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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Computer Science)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Computer Science)

Computer Science(New)
CLASS-XII
Code No. 083

Optional for the academic year 2019-20 and mandatory for the academic year 2020-21 onwards
1. Prerequisites
Computer Science- Class XI
2. Learning Outcomes

1. Understand the concept of functions and recursion.
2. Learn how to create and use Python libraries.
3. Learn file handling.
4. Learn about the concept of efficiency in algorithms and computing in general.
5. Learn basic data structures: lists, stacks, and queues.
6. Get a basic understanding of computer networks: network stack, basic network hardware, basic protocols, and basic tools.
7. Connect a Python program with an SQL database, and learn aggregation functions in SQL.
8. Have a clear understanding of cyber ethics and cybercrime. Understand the value of technology in societies, gender and disability issues, and the technology behind biometric ids.

3. Distribution of Marks

Unit No.

Unit Name

Marks

1. Programming and Computational Thinking – 2

30

2. Computer Networks

15

3. Data Management – 2

15

4. Society, Law and Ethics – 2

10

5. Practicals

30

  Total

100

4.1 Unit 1: Programming and Computational Thinking (PCT-2) (80 Theory + 70 Practical)

  • Revision of the basics of Python
  • Functions: scope, parameter passing, mutable/immutable properties of data objects, pass arrays to functions, return values, functions using libraries: mathematical, and string functions.
  • File handling: open and close a file, read, write, and append to a file, standard input, output, and error streams, relative and absolute paths.
  • Using Python libraries: create and import Python libraries
  • Recursion: simple algorithms with recursion: factorial, Fibonacci numbers; recursion on arrays: binary search
  • Idea of efficiency: performance defined as inversely proportional to the wall clock time, count the number of operations a piece of code is performing, and measure the time taken by a program. Example: take two different programs for the same problem, and understand how the efficient one takes less time.
  • Data visualization using Pyplot: line chart, pie chart, and bar chart.
  • Data-structures: lists, stacks, queues.

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

HOME SCIENCE (Code No. 064)
CLASS XII (2018 – 19)
COURSE STRUCTURE (THEORY)

One Paper (Theory) : 70 Marks
Time: 3 Hours : Periods: 220

Unit

  No. of periods

Marks

I Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II) 40

 

30

II Nutrition during life span 40

 

III Money Management and Consumer Education 40

 

35

IV Apparel: Designing, Selection and Care 40

 

V Community Development and Extension (Part II) 20

 

5

VI

Career Options after Home Science Education 5  
  Practical 35

30

  Total 220

100

Unit I: Human Development: Life Span Approach (Part II) ; 40 Periods

A. Adolescence (12 – 18 years)
(i) Growth & Development – Domains and principles.
(ii) Meaning, characteristics and needs.
(iii) Influences on identity formation

(a) Biological and Physical changes-early and late matures. (Role of heredity and environment)
(b) by social, culture and media.
(c) Emotional changes.
(d) Cognitive changes.

(iv) Specific issues and concerns

(a) Eating disorders-Causes, consequences and management – Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia.
(b) Depression
(c) Substance Abuse
(d) Related to sex
(e) Handling stress and peer pressure

B. Adulthood:
(i) Young & middle adulthood: Understanding and management of new responsibilities, carrier marriage and family.
(ii) Late Adulthood/Old age:

(a) Health and Wellness: physical, social, emotional, financial, recreational needs
(b) Care for elderly (at home and outside – old age home)
(c) Anger management

Unit II: Nutrition for Self, Family and Community ; 40 Periods

(a) Meal Planning: Meaning and importance, principles and factors affecting meal planning;
Nutritional needs, food preferences and modifications of diets in different age groups: infants,
children, adolescence, adults, elderly and in special conditions: pregnancy and lactation (including
traditional foods given in these conditions)

(i) Use of basic food groups (ICMR) and serving size in meal planning
(ii) Factors influencing selection of food: culture, family food practices, media, peer group, availability of foods, purchasing power, individual preference & health.

(b) Food safety and quality:

(i) Safe food handling (personal, storage, kitchen, cooking and serving).
(ii) Safety guards against food adulteration, definition and meaning of food adulteration as given by FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India).
(iii) Common adulterants present in cereals, pulses, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugar, jaggery, honey, spices and condiments.

(iv) Effects of some of the adulterants present in the foods: kesari dal, metanil yellow, argemone seeds.
(v) Food standards (FPO, Agmark, ISI).

(c) Therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to consistency, frequency, foodstuffs, nutrients and methods of cooking.
(d) Modification of diet according to common ailments: diarrhoea, fever, jaundice, hypertension, diabetes and constipation. Physiological changes, clinical symptoms, requirements and dietary requirements in each condition.

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (National Cadet Corps)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (National Cadet Corps)

1. The training curriculum of the NCC is primarily focused on character building, inculcating leadership qualities and skill enhancement through structured academic syllabi, practical training and opportunity for exposure/interaction beyond a cadets’ immediate environment, and thereby enabling them for a brighter and progressive future.

2. The Aims of NCC:
(a) To develop character, comradeship, discipline, secular outlook, spirit of adventure and the ideals of selfless service amongst the youth of the country.
(b) To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivated youth to provide leadership in all walks of life and always available for the service of the nation.
(c) To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.

