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(Download) CBSE: Class XII Mathematics Question Paper - 2018


Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018

Class – XII

Subject – Mathematics


Subject :- Mathematics

Class : XII

Year : 2018

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) The question paper consists of 29 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D. Section A comprises of 4 questions of one mark each, Section B comprises of 8 questions of two marks each, Section C comprises of
11 questions of four marks each and Section D comprises of 6 questions of six marks each.
(iii) All questions in Section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence or as per the exact requirement of the question.
(iv) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in 3 questions of four marks each and 3 questions of six marks each. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.
(v) Use of calculators is not permitted. You may ask for logarithmic tables, if required.

Click Here To Download Full Paper I

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Click Here To Download Full Paper III

CBSE Special TX: 
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Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme Question Paper, Social Science


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme

Question Paper (Social Science)


General Instructions :

(i) The question paper has 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer type Questions. Each Question carries one mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B). 26(A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attach the map inside your answer book.
(vii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in some questions. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such-questions. 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  Social Science (Set -1)

1. Why were big European powers met in Berlin in 1885 ?
 OR
Why were merchants from towns in Europe began to move countryside in seventeenth and eighteenth centuries ?
 OR
Why did Charles Booth, a Liverpool ship owner conduct the first social survey of low skilled workers in the East End of London in 1887 ?

2. Why did the Roman Catholic Church impose control over publishers and booksellers ?
 OR
Why do novels use vernacular ?
3. Classify resources on the basis of origin.
4. ‘A challenge is not just any problem but an opportunity for progress.’ Analyse the statement.
5. State any two goals of development other than income.
6. When we produce goods by exploiting natural resources, in which category of economic sector such activities come ?
7. Give any two examples of informal sector of credit.
8. Describe the impact of ‘Rinderpest’ on people’s livelihoods and local economy in Africa in the 1890s.
OR
Describe any three major problems faced by Indian cotton weavers in nineteenth century.
OR
 Describe any three steps taken to clean up London during nineteenth century. 

 

Click Here to Download Set -1


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : Social Science (Set -2)

General Instructions :

(i) The question paper has 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are Very Short Answer type Questions. Each question carries one mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B). 26(A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attach the map inside your answer book.
 (vii) There is no overall choice. However, internal choice has been provided in some questions. You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such-questions. 

1. ‘A challenge is not just any problem but an opportunity for progress.’ Analyse the statement.
2. Classify resources on the basis of origin.
3. Why did the Roman Catholic Church impose control over publishers and booksellers ?
 OR
 Why do novels use vernacular ?

4. Why were big European powers met in Berlin in 1885 ?
 OR
Why were merchants from towns in Europe began to move countryside in seventeenth and eighteenth centuries ?
 OR
 Why did Charles Booth, a Liverpool ship owner conduct the first social survey of low skilled workers in the East End of London in 1887 ?
5. When we produce goods by exploiting natural resources, in which category of economic sector such activities come ?
6. Give any two examples of informal sector of credit.
7. State any two goals of development other than income.
8. Explain the three factors that are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions.
9. Describe any three provisions of amendment made in ‘Indian Constitution’ in 1992 for making ‘Three-Tier’ government more effective and powerful.

Click Here to Download Set -2

CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme Question Paper, Science


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme

Question Paper Science


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  Science (Set -1)

General Instructions :

(i) The question paper comprises two Sections, A and B. You are to attempt both the sections.

(ii) All questions are compulsory.

(iii) There is no choice in any of the questions.

(iv) All questions of Section A and all questions of Section B are to be attempted separately.

(v) Question numbers 1 to 3 in Section A are one-mark questions. These are to be answered in one word or in one sentence.

(vi) Question numbers 4 to 6 in Section A are two-marks questions. These are to be answered in about 30 words each.

(vii) Question numbers 7 to 18 in Section A are three-marks questions. These are to be answered in about 50 words each.

(viii) Question numbers 19 to 24 in Section A are five-marks questions. These

are to be answered in about 70 words each.

(ix) Question numbers 25 to 33 in Section B are multiple choice questions

based on practical skills. Each question is a one-mark question. You are

to select one most appropriate response out of the four provided to you.

(x) Question numbers 34 to 36 in Section B are two-marks questions based on

practical skills. These are to be answered in brief.

SECTION A

1. A Mendelian experiment consisted of breeding pea plants bearing violet flowers with pea plants bearing white flowers. What will be the result in F1  progeny ?
2. Write the energy conversion that takes place in a hydropower plant.
3. A compound ‘X’ on heating with excess conc. sulphuric acid at 443 K gives an unsaturated compound ‘Y’. ‘X’ also reacts with sodium metal to evolve a colourless gas ‘Z’. Identify ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’. Write the equation of the chemical reaction of formation of ‘Y’ and also write the role of sulphuric acid in the reaction.
4. (a) Name one gustatory receptor and one olfactory receptor present in human beings.
 (b) Write a and b in the given flow chart of neuron through which information travels as an electrical impulse.

Dendrite→ a →b→ End point of Neuron

5. If the image formed by a spherical mirror for all positions of the object placed in front of it is always erect and diminished, what type of mirror is it ? Draw a labelled ray diagram to support your answer.
6. Decomposition reactions require energy either in the form of heat or light or electricity for breaking down the reactants. Write one equation each for decomposition reactions where energy is supplied in the form of heat, light and electricity. 


Click Here to Download Set -1


 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  Science (Set -2)

1. Write the energy conversion that takes place in a hydropower plant.
2. A Mendelian experiment consisted of breeding pea plants bearing violet flowers with pea plants bearing white flowers. What will be the result in F1  progeny ?
3.(a) Name one gustatory receptor and one olfactory receptor present in human beings.
 (b) Write a and b in the given flow chart of neuron through which information travels as an electrical impulse. Dendrite →a →b → End point of Neuron
4. If the image formed by a spherical mirror for all positions of the object placed in front of it is always erect and diminished, what type of mirror is it ? Draw a labelled ray diagram to support your answer. 


Click Here to Download Set -2

CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

(Download) CBSE: Class XII English Elective Question Paper - 2018


Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018

Class – XII

Subject – English (Elective)


Subject :- English (Elective)

Class : XII

Year : 2018

The Question paper is divided into three sections :
Section A — Reading 20 marks
Section B — Writing and Grammar 40 marks
Section C — Literature 40 marks
General Instructions :
(i) All the questions are compulsory.
(ii) You may attempt any section at a time.
(iii) All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

SECTION A
(Reading) 20

1. Read the passage given below : 10
What’s lost as handwriting fades ?

1 Psychologists and neuroscientists say that handwriting has not yet lost its importance. New evidence suggests that the links between handwriting and broader educational development are very close.
2 Children not only learn to read more quickly when they first learn to write by hand, but they also remain better able to generate ideas and retain information. In other words it’s not just what we write that matters -but how.
3 According to psychologist Stanislas Dehaene, ‘‘When a child writes,the brain reacts in a unique manner. The action of writing automatically triggers an activity in the brain. This activity recognizes what is the written word, which makes learning easier.’’ 
4 A 2012 study lent support to that view. Children who had not yet learnt to read and write were presented with a letter or a shape on an index card and were asked to produce it in one of three ways : trace the image on a sheet with a dotted outline, draw it on a blank white sheet, or type it on a computer. They were then placed in a brain scanner and shown the image again.
5 The researchers found that when children had drawn the letter freehand, they exhibited increased activity in areas of the brain that are activated in adults when they read and write. By contrast, children who typed or traced the letter showed no such effect. The activation was significantly weaker.
6 The effect goes beyond letter recognition. A study that followed children in grades two through five demonstrated that printing, cursive writing and typing on a keyboard are all associated with separate brain activities. When the children composed text by hand, they consistently produced more words more quickly than they did on a keyboard, and expressed more ideas. And brain imaging suggested that the connection between writing and idea generation went further. When these children were asked to come up with ideas for a competition, the ones with better handwriting exhibited greater mental activity in areas associated with working memory, and increased overall activation in the reading and writing networks.
7 More studies have reported that in both laboratory settings and classrooms, students learn better when they take notes by hand than when they type on a keyboard. Latest research suggests that writing by hand allows the student to process a lecture’s contents and reframe it.
8 Not every expert is persuaded that the long-term benefits of handwriting are all that significant. Still, one expert, Harold Bloom, says, the new research is, at least, thought provoking. ‘‘With handwriting, the very act of putting it down forces you to focus on what is important,’’ he said. ‘‘May be it helps you think better.’’

1.1 On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer the following questions very briefly : 1x6=6

(a) What happens when children learn to write by hand ?
(b) What is the reaction of the brain when a person writes ?
(c) What is the change when a person draws freehand ?
(d) Which children perform better in competitions ?
(e) What is the advantage of taking down notes by hand ?
(f) According to Bloom, how does handwriting help a person get greater clarity of thought ?

1.2 Choose the meanings of the words given below from the given options : 1x4=4
(a) Suggests (para 1)
(i) conveys
(ii) denies
(iii) accepts
(iv) advises

Click Here To Download Full Paper I

Click Here To Download Full Paper II

CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme Question Paper, Mathematics


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme

Question Paper Mathematics


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  Mathematics (Set -1)

Please check that this question paper contains 11 printed pages.

  • Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
  • Please check that this question paper contains 31 questions.
  • Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting it.
  • 15 minute time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer-book during this period.

General Instructions :

(i) All questions are compulsory.

(ii) The question paper consists of 31 questions divided into four sections - A, B, C and D.

(iii) Section A contains 4 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each, Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section D contains 11 questions of 4 marks each.

(iv) Use of calculators is not permitted.


Click Here to Download Set -1


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  Mathematics (Set -2)

General Instructions :

(i) All questions are compulsory.

(ii) The question paper consists of 31 questions divided into four sections - A, B, C and D.

(iii) Section A contains 4 questions of 1 mark each. Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each, Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section D contains 11 questions of 4 marks each.

(iv) Use of calculators is not permitted.


Click Here to Download Set -2

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

(Download) CBSE: Class XII English Core Question Paper - 2018


Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018

Class – XII

Subject – English (Core)


Subject :- English (Core)

Class : XII

Year : 2018

General Instructions :
(i) This paper is divided into three sections : A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
(ii) Separate instructions are given with each section and question,wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
(iii) Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.

