CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

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CBSE Class-11 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

Rationale :

Higher Secondary is the most crucial stage of school education because at this juncture specialized discipline based, content -oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and opt for Chemistry with a purpose of pursuing their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine, engineering, technology and other applied areas. Therefore, there is a need to provide learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry, which will make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the senior secondary stage.
The new and updated curriculum is based on disciplinary approach with rigour and depth taking care that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. The knowledge related to the subject of Chemistry has undergone tremendous changes during the past one decade. Many new areas like synthetic materials, bio -molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry are coming in a big way and deserve to be an integral part of chemistry syllabus at senior secondary stage. At international level, new formulations and nomenclature of elements and compounds, symbols and units of physical quantities floated by scientific bodies like IUPAC and CGPM are of immense importance and need to be incorporated in the updated syllabus. The revised syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Greater emphasis has been laid on use of new nomenclature, symbols and formulations, teaching of fundamental concepts, application of concepts in chemistry to industry/ technology, logical sequencing of units, removal of obsolete content and repetition, etc.

Objectives :

The curriculum of Chemistry at Senior Secondary Stage aims to:

  • promote understanding of basic facts and concepts in chemistry while retaining the excitement of chemistry.
  • make students capable of studying chemistry in academic and professional courses (such as medicine, engineering, technology) at tertiary level.
  • expose the students to various emerging new areas of chemistry and apprise them with their relevance in future studies and their application in various spheres of chemical sciences and technology.
  • equip students to face various challenges related to health, nutrition, environment, population,weather, industries and agriculture.
  • develop problem solving skills in students.
  • expose the students to different processes used in industries and their technological applications. 
  • apprise students with interface of chemistry with other disciplines of science such as physics, biology, geology, engineering etc.
  • acquaint students with different aspects of chemistry used in daily life.
  • develop an interest in students to study chemistry as a discipline.
  • integrate life skills and values in the context of chemistry

Unit No.

Title

No. of Periods

Marks

Unit I

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

O8

08

Unit II

Structure of Atom

10

 

Unit III

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

06

04

Unit IV

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

14

20

Unit V

States of Matter: Gases, Liquids and solids

18

 

Unit VI

Chemical Thermodynamics

16

 

Unit VII

Equilibrium

14

 

Unit VIII

Redox Reactions

06

20

Unit IX

Hydrogen

08

 

Unit X

s -Block Elements

10

 

Unit XI

p -Block Elements

18

 

Unit XII

Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques

14

18

Unit XIII

Hydrocarbons

12

 

Unit XIV

Environmental Chemistry

06

 

 

Total

160

70

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 8 Periods

General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry. 
Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.
Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

Unit II: Structure of Atom 10 Periods

Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms,stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 06 Periods

Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100

Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular structure 14 Periods

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory,
resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization,
involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital
theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond.

Unit V: States of Matter: Gases, Liquids and Solids 18 Periods

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charles law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro's number, ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea)
Liquid State: vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) 
Solid state: Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic,covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

Unit VI: Chemical Thermodynamics 16 Periods

Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of AU and AH, Hess's law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of
Thermodynamics (brief introduction). Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb's energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium. 
Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).

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Courtesy: CBSE

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