERAL: 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Accountancy (Not-for-Profit Organisation and Partnership Accounts)

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Accountancy (Not-for-Profit Organisation and Partnership Accounts)

CONTENTS

Foreword 

Chapter 1 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation 1

1.1 Meaning and Characteristics of Not-for-Profit Organisation 1

1.2 Accounting Records of Not-for-Profit Organisations 2

1.3 Receipt and Payment Account 4

1.4 Income and Expenditure Account 12

1.5 Balance Sheet 17

1.6 Some Peculiar Items 21

1.7 Income and Expenditure Account based on Trial Balance 38

Chapter 2 Accounting for Partnership : Basic Concepts 61

2.1 Nature of Partnership 61

2.2 Partnership Deed 63

2.3 Special Aspects of Partnership Accounts 65

2.4 Maintenance of Capital Accounts of Partners 65

2.5 Distribution of Profit among Partners 68

2.6 Guarantee of Profit to a Partner 86

2.7 Past Adjustments 92

Chapter 3 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner 108

3.1 Modes of Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm 108

3.2 Admission of a New Partner 109

3.3 New Profit Sharing Ratio 110

3.4 Sacrificing Ratio 112

3.5 Goodwill 115

3.6 Adjustment for Accumulated Profits and Losses 136

3.7 Revaluation of Assets and Reassessment of Liabilities 137

3.8 Adjustment of Capitals 143

3.9 Change in Profit Sharing Ratio among the Existing Partners 153

Chapter 4 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner 167

4.1 Ascertaining the Amount Due to Retiring/Deceased Partner 167

4.2 New Profit Sharing Ratio 168

4.3 Gaining Ratio 169

4.4 Treatment of Goodwill 173

4.5 Adjustment for Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities 180

4.6 Adjustment of Accumulated Profits and Losses 182

4.7 Disposal of Amount Due to Retiring Partner 185

4.8 Adjustment of Partners’ Capitals 194

4.9 Death of a Partner 200

Chapter 5 Dissolution of Partnership Firm 216

5.1 Dissolution of Partnership 216

5.2 Dissolution of a Firm 217

5.3 Settlement of Accounts 219

5.4 Accounting Treatment 220

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GENERAL: 

KVPY Exam QUESTION PAPERS : Stream SA,SB-SX & Answer Keys 2018

KVPY Exam QUESTION PAPERS : Stream SA,SB-SX & Answer Keys 2019

TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 10th


TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 9th

Section - A : Physics
Obejctive

1.    The structure in the human ear that is responsible for converting sound energy into electri- cal energy is the:

(1) auditory nerve      

GENERAL: 
Exam / Class: 

TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 9th


TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 9th

Section - A : Physics
Obejctive

1.    When 2 Mirrors are kept at 60o angle, number of observable images formed are :

(1) 5                          

GENERAL: 
Exam / Class: 

TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 8th


TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 8th

Section - A : Physics
Obejctive

1.    Different types of thermometers are used for different purposes. The thermometer used for giving tempratures in weather reports is known as

(1) Maximum -minimum Thermometer          

GENERAL: 
Exam / Class: 

TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 7th


TALLENTEX Papers 2021 - Class 7th

1.     The thin wire that gives off light in an electric bulb is called the                of the bulb

(1) Fuse                    

(2) Terminal              

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