SECTION A — (Reading) 30

1. Read the passage given below : 12
1
When you grow up in a place where it rains five months a year, wise elders help you to get acquainted with the rain early. They teach you that it is ignorant to think that it is the same rain falling every day. Oh no, the rain is  always doing different things at different times. There is rain that is gentle, and there is also rain that falls too hard and damages the crops. Hence, the prayer for the sweet rain that helps the crops to grow.
2 The monsoon in the Naga hills goes by the native name, khuthotei (which means the rice-growing season). It lasts from May to early or mid-October. The local residents firmly believe that Durga Puja in October announces the end of rain. After that, one might expect a couple of short winter showers, and the spring showers in March and April. Finally, comes the ‘‘big rain’’ in May; proper rainstorms accompanied by heart-stopping lightning and ear-splitting thunder. Ihave stood out in storms looking at lightning arc across dark skies, a light-and-sound show that can go on for hours.
3 This is the season when people use the word sezuo or süzu to refer to the week-long rains, when clothes don’t dry and smell of mould, when fungus forms on the floor and when you can’t see the moon or the stars because of the rainclouds. But you learn not to complain. Rain, after all, is the farmer’s friend and brings food to the table. Rituals and festivals centre around the agricultural rhythm of life, which is the occupation of about 70 percent of the population. 
4 The wise learn to understand its ways. I grew up hearing my grandfather say, ‘‘It’s very windy this year. We’ll get good rain.’’ If the windy season was short and weak, he worried there might not be enough rain for the crops. I learned the interconnectedness of the seasons from childhood, and marvelled at how the wind could bring rain. Another evening, many rainy seasons ago, my paternal aunt observed the new moon and worried, ‘‘Its legs are in the air, we’re in for some heavy rain.’’ She was right. That week, a storm cut off power lines and brought down trees and bamboos.
5 Eskimos boast of having a hundred names for snow. Norwegians in the north can describe all kinds of snow by an equal amount of names : pudder, powder snow, wet snow, slaps, extra wet snow, tight snowfall, dry snow, and at least 95 more categories of snow. Likewise, in India we have names and names for rain. Some are common, some are passing into history.
6 The rains are also called after flowering plants and people believe that the blossoming of those plants draws out rain. Once the monsoons set in, field work is carried out in earnest and the work of uprooting and transplanting paddy in flooded terrace fields is done. The months of hard labour are June, July and August. In August, as the phrogü plant begins to bloom, a rain will fall. This August rain, also called phrogü, is a sign that the time for  cultivation is over. If any new grain seeds are sown, they may not sprout; even if they do sprout, they are not likely to bear grain. The rain acts as a kind of farmer’s almanac.
7 The urban population of school-goers and office-goers naturally dislikes the monsoon and its accompanying problems of landslides, muddy streets and periodic infections. For non-farmers, the month of  September can be depressing, when the rainfall is incessant and the  awareness persists that the monsoons will last out till October. One needs to have the heart of a farmer to remain grateful for the watery days, and be able to observe — from what seems to the inexperienced as a continuous downpour — the many kinds of rain. Some of the commonly known rain-weeks are named after the plants that alternately bloom in August and September. The native belief is that the flowers draw out the rain.
8 Each rain period has a job to fulfil : October rain helps garlic bulbs to form, while kümünyo rain helps the rice bear grain. Without it, the ears of rice cannot form properly. End October is the most beautiful month in the Naga hills, as the fields turn gold and wild sunflowers bloom over the slopes, all heralding the harvest. Prayers go up for protecting the fields from storms, and the rains to retreat because the grain needs to stand in the sun and ripen. The cycle nears completion a few weeks before the harvest, and the rain does retreat so thoroughly from the reaped furrows that the earth quickly turns hard. The months of rain become a distant memory until it starts all over again. On the basis of your understanding of the above passage,

complete the statements given below with the help of options that follow : 1x4=4
(a) The rains are called after flowering plants because
(i) heavy rains kill plants.
(ii) flowers grow in the rainy season.
(iii) it is believed that the plants bring the rain.
(iv) flowers grow all the year round.
(b) The rain is like a calendar for farmers because
(i) it tells them when to sow and when to harvest.
(ii) it tells them the birthdays of their children.
(iii) each month has a time for plantation.
(iv) different kinds of rain tell different things.
(c) People who live in cities don’t like rain because
(i) it brings mud and sickness with it.
(ii) they are not bothered about the farmers.
(iii) they don’t like the plants that grow during the rain.
(iv) going shopping becomes difficult.
(d) People pray asking the rain to retreat because
(i) the fungus and mould need to dry.
(ii) children don’t get a chance to play.
(iii) the crops need the sun and heat to ripen.
(iv) they like to pray.
Answer the following questions briefly : 1x6=6
(e) Why do the elders want you to understand the rains in the Naga hills ?
(f) What does Durga Puja mean to the farmers of the Naga hills ?
(g) What kind of rain is called sezuo ?
(h) What is the occupation of more than half the population of the Naga hills ?

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Click Here To Download Full Paper II

Click Here To Download Full Paper III

CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme Question Paper, English Communicative


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme

Question Paper English Communicative


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  English Communicative (Set -1)

ENGLISH (Communicative)

Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 70

General Instructions :

(i) The Question paper is divided into three sections :

Section A — Reading 20 marks

Section B — Writing and Grammar 25 marks

Section C — Literature 25 marks

(ii) All questions are compulsory.

(iii) You may attempt any section at a time.

(iv) All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

  • Please check that this question paper contains 8 printed pages.
  • Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
  • Please check that this question paper contains 11 questions.
  • Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting it.
  • 15 minute time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer-book during this period.

SECTION A – (Reading) 20 marks

1. Read the passage carefully : 8

Globalization

Globalization is the way to open businesses, improve technological growth, economy, etc, at the international level for all countries. It is the way in which manufacturers and producers of the products or goods sell their products globally without any restriction. It provides huge profits to the businessmen as they get low cost labour in poor countries easily. It provides a big opportunity to the companies to deal with the worldwide market.  Globalization helps to consider the whole world as a single market. Traders are extending their areas of business by treating the world as a global village. Earlier till the 1990s, there was a restriction on importing certain products which were already
manufactured in India like agricultural products, engineering goods, food items and toiletries. However, during the 1990s there was a pressure from the rich countries on the poor and developing countries to allow them to spread their businesses by opening their markets. In India the globalization and li has been a bonanza for the consumers, however, a loss to the small-scale Indian producers. 
Globalization has had some very positive effects on the Indian consumer in all sectors of society. It has affected the Indian students and education sector to a great extent by making study books and a lot of information available over the internet. Collaboration of foreign universities with the Indian universities has brought about a huge change in the field of education.
Globalization of trade in the agricultural sector has brought varieties of quality seeds which have disease resistance property. However, it is not good for the poor Indian farmers because the seeds and agricultural technologies are costly.  
 It has brought about a huge revolution in the employment sector by the spread of businesses like cottage, handloom, carpet, artisan carving, ceramic, jewellery, and glassware etc.

Attempt any eight of the following questions : 1x8 = 8

 (a) What is globalization ?
 (b) Write any two advantages of globalization.
 (c) What was the pressure from the rich countries in the 1990’s ?
 (d) What is the effect of multinational brands entering the Indian market ?
 (e) How are the prices of quality products affected due to globalization ?
 (f) How have the foreign products affected the local industry adversely ?
 (g) What has been the impact of globalization on the Indian students ?
 (h) Why has globalization had a negative effect on the poor Indian farmer ?
 (i) How has the cottage industry benefited from globalization ? 


Click Here to Download Set -1


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  English Communicative (Set -2)

1. Read the passage given below : 12

Everybody wants to succeed in life. For some, success means achieving whatever they desire or dream. For many it is the name, fame and social position. Whatever be the meaning of success, it is success which makes a man popular.  All great men have been successful. They are remembered for their great  achievements. But it is certain that success comes to those who are sincere,hardworking, loyal and committed to their goals.  Success has been man’s greatest motivation. It is very important for all. Success has a great effect on life. It brings pleasure and pride. It gives a sense of fulfilment. It means all-around development. Everybody hopes to be successful in life. But success smiles on those who have a proper approach, planning, vision and stamina. A proper and timely application of all these things is bound to bear fruit. One cannot be successful without cultivating these certain basic things in life. It is very difficult to set out on a journey without knowing one’s goals and purposes. Clarity of the objective is a must to succeed in life. A focused approach with proper planning is certain to bring success. Indecision and insincerity are big obstacles on the path to success.  One should have the capability, capacity and resources to turn one’s dreams into reality. Mere desire cannot bring you success. The desire should be weighed against
factors like capability and resources. This is the basic requirement of success. The next important thing is the eagerness, seriousness and the urge to be successful. It is the driving force which decides the success. It is the first step on the ladder of success.  
One needs to pursue one’s goals with all one’s sincerity and passion. One should always be in high spirit. Lack of such spirit leads to an inferiority complex which is a big obstruction on the path to success. Time is also a deciding factor. Only the punctual and committed have succeeded in life. Lives of great men are examples of this. They had all these qualities in plenty which helped them rise to the peak of success.
 Hard labour is one of the basic requirements of success. There is no substitute for hard labour. It alone can take one to the peak of success. Every success has a ratio of five percent inspiration and ninety-five percent perspiration. It is the patience, persistence and perseverance which play a decisive role in achieving success. Failures are the pillars of success as they are our stepping-stones and we must get up and start again
and be motivated.

1.1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following  questions in 30-40 words each : 2 × 4 = 8

(a) To whom does success come certainly ?
(b) What are the basic things in life we need to achieve success ?
(c) What did great men have in plenty to rise to the peak of success ? Give any two examples.
(d) What is the one basic requirement of success ?
(e) Explain : “Failures are pillars of success.”

1.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following blanks with appropriate words/phrase : 1 × 2 = 2

(a) _________ plays a decisive role in achieving success.
(b) Goals have to be pursued with _________ and _________.
(c) Ratio of success is _________ inspiration. 