3. Conduct of NCC Training Curriculum
(a) Institutional Training: Conducted in respective schools/ colleges by Associate NCC Officers (ANO), Permanent Instructional (PI) staff as part of the school curriculum.
(b) Annual Training Camps (ATC): To provide practical outdoor training, each NCC cadet attends 10 days camp in the second year of junior and senior division. These camps are conducted by respective NCC units.
(c) Centrally Organized Camps (COC): These camps are conducted at all India level, as National Integration Camps, attended by cadets from all states.
(d) Adventure Training: To inculcate a spirit of adventure and team work, NCC cadets undergo various adventure activities such as para jumps, para sailing, trekking, mountaineering and sailing expeditions.
(e) Attachment Camps: To give the cadets exposure to interact with Regular Army, Navy and Air Force units, attachment camps are conducted, where cadets are attached with these units. To motivate cadets to join the Armed Forces attachment of cadets with Indian Military Academy is also conducted.
(f) Youth Exchange Programme (YEP): Selected cadets also get an opportunity to visit various foreign countries as part of YEP. In one year approximately 100 cadets visit 10 -11 countries.
(g) Social Service Activities: The cadets also undertake various social service activities, by conduct of rallies to bring awareness and participate in various relief programmes/activities whenever called for.

4. Trainers : To conduct and implement the NCC training curriculum, there are three tiers of trainers.
(a) First Tier: Regular defence officers of the rank of Colour equitant rank in Air Force and Navy, Whole Time Lady Officers (WTLO) and Civilian Gliding Instructors (CGI).They are responsible for coordination and supervision of training and conduct of camps.
(b) Second Tier: Professors and teachers nominated by respective schools and colleges and trained by NCC at its NCC Officers Training Academy and on completion of Pre–Commission Course, commissioned as Associated NCC Officer (ANO) form the most important link between the cadets and NCC.
They conduct most of the theory classes of non-specialized subjects. Besides, the Pre Commission training they attend refresher courses.
(c) Third Tier: The Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO) and Non–Commissioned Officers (NCO) from the three services and Girl Cadet Instructors (GCI) and Ship Model Instructors (SMI) conduct the specialized training of the cadets.

5. Eligibility for Enrolment as Cadet.
(a) Should be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal.
(b) Should be on the roll of the school or college which has an NCC Unit or part thereof.
(c) The cadet should be within the age as mentioned below:-
(i) Junior Division – Not less than 13 years and below 18 years and 6 months.
(ii) Senior Division - Should be below 26 years.


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GENERAL: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Home Science)

Home Science (Code No. 064)
Class - IX (2018-19)

Course Structure: Theory & Practical

Theory : 75 Marks

Time: 3 Hrs.

Practical : 25 Marks

No.

Units Marks

No. of Pd.

1 Concept and scope of Home Science Education and recent trends 03

05

2 Human growth & Development - I 10

25

3 Family and Values 08

20

4 Food, Nutrition and Health 17

45

5 Fiber and Fabric 15

34

6 Resource Management 15

34

7 Measures of Safety and Management of Emergencies 07

17

  Total 75

180

  Practical 25

40

  Grand Total 100

220


Unit I : Concept and scope of Home Science Education and recent trends : 05 Pd
a) Concept of Home science
b) Fields of Home Science
c) Relevance of study of Home Science and career options
d) Recent trends

Unit II : Human Growth & Development - I : 25 Pd
a) Concept of growth and development
b) Principles of growth and development
c) Factors affecting growth and development (environmental and heredity)
d) Age specific milestones (Birth to adolescence)

Unit III : Family and Values : 20 Pd
a) Concept and types of family
b) Role of family in Holistic development of an individual (Physical, Social, Psychological and spiritual)
c) Ethical and value based society (need for happy family, respect and care for each member of family, Dignity of labour, work distribution within the family)
d) Importance of Girl Child.


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GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Engineering Graphics)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Engineering Graphics)

The subject of 'Engineering Graphics' has become an indispensable tool for Engineers, Technocrats, Architects, Draftsmen, Surveyors, Designers and many other professionals in the recent times. Understanding of its fundamental principles and wider applications of the same in the above fields and many other daily life situations form the basis for the syllabus at Senior Secondary Stage.

Objectives:

The study of the subject of Engineering Graphics at Senior School Level aims at helping the learner to:
• develop clear concept and perception of form, proportion and application.
• develop the skill of expressing three-dimensional and two-dimensional objects into professional language and vice versa.
• acquire the ability to readily draw neat sketches, often needed in "On -job situations".
• develop a clear understanding of plane and solid Geometry and machine drawing so as to apply the same in relevant practical fields such as technology and industry.
• acquire speed and accuracy in use of drawing instruments.
• use technology (CAD) in developing isometric and orthographic projections of simple objects

CLASS-XII (2018-19)
(Theory)

One Paper: 3 Hours ; 70 Marks

S. No.

Unit Marks

Periods

Unit - I

Isometric Projections of Solids 25

50

Unit - II

Machine Drawing
A. Drawing of Machine parts
B. Assembly Drawing and Dis-assembly drawings
1. Bearings
2. Rod joints
3. Tie-rod and pipe joints
4. Couplings
5. Pulleys
45

118

  Practical 30

72

  Total Marks 100

240

Unit I: Isometric Projection of Solids : 50 Periods
(i) Construction of isometric scale showing main divisions of 10mm and smaller divisions of1mm, also showing the leading angles. Drawing helping view/s such as triangles, pentagon, hexagon, etc., using isometric scale.
(ii) Isometric projection (drawn to isometric scale) of solids such as cube, regular prism and pyramids (triangular, square, pentagonal and hexagonal), cone, cylinder, sphere, hemi- sphere, frustum of right regular pyramids (triangular, square, pentagonal, hexagonal) and cone, when they are cut by a plane parallel to the base. The axis and the base side of the solid should be either perpendicular to HP / VP or parallel to HP and VP. (Indicate the direction of viewing)
(iii) Combination of two solids (except "frustum" of Pyramids and Cone) Keeping the base side parallel or perpendicular to HP/VP and placed centrally together, axis of both the solids should not be given parallel to HP.

