(Syllabus) CBSE Syllabus of Geography for Class 12 | March 2009 Examination

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Syllabus : CBSE Syllabus of Geography for Class 12 For March 2009 Examination

COURSE STRUCTURE
Class XII GEOGRAPHY
One Theory Paper               3 Hours                     70 Marks


 
A. Fundamental of Human Geography                                  35 Marks

Unit 						Marks 
Unit 1: Human Geography 				03 
Unit 2: People 					05 
Unit 3: Human Activities				10 
Unit 4: Transport, communication & Trade		10 
Unit 5: Human settlements				05 
Unit 6: Map Work   				02 
TOTAL :						35 


B. India: People and Economy                                            35 Marks

Unit 									Marks 
Unit 7: People								05 
Unit 8: Human Settlements 							04 
Unit 9: Resources and Development						12 
Unit 10: Transport, Communication and International Trade			07 
Unit 11: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems			04 
Unit 12: Map Work								03 
TOTAL  : 									35 


C. Practical Work                                                               30 Marks

Unit 								Marks 
Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping			20 
Unit 2: Field study or Spatial Information Technology			10 
TOTAL : 								30 


A. Fundamentals of Human Geography (70 Periods) 35 Marks


Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope 3 Periods


Unit 2: People 15 Periods
 Population of the world — distribution, density and growth
 Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;
 Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition;
 Human development - concept; selected indicators, international comparisons


Unit 3: Human Activities 25 Periods
Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities - some examples from selected countries;
Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; people engaged in secondary activities - some examples from selected countries;
Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and communication; services; peopleengaged in tertiary activities - some examples from selected countries
Quaternary activities-concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged inquaternary activities - some examples from selected countries


Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade (Periods 19)
 Land transport - roads, railways - rail network; trans-continental railways;
 Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes;
 Air Transport- Intercontinental air routes;
 Oil and gas pipelines;
 Satellite communication and cyber space
 International trade-Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade.


Unit 5: Human Settlements (Periods 8)
Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.


Unit 6: Map Work on outline Political map of World- 2 Marks
identification only


B. India: People and Economy 70 Periods


Unit 7: People (Periods 12)

Population distribution, density and growth; composition of population; linguistic and religious; rural-urban population; change through time-regional variations; occupation;
Migration: international, national-causes and consequences;
Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns;
Population, environment and development.


Unit 8: Human Settlements (Periods 8)
 Rural settlements - types and distribution;
 Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification.


Unit 9: Resources and Development (Periods 28)

Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use-major crops; agricultural development and problems; Distribution of Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugar cane and Rubber).
Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management (one case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced).
Mineral and energy resources-metallic (Ironore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese) and non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals and their distribution; conventional (Coal, Petroleum Natural gas and Hydro electricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas).
Industries - types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; impact of liberalization, privatisation and globalization on industrial location;
Planning in India- target area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study)


Unit 10: Transport, Communication and International Trade (Periods 12)
Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines; national electric grids; communication networkings - radio, television, satellite and internet;
International trade- changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports,


Unit 11: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems (One case study to be introduced for each topic) (Periods 10)
Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal.
Urbanisation-rural-urban migration; problem of slum.
Land Degradation.


Unit 12: Map work on outline political map of India for locating and labelling 3 Marks

 


(Class 12th) Other Syllabus :-

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