1.3 Find out the words from the passage that mean the same as the following : (any two) 1 × 2 = 2

(a) endurance (para 2)
(b) obstruction (para 4)
(c) motivation (para 5) 


Click Here to Download Set -2

CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

(Download) CBSE: Class XII Hindi Elective Question Paper - 2018


Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018

Class – XII

Subject – Hindi (Elective)


Subject :- हिन्दी (ऐच्छिक)

Class : XII

Year : 2018

खण्ड (क)

१. निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को ध्यान से पढ़िए और पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर संक्षेप में (२०-३० शब्दों में) लिखिए : १५

'दाँत'  इस दो अक्षर के शब्द तथा इन थोड़ी-सी छोटी-छोटी हडि्‌डयों में भी उस चतुर कारीगर ने वह कौशल दिखलाया है कि किसके मुँह में दाँत हैं जो पूरा वर्णन कर सके । मुख की सारी शोभा और सभी भोज्य पदार्थों का स्वाद इन्हीं पर निर्भर है । कवियों ने अलक,भ्रू तथा बरौनी आदि की छवि लिखने में बहुत रीति से बाल की खाल निकाली है पर सच पूछिए तो इन्हीं की शोभा से सबकी शोभा है । जब दाँतों के बिना पोपला-सा मुँह निकल आता है और चिबुक एवं नासिका एक में मिल जाती हैं, उस समय सारी सुधराई मिट्‌टी में मिल जाती है । कवियों ने इनकी उपमा हीरा, मोती, माणिक से दी है, यह बहुत ठीक है ।

यह वह अंग है जिसमें पाकशास्त्र के छहों रस एवं काव्यशास्त्र के नवों रस का आधार है । खाने का मज़ा इन्हीं से है । इस बात का अनुभव यदि आपको न हो तो किसी वृद्ध से  पूछ देखिए । केवल सतुआ चाटने के और रोटी को दूध में तथा दाल में भिगोकर गले के नीचे
उतारने के सिवाय दुनिया भर की चीज़ों के लिए वह तरस कर ही रह जाता होगा ।

सच है दाँत बिना जब किसी काम के न रहें तब पूछे कौन ? शंकराचार्य का यह पद महामंत्र है "अंगं गलितं पलितं मुडं दशनविहीनं जातं तुंडम्‌" आदि । एक कहावत भी है 

"दाँत खियाने, खुर घिसे, पीठ बोझ नहिं लेइ,
ऐसे बूढ़े बैल को कौन बाँध भुस देइ ।"

आपके दाँत हाथी के दाँत तो हैं नहीं कि मरने पर भी किसी के काम आएँगे । आपके दाँत तो यह शिक्षा देते हैं कि जब तक हम अपने स्थान, अपनी जाति (दंतावली) और अपने काम में दृढ़ हैं, तभी तक हमारी प्रतिष्ठा है । यहाँ तक कि बड़े-बड़े कवि हमारी प्रशंसा करते
हैं । पर मुख से बाहर होते ही एक अपावन, घृणित और फेंकने वाली हड्‌डी हो जाते हैं । गाल और होंठ दाँतों का परदा हैं । जिसके परदा न  रहा अर्थात्‌ स्वजातित्व की ग़ैरतदारी न रही, उनकी निर्लज्ज ज़िंदगी व्यर्थ है । ऐसा ही हम उन स्वार्थ के अंधों के हक में मानते हैं जो रहे
हमारे साथ, बने हमारे साथ ही, पर सदा हमारे देश-जाति के अहित ही में  तत्पर रहते हैं ।  उनके होने का हमें कौन सुख ? दुखती दाढ़ की पीड़ा से मुक्ति उसके उखड़वाने में ही है । हम तो उन्हीं की जै-जै कार करेंगे जो अपने देशवासियों से दाँत काटी रोटी का बर्ताव रखत है ।

(क) कैसे कह सकते हैं कि दाँतों का निर्माण चतुर कारीगर ने किया है और इन्हीं की शोभा से सारी शोभा है ? २
(ख) कवियों ने दाँतों की उपमा किन वस्तुओं से दी है ? उपमा का कारण भी स्पष्ट कीजिए ? २

(ग) भोजन के आनंद में दाँतों का क्या योगदान है ? इसे समझने के लिए किसी वृद्ध के पास जाना क्यों ज़रूरी बताया है ? २
(घ) दाँतों की प्रतिष्ठा कब तक है ? मुख से बाहर होते ही उनके साथ भिन्न व्यवहार क्या  है ? 2

(ङ) शंकराचार्य के कथन और एक अन्य कहावत के द्वारा लेखक क्या समझाना चाहता है ? २
(च) गाल और होंठ दाँतों का परदा कैसे हैं ? उस परदे से क्या शिक्षा मिलने की बात कही गई है ? २

(छ) दाँतों की चर्चा में देश का अहित करने वालों का उल्लेख क्यों किया गया है ? लेखक के अनुसार उनसे कैसा व्यवहार किया जाना चाहिए ? २
(ज) इस गद्यांश का एक उपयुक्त शीर्षक सुझाइए । (अधिकतम ५ शब्द) १

२. निम्नलिखित काव्यांश को पढ़िए और पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर (प्रत्येक लगभग २० शब्दों में) दीजिए : १x५=५

तन समर्पित, मन समर्पित और यह जीवन समर्पित
चाहता हूँ देश की धरती, तुझे कुछ और भी दूँ ।
माँ, तुम्हारा ॠण बहुत है, मैं अकिंचन,
किंतु इतना कर रहा फिर भी निवेदन ।

थाल में लाऊँ सजाकर भाल जब भी
कर दया स्वीकार लेना वह समर्पण ।
मान अर्पित, प्राण अर्पित
रक्त का कण-कण समर्पित
चाहता हूँ देश की धरती, तुझे कुछ और भी दूँ ।

कर रहा आराधना मैं आज तेरी,
एक विनती तो करो स्वीकार मेरी ।
भाल पर मल दो चरण की धूल थोडी
शीष पर आशीष की छाया घनेरी
स्वप्न अर्पित, प्रश्न अर्पित
आयु का क्षण-क्षण समर्पित
चाहता हूँ देश की धरती, तुझे कुछ और भी दूँ ।
तो‹डता हूँ मोह का बंधन क्षमा दो
गाँव मेरे, द्वार, घर, आँगन क्षमा दो
देश का जयगान अधरों पर सजा हो
देश का ध्वज हाथ में केवल थमा हो
सुमन अर्पित, चमन अर्पित
नी‹ड का तृण-तृण समर्पित
चाहता हूँ देश की धरती, तुझे कुछ और भी दूँ ।

(क) तन-मन अर्पित करने पर भी कुछ और देने की चाह क्यों है ?
(ख) मातृभूमि का ॠण चुकाने के लिए कवि अपनी किस भेंट को स्वीकार लेने का आग्रह कर रहा है ?
(ग) तन और मन का समर्पण कैसे हो सकता है ?
(घ) कविता में किस-किस से और क्यों क्षमा माँगी गई है ?
(ङ) कविता के संदर्भ में ‘चमनङ्क और ‘नी‹डङ्क का प्रतीकार्थ स्पष्ट कीजिए ।

खण्ड (ख)

३. निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर लगभग ३०० शब्दों में निबन्ध लिखिए : १०

(क) आतंकवाद : एक विश्वव्यापी समस्या
(ख) लोकतंत्र और मीडिया
(ग) हिन्दी में रोज़गार की संभावनाएँ
(घ) थमती क्यों नहीं महँगाई

४. पत्रकारिता के क्षेत्र में अध्ययन पूरा करने के उपरांत पत्रकार के रूप में कार्य करने के लिए किसी प्रतिष्ठित समाचार-पत्र के संपादक को लगभग १५० शब्दों में एक आवेदन-पत्र लिखिए और यह भी उल्लेख कीजिए कि आप उसी पत्र के साथ क्यों जुडना चाहते हैं । ५

अथवा
राष्ट्रीय स्वच्छता-अभियान के लाभों और उसकी सीमाओं की समीक्षा करते हुए किसी प्रतिष्ठित समाचार-पत्र के संपादक को लगभग १५० शब्दों में पत्र लिखिए

५. निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर संक्षेप में, प्रत्येक २० ह्न ३० शब्दों में दीजिए : १x ५=५

(क) उलटा पिरामिड शैली से क्या तात्पर्य है ?
(ख) खोजी रिपोर्ट किसे कहते हैं ?
(ग) समाचार लिखने के छह ‘ककारोंङ्क के नाम लिखिए ।
(घ) प्रधान संपादक के दो कार्यों का उल्लेख कीजिए ।
(ङ) स्तंभ-लेखन से क्या तात्पर्य है ?

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Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme Question Paper, English Language & Literature


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 : All India Scheme
Question Paper English Language & Literature


CBSE Class-10 Exam 2018 :  English Language & Literature (Set -1)

ENGLISH (Language and Literature)

Time allowed : 3 hours

Maximum Marks : 70

ENGLISH (Communicative)

Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 70

General Instructions :

(i) The Question paper is divided into three sections :

Section A — Reading 20 marks

Section B — Writing and Grammar 25 marks

Section C — Literature : Textbooks and

Long Reading Text 25 marks

(ii) All questions are compulsory.

(iii) Marks are indicated against each question.

  • Please check that this question paper contains 8 printed pages.
  • Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
  • Please check that this question paper contains 11 questions.
  • Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting it.
  • 15 minute time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer-book during this period.

SECTION A – (Reading) 20 marks

1. Read the passage given below : 8
(1) Tourists to Jammu and Kashmir have another attraction – a floating post office on the Dal Lake in Srinagar, the first in the country. ‘Floating Post Office, Dal Lake’ – claimed to be the only one such post office in the world – is built on an intricately carved maroon houseboat, fastened on the western edge of the Dal Lake.
(2) This post office lets you avail of all the regular postal services available in the country while being afloat. The seal used on everything posted from Floating Post Office is unique – along with the date and address, it bears the design of a boatman rowing a shikara on the Dal Lake. The special feature of this post office is that letters posted from here carry a special design which has the picturesque scenery of Dal Lake and Srinagar city. These pictures reach wherever these letters are posted to and hence promote Kashmir as a tourist destination across the world.
(3) This is actually a heritage post office that has existed since British times. It was called Nehru Park Post Office before 2011. But then the chief postmaster John Samuel renamed it as ‘Floating Post Office’.
(4) The post office’s houseboat has two small rooms – one serves as the office and the other a small museum that traces the philatelic history of the state postal department. It has a shop that sells postage stamps and other products.
(5) But for the locals, Floating Post office is more than an object of fascination. Rs.1-2 crore is deposited per month in Floating Post Office by communities living in and around the Dal Lake. The lake has several islets that are home to more than 50,000 people.
(6) The greatest fear is the recurrence of 2014 like floods in which the houseboat had gone for a toss uncontrollably pushed by the flood. Rescue teams had to anchor it using special mechanism in a nearby highland. Then it was brought back on the Dal after the water receded. The biggest boon is that at no time of the year do you need a fan in this post-office !
1.1 Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read : 1x8 = 8
(i) What is the location of the Floating Post Office in Srinagar ?
(ii) What is special about the seal used in the post office ?
(iii) How is the post office helpful in promoting tourism ?
(iv) Who renamed the post office as ‘Floating Post Office’ ?
(v) What are the two rooms of the post office used for ?
(vi) How is the post office beneficial to the locals ?
(vii) What is the greatest fear that the post office has ?
(viii) How is the post office a big boon to the people ?
(ix) Find the word from the passage which means the same as ‘attraction’. (para 5)