Note: (1) Question on frustum will be asked in vertical position only.
(2) Hidden lines are not required in isometric projection.

Unit II: Machine Drawing (as per SP46: 2003) : 118 Periods
A. Drawing of machine parts 36 Periods
(i) Drawing to full size scale with instruments.
(Internal choice will be given between any two of the following).
Introduction of threads: Standard profiles of screw threads square, knuckle, B.S.W.,

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biotechnology)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biotechnology)

An unprecedented growth of human knowledge in the field of Biological Sciences coupled with equally significant developments in the field of technology have brought significant changes into existing social and economic systems. The emerging field of Biotechnology is likely to further enhance the applications of Science and Technology in the service of human welfare. Modern Biotechnology processes encompass a wide range of new products such as antibiotics, vaccines, monoclonal antibodies and many more. Furthermore, developments in recombinant DNA technology have yielded numerous new useful products in the fields of healthcare and agriculture. The present syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Due emphasis has been laid on familiarizing the learners with the fundamental concepts, basic techniques and their applications. It is expected that the knowledge gained through the study of different topics and the skills acquired through the prescribed practical work will make the learners competent to meet the challenges of academic as well as professional courses after studying the subject at senior secondary stage.

Objectives

  • The broad objectives of teaching Biotechnology at senior secondary level are:
  • To help the learners know and understand basic facts and concepts of the subject at elementary stage.
  • To expose the students to different basic processes and basic techniques used in Biotechnology.
  • To familiarize the learners to understand the relationship of the subject to health, nutrition,
  • environment, agriculture and industry, etc.
  • To develop conceptual competence in the learners so as to cope up with professional courses in future career.
  • To acquaint students with different applications of Biotechnology in everyday life.
  • To develop an interest in students to study biotechnology as a discipline.

CLASS XII (2018-19)

(THEORY)

COURSE STRUCTURE

One Paper

Max. Marks 70+30
Time: 3 hrs.

Units

  No. of
Periods

Marks

Unit V

Protein and Gene Manipulation 100

40

Unit VI

Cell Culture and Genetic Manipulation 80

30

  Practicals 60

30

  Total 240

100

Unit-V Protein and Gene Manipulation : 40 Marks 100 Periods
Chapter-1: Recombinant DNA Technology

Introduction, Tool of rDNA technology, Making rDNA, Introduction of recombinant DNA into host cells, Identification of Recombinants, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Hybridization Techniques, DNA Library, DNA Sequencing, Site-directed Mutagenesis

Chapter-2: Protein Structure and Engineering
Introduction to the world of proteins, 3-D shape of proteins, Structure-Function Relationship in Proteins, Purification of Proteins, Characterization of Proteins, Protein Based Products, Designing Proteins (Protein Engineering)

Chapter-3: Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics
Introduction, Genome, Sequencing Projects, Gene prediction and counting, Genome Similarity, SNPs and Comparative Genomics, Functional Genomics, Proteomics, History of Bioinformatics, Sequences and nomenclature, Information Sources, Analysis using Bioinformatics tools

Unit-VI Cell Culture and Genetic Manipulation 30 Marks 80 Periods
Chapter-1: Microbial Cell Culture and its Applications

Introduction, Microbial Nutrition and Culture Techniques, Measurement and Kinetics of Microbial Growth, Scale-up of Microbial Process, Isolation of Microbial Products, Strain Isolation and
Improvement, Applications of Microbial Culture Technology, Biosafety Issues in Microbial Technology

Chapter -2: Plant Cell Culture and Applications
Introduction, Cell and Tissue Culture Techniques, Applications of Cell and Tissue Culture, Gene Transfer Methods in Plants, Transgenic Plants with Beneficial Traits, Biosafety of Transgenic Plants

Chapter-3: Animal Cell Culture and Applications

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Painting)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Painting)

(B) PAINTING
Code No.: 049
Class IX

One Paper Periods – 270

Hours – 03
Marks – 100

Learning outcomes/ objectives:

Students opt painting as additional subject are able to:

- Develop their aesthetic sense.
- Appreciate the beauty in lines, forms and colours.
- Understand the fundamentals of Visual Arts (Elements and Principles) ability to apply them to a specific aesthetic intent.
- Get the knowledge and skills in the use of basic tools, medium and techniques required to works from concept to finished product.
- Develop memory and observation power through the study/ exercise in still life and painting composition.
- Develop their mental faculties for proper maintenance and arrangements of things in their Painting practical’s as well as in their life.

i. Still Life Study Study of a group of two or three arranged object from a fixed point of view in colours. Group may include vegetables, foliage and objects of daily use.
ii. Simple composition based on any one form of folk ART/ Tribal Art such as Madhubani, Warli, Alpana, Rangoli, Mandana etc.
iii. Sketches from Life and Nature in pencil and ink.
iv. Submission of portfolio consisting of five selected works done during the year.

