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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2019-20 (Geography)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2019-20 (Geography)

Geography is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. After ten years of general education, students branch out at the beginning of this stage and are exposed to the rigors of the discipline for the first time. Being an entry point for the higher education, students choose Geography for pursuing their academic interest and, therefore, need a broader and deeper understanding of the subject. For others, geographical knowledge is useful in daily lives because it is a valuable medium for the education of young people. Its contribution lies in the content, cognitive processes, skills and values that Geography promotes and thus helps the students explore, understand and evaluate the environmental and social dimensions of the world in a better manner.

Since Geography explores the relationship between people and their environment, it includes studies of physical and human environments and their interactions at different scales-local, state/region, nation and the world. The fundamental principles responsible for the varieties in the distributional pattern of physical and human features and phenomena over the earth's surface need to be understood properly. Application of these principles would be taken up through selected case studies from the world and India. Thus, the physical and human environment of India and study of some issues from a geographical point of view will be covered in greater detail. Students will be exposed to different methods used in geographical nvestigations.


The course in Geography will help learners to:

  • Familiarise with key concepts, terminology and core principles of Geography.
  • Describe locations and correlate with Geographical Perspectives.
  • List/describe what students might see, hear, smell, at a place.
  • List/describe ways a place is linked with other places.
  • Compare conditions and connections in one place to another.
  • Analyze/describe how conditions in one place can affect nearby places.
  • Identify regions as places that are similar or connected.
  • Describe and interpret the spatial pattern features on a thematic map.
  • Search for, recognize and understand the processes and patterns of the spatial arrangement of the
  • natural features as well as human aspects and phenomena on the earth's surface.
  • Understand and analyses the inter-relationship between physical and human environments and utilise
  • such knowledge in reflecting on issues related to community.
  • Apply geographical knowledge and methods of inquiry to emerging situations or problems at different levels-local, regional, national and global.
  • Develop geographical skills, relating to collection, processing and analysis of spatial data/ information
  • and preparation of report including maps and graphs and use of computers where ever possible; and to be sensitive to issues.

GEOGRAPHY (Code No. 029)
Class XII (2019-20)

One Theory Paper : 3 Hours
70 Marks


Fundamentals of Human Geography

35 Marks

  Unit 1: Human Geography
Unit 2: People
Unit 3: Human Activities
Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade
Unit 5: Human settlements
  Map Work


B India: People and Economy

35 Marks

  Unit 6: People
Unit 7: Human Settlements
Unit 8: Resources and Development
Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade
Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems


  Map Work


C Practical Work

30 Marks

  Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping


  Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology


  Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Viva Voce


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Courtesy: CBSE

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