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CBSE Class-10 Exam 2017 :  English Language & Literature (Set -2)

Read the passage given below : 8

(1) It is an indisputable fact that the world has gone too far with the innovation of new technologies such as mobile phones, the internet and so on, due to which people are able to tour the cosmos virtually sitting at one place using their smart devices or other technological gadgets. Though mobile internet access is oftentimes hurried and short, it can still provide common internet features like alerts, weather data, emails, search engines, instant messages, and game and music downloading. 
(2) Due to the easy access of smart phones, communication has been very effective and instant. People are able to convey their message all around the globe to their loved ones without spending hefty sums of money. Adults are always fond of such gadgets and they always welcome and adopt such new technology readily. Further, young people have been able to broaden their minds and improve their skills by doing research on the Internet. For instance, they use smart phones to look up any new word they come across. As we know that most of the universities have online teaching provision and smart phones assist the students to complete their assignments on time.
(3) The mobile phone has been a lifesaver for a lot of people in case of an emergency. Likewise, use of smart phones can be of vital importance in preventing crimes in the society by providing information to the security forces in time. 
(4) Nonetheless, for the young the use of mobile phone can be like an addiction and they can misuse it. Young people are also prone to getting involved in undesirable activities on the Internet. This might have adverse effect on their academic performance. Therefore, young people should always be monitored and made aware of its bad outcomes.
(5) Also a major contributor to its popularity is the availability of prepaid or pay as you go services from a phone shop or an online store. This allows subscribers to load text or airtime credits to their handsets by the use of their credit cards, debit cards or by buying a prepaid card from the network they subscribe to. This plan also doesn’t commit a particular customer to a contract. If prepaid card is not that appealing to you, then you can opt to subscribe using the pay by month plan. 
1.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words each : 2x4 = 8
(i) How are smart phones helpful in communication ?
(ii) What are the benefits of mobile phones for the young generation ?
(iii) How can mobile phones be considered ‘lifesavers’ ?
(iv) Mention any two demerits of mobile phones.
(v) How is a prepaid card useful to mobile phone users ? 


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CBSE Special TX: 
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Exam: 

(Download) CBSE: Class XII Hindi Core Question Paper - 2018


Question Papers For Board Examinations 2018

Class – XII

Subject – Hindi (Core)


Subject :- हिन्दी (केन्द्रिक)

Class : XII

Year : 2018

खण्ड (क)

१. निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को पढ़कर पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर प्रत्येक २०-३० शब्दों में लिखिए : १५
हिन्दी के बारे में या उसके विरोध के बारे में जब भी कोई हलचल होती है, तो राजनीति का मुखौटा ओढ़े रहने वाले भाषा व्यवसायी बेनकाब होने लगते हैं । उनकी बेचैनी समझ में नहीं आती ।संविधान में स्पष्ट प्रावधानों के बाद भी यह अविश्वास का माहौल बनता क्यों
है ? यहाँ हम केवल एक ही प्रावधान को याद करें ।संविधान के अनुच्छेद ३५१ में हिन्दी भाषा के विकास के लिए निर्देश देते हुए स्पष्ट कहा गया है : संघ का यह कर्तव्य होगा कि वह हिन्दी भाषा का प्रसार बढ़ाए, उसका विकास करे, जिससे वह भारत की सामाजिक संस्कृति के सभी तत्त्वों की अभिव्यक्ति का माध्यम बन सके और उसकी प्रकृति में हस्तक्षेप किए बिना हिन्दुस्तानी और आठवीं अनुसूची में विनिर्दिष्ट भारत की अन्य भाषाओं में प्रयुक्त रूप, शैली और पदों को आत्मसात्‌ करते हुए और जहाँ आवश्यक या वांछनीय हो वहाँ उसके
शब्द-भंडार के लिए मुख्यत: संस्कृत से और गौणत: अन्य भाषाओं से शब्द ग्रहण करते हुए उसकी समृद्धि सुनिश्चित करे ।

यही सब देखकर हिन्दी के विषय में अक्सर यह लगने लगता है जैसे संविधान के संकल्पों का निष्कर्ष कहीं खो गया है और हम निर्माताओं के आशय से कहीं दूर भटक गए हैं । सहज ही मन में ये प्रश्न उठते हैं कि हमने क्या किया ? क्यों नहीं हमारे कार्यक्रम प्रभावी हुए ? क्यों और कैसे अंग्रे ज़ी भाषा की मानसिकता हम पर और हमारी युवा एवं किशोर पीढ़ी पर इतनी हावी हो चुकी है कि इसी मिट्टी से जन्मी हमारी अपनी भाषाओं की अस्मिता और भविष्य संकट में प्रतीत होता है । शिक्षा में, व्यापार और व्यवहार में, संसदीय, शासकीय एवं न्यायिक प्रक्रियाओं में हिन्दी और प्रादेशिक भाषाओं को वर्चस्व क्यों नहीं मिल पा रहा ?  

(क) भाषा व्यवसायी से क्या अभिप्राय है ? उनकी पोल कब खुलने लगती है ? २
(ख) संविधान में 'संघ' से आप क्या समझते हैं ? हिन्दी भाषा को लेकर संघ का क्या कर्तव्य बताया गया है ? २

(ग) हिन्दी भाषा के विकास की आवश्यकता क्यों है ? २
(घ) भारत की अन्य भाषाओं से लेखक का क्या तात्पर्य है ? यहाँ उनका उल्लेख क्यों हुआ है ? २
(ङ) 'अंग्रे ज़ी भाषा की मानसिकता से क्या तात्पर्य है ? उस उसका क्या परिणाम हो रहा है ? २

(च) यह कैसे कह सकते हैं कि हमारी अपनी भाषा का भविष्य संकट में है ? २
(छ) हिन्दी और प्रादेशिक भाषाओं के वर्चस्व से आप क्या समझते हैं ? यह कैसे संभव हो सकता है ? २
(ज) गद्यांश का उपयुक्त शीर्षक दीजिए । १

२. निम्नलिखित काव्यांश को पढ़कर पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर प्रत्येक २०-३० शब्दों में लिखिए : १x५=५

सहता प्रहार कोई विवश, कदर्य जीव
जिसकी नसों में नहीं पौरुष की धार है
करुणा, क्षमा हैं वीर जाति के कलंक घोर
क्षमता क्षमा की शूरवीरों का शृंगार है ।

प्रतिशोध से हैं होती शौर्य की शिखाएँ दीप्त
प्रतिशोध-हीनता नरों में महापाप है,
छो ड़ प्रीति-वैर पीते मूक अपमान वे ही
जिनमें न शेष शूरता का वह्नि-ताप है
जेता के विभूषण सहिष्णुता-क्षमा हैं किंतु
हारी हुई  जाति की सहिष्णुता अभिशाप है ।

सेना साजहीन है परस्व हरने की वृत्ति
लोभ की लड़ाई क्षात्र धर्म के विरुद्ध है
चोट खा परंतु जब सिंह उठता है जाग

उठता कराल प्रतिशोध हो प्रबुद्ध है
पुण्य खिलता है चंद्रहास की विभा में तब
पौरुष की जागृति कहाती धर्मयुद्ध है । 

(क) क्षमा कब कलंक और कब शृंगार हो जाती है ?
(ख) प्रतिशोध किसे कहते हैं ? वह कब आवश्यक होता है ?
(ग) सहिष्णुता को विभूषण और अभिशाप दोनों क्यों माना गया ? 

(घ) कैसा युद्ध धर्म के विरुद्ध माना गया है ?
(ङ) भाव स्पष्ट कीजिए  'पौरुष की जागृति कहाती धर्मयुद्ध है ।'

(खण्ड ख)

३. निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर लगभग १५० शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए : ५
(क) कम्प्यूटर : मेरे जीवन में
(ख) भारत की सामाजिक समस्याएँ
(ग) स्वाभिमान चाहिए, अभिमान नहीं
(घ) विकास के लिए शिक्षा

४. दूरदर्शन केन्द्र के निदेशक को नवीन साहित्यिक रचनाओं पर कार्यक्रम प्रसारित करने का आग्रह करते हुए लगभग १५० शब्दों में पत्र लिखिए । ५
५. निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर प्रत्येक २०-३० शब्दों में लिखिए : १x५=५

(क) 'पेज थ्री पत्रकारिता' का आशय समझाइए ।
(ख) अंशकालिक पत्रकार किसे कहते हैं ?
(ग) विशेषीकृत पत्रकारिता को संक्षेप में समझाइए ।
(घ) 'बीट' से आप क्या समझते हैं ? 

(ङ) रेडियो की लोकप्रियता के क्या कारण हैं ?
६. ङ्कगाँव से मज़दूरों का पलायनङ्ख विषय पर लगभग १५० शब्दों में आलेख लिखिए । ५ अथवा

हाल ही में पढ़ी यात्रा-वृत्तांतों की किसी पुस्तक की संतुलित समीक्षा लगभग  १५० शब्दों में लिखिए ।
७. ङ्कमहानगरों में आवास की समस्याङ्ख विषय पर लगभग १५० शब्दों में फ़ीचर लिखिए । ५

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CBSE Special TX: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-12 Question Papers for Compartment Examination 2018


CBSE Class-12 Question Papers for Compartment Examination 2018


SUBJECTS LINKS
HINDI

ENGLISH

MATHEMATICS

PHYSICS

CHEMISTRY

BIOLOGY

POLITICAL SCIENCE

GEOGRAPHY

HISTORY

PSYCHOLOGY

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

TALLENTEX Papers 2015 - Class 5th


TALLENTEX Papers 2015 - Class 5th


1. Find the wrong term in following series.

4, 8, 13, 16, 20, 24

(1) 8
(2) 13
(3) 16
(4) 20

2. What direction will you face if you start facing west and make 1/4 of a revolution clockwise?

(1) South
(2) North
(3) West
(4) East

3. If the first and last i.e. the first and the 26th letter of the English alphabet are paired, the second and 25th, the third and the 24th and so on are paired which of the following would be such a pair?

(1) EW
(2) BY
(3) FV
(4) BW

4. How many 3 digit numbers can be formed using digits 4, 5, 6 only once

(1) 5
(2) 6
(3) 3
(4) 4

5. In the following question, choose the pair of words that show the same relationship as given in the above pair

Summer : Raining

(1) Monday : Sunday
(2) Summer : Winter
(3) December : January
(4) Licence : Driving

6. Letters of the word given below have been jumbled up. You are required to construct the word. Each letter has been numbered. Choose the option which gives the correct order of the letters as indicated by the numbers to form the word.