(B) PAINTING
Code No.: 049
Class IX

Marking Scheme

i. (a) Accurate drawing with proper composition of objects. 20 marks
(b) Compositional arrangement with due emphasis on the subject-matter. 20 marks
ii. Treatment of media (colours) with an appropriate colour scheme in skill life and painting composition. 10 marks
iii. Originality, creativity and overall expression. 10 marks
iv. Sketches from life and nature in pencil and ink. 20 marks
v. Submission of portfolio consisting of 10 selected works done during the year. 20 marks


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GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Hindustani Music)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Hindustani Music)

HINDUSTANI MUSIC VOCAL (Code – 034)
Examination Structure for Assessment
Class IX

TOTAL: 100 Marks

Theory
Time: 01 hours

30 Marks

1. Five questions to be set with internal choice covering the entire syllabus.
2. Out of five questions, one question of composition in notation from the prescribed Ragas will be compulsory.
3. All the questions will carry five marks each.

Practical

50 Marks

Time: 15-20 Minutes for each candidate
1. Examiners are requested to ask the questions directly related to the syllabus.
2. Marks should be awarded in accordance with the marking scheme.

Distribution of Marks

Sr. No.

Value Points

Marks

1. Alankaras set to all prescribed Ragas and Talas

02

2. One Swarmalika and one Lakshan Geet

04

3. Aaroha, Avaroha, Pakad and Drut Khayal with few Aalaps and Tanas in each prescribed Raga

07X04=28

4. Identification of prescribed Ragas from the passages of Swaras rendered by the examiner

06

5. Any three of the following:
i. National Anthem
ii. National Song
iii. Patriotic Song
iv. Community Song
v. Devotional Song
vi. Folk or Tribal Song

05

6. Recitation of the Thekas of the prescribed Talas with dugun

05

*Teachers will refer to the distribution of marks while examining the candidate for practical examination.

Click Here To Download Full Hindustani Music Vocal Syllabus

Click Here To Download Full Hindustani Music Percussion Syllabus

Click Here To Download Full Hindustani Music Melodic Instrument Syllabus

GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

The present syllabus provides the students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The syllabus also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of Biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of technology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated syllabus also focuses on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework. The prescribed syllabus is expected to: promote understanding of basic principles of Biology; encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society; promote rational/scientific attitude towards issues related to population, environment and development; enhance awareness about environmental issues, problems and their appropriate solutions; create awareness amongst the learners about diversity in the living organisms and developing respect for other living beings; appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are built on essentially simple processes;
It is expected that the students would get an exposure to various branches of Biology in the syllabus in a more contextual and friendly manner as they study its various units.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
(THEORY)


Time: 3 Hours

Max. Marks: 70

Unit

Title No. of Periods

Marks

VI Reproduction 30

14

VII Genetics and Evolution 40

18

VIII Biology and Human Welfare 30

14

IX Biotechnology and its Applications 30

10

X

Ecology and Environment 30

14

  Total 160

70

Unit-VI Reproduction : 30 periods

Chapter-1: Reproduction in Organisms
Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; modes of reproduction - asexual and sexual reproduction; asexual reproduction - binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination - types, agencies and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization; post fertilization events - development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Chapter-3: Human Reproduction
Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis - spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea).

Chapter-4: Reproductive Health
Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control - need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies - IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit-VII Genetics and Evolution : 40 Periods

Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; Sex determination - in humans, birds and honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance - haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans - thalassemia;
chromosomal disorders in humans; Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes.

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

Rationale

Higher Secondary is the most crucial stage of school education because at this juncture specialized discipline based, content -oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and opt for Chemistry with a purpose of pursuing their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine, engineering, technology and other applied areas. Therefore, there is a need to provide learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry, which will make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the senior secondary stage.

The new and updated curriculum is based on disciplinary approach with rigour and depth taking care that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. The knowledge related to the subject of Chemistry has undergone tremendous changes during the past one decade. Many new areas like synthetic materials, bio -molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry are coming in a big way and deserve to be an integral part of chemistry syllabus at senior secondary stage. At international level, new formulations and nomenclature of elements and compounds, symbols and units of physical quantities floated by scientific bodies like IUPAC and CGPM are of immense importance and need to be incorporated in the updated syllabus. The revised syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Greater emphasis has been laid on use of new nomenclature, symbols and formulations, teaching of fundamental concepts, application of concepts in chemistry to industry/ technology, logical sequencing of units, removal of obsolete content and repetition, etc.

Objectives

The curriculum of Chemistry at Senior Secondary Stage aims to:
• promote understanding of basic facts and concepts in chemistry while retaining the excitement of chemistry.
• make students capable of studying chemistry in academic and professional courses (such as medicine, engineering, technology) at tertiary level.
• expose the students to various emerging new areas of chemistry and apprise them with their relevance in future studies and their application in various spheres of chemical sciences and technology.
• equip students to face various challenges related to health, nutrition, environment, population, weather, industries and agriculture.
• develop problem solving skills in students.
• expose the students to different processes used in industries and their technological applications.
• apprise students with interface of chemistry with other disciplines of science such as physics, biology, geology, engineering etc.
• acquaint students with different aspects of chemistry used in daily life.
• develop an interest in students to study chemistry as a discipline.
• integrate life skills and values in the context of chemistry.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
THEORY

Total Periods (Theory 160 + Practical 60)

Time: 3 Hours

70 Marks

Unit No.

