(Syllabus) CBSE Class 11th & 12th : Syllabus 2011

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Central Board of Secondary Education
Main Subject (Volume – 1) : Senior School Curriculum 2011


Part I: Eligibility Requirements, Scheme of Studies and Scheme of Examinations

1. Eligibility of Candidates
2. Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria
3. Scheme of Studies

ELIGIBILITY OF CANDIDATES : Admission of students to a School, Transfer/Migration of Students.


1.1 A student seeking admission to any class in a ‘School’ will be eligible for admission to that class only if he:-
(i) has been studying in a school recognised by or affiliated to this Board or any other recognised Board of Secondary Education in India;
(ii) has passed qualifying or equivalent qualifying examination making him eligible for admission to that class;
(iii) satisfies the requirements of age limits ( minimum & maximum ) as determined by the Sate/U.T. Government and applicable to the place where the School is located;
(iv) produces :-
(a) the School Leaving Certificate/Transfer Certificate signed by the Head of the Institution last attended and countersigned ;
(b) document(s) in support of his having passed the qualifying or equivalent qualifying examination, and
(c) The Date of Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar of Births and Deaths wherever existing as proof of date of birth.

1.2 Admission upto Class VIII (i.e. class VIII and below) shall be regulated by the rules, regulations, orders of the State/U.T. Governments applicable to the place where the school is located.
1.3 Admission to class IX in a school shall be opened only to such a student who has passed class VIII examination from an institution affiliated to this Board or to any recognised Board or is recognised by the Education Department of the Government of the State/U.T. in which such an institution is located.

1.4 As the syllabus prescribed at Secondary level is of two years integrated course, no admission shall be taken in Class X directly. Provided further that admission to Class X in a school shall be open only to such a student who :
(a) has completed a regular course of study for class IX and;
(b) has passed class IX examination from an institution affiliated to this Board.
(c) A student who has completed a regular course of study for Class IX and has passed Class IX examination from this Board, or an institution recognised by/affiliated to any recognised Board in India can be admitted in Class X to a school only on the transfer of the parent(s) or shifting of their
families from one place to another, after procuring from the student the marks sheet and the Transfer Certificate duly countersigned by the Educational Authorities of the Board concerned.
In case of such admissions the school would obtain post facto approval of the Board within one month of admission of the student.


(i) The Scheme of Examinations and Pass Criteria for All India//Delhi Secondary School
Examinations conducted by the Board, shall be as laid down from time to time.
(ii) Class IX examination shall be conducted internally by the schools themselves.

(iii) The Board will conduct the external examinations at the end of class X.
(iv) Class X examination shall be based on the Syllabi as prescribed by the Board for class X from time to time.
(v) Number of papers, duration of examination and marks for each subject/paper will be as specified in the curriculum for the year.
(vi) The examination would be conducted in theory as well as in practicals, depending upon the nature of the subject(s) and the marks/grades allotted shall be as prescribed in the curriculum.
(vii) Marks/grades shall be awarded for individual subjects and the aggregate marks shall not be given.

(i) Assessment of theory/practical papers in external subjects shall be in numerical scores. In addition to numerical scores, the Board shall indicate grades in the mark sheets issued to the candidates in case of subjects of external examinations. In case of internal assessment subjects, only grades shall be shown.
(ii) Letter grades on a nine-point scale shall be used for subjects of external examinations. However, for subjects of internal examination in Class X the assessment shall be made on a five point scale i.e. A,B,C,D and E.
(iii) The grades shall be derived from scores in case of subjects of external examination. In case of subjects of internal assessment, they shall be awarded by the schools.
(iv) The qualifying marks in each subject of external examination shall be 33% at Secondary School Examination.
(v) For awarding the grades, the Board shall put all the passed students in a rank order and will award grades as follows :
A-1 Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
A-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
E Failed candidates

(i) The Board will award Merit Certificates in each subject to the top 0.1% of candidates passing the subject, provided that they have passed examination as per the pass criteria of the Board.
(ii) The number of Merit Certificates in a subject will be determined by rounding of the number of candidates passing the subject to the nearest multiple of thousand. If the number of candidates passing a subject is less than 500, no merit certificate will be issued.
(iii) In the matter of tie, if one student gets a Merit certificate, all candidates getting that score will get the Merit Certificate.


(i) A candidate will be eligible to get the pass certificate of the Board, if he/she gets a grade higher than E in all subjects of internal assessment unless he/she is exempted. Failing this, the result of the external examination will be withheld but not for a period of more than one year.
(ii) In order to be declared as having passed the examination, a candidate shall obtain a grade higher than E (i.e.atleast 33% marks) in all the five subjects of external examination in the main or at the compartmental examinations. The pass marks in each subject of external examination shall be 33%.
(iii) No overall division/distinction/aggregate shall be awarded.
(iv) In respect of a candidate offering an additional subject, the following norms shall be applied :-
(a) a language offered as an additional subject may replace a language in the event of a candidate failing in the same provided after replacement the candidate has English/ Hindi as one of the languages; and
(b) the replacement shall satisfy the conditions as laid down in the Scheme of Studies.
(v) Candidates exempted from one or more subjects of internal examination shall be eligible for appearing in external examination and result shall be declared subject to fulfilment of other conditions laid down in the Pass Criteria.
(vi) In order to be declared as having passed class IX Examination a candidate shall obtain 33% in all the subjects. The pass marks in each subject of the examination shall be 33% .


A Candidate failing in two of the five subjects of external examination shall be placed in compartment in those subjects provided he/she qualifies in all the subjects of internal assessment.


A candidate who has failed in the examination in the first attempt shall be required to re-appear in all the subjects at the subsequent annual examination of the Board. He/she shall appear only in theory part and his/her previous practical marks will be carried forward and accounted
for if he/she has passed in practical. In case a candidate has failed in practical he/she shall have to appear in theory and practical both. If he/she fails to pass the examination in three consecutive years after the first attempt, he/she shall have to reappear in all the subjects including practical.


A candidate who has passed the Secondary Examination of the Board may offer an additional subject as a private candidate provide the additional subject is provided in the Scheme of Studies and is offered whithin SIX YEARS of passing the examination of Board. No exemption from time limit will be given after six years. Facility to apear in additional subject will be available at the annual examination only.
However, candidates appearing in six subjects at the Secondary Examination of the Board having been declared "Pass" by virtue of securing pass marks in five subjects as per Rule 40.1 (iv) may appear in the failing subject at the Compartment Examination to be held in July/August the same year.


The learning areas will include :
(1) and (2) Two Languages out of :
Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujrati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Marathi, Malayalam Manipuri, Oriya, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Lepcha, Limbu, Bhutia, Sanskrit Arabic, Persian, French, German, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Nepali, Tibetan and Mizo, (Please also refer to notes) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(3) Mathematics
(4) Science
(5) Social Science
(6) Work Education or Pre-Vocational Education
(7) Art Education
(8) Physical and Health Education

Students may offer any one of the following as an additional subject :
Language other than the two compulsory languages (offered as subjects of study)
Commerce, Painting, Music, Home Science or Foundation of Information Technology.

MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION : The medium of instruction in general in all the schools affiliated with the Board shall either be Hindi or English.


(i) No candidate shall be permitted to change his subject of study after passing class IX as the case may be.
(ii) No candidate shall offer a subject in class X which he has not studied and passed in class IX.
(iii) Notwithstanding anything contained in the rules above, Chairman shall have the powers to allow a change in subject(s) to avoid undue hardship to the candidate provided such a request for change is made before 30th September.

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