T R I F U
1 2 3 4 5

(1) 3, 1, 2, 4, 5
(2) 4, 2,5, 3, 1
(3) 4, 3, 2, 1, 5
(4) 5, 3, 2, 1, 4

7. How many triangles are there in the following figure ?

(1) 6
(2) 10
(3) 11
(4) 12

8. In the following question, four words are given. Which of them will come at the third position if all of them are arranged alphabetically as in a dictionary ?

(1) Heaven
(2) Hillock
(3) Hawker
(4) Hilt

9. If in a certain language KINDLE is coded as ELDNIK, how is EXOTIC coded in that code ?

(1) CXOTIE
(2) COXITE
(3) CITOXE
(4) EOXITC

10. A plane flying in North-West direction turns clockwise by an angle of 45°. In which direction is it flying now?

(1) North
(2) South
(3) West
(4) South-west

11. X is brother of Y. B is brother of A. A is mother of X. What is B of Y ?

(1) Aunt
(2) Niece
(3) Nephew
(4) Uncle

12. Find the missing character from amongst the given alternatives.

(1) 37
(2) 38
(3) 39
(4) 42

Direction : (Q.13 & Q.14) : P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting round the circle and facing the centre

P is second to the right of T who is the neighbour of R and V.
S is not the neighbour of U.
V is the neighbour of U.
Q is not between S and W. W is between Q and S.

13. What is the position of S ?

(1) Between U and V
(2) Second to the right of P
(3) To the immediate right of P
(4) Data inadequate

14. Which two of the following are not immediate neighbours ?

(1) R and V
(2) U and V
(3) R and P
(4) Q and W

15. Find the value of

(1) 7
(2) 14
(3) 35
(4) 49

16. How many unit cubes are there in the figure ?

(1) 52
(2) 53
(3) 54
(4) 56

17. What should come next?

18. Which figure completes the second pair in the same way as the first pair.

19. Group the following figures into three classes regarding common properties amongst them.

(1) 4, 7, 9; 2, 5, 8; 1, 3, 6
(2) 4, 7, 9; 2, 5, 6; 1, 3, 8
(3) 1, 2, 3; 4, 5, 6; 7, 8, 9
(4) 1, 2, 3; 4, 7, 9; 5, 6, 8

20. In the following question, from amongst the figures marked (1), (2), (3) and (4), select the one which satisfies the same condition of placement of the dot as in the given figure (X)

21. In which of the following figures only pushing force is applied?

22. Work is always done when

(1) an object moves.
(2) a force moves an object.
(3) a force is exerted on an object.
(4) an object has mass.

23. An axe is an example of which type of simple machine?

(1) Screw
(2) Inclined plane
(3) Wedge
(4) Lever

24. A standard bottle opener is an example of which type of lever?

(1) Lever of the first order
(2) Lever of the second order
(3) Lever of the third order
(4) Lever of the fourth order

25. In the diagram below, which of these locations would enter the night-time side of Earth next?

(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

26. The Great Red Spot is a planetary feature that has been observed for hundreds of years. On which planet is the Great Red Spot?

(1) Venus
(2) Mars
(3) Neptune
(4) Jupiter

27. The illustration below shows a student approaching the door to a building.

Which two simple machines are being used to enable the student to reach the door?

(1) Inclined plane and pulley
(2) Lever and wheel-and-axle
(3) Pulley and lever
(4) Wheel-and-axle and inclined plane

28. Which among the following is the unit of force?

(1) Newton
(2) Dyne
(3) kg m/s2
(4) All are units of force

29. The picture shows Raj pulling the car made of iron with a wand. Which of these is probably inside the wand?

30. Alisha wants to build a machine for her technology class. To think of ideas, she drew four sketches of moving parts for her machine. Which design will work?

31. All stars appear to move from

(1) East to West
(2) West to East
(3) North to South
(4) South to North

32. Which among the following planets has no rings around it?

(1) Jupiter
(2) Saturn
(3) Uranus
(4) Mars

SECTION-B : CHEMISTRY

33. Substance from which metal is economically extracted is known as

(1) Mineral
(2) Ore
(3) Flux
(4) Slag

34. Soil can be conserved by

(1) Afforestation
(2) Terrace farming
(3) Bunds
(4) All the above

35. The origin point of an earthquake is called the

(1) Epicentre
(2) Crater
(3) Focus
(4) None of these

36. What is the full form of ‘NGO’?

(1) Non-Government Organisation.
(2) National Government Organisation
(3) National Growth Organisation
(4) New Great Organisation

37. Nonrenewable resources are natural resources that cannot be replaced quickly by nature when they get used up. According to this definition, which of these is a nonrenewable resource?

38. Diamond is formed at...........

(1) high temperature and high pressure
(2) high temperature and low pressure
(3) low temperature and high pressure
(4) low temperature and low pressure

39. The diagram below shows the effect of a river on an area over many years.

Which process caused the valley to form?

(1) condensation
(2) deposition
(3) erosion
(4) evaporation

40. The size of crystals in igneous rock can be determined by how fast the magma cools and solidifies. The faster the magma cools, the smaller the crystals. Which sample of granite is formed from magma that is cooled and solidified at the slowest rate?

41. The layers of this area do not line up. Which of the following could have caused this ?

(1) Weathering
(2) Earthquakes
(3) Erosion
(4) Volcanoes

42. Carbon dioxide is produced during:

(1) Photosynthesis and inspiration
(2) Transpiration and combustion
(3) Burning and respiration
(4) Respiration and photosynthesis

43. Vermi - Composting involves the addition of

(1) Red-worm
(2) Chemicals
(3) Pesticides
(4) Wastes of plants only

SECTION-C : BIOLOGY

44. The main sources of vitamins and minerals are

(1) Pulses, meat and egg
(2) Oil, butter and ghee
(3) Fruits and green vegetables
(4) Potato, maize, wheat and rice

45. Respiratory pigment found in insects is

(1) Haemocyanin
(2) Haemoglobin
(3) Both 1 and 2
(4) Lymph

46. A person is suffering from Anaemia, the food recommended for recovery of this disorder are

(1) Iodised salt & sea food
(2) Sea food and milk
(3) Butter, fish & meat
(4) Apple & Spinach

47. Which of the following disease is non communicable?

(i) Cholera
(ii) Typhoid
(iii) Diabetes
(iv) Chicken pox

(1) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(2) (iii) only
(3) (i) & (ii) only
(4) All of these

48. According to the feeding habits of sparrows i.e. crushing of seeds, their beaks have been specialised as being

(1) Broad and notched
(2) Short & strong
(3) Sharp and hooked
(4) None of these

49. Pernicious anaemia, failure of erythrocytes to mature, is mainly due to deficiency of

(1) Vitamin K
(2) Thiamine
(3) Vitamin C
(4) Cyanocobalamin

50. Which of these best defines communicable diseases?

(1) They can be cured.
(2) They are caused by bacteria.
(3) They are spread to others.
(4) They can spread only in winter.

51. The pictures below show the change in the fur of an arctic hare from summer to winter. Fur in summer Fur in winter

Which of the following statements best describes how this change helps arctic hares?

(1) It lowers their body temperature.
(2) It protects their eyes from sunlight.
(3) It helps them to move on slippery ice.
(4) It makes them less visible to predators.

52. John has diabetes.

Which of the following should he be careful about eating or drinking?

(1) Beef
(2) Eggs
(3) Milk
(4) Fruit juice

53. A polar bear is almost completely covered with white fur. The few parts without fur include the foot pads on its large, clawed paws. The foot pads are black and covered with many small bumps. The bumps help the polar bear to

(1) Conserve body heat
(2) Swim quickly in cold water
(3) Walk on ice without slipping
(4) Blend in with its surroundings

54. Observe the mouthpart of the insect in the illustration below and determine how it would feed ?

(1) Cut plant tissues
(2) Siphon nectar
(3) Sponge up food
(4) Pierce skin and suck liquids

55. For immediate energy production in cells one should take

(1) Glucose
(2) Proteins
(3) Vitamin C
(4) Minerals

SECTION-D : MATHEMATICS

56. Find the perimeter of the following figure.

(1) 23 cm
(2) 25 cm
(3) 28 cm
(4) None of these

57. Which figure can be made using 3 matchsticks (without breaking the sticks) ?

(1) Square
(2) Rectangle
(3) Triangle
(4) Circle

58. Which figure represents greater fraction by shaded part ?

(1) (i)
(2) (ii)
(3) both are equal
(4) None of these

59. Which point is interior to the angle in the following figure?

(1) P
(2) Q
(3) R
(4) Both P & Q

60. A pipe leaks 3.5 gallons of water each hour.

Which table represents the total amount of water leaked at the end of each hour?

61. Find the perimeter of the following figure ABCD.

(1) 30 cm
(2) 36 cm
(3) 42 cm
(4) 24 cm

62. If two angles of a triangle are equal and third is unequal, then the triangle is

(1) Isosceles triangle
(2) Equilateral triangle
(3) Scalene triangle
(4) None of these

63. Mrs. Joshi will put a fence around her rectangular garden.

• The length of the garden is 5 9 6 yards.
• The width of the garden is 1 5 4 yards.

How many yards of fencing does Mrs. Joshi need?

(1) 6 14 10
(2) 1 29 12
(3) 1 29 5
(4) 1 30 6

64. In which clock is the angle between the hour hand and the minute hand less than 90°?

65. Solve

(1) 40.152
(2) 43.454
(3) 43.549
(4) 57.551

66. Which has greater area ?

(1) (i)
(2) (ii)
(3) Both are equal
(4) None of these

67. In a right angled triangle, one angle is 48o. Then find the remaining angle.

(1) 45o
(2) 42o
(3) 90o
(4) Can’t be determined

68. Which pair of figures has the same fractional area shaded gray?

69. When an arm of an angle is extended then the measure of angle

(1) Doubles
(2) Triples
(3) Remains the same
(4) None of these

70.

(1) 3
(2) 2
(3) 2.999
(4) 2.991

71. The diagram below shows the dimensions of the patio in Mr. Hampshire's backyard.

What is the area, in square feet, of the patio ?