Title

No. of Periods

Marks

Unit I

Solid State

10

 

 

23

Unit II

Solutions

10

Unit III

Electrochemistry

12

Unit IV

Chemical Kinetics

10

Unit V

Surface Chemistry

08

Unit VI

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

08

 

19

Unit VII

p-Block Elements

12

Unit VIII

d -and f -Block Elements

12

 

Unit IX

Coordination Compounds

12

Unit X

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

10

 

 

 

28

Unit XI

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

10

Unit XII

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

10

Unit XIII

Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen

10

Unit XIV

Biomolecules

12

Unit XV

Polymers

08

Unit XVI

Chemistry in Everyday Life

06

 

Total

160

70

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Subjects: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory

Syllabus for Class IX


Periods: 135

Marks: 25

I. Brief history of Carnatic Music with special reference to Saint Purandara dasa, Annamacharya, Bhadrachala Ramadasa, Saint Tyagaraja, Muthuswamy Dikshitar, Syama Shastry and Swati Tirunal.
II. Definition of the following terms:
Sangeetam, Nada, raga, laya, Tala, Dhatu, Mathu, Sruti, Alankara, Arohana, Avarohana, Graha (Sama, Atita, Anagata), Svara – Prakruti & Vikriti Svaras, Poorvanga & Uttaranga, Sthayi, vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi & Vivadi Svara – Amsa, Nyasa and Jeeva.
III. Brief raga lakshanas of Mohanam, Hamsadhvani, Malahari, Sankarabharanam, Mayamalavagoula, Bilahari, khamas, Kharaharapriya, Kalyani, Abhogi & Hindolam.
IV. Brief knowledge about the musical forms.
Geetam, Svarajati, Svara Exercises, Alankaras, Varnam, Jatisvaram, Kirtana & Kriti.
V. Description of following Talas:
Adi – Single & Double Kalai, Roopakam,
Chapu – Tisra, Misra & Khanda and Sooladi Sapta Talas.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory
Format of Written Examination for Class IX

25 Marks

1. Long Answer (Essay)
a. Biography 05 Marks
b. Musical Forms 05 Marks

Short Answers with Examples

c. Writing of minimum three Raga-lakshana from prescribed list in the syllabus. 05 Marks
d. Description of talas, illustrating with examples. 05 Marks
e. Short notes of minimum 05 technical terms from the topic II. 05 Marks

Note: - Examiners should set atleast seven questions in total and the students should answer five questions from them, including two Essays, two short answer and short notes questions based on technical terms (topic - II) will be compulsory.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Practical
Syllabus for Class IX
Periods: 405
Marks: 75

I. Vocal exercises – Svaravalis, Hechchu and Taggu Sthayi, Alankaras in three degrees of speed.
II. Simple Geetams – Two Pillari Gitams, two Sadharana Geetams or Sanchari Geetams.
III. Simple Svarajatis in Khamas and Bilahari raga.
IV. Four Adi tala Varnams in two degrees of speed.
V. 6 Keertanas in the ragas prescribed.
VI. Svarajnanam test in the prescribed ragas and learnt compositions.
VII. Singing of one Devarnama, one Patriotic song, one Tiruppugazh and one folk song.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory
Format of Practical Examination for Class IX
Marks: 75

1. Questions based on vocal exercises in three degrees of speed. 10 Marks
2. Geetam – At least two from the syllabus 10 Marks
3. Questions based on Swarajatis taught. 10 Marks
4. Singing of Varnams in two degrees of speed. 15 Marks
5. Questions based on Keertanas learnt. 20 Marks
a. Rendering of Kirtana
b. Swarajnanam test
c. Details of the ragas
6. Singing of one or two item from the topic VI 10 Marks

Click Here To Download Full Carnatic Music Vocal Syllabus

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GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Social Science)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Social Science)

Rationale

Social Science is a compulsory subject upto secondary stage of school education. It is an integral component of general education because it helps the learners in understanding the environment in its totality and developing a broader perspective and an empirical, reasonable and humane outlook. This is of crucial importance because it helps them grow into well-informed and responsible citizens with necessary attributes and skills for being able to participate and contribute effectively in the process of development and nation- building.
The Social Science curriculum draws its content mainly from Geography, History, Political Science and Economics. Some elements of Sociology and Commerce are also included. Together they provide a comprehensive view of society-over space and time, and in relation to each other. Each subject’s distinct methods of enquiry help the learners to understand society from different angles and form a holistic view.

