Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018
Class – XII
Subject – English (Elective)
Subject :- English (Elective)
Class : XII
Year : 2018
The Question paper is divided into three sections :
Section A — Reading 20 marks
Section B — Writing and Grammar 40 marks
Section C — Literature 40 marks
General Instructions :
(i) All the questions are compulsory.
(ii) You may attempt any section at a time.
(iii) All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.
1. Read the passage given below : 10
What’s lost as handwriting fades ?
1 Psychologists and neuroscientists say that handwriting has not yet lost its importance. New evidence suggests that the links between handwriting and broader educational development are very close.
2 Children not only learn to read more quickly when they first learn to write by hand, but they also remain better able to generate ideas and retain information. In other words it’s not just what we write that matters -but how.
3 According to psychologist Stanislas Dehaene, ‘‘When a child writes,the brain reacts in a unique manner. The action of writing automatically triggers an activity in the brain. This activity recognizes what is the written word, which makes learning easier.’’
4 A 2012 study lent support to that view. Children who had not yet learnt to read and write were presented with a letter or a shape on an index card and were asked to produce it in one of three ways : trace the image on a sheet with a dotted outline, draw it on a blank white sheet, or type it on a computer. They were then placed in a brain scanner and shown the image again.
5 The researchers found that when children had drawn the letter freehand, they exhibited increased activity in areas of the brain that are activated in adults when they read and write. By contrast, children who typed or traced the letter showed no such effect. The activation was significantly weaker.
6 The effect goes beyond letter recognition. A study that followed children in grades two through five demonstrated that printing, cursive writing and typing on a keyboard are all associated with separate brain activities. When the children composed text by hand, they consistently produced more words more quickly than they did on a keyboard, and expressed more ideas. And brain imaging suggested that the connection between writing and idea generation went further. When these children were asked to come up with ideas for a competition, the ones with better handwriting exhibited greater mental activity in areas associated with working memory, and increased overall activation in the reading and writing networks.
7 More studies have reported that in both laboratory settings and classrooms, students learn better when they take notes by hand than when they type on a keyboard. Latest research suggests that writing by hand allows the student to process a lecture’s contents and reframe it.
8 Not every expert is persuaded that the long-term benefits of handwriting are all that significant. Still, one expert, Harold Bloom, says, the new research is, at least, thought provoking. ‘‘With handwriting, the very act of putting it down forces you to focus on what is important,’’ he said. ‘‘May be it helps you think better.’’
1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer the following questions very briefly : 1x6=6
(a) What happens when children learn to write by hand ?
(b) What is the reaction of the brain when a person writes ?
(c) What is the change when a person draws freehand ?
(d) Which children perform better in competitions ?
(e) What is the advantage of taking down notes by hand ?
(f) According to Bloom, how does handwriting help a person get greater clarity of thought ?
1.2 Choose the meanings of the words given below from the given options : 1x4=4
(a) Suggests (para 1)