(1) 20 square feet
(2) 35 square feet
(3) 40 square feet
(4) 55 square feet

72. Which point is inside triangle MPQ ?

(1) (2, 3)
(2) (3, 2)
(3) (3, 4)
(4) (4, 3)

73. Which of the following is a proper fraction ?

74. If ABC is a right angle, then DBE = ?

(1) 51°
(2) 52°
(3) 42°
(4) 55°

75. This grid is shaded gray to represent the cost of a muffin. What is the cost of the muffin ?

(1) $0.43
(2) $0.46
(3) $0.58
(4) $0.78

76. A rectangular flower bed measuring 28 cm by 17 cm has path 4 cm wide surrounding it. Find the area of the path

(1) 500 sq. cm
(2) 411 sq. cm
(3) 424 sq. cm
(4) 619 sq. cm

77. How many possible triangles are there in the diagram given here ?

(1) 6
(2) 7
(3) 8
(4) 9

78. Which is greater between 2 right angles and 180º ?

(1) 2 Right angles
(2) 180º
(3) Both are equal
(4) Cannot be compared

79. Saumya read one third of book on Monday, two fifth of the remaining book on Tuesday, and still 60 pages were left to read. Find the total number of pages she read on Monday and Tuesday.

(1) 90
(2) 50
(3) 40
(4) 60

80. If 4256 ÷ 25 = 170.24, then which of the following is correct ?

(1) 4.256 ÷ 2.5 = 0.17024
(2) 42.56 ÷ 25 = 17.024
(3) 42.56 ÷ 2.5 =0.17024
(4) 42.56 ÷ 2.5 = 17.024

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GENERAL: 

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme (FOUNDATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY)

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme
(FOUNDATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY)

Time: 2 ½ Hrs. M.M.:40

General Instructions:
(i) The sample question paper consists of 16 questions.
(ii) All questions are compulsory; however internal choice has been given in few questions.

1 Multiple Choice Questions 5
a. Which one of the following is an e-Shopping website:
i) Flipkart
ii) Amazon
iii) Snapdeal
iv) All of above
b. Background is an attribute of:
i) <BODY> tag
ii) <FONT> tag
iii) <IMG> tag
iv) <A> tag
c. A link used to navigate or open other web pages on a website on internet is called:
i) Higherlink
ii) Hyperlink
iii) Heterolink
iv) None of above
d. A total of how many headings are there in html:
i) 4
ii) 6
iii) 7
iv) 8
e. Which one of the following is not an attribute of <A> tag:
i) NAME
ii) HREF
iii) Source
iv) Both (i) & (ii)
2 What is Blog? 1
3 Discuss the purpose of HTTP briefly. 1
4 Tamanna needs to store and transport the data. She should use HTML or XML? 1
5 Name the protocol which is used for uploading & downloading data from remote site. 1
6 What is the full form of URL? 1
7 What is the purpose of a web browser? Give the name of any two popular web browsers. 2
8 Explain the term Digital Divide. 2
9 Define cell padding and cell spacing with respect to tables in HTML.
OR
Define container & empty tags in HTML
2
10 What is a primary key in a table?
OR
What is the need of a database? Discuss briefly
2
11 Differentiate between <OL> and <UL> tag with suitable example. 3
12 What is the purpose of <IMG> tag? Mention it’s any two attributes along with their purpose. 3
13 What is e-Learning? Mention any two main benefits of e –learning with respect to the use of
Information Technology.
3
14 Differentiate between Crackers & Hackers.
OR
Ishan, a trainee in a multinational bank has just got his first official computer with internet facility in his office. Explain him about Malware, its types and any two precautionary measure he should be taken for information security.
3
15 Write the HTML code to generate the following web page with the given below specifications:
(a) Bordered table should have background color in pink.
(b) Table’s header row with a heading “INCOME TAX SLABS 2017-18” should spread
over four cells.
(c) After heading row, first cell of next row should spread over five rows with an image
named “it.jpg” stored in d: drive.
(d) Set the space between the cell wall and the cell content to 10 pixels and set the space
between the cells to 10 pixels.
(e) At the bottom of the page, a link to next page is there which is linked to another
webpage named “next.html”.
5
16 Write the HTML code to generate the following web page with the given below specifications:
(a) Bordered table should have background color in pink.
(b) Table’s header row with a heading “INCOME TAX SLABS 2017-18” should spread
over four cells.
(c) After heading row, first cell of next row should spread over five rows with an image
named “it.jpg” stored in d: drive.
(d) Set the space between the cell wall and the cell content to 10 pixels and set the space
between the cells to 10 pixels.
(e) At the bottom of the page, a link to next page is there which is linked to another
webpage named “next.html”.
5

Click Here To Download Full Sample Paper

Courtesy: CBSE

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme (English Communicative)

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme
(English Communicative)

TIME – 3 HOURS

MAXIMUM MARKS-80

SECTION –A: READING

Q1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. Cricket is a global passion, played everywhere from Test match arenas to village greens, tropical beaches and dusty back lots. Cricket is the world's second most popular spectator sport after football.

2. The origin of cricket is somewhere in the Dark Ages. All research concedes that the game derived from a very old, widespread and uncomplicated pastime by which one player served up an object, be it a small piece of wood or a ball, and another hit it with a suitably fashioned club. Cricket was first recorded in 16th-century England, and it was played in grammar schools, farm communities and everywhere in between. But things really took off when 18th-century nobles realised it was a great sport.

3. The oldest surviving set of cricket laws date from 1744 – printed on a handkerchief, naturally. It's now in the MCC Museum at Lord’s in London. The oldest permanent fixture is the annual Eton v Harrow match, played since 1805. A young Lord Byron turned out for Harrow in the first match, though history doesn't record how poetic – or “mad, bad and dangerous” – his bowling was.

5. The first international match was in 1877 when Australia beat England in Melbourne. The match was dubbed a “Test”, since the gruelling nature of playing over five days was deemed the ultimate “test” for any side. But it was Australia’s first win on English soil – in 1882 at The Oval in London – that led to matches between the two nations being christened the Ashes. Following the defeat, newspapers published an obituary mourning “the death of English cricket”, adding that “the body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia”.

6. A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50. The Cricket World Cup is played in this format. The international one-day game is a late twentieth-century development. The first ODI was played on 5 January 1971 between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

1.1 Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.
i. According to the passage, how did the game of Cricket originate?
ii. Where can we find the oldest sets of Cricket laws?
iii. Which match did Lord Byron play? iv. When was the first international match played? v. Which countries played that match?
vi. Why were the matches between Australia and England titled “The Ashes”?
vii. In which format is the Cricket world cup played ?
viii. When did the ODIs begin?
ix. Which word in paragraph no.5 means the same as ‘exhausting’?

Q2.Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

1. Politeness has been well defined as benevolence in trifles. It is the desire to put those whom we meet perfectly at their ease, and save them from every kind of petty discomfort and annoyance. The limited part of benevolence called politeness requires only an inclination to make them happy temporarily, while they are in our presence, and when this can be done without any sacrifice on our part or only with a slight sacrifice of personal comfort.

2. Politeness is said to be one of the important characteristics of civilised person. Politeness is the art of choosing among your thoughts. It must be implemented in every walk of life. When we deal with people elder to us we are polite. But, an honest polite person is polite with everyone, people of lower status, workers and even children. Not only with humans but also with animals we must be polite as they are our helpers.

3. Politeness is a skill. Like any other skill, you can master it with practice. The greatest enemy of politeness is ego. To be a polite person, you have to sacrifice your ego. It is difficult for an egoist to be polite. You have to imply politeness in your thinking, speech and actions. Actions work more than words. Polite actions will give fine results. Politeness will reduce your stress and boost you to be productive. Apart from your present benefits, you protect your future. Being polite makes you mentally healthy. In our daily life we come across many incidents with people nearby and ourselves.

4. Different rules of behaviour have to be observed, accordingly as we are in the street or in the drawingroom, at home or at school, in the company of friends or of strangers. There is also to be considered the great diversity of social etiquette which distinguishes one country from another.

5. Politeness, besides being a duty that we owe to others, is a valuable possession for ourselves. It costs nothing, and yet may in many cases bring much profit. The great advantage of this excellence of conduct was very clearly expressed by Dr. Johnson, when he said that the difference between a well-bred and an ill- bred man is that one immediately attracts your liking, the other your dislike.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in about 30-40 words each :
i. Why is politeness called as limited part of benevolence?
ii. List some of the persons we should be polite to?
iii. Why is it difficult for an egoist to be polite?
iv. What are the benefits of being polite?
v. Which rules of behaviour are to be observed?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following blanks with appropriate words/phrases.
i. Politeness is an art of choosing_________.
ii. An honest polite person is polite with ___________.
iii. To others, we _____________________.

2.3. Attempt any two of the following. Find out the words that mean the same as under:

i. ‘insignificant’ (Paragraph 1)
ii. ‘manners’ (Paragraph 4)
iii. ‘civil’(Paragraph 5)

SECTION B: WRITING AND GRAMMAR

Q3.(a) You are Sonal/ Samkit of Vidyanjali Public School , Lucknow . You have seen an advertisement in ‘The Times of India ’ related to new batches of ‘Astronomy Club’initiated by National Science Centre , Lucknow starting from the coming fortnight .You wish to join the Club. Write a letter to the Director, enquiring about the venue , duration ,fee- structure , activities , transportation etc. Invent other necessary details

OR

Q3.(b) You are the In-charge of the Medical Section of Gyanodaya Public School , Nehru Vihar , Alwar . Your stock of medicines is about to finish .Write a letter to the Director of Jambo Medicare ,Delhi ,ordering medical items like glucose , crocin , bandages, tincture , pain-healers, ointments etc. Ask for discount on bulk order .Invent other necessary details.

Q4 Write a short story, in about 200-250 words, with any one set of the cues given in the boxes below. Give a suitable title to the story .

Jasmine , Ali and two other friends decided to go on a picnic to a beach .
They packed their bags and were quite excited . They reached the picnic spot and came across a
small child who was crying ………..

OR

On October 4 ,we all were decorating our house to celebrate the most long awaited
festival , Diwali . My heart was filled with excitement to meet my father after a long
gap of six years . But a call from the army headquarter left us stunned…

Q5. Fill in any four of the following blanks choosing the most appropriate option from the ones given below. Write the answers in your answer –sheet against the correct blank numbers.

A. Sanitation and hygiene are also important ( a) ___________the well – being of society and biodiversity conservation .
B. The government has (b )____________ a programme .
C. It aims to develop ( c) ____________riverfronts .
D. It will solve the problem of pollution ( d) ____________ the rivers .
E. The need has been(e) ______for a long time.

(a ) ( i) by (ii ) from (iii) for (iv) into
(b ) (i) initiates (ii) initiated (iii) initiate (iv)initiating
(c ) (i) an (ii) a (iii) in (iv ) the
(d ) (i) in (ii ) on (iii) onto (iv )by
(e) (d ) (i) feeling (ii ) feel (iii) felt (iv ) have felt

Q6. In the following passage one word has been omitted in each line .Write the missing word, in any four sentences of the given paragraph, along with the word that comes before and the word that comes after it in the space provided .