Objectives

The main objectives of this syllabus are:
• to develop an understanding of the processes of change and development-both in terms of time and space, through which human societies have evolved.
• to make learners realise that the process of change is continuous and any event or phenomenon or issue cannot be viewed in isolation but in a wider context of time and space.
• to develop an understanding of contemporary India with its historical perspective, of the basic framework of the goals and policies of national development in independent India, and of the process of change with appropriate connections to world development.
• to deepen knowledge about and understanding of India’s freedom struggle and of the values and ideals that it represented, and to develop an appreciation of the contributions made by people of all sections and regions of the country.
• to help learners understand and cherish the values enshrined in the Indian Constitution and to prepare them for their roles and responsibilities as effective citizens of a democratic society.
• to deepen the knowledge and understanding of India’s environment in its totality, their interactive processes and effects on the future quality of people’s lives.
• to facilitate the learners to understand and appreciate the diversity in the land and people of the country with its underlying unity.
• to develop an appreciation of the richness and variety of India’s heritage-both

• to promote an understanding of the issues and challenges of contemporary India-environmental, economic and social, as part of the development process.
• to help pupils acquire knowledge, skills and understanding to face the challenges of contemporary society as individuals and groups and learn the art of living a confident and stress-free life as well as participating effectively in the community.
• to develop scientific temper by promoting the spirit of enquiry and following a rational and objective approach in analysing and evaluating data and information as well as views and interpretations.
• to develop academic and social skills such as critical thinking, communicating effectively both in visual and verbal forms- cooperating with others, taking initiatives and providing leadership in solving others’ problems.
• to develop qualities clustered around the personal, social, moral, national and spiritual values that make a person humane and socially effective.

COURSE STRUCTURE

CLASS IX

Time: 3 Hrs.

Max. Marks: 80

No.

Units Marks

Periods

I India and the Contemporary World - I 20

60

II Contemporary India - I 20

55

III Democratic Politics - I 20

50

IV Economics 20

50

  Total 80

215

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GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physics)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physics)

Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general education to discipline-based focus on curriculum. The present updated syllabus keeps in view the rigour and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus include:

  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
  • Emphasis on use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
  • Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkage for better learning.
  • Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
  • Promotion of process-skills, problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics concepts.

Besides, the syllabus also attempts to

  • strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm foundation for further learning in the subject.
  • expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and technological applications.
  • develop process-skills and experimental, observational, manipulative, decision making and investigatory skills in the learners.
  • promote problem solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
  • develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
(THEORY)

Time: 3 hrs.

Max Marks: 70

 

 

No. of Periods

Marks

Unit–I

Electrostatics

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

15

 

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

 

 

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Unit-II

Current Electricity

 

20

 

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Unit-III

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

16

 

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

 

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Unit-IV

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

 

 

20

 

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

 

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Unit–V

Electromagnetic Waves

 

04

 

 

 

 

17

 

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

Unit–VI

Optics

 

 

25

 

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

 

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Unit–VII

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

 

08

 

 

 

 

10

 

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Unit–VIII

Atoms and Nuclei

 

 

14

 

Chapter–12: Atoms

 

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Unit–IX

Electronic Devices

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

12

 

Chapter–14:   Semiconductor    Electronics:    Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Unit–X

Communication Systems

 

10

 

Chapter–15: Communication Systems

Total

160

70

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
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Exam: 

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

The Syllabus in the subject of Mathematics has undergone changes from time to time in accordance with growth of the subject and emerging needs of the society. Senior Secondary stage is a launching stage from where the students go either for higher academic education in Mathematics or for professional courses like Engineering, Physical and Bioscience, Commerce or Computer Applications. The present revised syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Framework 2005 and as per guidelines given in Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics 2005 which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students. Motivating the topics from real life situations and other subject areas, greater emphasis has been laid on application of various concepts.

Objectives

The broad objectives of teaching Mathematics at senior school stage intend to help the students:

  • to acquire knowledge and critical understanding, particularly by way of motivation and visualization, of basic concepts, terms, principles, symbols and mastery of underlying processes and skills.
  • to feel the flow of reasons while proving a result or solving a problem.
  • to apply the knowledge and skills acquired to solve problems and wherever possible, by more than one method.
  • to develop positive attitude to think, analyze and articulate logically.
  • to develop interest in the subject by participating in related competitions.
  • to acquaint students with different aspects of Mathematics used in daily life.
  • to develop an interest in students to study Mathematics as a discipline.
  • to develop awareness of the need for national integration, protection of environment, observance of small family norms, removal of social barriers, elimination of gender biases.
  • to develop reverence and respect towards great Mathematicians for their contributions to the field of Mathematics.

CLASS-XII
(2018-19)

One Paper

Time: 3 hrs.
Max Marks. 100

Units

  No. of Periods

Marks

I Relations and Functions 30

10

II Algebra 50

13

III Calculus 80

44

IV Vectors and Three - Dimensional Geometry 30

17

V Linear Programming 20

06

VI Probability 30

10

  Total 240

100

Unit-I: Relations and Functions

1. Relations and Functions ; 15 Periods
Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations.
2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions 15 Periods
Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.

Unit-II: Algebra

1. Matrices ; 25 Periods

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non- commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2).Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

2. Determinants ; 25 Periods

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

 

 

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CBSE Special TX: 
GENERAL: 
Exam: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

The Syllabus in the subject of Mathematics has undergone changes from time to time in accordance with growth of the subject and emerging needs of the society. The present revised syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Framework
2005 and as per guidelines given in the Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students. For motivating the teacher to relate the topics to real life problems and other subject areas, greater emphasis has been laid on applications of various concepts.
The curriculum at Secondary stage primarily aims at enhancing the capacity of students to employ Mathematics in solving day-to-day life problems and studying the subject as a separate discipline. It is expected that students should acquire the ability to solve problems using algebraic methods and apply the knowledge of simple trigonometry to solve problems of height and distances. Carrying out experiments with numbers and forms of geometry, framing hypothesis and verifying these with further observations form inherent part of Mathematics learning at this stage. The proposed curriculum includes the study of number system, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, mensuration, statistics, graphs and coordinate geometry, etc.
The teaching of Mathematics should be imparted through activities which may involve the use of concrete materials, models, patterns, charts, pictures, posters, games, puzzles and experiments.

