(Syllabus) CBSE Syllabus of Geography for Class 11th For March 2009 Examination

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Syllabus : CBSE Syllabus of Geography for Class 11th For March 2009 Examination

EXAMINATION SPECIFICATIONS
Class XI
GEOGRAPHY
One Theory Paper 3 Hours 70 Marks

 


Part A. Fundamentals of Physical Geography 35 (Marks) 

Unit 						Marks 
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline 	03 
Unit-2: The Earth 				05 
Unit-3: Landforms 				08 
Unit-4: Climate 				10 
Unit-5: Water (Oceans) 			04 
Unit-6: Life on the Earth 		03 
Unit-7: Map work 				02 
TOTAL :					35 


Part B. India- Physical Environment 35 (Marks) 

Unit 							Marks 
Unit-8: Introduction 				03 
Unit-9: Physiography 				10 
Unit-10: Climate, vegetation and soil		10 
Unit-11: Natural hazards and Disasters		09 
Unit-12: Map Work					03 
TOTAL  :						35 


Part C. Practical Work 3 Hours 30 Marks

Unit 							Marks 
Unit-1 : Fundamentals of Maps 			10 
Unit-2 : Topographic and Weather Maps 		15 
Unit-3 : Practical Record Book & Viva 		05 
TOTAL  :						30 



Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (Periods 75)

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline (Periods 3)


Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes;
Branches of geography; importance of physical geography

Unit-2: The Earth (Periods 10)

Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth; Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics; earthquakes and volcanoes.

Unit-3: Landforms (Periods 18)


Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics;
Landforms and their evolution
Geomorphic processes-weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation

Unit 4: Climate (Periods 30)

Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature-factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
World climates-classification (Koeppen), greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans) (Periods 8)

Hydrological Cycle.
Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity; movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth (Periods 6)

Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Unit 7: Map work on identification of features based on the above units on the outline political map of the world.


Part B. India - Physical Environment 65 Periods

Unit 8: Introduction (Periods 3)


Location-space relations and India’s place in the world. (Periods 3)

Unit 9: Physiography (Periods 24)

Structure and Relief;
Drainage systems: concept of watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular;
Physiographic divisions.

Unit 10: Climate, Vegetation and Soil (24 Periods)

Weather and climate — spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls : spatial and temporal; Climatic types (koeppen)
Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves;
Soils - major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit 11: Natural Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management (One case study to be introduced for each topic) (Periods 16)

Floods and droughts
Earthquakes and Tsunami
Cyclones
Landslides

Unit 12: Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline Political map of India.


C. Practical Work (40 Periods)

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps (12 Periods)


Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.
Latitude, longitude and time.
Map projection- typology, construction and properties of projections : Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection.

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (28 Periods)

Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
Aerial Photographs: Types & Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps & aerial photographs; photo scale determination.
Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform & sensors and data products, (photographic & digital).
Identification of physical & cultural features from aerial photographs & satellite imageries.
Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, raingauge.
Use of weather charts: describing pressure, wind and rainfall distribution.

Unit 3: Practical Record Book and Vivavoce.

Recommended Books:
1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Published by NCERT.
2. India - Physical Environment, Published by NCERT.


(Class 11th) Other Syllabus :-

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