Before Missing Word After_

Himachal Pradesh a good place for Eco Camp Eg. Pradesh is a
Pine Hill Eco Camp one of the ecotourism resorts ( a ) _______ _____ _______
near Barog Himachal Pradesh . Ecotourism is (b ) _______ ____ _______
gaining popularity each passing day as more ( c ) _______ _____ __ _____
and more people want get away from the ( d ) _______ _____ _______
hectic schedules . This become a favourite tourist spot. (e) _______ _ ____ _____

Q7. Rearrange any four of the following word clusters to make meaningful sentences .
( a ) rain water / flooding / helps/ harvesting / in / chances of / reducing
( b ) storm / helps/ also/better/ water/ it / water management / in
( c ) plant growth / in/storing /rainwater / can/ help / improving
( d ) is/ from / stored/ natural and/ pollutants /rain water /free/ man- made
(e) out/ the/street/ earthquake/another/on/people/ came/ fearing/

SECTION C LITERATURE

Q8 Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow . Write the
answer in your answer sheet in one or two lines only.

(a) "We do many things, sir," Nicola answered seriously. He glanced at us hopefully.”
i. What does the speaker mean by "We do many things, sir, ?
ii. Whom is he addressing to ?
iii. Why was Nicola serious ?
iv. Find the synonym of ‘looked’.

OR

(b)CAESAR :Cowards die many times before their deaths;
The valiant never taste of death but once.
Of all the wonders that I yet have heard.
It seems to me most strange that men should fear;
Seeing that death, a necessary end,
Will come when it will come.

i. Whom does Caesar console and why ?
ii. Which quality of the speaker is revealed here ?
iii. Explain: Cowards die many times before their deaths.
iv. Give the synonym of ‘Gallant’.

Q9 Answer any four of the following Questions in 30-40 words each

i.Although Calpurnia revealed her fear after nightmare yet Caesar decided to go to senate house. Why ?
ii.“Pen is mightier than sword”. Elucidate with reference to the poem ‘Not Marble Nor Gilded Monuments’.
iii.Why was the ‘Writer’s inspiration Bureau’ formed?
iv.What message is conveyed by Vikram Seth through the poem ‘The Frog and the Nightingale’?
v. How does the story ‘Two Gentlemen of Verona’ give hope to the society?

Q10 Attempt any one out of the two following long answer type questions in 100-120 words.
Q.10. (a) ‘Pride goes before a fall.’ Justify the statement on basis of the chapter Mrs. Packletide’s Tiger.

OR

Q.10. (b). ‘Only the bearer knows where the shoe pinches’. Elucidate the statement with reference to the
story The Letter.

Q11 A ) Answer the following question based on prescribed novel text for extended reading in about 200-
250 words.
The Diary of a Young Girl

Q. 11. A. i. What are Anne’s views about the Laws that restrict the Jews’ freedom ?
OR
Q. 11.A. ii. Write the pen portrait of Mr. Van Dann

OR
Q.11 B) Answer the following question based on prescribed novel text for extended reading in about 200-
250 words.

The Story of My Life

Q.11. B. i. In the life of Helen Keller, Ms. Anne Sullivan acts as an inspiration behind her
extraordinary life. Justify with suitable instances from the text.
Or
Q.11.B.ii. Give a pen portrait of Dr. Alexender Graham Bell.

Click Here To Download Full Sample Paper

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Courtesy: CBSE

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme (Business)

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme
(Business)

Time: 3 hours MM:100

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme (Accountancy)

 

Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme
(Accountancy)

1. (a)

2. (c)

3. (a)

4. (b)

5. (a)

6. (a)

7. (b)

8. (d)

9. (a)

10. (b)

11. Bill of Exchange:

A bill of exchange is an instrument in writing drawn by the creditor upon his debtor containing an unconditional order to pay a certain sum of money on a certain date to a certain person or to his order or to the bearer of the instrument for the value received.

12.

Journal

Date Particulars LF Dr.
Amount
(Rs.)
Cr.
Amount
(Rs.)
  Machinery Account                                     Dr.
To Bank Account
(Machinery purchased)
  80,000
80,000
  Machinery Account                                     Dr.
To Bank Account
(Paid Installation charges)
  20,000
20,000
  Depreciation Account                                  Dr.
To Machinery Account
(Depreciation charged on Machinery)
  10,000
10,000

                           1 mark for account of each year) + I mark for calculation of Depreciation

13. Bank Reconciliation Statement: This statement is prepared to reconcile the difference in bank balance as shown by Cash Book and Pass Book.

14. Credit balance of Cash Book implies unfavourable balance. It is called Bank Overdraft.

15. Cost of Goods Sold = Opening Stock + Net Purchases + Direct Expenses - Closing Stock
                                         = 75,000 + 8,000
                                         = 83,000
                                              Or
          Cost of Goods Sold = Net Sales – Gross Profit
                                        =1,25,000 – 42,000
                                        = 83,000
1 mark for formula and 1 mark for correct calculation

16. Any two of the following limitations:
(i) A Trial Balance can’t be prepared and accuracy of accounts can’t be assured.
(ii) Correct ascertainment and evaluation of financial results of business operations can’t be made.
(iii) The owners face great difficulty in filing insurance claims.
(iv) It becomes difficult to convince the ‘Income Tax Authorities’ about the reliability of the computed income.

17. Examples of Revenue Expenditure:
(i) Payment of Expenses
(ii) Depreciation charged of fixed assets
(iii) Maintenance Expenditure like repairs, white washing etc.

19. Deferred Revenue Expenditure is the expenditure of revenue nature which gives benefits for more than one accounting period e. g. heavy advertisement expenditure on launching a new product is likely to give benefit for more than one accounting period. Example: Heavy expenditure on advertisement for launching a new product whose benefits will be available for over a period of one year.

20. Difference between Trading Account and Profit & Loss Account: Basis of Difference Trading Account
 

Basis of Difference Trading Account Profit & Loss Account
Expense Direct Expenses are debited in this
account
Indirect Expenses are debited in
 this account
Profit It is prepared to ascertain gross
profit or gross loss.
It is prepared to ascertain net
profit or net loss.

21. Closing Capital = Opening Capital + Additional Capital + Profit – Drawings
                              = 3,40,000 + 40,000 + 2,40,000 – 1,40,000
                              =4,80,000

22. Difference between Statement of Affairs and Balance Sheet:

Basis of Difference Statement of Affairs Balance Sheet
Objective Its objective is to estimate the
balance in capital account on a
particular date.
Its objective is to show the true
financial position of a business
on a particular date
Reliability It is less reliable as it is prepared
from incomplete records.
It is more reliable as it is
prepared on the basis of double
entry system
Omission Omission of assets or liabilities
can’t be discovered easily
Omission of assets or liabilities
can be discovered easily.

23.
                                                                                          Machine Account            

Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
2014
Oct 1
To Bank Account
To Bank Account
  90,000
10,000
1,00,000
2015
Mar
31 Jun 30
By Depreciation Account
By Balance c/d
  5,000
95,000
1,00,000
2015
Apr 1
To Balance b/d t   95,000

95,000
2016
Mar 31
 
By Depreciation Account
By Balance c/d
  10,000
85,000
95,000
2016
Apr1
To Balance b/d t   85,000

85,000
2017
Mar 31
By Depreciation Account
By Balance c/d
  10,000
75,000
85,000

                                          (1 mark for account of each year) + I mark for calculation of Depreciation

24. Causes of difference between Bank balance as shown by Cash Book and Pass Book:
(i) Cheques issued by the bank but not yet presented.
(ii) Cheques paid into bank but not yet collected.
(iii) Amount directly deposited by customers into bank.
(iv) Direct debit by bank on behalf of customers.
(v) Interest and Dividend collected by bank.
(vi) Bank charges debited by bank in Pass Book.

25. Uses of Incomplete records:
(i) This system is useful to the businessmen who do not have the proper knowledge of the accounting principles.
(ii) It is an inexpensive mode of making records.
(iii) It consumes less times.
(iv) It is a convenient mode because only one aspect of transaction is recorded.

26. (i) Cheques issued but not encashed                   Add

(ii) Bank charges                Subtract

(iii) Collection of Dividend by the bank                        Add

(iv) Cheques deposited but not cleared                   Subtract

(v) Insurance Premium paid by the bank on behalf of customer         Subtract

27. Items to be shown on the debit side of Trading Account:
(i) Opening Stock
(ii) Purchases
(iii) Direct Expenses
(iv) Gross Profit
(v) Sales Return

Items to be shown on the debit side of Profit & Loss Account:

(i) Gross Loss
(ii) Net Profit
(iii) Indirect Expenses
(iv) Depreciation
(v) Loss on sale of fixed assets

28. Bill of exchange is drawn when the purchaser is unable to make cash payment at the time of purchase. It ensures that the payment will be made by the purchaser on the presentation of bill of exchange on due date. Bill of exchange can be discounted from bank to get payment immediately.
Parties to a bill of exchange:
(i) Drawer: Who draws the bill of exchange.
(ii) Drawee: Upon whom the bill of exchange is drawn.
(iii) Payee: Who will receive the payment.

29. Revenue Expenditure:
It is incurred for day to day running of the business.

                           Capital Expenditure                         Revenue Expenditure
It increases the earning capacity of business It maintains the earning capacity of business.
It is incurred to acquired fixed assets for operation of the business. It is incurred to conduct day to day business.
It is recurring in nature. It is non-recurring in nature.
It benefits more than one accounting year. It normally benefits for one accounting year
It is shown in Balance Sheet. It is shown in Trading and Profit & Loss Account.

30.                                                             Avinash & Company

                                                                   Bank Reconciliation

                                                          Statement As on December 31, 2017
 

Particulars Plus Items
(Rs.)
Minus Items
(Rs.)
                                                                            Overdraft as per Pass Book

Interest on Overdraft
Insurance Premium paid by Bank Cheques issued but not presented
Cheques deposited but not yet cleared
Balancing Figure

Overdraft as per Cash Book

375
1,525

3,000
8,350

13,250

10,000

 

3,250
 

13,250

8,350

31.                                                         Kamal
                                           Trading and Profit & Loss Account
                                            for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars Amount
(Rs.)
Particulars Amount
(Rs.)
To Opening Stock
To Purchases
To Carriage
To Gross Profit c/d
8,000
22,000
2,500
14,000
By Sales
By Closing Stock
42,000
4,500
To Salaries
To Rent
To Printing & Stationery
To Commission
To Discount Allowed
To Trade Expenses
To Selling Expenses
To Repairs
To Net Profit
3,500
1,200
1,000
1,100
600
1,200
600
600
4,200
By Gross Profit b/d 14,000
  14,000   14,000

                                                                               OR
Depreciation: Decrease in the value of a fixed asset due to use, Passage of time, obsolescence and accidents
is called depreciation. 
Causes of Depreciation:

(i) Because of use, Wear and tear of the asset takes place that results into depreciation.
(ii) Even than an asset may not be used its value may decreases because of passage of time.
(iii) The development of new technology makes the assets with old technology obsolete and the same may results into depreciation.
(iv) Accidents may reduce the value of asset.