Objectives

The broad objectives of teaching of Mathematics at secondary stage are to help the learners to:

  • consolidate the Mathematical knowledge and skills acquired at the upper primary stage
  • acquire knowledge and understanding, particularly by way of motivation and visualization, of basic concepts, terms, principles and symbols and underlying processes and skills
  • develop mastery of basic algebraic skills
  • develop drawing skills
  • feel the flow of reason while proving a result or solving a problem
  • apply the knowledge and skills acquired to solve problems and wherever possible, by more than one method
  • to develop ability to think, analyze and articulate logically
  • to develop awareness of the need for national integration, protection of environment, observance of small family norms, removal of social barriers, elimination of gender biases
  • to develop necessary skills to work with modern technological devices and mathematical softwares.
  • to develop interest in mathematics as a problem-solving tool in various fields for its beautiful structures and patterns, etc.
  • to develop reverence and respect towards great Mathematicians for their contributions to the field of Mathematics
  • to develop interest in the subject by participating in related competitions
  • to acquaint students with different aspects of Mathematics used in daily life
  • to develop an interest in students to study Mathematics as a discipline.

COURSE STRUCTURE CLASS -IX

Units

Unit Name

Marks

I NUMBER SYSTEMS

08

II ALGEBRA

17

III COORDINATE GEOMETRY

04

IV GEOMETRY

28

V MENSURATION

13

VI STATISTICS & PROBABILITY

10

  Total

80

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
1. REAL NUMBERS (18 Periods)

1. Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers on the number line. Representation of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals on the number line through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/ terminating decimals. Operations on real numbers.

 

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GENERAL: 
Subjects: 

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Science)

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CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Science)

The subject of Science plays an important role in developing well-defined abilities in cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains in children. It augments the spirit of enquiry, creativity, objectivity and aesthetic sensibility.
Upper primary stage demands that a number of opportunities should be provided to the students to engage them with the processes of Science like observing, recording observations, drawing, tabulation, plotting graphs, etc., whereas the secondary stage also expects abstraction and quantitative reasoning to occupy a more central place in the teaching and learning of Science. Thus, the idea of atoms and molecules being the building blocks of matter makes its appearance, as does Newton’s law of gravitation.
The present syllabus has been designed around seven broad themes viz. Food; Materials; The World of The Living; How Things Work; Moving Things, People and Ideas; Natural Phenomenon and Natural Resources. Special care has been taken to avoid temptation of adding too many concepts than can be comfortably learnt in the given time frame. No attempt has been made to be comprehensive.
At this stage, while science is still a common subject, the disciplines of Physics, Chemistry and Biology begin to emerge. The students should be exposed to experiences based on hands on activities as well as modes of reasoning that are typical of the subject.

General Instructions:

1. There will be an Annual examination based on entire syllabus.
2. The annual examination will be of 80 marks and 20 marks weightage shall be for internal assessment.
3. Out of 80 marks annual examination 68 marks weightage shall be for theory and 12 marks weightage shall be for practical based questions.
4. For internal assessment
a. There will be three periodic tests conducted by the school. Average of the best two tests to be taken that will have a weightage of 10 marks towards the final result.
b. Practical / Laboratory work should be done throughout the year and the student should maintain record of the same. Practical Assessment should be continuous. There will be weightage of 5 marks towards the final result. All practicals listed in the syllabus must be completed.
c. Regularity, class work and home assignment completion along with neatness and upkeep of notebook will carry a weightage of 5 marks towards the final results.

COURSE STRUCTURE CLASS IX
(Annual Examination)

Unit No.

Unit

Marks

I Matter - Its Nature and Behaviour

23

II Organisation in the Living World

20

III Motion, Force and Work

27

IV

Our Environment

06

V

Food; Food Production

04

  Total

80

  Internal assessment

20

  Grand Total

100

Note: Above weightage includes the weightage of questions based on practical skills.

Theme: Materials (50 Periods)
Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behaviour

Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics - shape, volume, density; change of state-melting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.

Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions.
Particle nature, basic units: Atoms and molecules, Law of constant proportions, Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers.
Structure of atoms: Electrons, protons and neutrons, valency, chemical formula of common compounds. Isotopes and Isobars.
Theme: The World of the Living (45 Periods)

Unit II: Organization in the Living World
Cell - Basic Unit of life : Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles and cell inclusions; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes - basic structure, number.
Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism:

Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants).