33.
                                                                                       Books of Ankit
                                                                                           
                                                                                           Journal

Date Particulars LF Dr.
Amount
(Rs.)
Cr.
Amount
(Rs.)
2017 Jan 1 Bimal                                                                          Dr.
        To Sales
Account (Sold goods to Bimal)
  10,000
10,000
Jan 1 Bills Receivable Account                                             Dr.
       To Bimal
(Acceptance received from Bimal)
  10,000
10,000
Apr 4 Bank Account                                                             Dr.
     To Bills Receivable Account
(Bimal met his acceptance on maturity)
  10,000
10,000

                                                                         Books of Bimal
                                                                                 Journal

Date Particulars LF Dr.
Amount
(Rs.)
Cr.
Amount
(Rs.)
2017 Jan 1 Purchases Account                                                     Dr.
          To Ankit
       (Goods purchased from Ankit)
  10,000
10,000
Jan 1 Ankit                                                                          Dr.
     To Bills Payable Account
     (Accepted Ankit’s draft)
  10,000
10,000
Apr 4 Bills Payable Account                                                 Dr.
      To Bank Account
     (Met our acceptance in favour of Ankit on maturity)
  10,000
10,000

                                                                                  OR
                                                                     Books of Mukesh

                                                                          Jitender

Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
2017
Jul 1
To Sales Account   30,000 2017
Jul 1
By Bills Receivable A/c   30,000
      30,000       30,000

                                                              Bills Receivable Account

Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
Date Particulars JF Amount
(Rs.)
2017
Jul 1
To Jitender   30,000 2017
Jul 1
1 By Bank A/c   30,000
      30,000       30,000

34.
                                                                             M/s Raj
                                                                   Statement of Affairs
                                                                    as on April 1, 2016

Liabilities Amount
(Rs.)
Assets Amount
(Rs.)
Creditors
Bills Payable
Capital
66,000
44,000
1,32,500
Cash in hand
Cash at bank
Stock
Debtors
Furniture
Business Premises
1,000
15,000
1,00,000
42,500
9,000
75,000
  2,42,500   2,42,500

                                                                           M/s Raj
                                                                   Statement of Affairs
                                                                    as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities Amount
(Rs.)
Assets Amount
(Rs.)
Creditors
Bills Payable
Capital
87,000
58,000
1,74,000
Cash in hand
Cash at bank
Stock
Debtors
Furniture
Business Premises
1,500
10,000
95,000
70,000
7,500
1,35,000
  3,19,000   3,19,000


                                                                  Or
                                    Statement of Affairs of Anil as on March 31, 2017

Liabilities Amount
(Rs.)
Assets Amount
(Rs.)
Creditors
Bills Payable
Capital
3,00,000
6,000
6,21,000
Cash in hand
Bills Receivable
Sundry Debtors
Stock
37,000
50,000 8,00,000 40,000
  9,27,000   9,27,000

Statement of Profit or Loss for the year ended March 31, 2017

Particulars          Rs.
Capital at the end                                       6,21,000
Add: Drawings                                             80,000
    7,01,000
Less: Capital in the beginning                      4,50,000
Fresh Capital introduced                               14,000
Profit for the year
    4,64,000

     2,37,000

 

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Courtesy: CBSE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme (Accountancy)

CBSE Class-10 2017-18 Sample Paper And Marking Scheme

(Accountancy)

Time: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 100

1. Capital Expenditure…………………………….

(a) maintains the earning capacity.
(b) helps in running day to day business.
(c) increases the earning capacity of business.
(d) benefits in only one accounting period.

2. Decline in the value of fixed intangible assets is called………..
(a) Amortisation
(b) Depletion
(c) Depreciation
(d) Obsolescence

3. Amortisation is writing off……………….
(a) Patents and Copyrights
(b) Patents and Machinery
(c) Patents and Stock
(d) Copyrights and Furniture

4. Bank Reconciliation Statement is prepared by the ………..
(a) Creditor
(b) Businessman
(c) Bank
(d) Debtor

5. Debit balance of Cash Book means……………..
(a) Favourable balance
(b) Unfavourable balance
(c) Overdraft
(d) Negative balance

6. Drawer in a bill of exchange is a person……………
(a) who draws a bill
(b) who accepts a bill
(c) who makes the payment
(d) who receives the payment

7. Balance Sheet shows……………
(a) Profit or Loss
(b) Financial Position
(c) Errors of Accounts
(d) Total Debtors

8. Trading and Profit & Loss Account is prepared………………..
(a) at the end of the calendar year
(b) at the beginning of the accounting year
(c) on every Diwali
(d) at the end of the accounting year

9. Which of the following is correct about Single Entry System:
(a) Simple Method
(b) Difficult Method
(c) Expensive Method
(d) Both difficult and expensive method

10. Single Entry System is a……………..
(a) Complete System
(b) Incomplete System
(c) Hybrid System
(d) Difficult System

11. What is meant by a bill of exchange?

12. R & Company purchased a machine for Rs. 80,000 and spends Rs. 20,000 for its installation. For the first year, the firm charges depreciation Rs. 10,000 on it. Record the necessary Journal entries.

13. What is meant by Bank Reconciliation Statement?

14. What does the credit balance of Cash Book imply?

15. Calculate Cost of Goods sold from the following information:
Rs.
Sales 1,25,000
Purchases 75,000
Wages 8,000
Gross Profit 42,000

16. State any two limitations of incomplete records.

17. Give any three examples of Revenue Expenditure.

18. Explain the ‘Fixed Installment Method’ of charging depreciation.

19. What is meant by Deferred Revenue Expenditure? Give one example.

20. Give any two differences between ‘Trading Account’ and ‘Profit & Loss Account’.

21. Calculate Closing Capital: Rs.
Opening Capital 3,40,000
Profit for the year 2,40,000
Drawings 1,40,000

During the year proprietor sold ornaments of his wife for Rs. 40,000 and invested the same in the business.

22. Give any three differences between ‘Statement of Affairs’ and ‘Balance Sheet’.

23. Dutta & Sons acquired a machine for Rs. 90,000 on October 1, 2014. Rs. 10,000 was spent on its installation. The firm charges depreciation @ 10 % on original cost every year. Calculate the amount of depreciation to be charged every year and prepare Machine Account for the first three years. The firm closes its books on March 31 every year. 4

24. State any four causes of difference of bank balance as shown by Cash Book and Pass Book.

25. State any four uses of incomplete records to businessmen.

26. Bank balance as per Cash Book is given as Rs. 50,000. State how you will show the following transactions while preparing Bank Reconciliation Statement:

(i) Cheques issued but not encashed

(ii) Bank charges

(iii) Collection of Dividend by the bank

(iv) Cheques deposited but not cleared

(v) Insurance premium paid by bank on behalf of the customer

27. State any five items to be shown on debit side of ‘Trading Account’ and any five items to be shown on debit side of ‘Profit & Loss Account’.

28. What is the need of ‘Bill of Exchange’ in business? State three parties involved in ‘Bill of Exchange’.

29. What is Revenue Expenditure? Give any four points of differences between Capital Expenditure and Revenue Expenditure.

30. From the following particulars of Avinash & Company, prepare Bank Reconciliation Statement on March 31, 2017:

Rs.
Overdraft as per Pass Book 10,000
Interest on Overdraft 375
Insurance Premium paid by the bank 1,525
Cheques issued but not presented for payment 3,250
Cheques deposited but not cleared 3,000

31. From the following balances obtained from the books of accounts of Kamal, prepare the ‘Trading and Profit & Loss Account’ for the year ending March 31, 2017:

Name of Account Amount (Rs.)
Stock on April 1, 2016
Purchases
Sales
Carriage
Salaries
Printing & Stationery
Trade Expenses
Rent
Discount Allowed
Commission Paid
Sales Expenses
Repairs
8,000
22,000
42,000
2,500
3,500
1,000
1,200
1,200
600
1,100
600
600

Stock on March 31, 2017 was Rs. 4,500.

32. Gupta Enterprises purchased a ‘Printing Machine’ for Rs. 40,000 on July 1, 2014 and spent Rs. 5,000 on its installation. Another ‘Printing Machine’ for Rs. 35,000 was purchased on January 1, 2016. Depreciation is charged @ 20 % per annum on written down value method. The firm closes its books of accounts on March 31 every year. Prepare ‘Printing Machine Account’ for 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17.

OR

What is meant by Depreciation? State any three causes of Depreciation.

33. Ankit sold goods to Bimal for Rs. 10,000 on January 1, 2017. Ankit drew a bill of exchange upon Bimal for the same amount for three months. Bimal accepted the bill and returned it to Ankit. Bimal met his acceptance on maturity. Record the necessary Journal entries in the books of both the parties.

OR

Mukesh sold goods to Jitender on July 1, 2017 for Rs. 30,000 and drew a bill for the same amount for 3 months. Jitender accepted the bill and returned it to Mukesh, Jitender met his acceptance on due date.

Prepare Bills Receivable Account and Jitender’s Account in the books of Mukesh.

34. From the following balances as on April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017, prepare Statement of Affairs of M/s Raj as on April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017:

Particulars April 1, 2016
Rs.
March 31, 2017
Rs.
Cash in hand
Cash at bank
Stock
Debtors
Business Premises
Furniture
Creditors
Bills Payable
1,000
15,000
1,00,000
42,500
75,000
9,000
66,000
44,000
1,500
10,000
95,000
70,000
1,35,000
7,500
87,000
58,000

OR

Anil started a business on 1st April, 2016 with a Capital of Rs. 4,50,000. During the year he withdrew Rs. 80,000 for household expenses and introduced Rs. 14,000 as fresh Capital. His position of Assets and Liabilities as at 31st March, 2017stood as follows:

Amount (Rs.)

Cash in Hand 37,000
Bills Receivable 50,000
Sundry Debtors 8,00,000
Stock 40,000
Creditors 3,00,000
Bills Payable 6,000

You are require to prepare statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31st March 2017.

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