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GENERAL: 

CBSE Class 9th

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CBSE Class-9 (IX)

GENERAL: 

CBSE Syllabus Class-9 (IX)

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Hindi Elective)

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CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Hindi Elective)

प्रस्तावना :

उच्चतर माध्यमिक स्तर में प्रवेश लेने वाला विद्यार्थी पहली बार सामान्य शिक्षा से ववशेष अनुशासन की शिक्षा की ओर उन्मुख होता है। दस वषों में विद्यार्थी भाषा के कौशलों से परिचित हो जाता है। भाषा और साहित्य के स्तर पर उसका दायरा अब घर, पास-पडोस, स्कूल, प्राांत और देश से होता हुआ धीरे-धीरे ववश्व तक फैल जाता है। वह इस उम्र में पहुुँच चुका है  देश की साांस्कृततक, सामाजजक, राजनीततक और आचर्थिक समस्याओां पर विचार-विमर्श कर सके , एक जज म्मेदार नागररक की तरह अपनी जिम्मेदारियों को समझ सके तर्था देश और खुद को सही हदशा दे सकने में भाषा की ताकत को पहचान सके। ऐसे दृढ़ भावषक और वैचाररक आधार के सार्थ जब विद्यार्थी आता है तो उसे ववमशि की भाषा के रूप में हहांदी की व्यापक समझ और प्रयोग में दक्ष बनाना सबसे पहला उद् देश्य होगा। किशोरावस्था से युवावस्था  के इस नाजुक मोड पर ककसी भी ववषय का चुनाव करते समय बच्चे और उनके अमभभावक इस बात को लेकर सबसे अचधक चचतां तत रहते हैं कक चयतनत ववषय उनके भावी कै ररयर और जीववका के अवसरों में मदद करेगा कक नहीां। इस उम्र के विद्यार्थियों में चचतां न और तनर्िय करने की प्रवृजत्त भी प्रबल होती है। इसी आधार पर वे अपने मानमसक, सामाजजक, बौद् चधक और भावषक ववकास के प्रतत भी सचेत होते हैं और अपने भावी अध्ययन की हदशा तय करते हैं। इस स्तर पर ऐजच्िक हहांदी का अध्ययन एक सृजनात्मक, साहहजत्यक, साांस्कृततक और ववमभन्न प्रयुजततयों की भाषा के रूप में होगा। इस बात पर भी बल हदया जाएगा कक तनरांतर ववकमसत होती हहांदी के अखखल भारतीय स्वरूप से बच्चे का ररश्ता बन सके। इस स्तर पर ववद्याचर्थियों में भाषा के मलखखत प्रयोग के सार्थ-सार्थ उसके मौखखक प्रयोग की कुशलता और दक्षता का ववकास भी जरूरी है। प्रयास यह भी होगा कक विद्यार्थी अपने बबखरे हुए विचारों और भावों की सहज और मौमलक अमभव्यजतत की क्षमता हामसल कर सके। इस पाठ्यक्रम के अध्ययन से :

1. विद्यार्थी अपनी रुचच और आवश्यकता के अनुरूप साहित्यका गहन और ववशेष अध्ययन जारी रख सकें गे।
2. ववश्वववद्यालय स्तर पर तनधािररत हहांदी-साहित्यसे सांबांचधत पाठ्यक्रम के सार्थ सहज सांबांध स्र्थावपत कर सकें गे।
3. लेखन-कौशल के व्यावहाररक और सृजनात्मक रूपों की अमभव्यजतत में सक्षम हो सकें गे।
4. रोजगार के ककसी भी क्षेत्र में जाने पर भाषा का प्रयोग प्रभावी ढांग से कर सकें गे।
5 यह पाठ्यक्रम विद्यार्थी को सांचार तर्था प्रकाशन जैसे ववमभन्न-क्षेत्रों में अपनी क्षमता व्यतत करने का अवसर प्रदान कर सकता है।

उद् देश्य :

  • सृजनात्मक साहित्यकी सराहना, उसका आनांद उठाना और उसके प्रतत सृजनात्मक और आलोचनात्मक दृजटि का ववकास करना।
  • साहित्यकी ववववध ववधाओां (कववता, कहानी, तनबांध आहद), महत्त्वपूर्ि कववयों और रचनाकारों, प्रमुख धाराओां और शैमलयों का पररचय कराना।
  • भाषा की सृजनात्मक बारीककयों और व्यावहाररक प्रयोगों का बोध तर्था सांदभि और समय के अनुसार प्रभावशाली ढांग से उसकी मौखखक और मलखखत अमभव्यजतत करना।
  • ववमभन्न ज्ञानानुशासनों के ववमशि की भाषा के रूप में हिंदी की ववमशटि प्रकृतत एवां क्षमता का बोध कराना।
  • साहित्यकी प्रभावशाली क्षमता का उपयोग करते हुए सभी प्रकार की ववववधताओां (धमि, जातत, मलगां , वग,ि भाषा आहद) एव ां अतां रों के प्रतत सकारात्मक और सवां दे नशील व्यवहार का ववकास करना।
  • देश-ववदेश में प्रचमलत हहांदी के रूपों से परिचित कराना।
  • सचांर-माध्यमों (वप्रिां और इलेतरॉतनक) में प्रयतु त हिंदी की प्रकृति स े अवगत कराना और नवीन ववचधयों के प्रयोग की क्षमता का ववकास करना।
  • साहित्यकी व्यापक धारा के बीच रखकर ववमशटि रचनाओां का ववश्लेषर् और वववेचन करने की क्षमता हामसल करना।
  • ववपरीत पररजस्र्थततयों में भी भाषा का इस्तेमाल शाांतत के सार्थ करना।
  • अमतू ववषयों पर प्रयतु त भाषा का ववकास और कल्पनाशीलता और मौमलक चचतां न के मलए प्रयोग करना।

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